MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

By Marshall Thomas

ONE:
Phoenix Program

TWO:
HISTORY of US Government Human Experimentation:
Eugenics
Human Radiation Studies
Elmer Allen Granddaughter Testimony
Agent Orange

THREE:
Cold War
Doolittle
McCarthyism
Operation Paperclip
Reinhardt Gehlen
Operation Mockingbird
Operation Northwoods

FOUR:
MKULTRA-1950’s
Brainwashing- USSR, China, US
Helms, Gottlieb
Allen Dulles
Estabrooks
Cameron

MKULTRA-1960’s, 1970’s –
Helms,
Aldrich
Pandora
Delgado
Jolly West

MKULTRA VICTIM TESTIMONY:
Valerie Wolfe, Claudia Mullen, Chris DeNicola

Programming levels

FIVE:
Nonlethal weapons
Greenham Common
DOD/DOJ
Iraq

SIX:
CULTS
Aquino
Moon
FMSF
Remote viewing

SEVEN:
Trojan Horse

EIGHT:
Cointelpro

NINE:
CIA Blowback:
Golden Triangle
Ed Wilson
Katherine Griggs
Guatemala organ donors

TEN:
Directed Energy Weapons USSR
Woodpecker

ELEVEN:
Directed Energy Weapons Scientists

TWELVE:
SDI/HAARP
THIRTEEN:
Military Doctrine
MindWar
The Aviary

FOURTEEN:
Patents/Spin-offs
Implants
ADS
Milliwave radar

FIFTEEN:
CIA/Corporate Proprietaries
SAIC
Hadron
DynCorp

Operation Cyclone

SIXTEEN:
Law
Girard
John Glenn
Akwei
Milgram
Street Theater
TI experience
Weed and Seed

SEVENTEEN:
End Game

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

Phoenix Program:

The Phoenix Program, created by the CIA in 1967, was aimed at “neutralizing”—through
assassination, kidnapping, and torture, the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet
Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying “final solution” that violated the
Geneva Conventions. The Phoenix Program’s civilian targets of assassination were VC
tax collectors, supply officers, political cadre, local military officials, and suspected
sympathizers. Faulty intelligence often led to the murder of innocent civilians, rival
Vietnamese would report their enemies as “VC” in order for US troops to kill them. In
1971, William Colby, head of CIA in Vietnam, testified the number killed was 20,857.
South Vietnamese government figures were 40,994 dead. CIA officer Ted Shackley
managed (600 military and (40-50) CIA liaison officers) who were working with South Vietnamese officers in 44 provinces. Ted Shackley and Robert Komer played key roles in recruiting Phoenix Program personnel. Many Covert Action officers were Cuban
refugees from the Bay of Pigs fiasco. They ran the CIA’s Counter-Terror (CT) Teams,
which were in fact assassination squads. Colby, Komer, and Shackley reported to DCI
Richard Helms and the White House. From the beginning the Phoenix Program was
conceived by the White House and supported by the CIA. Phoenix called for “neutralizing” 1800 targets a month. About one third of VC targeted for arrest were summarily executed. Green Berets and Navy SEALs would assassinate suspected VC sympathizers or cadres, as well as South Vietnamese collaborators and double agents. In 1982 an Ex-Phoenix operative revealed that sometimes orders were given to kill U.S.
military personnel who were considered security risks. He suspects the orders came not from “division”, but from a higher authority such as the CIA or the Office of Naval Intelligence.

The following is testimony of Vincent Okamoto, combat officer (Lieutenant) in Vietnam in 1968, and recipient of Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award conferred by the US Army. Wounded 3 times. “The problem was, how do you find the people on the blacklist? It’s not like you had their address and telephone number. The normal procedure would be to go into a village and just grab someone and say, ‘Where’s Nguyen so-and-so?’ Half the time the people were so afraid they would say anything. Then a Phoenix team would take the informant, put a sandbag over his head, poke out two holes so he could see, put commo wire around his neck like a long leash, and walk him through the village and say, ‘When we go by Nguyen’s house scratch your head.’
Then that night Phoenix would come back, knock on the door, and say, ‘April Fool,
motherfucker.’ Whoever answered the door would get wasted. As far as they were
concerned whoever answered was a Communist, including family members. Sometimes they’d come back to camp with ears to prove that they killed people.”
Penetrations into the Viet Cong Infrastructure was accomplished by blackmailing or
terrorizing a member of a targeted individual’s family to gathering information. Every Vietnamese 15 and over had to register and carry identity cards, these records were
computerized and eventually it evolved into a highly computerized and statistical means of generating 1800 names a month for the target list, coordinating the information on suspects from 30,000 plus informants. When the strategic Hamlet program failed, CIA and military intelligence concentrated on the Phoenix Program, a terror campaign aimed at the civilian population. Instead of winning hearts and minds, using the threat of assassination and a state of terror to defeat the NV. Many non-political Vietnamese were arrested and tortured and in effect forced into the resistance army. Phoenix Program architect Robert Komer, after leaving the Pentagon said, “I would have done a lot of things differently and been more cautious about getting us involved”. He called the war “a strategic disaster which cost us 57,000 lives and a half trillion dollars”.

Phoenix USA: The Vietnam War was the formative experience for a generation of CIA
and military intelligence personnel involved in the Phoenix Program. They viewed the
military defeat in Vietnam as a betrayal on the home front, a loss of will by domestic
political enemies, not a military failure against a nationalist revolution fought as a
guerilla war. The Phoenix Program, assassinating suspected VC sympathizers in a
systematic manner, worked well and is the blueprint for the current black op targeting
thousands of loyal Americans using state of the art microwave (MW) and radio frequency
radiation (RFR) weapons. The motivation to suppress domestic dissidents and to
assassinate loyal American opposition stems from the perception of dissent against the
war as treason. This philosophy is stated very clearly in the MindWar paper written by
NSA General Aquino. The DOD has a huge stake in futuristic technology that kills by ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, leaving little or no trace. The indiscriminant killing of the Phoenix Program continues on American soil. The terms soft kill, slow kill and silent kill refer to the new way of killing the enemy in conflicts short of war and the small wars of the future.

The counterinsurgency doctrine has now been applied to the home front, so that the perceived betrayal of the military in Vietnam will not be repeated. The generation of CIA and military intelligence led by Shackley, Helms, Casey, Abrams, Singlaub, Secord, John B. Alexander, Michael Aquino, Paul Vallely, and others have built the perfect beast, using selective assassination that leaves no trace. The ability to cull the human herd with Silent Kill technology allows a few personalities to remake the entire society in their own image. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) technology kills with ionizing and non-ionizing radiation or slowly drives the target crazy with silent sound, similar to CIA MKULTRA psychiatrist Ewen Camerons psychic driving technique used to break down the targets personality. The new buzzwords at the Pentagon are silent kill, synthetic telepathy and psychotronics. Another means of attack on targets is the Smirnov patent that uses subliminal suggestion to manipulate human behavior. This patent was purchased by the remote viewing company Psi Tech Corporation. Military intelligence officers involved in developing these “non-lethal weapons” include Col. John B. Alexander, NSA General Michael Aquino, Harold Puthoff, and others, also control Psi Tech. Emotional manipulation is accomplished using Dr. Michael Persinger’s work to remotely project emotional states that the brain entrains or locks onto and emulates. One can broadcast rage or fear at an individual target to manipulate and control them. As if these methods were not enough to torture and murder people, add to this nightmarish toolbox, active gang stalking. CIA created cults and other cause-oriented groups are used to induce further trauma in the target by actively harassing them in public in a neutralization technique described in counterintelligence operations manuals that are aimed at enemy agents. In the race to develop a new weapon system it has always been necessary to test it on human beings. Perfecting the latest weapons designed to kill slowly and silently as well as perfecting the process of controlling the human mind are no
different. Once the weaponry has been perfected on these few thousand people the same techniques will be applied en mass to the general population, and then to humanity as a whole.

Col. John B. Alexander stated in an interview with the Washington Post in 2007, …The military and intelligence agencies were still scared by the excesses of MK-ULTRA, the infamous CIA program that involved, in part, slipping LSD to unsuspecting victims. “Until recently, anything that smacked of [mind control] was extremely dangerous” because Congress would simply take the money away, he said. Alexander acknowledged that “there were some abuses that took place,” but added that, on the whole, “I would argue we threw the baby out with the bath water”. But September 11, 2001, changed the mood in Washington, and some in the national security community are again expressing interest in mind control, particularly a younger generation of officials who weren’t around for MK-ULTRA. “It’s interesting, that it’s coming back,” Alexander observed. While Alexander scoffs at the notion that he is somehow part of an elaborate plot to control people’s minds, he acknowledges support for learning how to tap into a potential enemy’s brain. He gives as an example the possible use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, for lie detection. “Brain mapping” with fMRI theoretically could allow interrogators to know when someone is lying by watching for activity in particular parts of the brain. For interrogating terrorists, fMRI could come in handy.

Alexander also is intrigued by the possibility of using electronic means to modify
behavior. The dilemma of the war on terrorism, he notes, is that it never ends. So what do you do with enemies, such as those at Guantanamo: keep them there forever? That’s impractical. Behavior modification could be an alternative, he says. “Maybe I can fix
you, or electronically neuter you, so it’s safe to release you into society, so you won’t
come back and kill me,” Alexander says.
It’s only a matter of time before technology
allows that scenario to come true, he continues. “We’re now getting to where we can do that”. “Where does that fall in the ethics spectrum? That’s a really tough question”.

HISTORY OF US GOVT HUMAN
EXPERIMENTATION:

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation, it is
necessary to begin with previous programs that began in the early 1900’s, and
continued to the present day.

EUGENICS MOVEMENT

Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied hereditary
traits in families and began the nature versus nurture debate and its ultimate focus on
twins to answer the question of what was more powerful heredity or environment. He
proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families.
He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like
his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest
crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the
breeding of the―unfit‖, including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation
(institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics is not a true science and
though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with
the quack science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to
determine intelligence and character.
The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low paying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism
and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and
Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewed as
bad stock compared to the more―Nordic types‖ that made up earlier waves of
immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these problems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia. The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans.

The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of
the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr
Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of Johns Hopkins University. Professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime, and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920‘s been accepted by American Society as fact. Contests for Fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread.
This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman family, Ford foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American
Eugenics movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening address of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German. Only 3,000 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl who became
pregnant out of wedlock in 1920‘s Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and
her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing not normal. Carrie and her
mother‘s files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and
court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927. “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes.
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 25 S. Ct. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough”.

This decision validated Virginia‘s Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the
forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent.
She had been raped by her foster family‘s son. She had been on the honor roll. Her forcible
sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnosis, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law.
A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie‘s defense lawyer and the
Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of Virginia‘s new law.
The state was trying to save money by sterilizing the growing population at its mental health facilities. The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who became an architect and prime director of the murderous medical experimentation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verchuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics Journal that ―Germany‘s war would yield a total solution to the Jewish Problem.‖ Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society, “My assistant, Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler).” Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he performed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer’s institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched to Berlin’s eugenic institutes. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus…His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction.

In other words, he was a hack with an MD and a Ph.D. in Eugenics, a quack science.
―The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The
chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were
sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was
discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in Germany were either starved, given lethal injection,
or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were eventually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the
truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the room would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their
organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even after the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless, people who couldn‘t fight back. Carrie Buck‘s daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her short school career she had made the honor roll.

HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES:

In December 1939 as Europe was poised on the brink of war, two German radiochemists
split the uranium atom in their Berlin laboratory. They confided the results to Lise
Meitner and Otto Fritsch who calculated the released energy at 200 million electron volts
for one atom. The significance of the event was understood immediately in scientific
communities in all nations. Virtually unlimited energy could be produced in a controlled reaction and an uncontrolled reaction would yield an explosive of incredible power. The University of California at Berkeley was where plutonium 238 half life 86 years and plutonium 239 half life 24,000 years were first created. Seaborg, Segre and McMillan used cyclotrons to produce one microgram of plutonium. After months of work their product could be detected but was too small to be seen. Plutonium was described as a crazy metal, small amounts spontaneously combust in air so it must be handled in an environment free of oxygen. Depending on the chemical form it might be blue, green, purple, yellow, red, brown or pink. Seaborg said ―under some conditions it might be brittle like glass or soft like lead. It will disintegrate at room temperature, undergoing five phase changes between room temperature and the melting point. It is fiendishly toxic, even in small amounts.‖ Robley Evans who studied women exposed on the job to radium wrote that as little two micrograms, two millionths of a gram, was fatal. Ernest Lawrence told government officials that plutonium 239 ―could be used to make a super bomb.‖ It was 1941 and the United States would be in the war in a matter of months. Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Arthur Compton were instrumental in persuading FDR to study the feasibility of building a nuclear bomb. The Manhattan Project was the secret effort to build the atomic bomb. It was a gamble that represented several billion dollars and a significant percentage of the war time budget. The Oak Ridge plant in Tennessee
was 56,000 acres devoted to making uranium-235 and the Hanford Washington site made plutonium. These facilities had taken the bench scale process and increased it a billion fold. General Leslie Groves was tapped to head the massive project. He appointed Robert Oppenheimer to be in charge of the design, construction, and testing of the weapon. Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site of the facility to build and test such a weapon. Quantum Physics was a science that had been invented by twenty year olds and the staff Oppenheimer assembled for the Manhattan Project reflected that. The bomb might not work and if the high explosive failed to ignite the fission reaction $2.5 billion dollars
(1945) worth of plutonium would be scattered across the Jimenez Mountains. Jumbo was the largest fabricated object ever built, designed to contain the plutonium if ignition failed. At dawn on July 16, 1945 the Trinity site witnessed the detonation of the device code named Gadget. The remaining two devices, named Little Boy and Fat Man, were
used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9th killing approximately 200,000
people. WWII terror bombing of civilians began with the London Blitz killing 30,000
people and culminated in the firebombing of Dresden Germany and Tokyo. Napalm was
used in 1,000 plane raids that incinerated approximately 200,000 people. The atomic
bomb did not add to the scale of mass murder of civilian populations, but it certainly made it more efficient. Many of the scientists were appalled at the result, some had urged a demonstration shot. The scientists declared publicly that the U.S. possessed only a few
years head start before another nation followed suit. Many of the scientists and some generals advocated international control and the eventual banning of nuclear weapons.
Those that tried to head off a nuclear arms race in the end failed as events and
personalities took on a momentum of their own. Edward Teller advocated the super-
heavy, the Hydrogen bomb. Oppenheimer objected to the development of the Hydrogen
bomb and stated that these were genocidal weapons. He was promptly replaced. Teller
assumed the scientific leadership of the weapons program and remained influential for the entire Cold War. The largest Hydrogen bomb ever tested by the U.S. was around 40
megatons, 4,000 times more powerful than the 10 kiloton Hiroshima bomb. The nuclear
arms race that followed has resulted in the doctrine of MAD, mutually assured destruction. If either the US or USSR launch any or all of their half of the 20,000 nuclear
weapons they have aimed at each other, then they can rest assured that they too would be
completely destroyed in a retaliatory strike. The nuclear arms race consumed much of
the wealth of the US leaving the civilian population living in very real fear that the world could end in a matter of minutes.
Nuclear testing began in the Pacific and the continental US. Residents of the Marshall
Islands were forcibly relocated and dozens of devices were tested there, some so enormous they obliterated large parts of the islands. Captured and obsolete ships were placed in the blast zone with test animals on board. After the detonations thousands of observers and military moved near ground zero to decontaminate equipment. The military brass wanted to know how equipment and men would fare in a nuclear war. At what point are the ships too hot or the men too poisoned to continue to fight. The Air Force sent planes into radioactive clouds that registered 800 rad per hour or higher adopting lead helmets and special shielding in an effort to protect the pilots. The Army placed troops in trenches 1,000 yards from the blast and immediately after the explosion walked them on line through ground zero in an effort to prepare them psychologically for fighting with nuclear weapons. General James Cooney was the foremost advocate of testing and took authority away from the AEC Atomic Energy Commission for the responsibility of setting exposure limits on troops. Scientists were allowed exposure of no more than 3 rad for a 13 week period while limits for military personnel were officially set at 5 rad per test. The badges given to troops to wear measured only external beta radiation and were not used extensively. The scientists working for the AEC wore protective gear while the troops
did not. The health effects of radiation were fairly well known to the scientists involved
due to their animal studies, industrial accidents, and the very public deaths of Madame Curie and others. By the 1920‘s it was known that hundreds of the early pioneers in radiation studies were dead.
A single dose of 350 rad was the human LD-50, the dose that caused death to half those exposed. One millionth of a gram, once inside the human body could cause death.
A nuclear explosion immediately produces Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and X-ray radiation. Hundreds of different radioactive isotopic particles are formed as residual contamination that is absorbed into different body tissues with varying degrees of longevity and toxicity. One example is radioiodine that collects in the thyroid. This kaleidoscope of sources make it difficult to gage what dose has been delivered and to what effect. Inhalation of a small particle of plutonium would collect in the bone marrow and emit energies on the order of 200 million electron volts. The normal energy level of the human cell is 10 electron volts, and under such an assault the cell either dies, becomes inoperable, or grows uncontrollably, in other words, cancer. Arthur Compton and the other physicist knew what had happened to the earlier experimenters with radioactive materials. Compton chose Robert Stone in Berkeley and Joseph Hamilton at Chicago to research the biological aspects. The scientists who conducted these experiments were not from the inner sanctum trying to build the Bomb, years 1951 and 1974 studying about 500 patients. The TBI experiments were only a subset of the radiation experiments on human subjects that included plutonium injections,
radioactive isotope studies, and many others.
Vanderbilt University Hospital Prenatal Clinic hosted 850 pregnant women to a secret
study using radioactive isotopes iron-55 and iron-59. The pregnant women were given a
cocktail and told it was vitamins for their unborn child. Free health care was the lure
used on the economically disadvantaged women. Helen Hutchison was 6 months
pregnant and visited the clinic in July, 1946 seeking treatment for nausea. She was given
a cocktail by the doctor and told to drink it, that it would make her feel better. Several
months after the birth of her daughter her hair fell out and she developed blisters, anemia, and later had life threatening complications after several miscarriages.
Her daughter Barbara was always tired as a child, developed an immune system disorder and skin cancer. Many of the mothers and children exposed to radioactive iron developed strange afflictions, rashes, anemia, blood disorders, and cancer. Paul Hahn, the principle investigator in the study, was a protégé of Stafford Warren and had worked with Robly Evans. Hahn wrote that iron-55 with a half life of 5 years was too hazardous to be given to humans and had no therapeutic value, yet he used it in this study which was partially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Helen Hutchison‘s husband had landed in Europe on D-Day, and had personally helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. The Nazi doctors who worked in the camp may have been some of the very men who participated in the radiation experiment on his wife and unborn child. One study conducted at the Fernald State School in Waltham, Massachusetts used
radioactive iron and calcium secretly given to 74 orphans in their oatmeal using the ruse of a nutrition study. Robley Evans produced the radioactive isotopes in the MIT cyclotron and supervised the experiment. The lure used by the MIT scientists was membership in a
science club that went on school outings to baseball games and even Christmas parties at the MIT faculty club. The scientists may not have believed that the amount of radiation involved was harmful, but they would not have allowed this experiment to be conducted on their own families.

At Washington State Penitentiary and Oregon State Prison about 200 prisoners had their testicles irradiated with 8 to 600 rads with the lure of a little money and extra privileges.

Carl Heller, one of the world‘s leading endocrinologists, and his protégé C. Alvin Paulsen ran the two studies from 1963 until 1971. These and similar experiments on thousands of people continued for 30 years in the vain search for a biological dosimeter. The identities and ultimate fates of the test subjects will never be known, most going to their graves never knowing they had been used as human guinea pigs by their government. Elmer Allen was designated experimental test subject CAL-13. On July 18, 1947 in a San Francisco Hospital he was injected with plutonium in the left leg. Three days later the leg was amputated at mid thigh. Elmer was a porter for the Pullman Company who injured his leg while stepping off a train. He was diagnosed with a fracture that developed into a cyst. The first test for cancer was negative, a second test indicated
cancer. Unable to work after the amputation, he was forced to return to Italy, Texas with
his wife and three children. His wife recalled that he began having epileptic seizures, ―he
would chew the spoon to pieces, his tongue too‖. Elmer began drinking heavily and told
his best friend that he had been used as a guinea pig, but no one not even his family
doctor believed him. The doctor later diagnosed him as a paranoid schizophrenic.
During an effort to collect the bodies of the people injected with plutonium it was
discovered to their amazement that 4 of them were still alive. In 1973 Austin Bues, from
the Center for Human Radiobiology wrote to Elmer and asked him to be in a metabolism
study. He and his wife were brought to Chicago and Elmer‘s urine and feces were
collected for two weeks. The trip was paid for and Elmer received $140 plus $13 a day
expenses. X-rays revealed bone damage consisted with radiation. One year after Elmer‘s death the family was contacted by a reporter and learned that Elmer had been a human experimental subject and the family had been lied to for 44 years. Elmer Allen died in 1991, his head stone reads Elmer Allen 1911-1947 CAL-13 1947- 1991 One of America‘s nuclear guinea pigs. On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O‘Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since WWII. A major project was initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. The following is testimony from Elmer Allen‘s granddaughter before the President‘s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, March, 1995.

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

By Marshall Thomas

ONE:
Phoenix Program

TWO:
HISTORY of US Government Human Experimentation:
Eugenics
Human Radiation Studies
Elmer Allen Granddaughter Testimony
Agent Orange

THREE:
Cold War
Doolittle
McCarthyism
Operation Paperclip
Reinhardt Gehlen
Operation Mockingbird
Operation Northwoods

FOUR:
MKULTRA-1950’s
Brainwashing- USSR, China, US
Helms, Gottlieb
Allen Dulles
Estabrooks
Cameron

MKULTRA-1960’s, 1970’s –
Helms,
Aldrich
Pandora
Delgado
Jolly West

MKULTRA VICTIM TESTIMONY:
Valerie Wolfe, Claudia Mullen, Chris DeNicola

Programming levels

FIVE:
Nonlethal weapons
Greenham Common
DOD/DOJ
Iraq

SIX:
CULTS
Aquino
Moon
FMSF
Remote viewing

SEVEN:
Trojan Horse

EIGHT:
Cointelpro

NINE:
CIA Blowback:
Golden Triangle
Ed Wilson
Katherine Griggs
Guatemala organ donors

TEN:
Directed Energy Weapons USSR
Woodpecker

ELEVEN:
Directed Energy Weapons Scientists

TWELVE:
SDI/HAARP
THIRTEEN:
Military Doctrine
MindWar
The Aviary

FOURTEEN:
Patents/Spin-offs
Implants
ADS
Milliwave radar

FIFTEEN:
CIA/Corporate Proprietaries
SAIC
Hadron
DynCorp

Operation Cyclone

SIXTEEN:
Law
Girard
John Glenn
Akwei
Milgram
Street Theater
TI experience
Weed and Seed

SEVENTEEN:
End Game

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

Phoenix Program:

The Phoenix Program, created by the CIA in 1967, was aimed at “neutralizing”—through
assassination, kidnapping, and torture, the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet
Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying “final solution” that violated the
Geneva Conventions. The Phoenix Program’s civilian targets of assassination were VC
tax collectors, supply officers, political cadre, local military officials, and suspected
sympathizers. Faulty intelligence often led to the murder of innocent civilians, rival
Vietnamese would report their enemies as “VC” in order for US troops to kill them. In
1971, William Colby, head of CIA in Vietnam, testified the number killed was 20,857.
South Vietnamese government figures were 40,994 dead. CIA officer Ted Shackley
managed (600 military and (40-50) CIA liaison officers) who were working with South Vietnamese officers in 44 provinces. Ted Shackley and Robert Komer played key roles in recruiting Phoenix Program personnel. Many Covert Action officers were Cuban
refugees from the Bay of Pigs fiasco. They ran the CIA’s Counter-Terror (CT) Teams,
which were in fact assassination squads. Colby, Komer, and Shackley reported to DCI
Richard Helms and the White House. From the beginning the Phoenix Program was
conceived by the White House and supported by the CIA. Phoenix called for “neutralizing” 1800 targets a month. About one third of VC targeted for arrest were summarily executed. Green Berets and Navy SEALs would assassinate suspected VC sympathizers or cadres, as well as South Vietnamese collaborators and double agents. In 1982 an Ex-Phoenix operative revealed that sometimes orders were given to kill U.S.
military personnel who were considered security risks. He suspects the orders came not from “division”, but from a higher authority such as the CIA or the Office of Naval Intelligence.

The following is testimony of Vincent Okamoto, combat officer (Lieutenant) in Vietnam in 1968, and recipient of Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award conferred by the US Army. Wounded 3 times. “The problem was, how do you find the people on the blacklist? It’s not like you had their address and telephone number. The normal procedure would be to go into a village and just grab someone and say, ‘Where’s Nguyen so-and-so?’ Half the time the people were so afraid they would say anything. Then a Phoenix team would take the informant, put a sandbag over his head, poke out two holes so he could see, put commo wire around his neck like a long leash, and walk him through the village and say, ‘When we go by Nguyen’s house scratch your head.’
Then that night Phoenix would come back, knock on the door, and say, ‘April Fool,
motherfucker.’ Whoever answered the door would get wasted. As far as they were
concerned whoever answered was a Communist, including family members. Sometimes they’d come back to camp with ears to prove that they killed people.”
Penetrations into the Viet Cong Infrastructure was accomplished by blackmailing or
terrorizing a member of a targeted individual’s family to gathering information. Every Vietnamese 15 and over had to register and carry identity cards, these records were
computerized and eventually it evolved into a highly computerized and statistical means of generating 1800 names a month for the target list, coordinating the information on suspects from 30,000 plus informants. When the strategic Hamlet program failed, CIA and military intelligence concentrated on the Phoenix Program, a terror campaign aimed at the civilian population. Instead of winning hearts and minds, using the threat of assassination and a state of terror to defeat the NV. Many non-political Vietnamese were arrested and tortured and in effect forced into the resistance army. Phoenix Program architect Robert Komer, after leaving the Pentagon said, “I would have done a lot of things differently and been more cautious about getting us involved”. He called the war “a strategic disaster which cost us 57,000 lives and a half trillion dollars”.

Phoenix USA: The Vietnam War was the formative experience for a generation of CIA
and military intelligence personnel involved in the Phoenix Program. They viewed the
military defeat in Vietnam as a betrayal on the home front, a loss of will by domestic
political enemies, not a military failure against a nationalist revolution fought as a
guerilla war. The Phoenix Program, assassinating suspected VC sympathizers in a
systematic manner, worked well and is the blueprint for the current black op targeting
thousands of loyal Americans using state of the art microwave (MW) and radio frequency
radiation (RFR) weapons. The motivation to suppress domestic dissidents and to
assassinate loyal American opposition stems from the perception of dissent against the
war as treason. This philosophy is stated very clearly in the MindWar paper written by
NSA General Aquino. The DOD has a huge stake in futuristic technology that kills by ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, leaving little or no trace. The indiscriminant killing of the Phoenix Program continues on American soil. The terms soft kill, slow kill and silent kill refer to the new way of killing the enemy in conflicts short of war and the small wars of the future.

The counterinsurgency doctrine has now been applied to the home front, so that the perceived betrayal of the military in Vietnam will not be repeated. The generation of CIA and military intelligence led by Shackley, Helms, Casey, Abrams, Singlaub, Secord, John B. Alexander, Michael Aquino, Paul Vallely, and others have built the perfect beast, using selective assassination that leaves no trace. The ability to cull the human herd with Silent Kill technology allows a few personalities to remake the entire society in their own image. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) technology kills with ionizing and non-ionizing radiation or slowly drives the target crazy with silent sound, similar to CIA MKULTRA psychiatrist Ewen Camerons psychic driving technique used to break down the targets personality. The new buzzwords at the Pentagon are silent kill, synthetic telepathy and psychotronics. Another means of attack on targets is the Smirnov patent that uses subliminal suggestion to manipulate human behavior. This patent was purchased by the remote viewing company Psi Tech Corporation. Military intelligence officers involved in developing these “non-lethal weapons” include Col. John B. Alexander, NSA General Michael Aquino, Harold Puthoff, and others, also control Psi Tech. Emotional manipulation is accomplished using Dr. Michael Persinger’s work to remotely project emotional states that the brain entrains or locks onto and emulates. One can broadcast rage or fear at an individual target to manipulate and control them. As if these methods were not enough to torture and murder people, add to this nightmarish toolbox, active gang stalking. CIA created cults and other cause-oriented groups are used to induce further trauma in the target by actively harassing them in public in a neutralization technique described in counterintelligence operations manuals that are aimed at enemy agents. In the race to develop a new weapon system it has always been necessary to test it on human beings. Perfecting the latest weapons designed to kill slowly and silently as well as perfecting the process of controlling the human mind are no
different. Once the weaponry has been perfected on these few thousand people the same techniques will be applied en mass to the general population, and then to humanity as a whole.

Col. John B. Alexander stated in an interview with the Washington Post in 2007, …The military and intelligence agencies were still scared by the excesses of MK-ULTRA, the infamous CIA program that involved, in part, slipping LSD to unsuspecting victims. “Until recently, anything that smacked of [mind control] was extremely dangerous” because Congress would simply take the money away, he said. Alexander acknowledged that “there were some abuses that took place,” but added that, on the whole, “I would argue we threw the baby out with the bath water”. But September 11, 2001, changed the mood in Washington, and some in the national security community are again expressing interest in mind control, particularly a younger generation of officials who weren’t around for MK-ULTRA. “It’s interesting, that it’s coming back,” Alexander observed. While Alexander scoffs at the notion that he is somehow part of an elaborate plot to control people’s minds, he acknowledges support for learning how to tap into a potential enemy’s brain. He gives as an example the possible use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, for lie detection. “Brain mapping” with fMRI theoretically could allow interrogators to know when someone is lying by watching for activity in particular parts of the brain. For interrogating terrorists, fMRI could come in handy.

Alexander also is intrigued by the possibility of using electronic means to modify
behavior. The dilemma of the war on terrorism, he notes, is that it never ends. So what do you do with enemies, such as those at Guantanamo: keep them there forever? That’s impractical. Behavior modification could be an alternative, he says. “Maybe I can fix
you, or electronically neuter you, so it’s safe to release you into society, so you won’t
come back and kill me,” Alexander says.
It’s only a matter of time before technology
allows that scenario to come true, he continues. “We’re now getting to where we can do that”. “Where does that fall in the ethics spectrum? That’s a really tough question”.

HISTORY OF US GOVT HUMAN
EXPERIMENTATION:

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation, it is
necessary to begin with previous programs that began in the early 1900’s, and
continued to the present day.

EUGENICS MOVEMENT

Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied hereditary
traits in families and began the nature versus nurture debate and its ultimate focus on
twins to answer the question of what was more powerful heredity or environment. He
proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families.
He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like
his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest
crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the
breeding of the―unfit‖, including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation
(institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics is not a true science and
though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with
the quack science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to
determine intelligence and character.
The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low paying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism
and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and
Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewed as
bad stock compared to the more―Nordic types‖ that made up earlier waves of
immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these problems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia. The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans.

The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of
the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr
Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of Johns Hopkins University. Professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime, and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920‘s been accepted by American Society as fact. Contests for Fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread.
This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman family, Ford foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American
Eugenics movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening address of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German. Only 3,000 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl who became
pregnant out of wedlock in 1920‘s Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and
her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing not normal. Carrie and her
mother‘s files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and
court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927. “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes.
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 25 S. Ct. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough”.

This decision validated Virginia‘s Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the
forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent.
She had been raped by her foster family‘s son. She had been on the honor roll. Her forcible
sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnosis, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law.
A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie‘s defense lawyer and the
Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of Virginia‘s new law.
The state was trying to save money by sterilizing the growing population at its mental health facilities. The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who became an architect and prime director of the murderous medical experimentation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verchuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics Journal that ―Germany‘s war would yield a total solution to the Jewish Problem.‖ Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society, “My assistant, Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler).” Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he performed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer’s institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched to Berlin’s eugenic institutes. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus…His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction.

In other words, he was a hack with an MD and a Ph.D. in Eugenics, a quack science.
―The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The
chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were
sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was
discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in Germany were either starved, given lethal injection,
or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were eventually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the
truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the room would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their
organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even after the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless, people who couldn‘t fight back. Carrie Buck‘s daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her short school career she had made the honor roll.

HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES:

In December 1939 as Europe was poised on the brink of war, two German radiochemists
split the uranium atom in their Berlin laboratory. They confided the results to Lise
Meitner and Otto Fritsch who calculated the released energy at 200 million electron volts
for one atom. The significance of the event was understood immediately in scientific
communities in all nations. Virtually unlimited energy could be produced in a controlled reaction and an uncontrolled reaction would yield an explosive of incredible power. The University of California at Berkeley was where plutonium 238 half life 86 years and plutonium 239 half life 24,000 years were first created. Seaborg, Segre and McMillan used cyclotrons to produce one microgram of plutonium. After months of work their product could be detected but was too small to be seen. Plutonium was described as a crazy metal, small amounts spontaneously combust in air so it must be handled in an environment free of oxygen. Depending on the chemical form it might be blue, green, purple, yellow, red, brown or pink. Seaborg said ―under some conditions it might be brittle like glass or soft like lead. It will disintegrate at room temperature, undergoing five phase changes between room temperature and the melting point. It is fiendishly toxic, even in small amounts.‖ Robley Evans who studied women exposed on the job to radium wrote that as little two micrograms, two millionths of a gram, was fatal. Ernest Lawrence told government officials that plutonium 239 ―could be used to make a super bomb.‖ It was 1941 and the United States would be in the war in a matter of months. Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Arthur Compton were instrumental in persuading FDR to study the feasibility of building a nuclear bomb. The Manhattan Project was the secret effort to build the atomic bomb. It was a gamble that represented several billion dollars and a significant percentage of the war time budget. The Oak Ridge plant in Tennessee
was 56,000 acres devoted to making uranium-235 and the Hanford Washington site made plutonium. These facilities had taken the bench scale process and increased it a billion fold. General Leslie Groves was tapped to head the massive project. He appointed Robert Oppenheimer to be in charge of the design, construction, and testing of the weapon. Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site of the facility to build and test such a weapon. Quantum Physics was a science that had been invented by twenty year olds and the staff Oppenheimer assembled for the Manhattan Project reflected that. The bomb might not work and if the high explosive failed to ignite the fission reaction $2.5 billion dollars
(1945) worth of plutonium would be scattered across the Jimenez Mountains. Jumbo was the largest fabricated object ever built, designed to contain the plutonium if ignition failed. At dawn on July 16, 1945 the Trinity site witnessed the detonation of the device code named Gadget. The remaining two devices, named Little Boy and Fat Man, were
used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9th killing approximately 200,000
people. WWII terror bombing of civilians began with the London Blitz killing 30,000
people and culminated in the firebombing of Dresden Germany and Tokyo. Napalm was
used in 1,000 plane raids that incinerated approximately 200,000 people. The atomic
bomb did not add to the scale of mass murder of civilian populations, but it certainly made it more efficient. Many of the scientists were appalled at the result, some had urged a demonstration shot. The scientists declared publicly that the U.S. possessed only a few
years head start before another nation followed suit. Many of the scientists and some generals advocated international control and the eventual banning of nuclear weapons.
Those that tried to head off a nuclear arms race in the end failed as events and
personalities took on a momentum of their own. Edward Teller advocated the super-
heavy, the Hydrogen bomb. Oppenheimer objected to the development of the Hydrogen
bomb and stated that these were genocidal weapons. He was promptly replaced. Teller
assumed the scientific leadership of the weapons program and remained influential for the entire Cold War. The largest Hydrogen bomb ever tested by the U.S. was around 40
megatons, 4,000 times more powerful than the 10 kiloton Hiroshima bomb. The nuclear
arms race that followed has resulted in the doctrine of MAD, mutually assured destruction. If either the US or USSR launch any or all of their half of the 20,000 nuclear
weapons they have aimed at each other, then they can rest assured that they too would be
completely destroyed in a retaliatory strike. The nuclear arms race consumed much of
the wealth of the US leaving the civilian population living in very real fear that the world could end in a matter of minutes.
Nuclear testing began in the Pacific and the continental US. Residents of the Marshall
Islands were forcibly relocated and dozens of devices were tested there, some so enormous they obliterated large parts of the islands. Captured and obsolete ships were placed in the blast zone with test animals on board. After the detonations thousands of observers and military moved near ground zero to decontaminate equipment. The military brass wanted to know how equipment and men would fare in a nuclear war. At what point are the ships too hot or the men too poisoned to continue to fight. The Air Force sent planes into radioactive clouds that registered 800 rad per hour or higher adopting lead helmets and special shielding in an effort to protect the pilots. The Army placed troops in trenches 1,000 yards from the blast and immediately after the explosion walked them on line through ground zero in an effort to prepare them psychologically for fighting with nuclear weapons. General James Cooney was the foremost advocate of testing and took authority away from the AEC Atomic Energy Commission for the responsibility of setting exposure limits on troops. Scientists were allowed exposure of no more than 3 rad for a 13 week period while limits for military personnel were officially set at 5 rad per test. The badges given to troops to wear measured only external beta radiation and were not used extensively. The scientists working for the AEC wore protective gear while the troops
did not. The health effects of radiation were fairly well known to the scientists involved
due to their animal studies, industrial accidents, and the very public deaths of Madame Curie and others. By the 1920‘s it was known that hundreds of the early pioneers in radiation studies were dead.
A single dose of 350 rad was the human LD-50, the dose that caused death to half those exposed. One millionth of a gram, once inside the human body could cause death.
A nuclear explosion immediately produces Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and X-ray radiation. Hundreds of different radioactive isotopic particles are formed as residual contamination that is absorbed into different body tissues with varying degrees of longevity and toxicity. One example is radioiodine that collects in the thyroid. This kaleidoscope of sources make it difficult to gage what dose has been delivered and to what effect. Inhalation of a small particle of plutonium would collect in the bone marrow and emit energies on the order of 200 million electron volts. The normal energy level of the human cell is 10 electron volts, and under such an assault the cell either dies, becomes inoperable, or grows uncontrollably, in other words, cancer. Arthur Compton and the other physicist knew what had happened to the earlier experimenters with radioactive materials. Compton chose Robert Stone in Berkeley and Joseph Hamilton at Chicago to research the biological aspects. The scientists who conducted these experiments were not from the inner sanctum trying to build the Bomb, years 1951 and 1974 studying about 500 patients. The TBI experiments were only a subset of the radiation experiments on human subjects that included plutonium injections,
radioactive isotope studies, and many others.
Vanderbilt University Hospital Prenatal Clinic hosted 850 pregnant women to a secret
study using radioactive isotopes iron-55 and iron-59. The pregnant women were given a
cocktail and told it was vitamins for their unborn child. Free health care was the lure
used on the economically disadvantaged women. Helen Hutchison was 6 months
pregnant and visited the clinic in July, 1946 seeking treatment for nausea. She was given
a cocktail by the doctor and told to drink it, that it would make her feel better. Several
months after the birth of her daughter her hair fell out and she developed blisters, anemia, and later had life threatening complications after several miscarriages.
Her daughter Barbara was always tired as a child, developed an immune system disorder and skin cancer. Many of the mothers and children exposed to radioactive iron developed strange afflictions, rashes, anemia, blood disorders, and cancer. Paul Hahn, the principle investigator in the study, was a protégé of Stafford Warren and had worked with Robly Evans. Hahn wrote that iron-55 with a half life of 5 years was too hazardous to be given to humans and had no therapeutic value, yet he used it in this study which was partially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Helen Hutchison‘s husband had landed in Europe on D-Day, and had personally helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. The Nazi doctors who worked in the camp may have been some of the very men who participated in the radiation experiment on his wife and unborn child. One study conducted at the Fernald State School in Waltham, Massachusetts used
radioactive iron and calcium secretly given to 74 orphans in their oatmeal using the ruse of a nutrition study. Robley Evans produced the radioactive isotopes in the MIT cyclotron and supervised the experiment. The lure used by the MIT scientists was membership in a
science club that went on school outings to baseball games and even Christmas parties at the MIT faculty club. The scientists may not have believed that the amount of radiation involved was harmful, but they would not have allowed this experiment to be conducted on their own families.

At Washington State Penitentiary and Oregon State Prison about 200 prisoners had their testicles irradiated with 8 to 600 rads with the lure of a little money and extra privileges.

Carl Heller, one of the world‘s leading endocrinologists, and his protégé C. Alvin Paulsen ran the two studies from 1963 until 1971. These and similar experiments on thousands of people continued for 30 years in the vain search for a biological dosimeter. The identities and ultimate fates of the test subjects will never be known, most going to their graves never knowing they had been used as human guinea pigs by their government. Elmer Allen was designated experimental test subject CAL-13. On July 18, 1947 in a San Francisco Hospital he was injected with plutonium in the left leg. Three days later the leg was amputated at mid thigh. Elmer was a porter for the Pullman Company who injured his leg while stepping off a train. He was diagnosed with a fracture that developed into a cyst. The first test for cancer was negative, a second test indicated
cancer. Unable to work after the amputation, he was forced to return to Italy, Texas with
his wife and three children. His wife recalled that he began having epileptic seizures, ―he
would chew the spoon to pieces, his tongue too‖. Elmer began drinking heavily and told
his best friend that he had been used as a guinea pig, but no one not even his family
doctor believed him. The doctor later diagnosed him as a paranoid schizophrenic.
During an effort to collect the bodies of the people injected with plutonium it was
discovered to their amazement that 4 of them were still alive. In 1973 Austin Bues, from
the Center for Human Radiobiology wrote to Elmer and asked him to be in a metabolism
study. He and his wife were brought to Chicago and Elmer‘s urine and feces were
collected for two weeks. The trip was paid for and Elmer received $140 plus $13 a day
expenses. X-rays revealed bone damage consisted with radiation. One year after Elmer‘s death the family was contacted by a reporter and learned that Elmer had been a human experimental subject and the family had been lied to for 44 years. Elmer Allen died in 1991, his head stone reads Elmer Allen 1911-1947 CAL-13 1947- 1991 One of America‘s nuclear guinea pigs. On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O‘Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since WWII. A major project was initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. The following is testimony from Elmer Allen‘s granddaughter before the President‘s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, March, 1995.

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

By Marshall Thomas

ONE:
Phoenix Program

TWO:
HISTORY of US Government Human Experimentation:
Eugenics
Human Radiation Studies
Elmer Allen Granddaughter Testimony
Agent Orange

THREE:
Cold War
Doolittle
McCarthyism
Operation Paperclip
Reinhardt Gehlen
Operation Mockingbird
Operation Northwoods

FOUR:
MKULTRA-1950’s
Brainwashing- USSR, China, US
Helms, Gottlieb
Allen Dulles
Estabrooks
Cameron

MKULTRA-1960’s, 1970’s –
Helms,
Aldrich
Pandora
Delgado
Jolly West

MKULTRA VICTIM TESTIMONY:
Valerie Wolfe, Claudia Mullen, Chris DeNicola

Programming levels

FIVE:
Nonlethal weapons
Greenham Common
DOD/DOJ
Iraq

SIX:
CULTS
Aquino
Moon
FMSF
Remote viewing

SEVEN:
Trojan Horse

EIGHT:
Cointelpro

NINE:
CIA Blowback:
Golden Triangle
Ed Wilson
Katherine Griggs
Guatemala organ donors

TEN:
Directed Energy Weapons USSR
Woodpecker

ELEVEN:
Directed Energy Weapons Scientists

TWELVE:
SDI/HAARP
THIRTEEN:
Military Doctrine
MindWar
The Aviary

FOURTEEN:
Patents/Spin-offs
Implants
ADS
Milliwave radar

FIFTEEN:
CIA/Corporate Proprietaries
SAIC
Hadron
DynCorp

Operation Cyclone

SIXTEEN:
Law
Girard
John Glenn
Akwei
Milgram
Street Theater
TI experience
Weed and Seed

SEVENTEEN:
End Game

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

Phoenix Program:

The Phoenix Program, created by the CIA in 1967, was aimed at “neutralizing”—through
assassination, kidnapping, and torture, the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet
Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying “final solution” that violated the
Geneva Conventions. The Phoenix Program’s civilian targets of assassination were VC
tax collectors, supply officers, political cadre, local military officials, and suspected
sympathizers. Faulty intelligence often led to the murder of innocent civilians, rival
Vietnamese would report their enemies as “VC” in order for US troops to kill them. In
1971, William Colby, head of CIA in Vietnam, testified the number killed was 20,857.
South Vietnamese government figures were 40,994 dead. CIA officer Ted Shackley
managed (600 military and (40-50) CIA liaison officers) who were working with South Vietnamese officers in 44 provinces. Ted Shackley and Robert Komer played key roles in recruiting Phoenix Program personnel. Many Covert Action officers were Cuban
refugees from the Bay of Pigs fiasco. They ran the CIA’s Counter-Terror (CT) Teams,
which were in fact assassination squads. Colby, Komer, and Shackley reported to DCI
Richard Helms and the White House. From the beginning the Phoenix Program was
conceived by the White House and supported by the CIA. Phoenix called for “neutralizing” 1800 targets a month. About one third of VC targeted for arrest were summarily executed. Green Berets and Navy SEALs would assassinate suspected VC sympathizers or cadres, as well as South Vietnamese collaborators and double agents. In 1982 an Ex-Phoenix operative revealed that sometimes orders were given to kill U.S.
military personnel who were considered security risks. He suspects the orders came not from “division”, but from a higher authority such as the CIA or the Office of Naval Intelligence.

The following is testimony of Vincent Okamoto, combat officer (Lieutenant) in Vietnam in 1968, and recipient of Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award conferred by the US Army. Wounded 3 times. “The problem was, how do you find the people on the blacklist? It’s not like you had their address and telephone number. The normal procedure would be to go into a village and just grab someone and say, ‘Where’s Nguyen so-and-so?’ Half the time the people were so afraid they would say anything. Then a Phoenix team would take the informant, put a sandbag over his head, poke out two holes so he could see, put commo wire around his neck like a long leash, and walk him through the village and say, ‘When we go by Nguyen’s house scratch your head.’
Then that night Phoenix would come back, knock on the door, and say, ‘April Fool,
motherfucker.’ Whoever answered the door would get wasted. As far as they were
concerned whoever answered was a Communist, including family members. Sometimes they’d come back to camp with ears to prove that they killed people.”
Penetrations into the Viet Cong Infrastructure was accomplished by blackmailing or
terrorizing a member of a targeted individual’s family to gathering information. Every Vietnamese 15 and over had to register and carry identity cards, these records were
computerized and eventually it evolved into a highly computerized and statistical means of generating 1800 names a month for the target list, coordinating the information on suspects from 30,000 plus informants. When the strategic Hamlet program failed, CIA and military intelligence concentrated on the Phoenix Program, a terror campaign aimed at the civilian population. Instead of winning hearts and minds, using the threat of assassination and a state of terror to defeat the NV. Many non-political Vietnamese were arrested and tortured and in effect forced into the resistance army. Phoenix Program architect Robert Komer, after leaving the Pentagon said, “I would have done a lot of things differently and been more cautious about getting us involved”. He called the war “a strategic disaster which cost us 57,000 lives and a half trillion dollars”.

Phoenix USA: The Vietnam War was the formative experience for a generation of CIA
and military intelligence personnel involved in the Phoenix Program. They viewed the
military defeat in Vietnam as a betrayal on the home front, a loss of will by domestic
political enemies, not a military failure against a nationalist revolution fought as a
guerilla war. The Phoenix Program, assassinating suspected VC sympathizers in a
systematic manner, worked well and is the blueprint for the current black op targeting
thousands of loyal Americans using state of the art microwave (MW) and radio frequency
radiation (RFR) weapons. The motivation to suppress domestic dissidents and to
assassinate loyal American opposition stems from the perception of dissent against the
war as treason. This philosophy is stated very clearly in the MindWar paper written by
NSA General Aquino. The DOD has a huge stake in futuristic technology that kills by ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, leaving little or no trace. The indiscriminant killing of the Phoenix Program continues on American soil. The terms soft kill, slow kill and silent kill refer to the new way of killing the enemy in conflicts short of war and the small wars of the future.

The counterinsurgency doctrine has now been applied to the home front, so that the perceived betrayal of the military in Vietnam will not be repeated. The generation of CIA and military intelligence led by Shackley, Helms, Casey, Abrams, Singlaub, Secord, John B. Alexander, Michael Aquino, Paul Vallely, and others have built the perfect beast, using selective assassination that leaves no trace. The ability to cull the human herd with Silent Kill technology allows a few personalities to remake the entire society in their own image. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) technology kills with ionizing and non-ionizing radiation or slowly drives the target crazy with silent sound, similar to CIA MKULTRA psychiatrist Ewen Camerons psychic driving technique used to break down the targets personality. The new buzzwords at the Pentagon are silent kill, synthetic telepathy and psychotronics. Another means of attack on targets is the Smirnov patent that uses subliminal suggestion to manipulate human behavior. This patent was purchased by the remote viewing company Psi Tech Corporation. Military intelligence officers involved in developing these “non-lethal weapons” include Col. John B. Alexander, NSA General Michael Aquino, Harold Puthoff, and others, also control Psi Tech. Emotional manipulation is accomplished using Dr. Michael Persinger’s work to remotely project emotional states that the brain entrains or locks onto and emulates. One can broadcast rage or fear at an individual target to manipulate and control them. As if these methods were not enough to torture and murder people, add to this nightmarish toolbox, active gang stalking. CIA created cults and other cause-oriented groups are used to induce further trauma in the target by actively harassing them in public in a neutralization technique described in counterintelligence operations manuals that are aimed at enemy agents. In the race to develop a new weapon system it has always been necessary to test it on human beings. Perfecting the latest weapons designed to kill slowly and silently as well as perfecting the process of controlling the human mind are no
different. Once the weaponry has been perfected on these few thousand people the same techniques will be applied en mass to the general population, and then to humanity as a whole.

Col. John B. Alexander stated in an interview with the Washington Post in 2007, …The military and intelligence agencies were still scared by the excesses of MK-ULTRA, the infamous CIA program that involved, in part, slipping LSD to unsuspecting victims. “Until recently, anything that smacked of [mind control] was extremely dangerous” because Congress would simply take the money away, he said. Alexander acknowledged that “there were some abuses that took place,” but added that, on the whole, “I would argue we threw the baby out with the bath water”. But September 11, 2001, changed the mood in Washington, and some in the national security community are again expressing interest in mind control, particularly a younger generation of officials who weren’t around for MK-ULTRA. “It’s interesting, that it’s coming back,” Alexander observed. While Alexander scoffs at the notion that he is somehow part of an elaborate plot to control people’s minds, he acknowledges support for learning how to tap into a potential enemy’s brain. He gives as an example the possible use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, for lie detection. “Brain mapping” with fMRI theoretically could allow interrogators to know when someone is lying by watching for activity in particular parts of the brain. For interrogating terrorists, fMRI could come in handy.

Alexander also is intrigued by the possibility of using electronic means to modify
behavior. The dilemma of the war on terrorism, he notes, is that it never ends. So what do you do with enemies, such as those at Guantanamo: keep them there forever? That’s impractical. Behavior modification could be an alternative, he says. “Maybe I can fix
you, or electronically neuter you, so it’s safe to release you into society, so you won’t
come back and kill me,” Alexander says.
It’s only a matter of time before technology
allows that scenario to come true, he continues. “We’re now getting to where we can do that”. “Where does that fall in the ethics spectrum? That’s a really tough question”.

HISTORY OF US GOVT HUMAN
EXPERIMENTATION:

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation, it is
necessary to begin with previous programs that began in the early 1900’s, and
continued to the present day.

EUGENICS MOVEMENT

Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied hereditary
traits in families and began the nature versus nurture debate and its ultimate focus on
twins to answer the question of what was more powerful heredity or environment. He
proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families.
He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like
his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest
crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the
breeding of the―unfit‖, including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation
(institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics is not a true science and
though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with
the quack science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to
determine intelligence and character.
The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low paying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism
and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and
Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewed as
bad stock compared to the more―Nordic types‖ that made up earlier waves of
immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these problems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia. The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans.

The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of
the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr
Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of Johns Hopkins University. Professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime, and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920‘s been accepted by American Society as fact. Contests for Fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread.
This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman family, Ford foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American
Eugenics movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening address of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German. Only 3,000 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl who became
pregnant out of wedlock in 1920‘s Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and
her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing not normal. Carrie and her
mother‘s files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and
court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927. “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes.
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 25 S. Ct. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough”.

This decision validated Virginia‘s Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the
forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent.
She had been raped by her foster family‘s son. She had been on the honor roll. Her forcible
sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnosis, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law.
A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie‘s defense lawyer and the
Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of Virginia‘s new law.
The state was trying to save money by sterilizing the growing population at its mental health facilities. The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who became an architect and prime director of the murderous medical experimentation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verchuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics Journal that ―Germany‘s war would yield a total solution to the Jewish Problem.‖ Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society, “My assistant, Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler).” Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he performed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer’s institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched to Berlin’s eugenic institutes. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus…His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction.

In other words, he was a hack with an MD and a Ph.D. in Eugenics, a quack science.
―The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The
chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were
sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was
discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in Germany were either starved, given lethal injection,
or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were eventually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the
truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the room would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their
organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even after the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless, people who couldn‘t fight back. Carrie Buck‘s daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her short school career she had made the honor roll.

HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES:

In December 1939 as Europe was poised on the brink of war, two German radiochemists
split the uranium atom in their Berlin laboratory. They confided the results to Lise
Meitner and Otto Fritsch who calculated the released energy at 200 million electron volts
for one atom. The significance of the event was understood immediately in scientific
communities in all nations. Virtually unlimited energy could be produced in a controlled reaction and an uncontrolled reaction would yield an explosive of incredible power. The University of California at Berkeley was where plutonium 238 half life 86 years and plutonium 239 half life 24,000 years were first created. Seaborg, Segre and McMillan used cyclotrons to produce one microgram of plutonium. After months of work their product could be detected but was too small to be seen. Plutonium was described as a crazy metal, small amounts spontaneously combust in air so it must be handled in an environment free of oxygen. Depending on the chemical form it might be blue, green, purple, yellow, red, brown or pink. Seaborg said ―under some conditions it might be brittle like glass or soft like lead. It will disintegrate at room temperature, undergoing five phase changes between room temperature and the melting point. It is fiendishly toxic, even in small amounts.‖ Robley Evans who studied women exposed on the job to radium wrote that as little two micrograms, two millionths of a gram, was fatal. Ernest Lawrence told government officials that plutonium 239 ―could be used to make a super bomb.‖ It was 1941 and the United States would be in the war in a matter of months. Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Arthur Compton were instrumental in persuading FDR to study the feasibility of building a nuclear bomb. The Manhattan Project was the secret effort to build the atomic bomb. It was a gamble that represented several billion dollars and a significant percentage of the war time budget. The Oak Ridge plant in Tennessee
was 56,000 acres devoted to making uranium-235 and the Hanford Washington site made plutonium. These facilities had taken the bench scale process and increased it a billion fold. General Leslie Groves was tapped to head the massive project. He appointed Robert Oppenheimer to be in charge of the design, construction, and testing of the weapon. Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site of the facility to build and test such a weapon. Quantum Physics was a science that had been invented by twenty year olds and the staff Oppenheimer assembled for the Manhattan Project reflected that. The bomb might not work and if the high explosive failed to ignite the fission reaction $2.5 billion dollars
(1945) worth of plutonium would be scattered across the Jimenez Mountains. Jumbo was the largest fabricated object ever built, designed to contain the plutonium if ignition failed. At dawn on July 16, 1945 the Trinity site witnessed the detonation of the device code named Gadget. The remaining two devices, named Little Boy and Fat Man, were
used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9th killing approximately 200,000
people. WWII terror bombing of civilians began with the London Blitz killing 30,000
people and culminated in the firebombing of Dresden Germany and Tokyo. Napalm was
used in 1,000 plane raids that incinerated approximately 200,000 people. The atomic
bomb did not add to the scale of mass murder of civilian populations, but it certainly made it more efficient. Many of the scientists were appalled at the result, some had urged a demonstration shot. The scientists declared publicly that the U.S. possessed only a few
years head start before another nation followed suit. Many of the scientists and some generals advocated international control and the eventual banning of nuclear weapons.
Those that tried to head off a nuclear arms race in the end failed as events and
personalities took on a momentum of their own. Edward Teller advocated the super-
heavy, the Hydrogen bomb. Oppenheimer objected to the development of the Hydrogen
bomb and stated that these were genocidal weapons. He was promptly replaced. Teller
assumed the scientific leadership of the weapons program and remained influential for the entire Cold War. The largest Hydrogen bomb ever tested by the U.S. was around 40
megatons, 4,000 times more powerful than the 10 kiloton Hiroshima bomb. The nuclear
arms race that followed has resulted in the doctrine of MAD, mutually assured destruction. If either the US or USSR launch any or all of their half of the 20,000 nuclear
weapons they have aimed at each other, then they can rest assured that they too would be
completely destroyed in a retaliatory strike. The nuclear arms race consumed much of
the wealth of the US leaving the civilian population living in very real fear that the world could end in a matter of minutes.
Nuclear testing began in the Pacific and the continental US. Residents of the Marshall
Islands were forcibly relocated and dozens of devices were tested there, some so enormous they obliterated large parts of the islands. Captured and obsolete ships were placed in the blast zone with test animals on board. After the detonations thousands of observers and military moved near ground zero to decontaminate equipment. The military brass wanted to know how equipment and men would fare in a nuclear war. At what point are the ships too hot or the men too poisoned to continue to fight. The Air Force sent planes into radioactive clouds that registered 800 rad per hour or higher adopting lead helmets and special shielding in an effort to protect the pilots. The Army placed troops in trenches 1,000 yards from the blast and immediately after the explosion walked them on line through ground zero in an effort to prepare them psychologically for fighting with nuclear weapons. General James Cooney was the foremost advocate of testing and took authority away from the AEC Atomic Energy Commission for the responsibility of setting exposure limits on troops. Scientists were allowed exposure of no more than 3 rad for a 13 week period while limits for military personnel were officially set at 5 rad per test. The badges given to troops to wear measured only external beta radiation and were not used extensively. The scientists working for the AEC wore protective gear while the troops
did not. The health effects of radiation were fairly well known to the scientists involved
due to their animal studies, industrial accidents, and the very public deaths of Madame Curie and others. By the 1920‘s it was known that hundreds of the early pioneers in radiation studies were dead.
A single dose of 350 rad was the human LD-50, the dose that caused death to half those exposed. One millionth of a gram, once inside the human body could cause death.
A nuclear explosion immediately produces Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and X-ray radiation. Hundreds of different radioactive isotopic particles are formed as residual contamination that is absorbed into different body tissues with varying degrees of longevity and toxicity. One example is radioiodine that collects in the thyroid. This kaleidoscope of sources make it difficult to gage what dose has been delivered and to what effect. Inhalation of a small particle of plutonium would collect in the bone marrow and emit energies on the order of 200 million electron volts. The normal energy level of the human cell is 10 electron volts, and under such an assault the cell either dies, becomes inoperable, or grows uncontrollably, in other words, cancer. Arthur Compton and the other physicist knew what had happened to the earlier experimenters with radioactive materials. Compton chose Robert Stone in Berkeley and Joseph Hamilton at Chicago to research the biological aspects. The scientists who conducted these experiments were not from the inner sanctum trying to build the Bomb, years 1951 and 1974 studying about 500 patients. The TBI experiments were only a subset of the radiation experiments on human subjects that included plutonium injections,
radioactive isotope studies, and many others.
Vanderbilt University Hospital Prenatal Clinic hosted 850 pregnant women to a secret
study using radioactive isotopes iron-55 and iron-59. The pregnant women were given a
cocktail and told it was vitamins for their unborn child. Free health care was the lure
used on the economically disadvantaged women. Helen Hutchison was 6 months
pregnant and visited the clinic in July, 1946 seeking treatment for nausea. She was given
a cocktail by the doctor and told to drink it, that it would make her feel better. Several
months after the birth of her daughter her hair fell out and she developed blisters, anemia, and later had life threatening complications after several miscarriages.
Her daughter Barbara was always tired as a child, developed an immune system disorder and skin cancer. Many of the mothers and children exposed to radioactive iron developed strange afflictions, rashes, anemia, blood disorders, and cancer. Paul Hahn, the principle investigator in the study, was a protégé of Stafford Warren and had worked with Robly Evans. Hahn wrote that iron-55 with a half life of 5 years was too hazardous to be given to humans and had no therapeutic value, yet he used it in this study which was partially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Helen Hutchison‘s husband had landed in Europe on D-Day, and had personally helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. The Nazi doctors who worked in the camp may have been some of the very men who participated in the radiation experiment on his wife and unborn child. One study conducted at the Fernald State School in Waltham, Massachusetts used
radioactive iron and calcium secretly given to 74 orphans in their oatmeal using the ruse of a nutrition study. Robley Evans produced the radioactive isotopes in the MIT cyclotron and supervised the experiment. The lure used by the MIT scientists was membership in a
science club that went on school outings to baseball games and even Christmas parties at the MIT faculty club. The scientists may not have believed that the amount of radiation involved was harmful, but they would not have allowed this experiment to be conducted on their own families.

At Washington State Penitentiary and Oregon State Prison about 200 prisoners had their testicles irradiated with 8 to 600 rads with the lure of a little money and extra privileges.

Carl Heller, one of the world‘s leading endocrinologists, and his protégé C. Alvin Paulsen ran the two studies from 1963 until 1971. These and similar experiments on thousands of people continued for 30 years in the vain search for a biological dosimeter. The identities and ultimate fates of the test subjects will never be known, most going to their graves never knowing they had been used as human guinea pigs by their government. Elmer Allen was designated experimental test subject CAL-13. On July 18, 1947 in a San Francisco Hospital he was injected with plutonium in the left leg. Three days later the leg was amputated at mid thigh. Elmer was a porter for the Pullman Company who injured his leg while stepping off a train. He was diagnosed with a fracture that developed into a cyst. The first test for cancer was negative, a second test indicated
cancer. Unable to work after the amputation, he was forced to return to Italy, Texas with
his wife and three children. His wife recalled that he began having epileptic seizures, ―he
would chew the spoon to pieces, his tongue too‖. Elmer began drinking heavily and told
his best friend that he had been used as a guinea pig, but no one not even his family
doctor believed him. The doctor later diagnosed him as a paranoid schizophrenic.
During an effort to collect the bodies of the people injected with plutonium it was
discovered to their amazement that 4 of them were still alive. In 1973 Austin Bues, from
the Center for Human Radiobiology wrote to Elmer and asked him to be in a metabolism
study. He and his wife were brought to Chicago and Elmer‘s urine and feces were
collected for two weeks. The trip was paid for and Elmer received $140 plus $13 a day
expenses. X-rays revealed bone damage consisted with radiation. One year after Elmer‘s death the family was contacted by a reporter and learned that Elmer had been a human experimental subject and the family had been lied to for 44 years. Elmer Allen died in 1991, his head stone reads Elmer Allen 1911-1947 CAL-13 1947- 1991 One of America‘s nuclear guinea pigs. On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O‘Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since WWII. A major project was initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. The following is testimony from Elmer Allen‘s granddaughter before the President‘s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, March, 1995.

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

By Marshall Thomas

ONE:
Phoenix Program

TWO:
HISTORY of US Government Human Experimentation:
Eugenics
Human Radiation Studies
Elmer Allen Granddaughter Testimony
Agent Orange

THREE:
Cold War
Doolittle
McCarthyism
Operation Paperclip
Reinhardt Gehlen
Operation Mockingbird
Operation Northwoods

FOUR:
MKULTRA-1950’s
Brainwashing- USSR, China, US
Helms, Gottlieb
Allen Dulles
Estabrooks
Cameron

MKULTRA-1960’s, 1970’s –
Helms,
Aldrich
Pandora
Delgado
Jolly West

MKULTRA VICTIM TESTIMONY:
Valerie Wolfe, Claudia Mullen, Chris DeNicola

Programming levels

FIVE:
Nonlethal weapons
Greenham Common
DOD/DOJ
Iraq

SIX:
CULTS
Aquino
Moon
FMSF
Remote viewing

SEVEN:
Trojan Horse

EIGHT:
Cointelpro

NINE:
CIA Blowback:
Golden Triangle
Ed Wilson
Katherine Griggs
Guatemala organ donors

TEN:
Directed Energy Weapons USSR
Woodpecker

ELEVEN:
Directed Energy Weapons Scientists

TWELVE:
SDI/HAARP
THIRTEEN:
Military Doctrine
MindWar
The Aviary

FOURTEEN:
Patents/Spin-offs
Implants
ADS
Milliwave radar

FIFTEEN:
CIA/Corporate Proprietaries
SAIC
Hadron
DynCorp

Operation Cyclone

SIXTEEN:
Law
Girard
John Glenn
Akwei
Milgram
Street Theater
TI experience
Weed and Seed

SEVENTEEN:
End Game

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

Phoenix Program:

The Phoenix Program, created by the CIA in 1967, was aimed at “neutralizing”—through
assassination, kidnapping, and torture, the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet
Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying “final solution” that violated the
Geneva Conventions. The Phoenix Program’s civilian targets of assassination were VC
tax collectors, supply officers, political cadre, local military officials, and suspected
sympathizers. Faulty intelligence often led to the murder of innocent civilians, rival
Vietnamese would report their enemies as “VC” in order for US troops to kill them. In
1971, William Colby, head of CIA in Vietnam, testified the number killed was 20,857.
South Vietnamese government figures were 40,994 dead. CIA officer Ted Shackley
managed (600 military and (40-50) CIA liaison officers) who were working with South Vietnamese officers in 44 provinces. Ted Shackley and Robert Komer played key roles in recruiting Phoenix Program personnel. Many Covert Action officers were Cuban
refugees from the Bay of Pigs fiasco. They ran the CIA’s Counter-Terror (CT) Teams,
which were in fact assassination squads. Colby, Komer, and Shackley reported to DCI
Richard Helms and the White House. From the beginning the Phoenix Program was
conceived by the White House and supported by the CIA. Phoenix called for “neutralizing” 1800 targets a month. About one third of VC targeted for arrest were summarily executed. Green Berets and Navy SEALs would assassinate suspected VC sympathizers or cadres, as well as South Vietnamese collaborators and double agents. In 1982 an Ex-Phoenix operative revealed that sometimes orders were given to kill U.S.
military personnel who were considered security risks. He suspects the orders came not from “division”, but from a higher authority such as the CIA or the Office of Naval Intelligence.

The following is testimony of Vincent Okamoto, combat officer (Lieutenant) in Vietnam in 1968, and recipient of Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award conferred by the US Army. Wounded 3 times. “The problem was, how do you find the people on the blacklist? It’s not like you had their address and telephone number. The normal procedure would be to go into a village and just grab someone and say, ‘Where’s Nguyen so-and-so?’ Half the time the people were so afraid they would say anything. Then a Phoenix team would take the informant, put a sandbag over his head, poke out two holes so he could see, put commo wire around his neck like a long leash, and walk him through the village and say, ‘When we go by Nguyen’s house scratch your head.’
Then that night Phoenix would come back, knock on the door, and say, ‘April Fool,
motherfucker.’ Whoever answered the door would get wasted. As far as they were
concerned whoever answered was a Communist, including family members. Sometimes they’d come back to camp with ears to prove that they killed people.”
Penetrations into the Viet Cong Infrastructure was accomplished by blackmailing or
terrorizing a member of a targeted individual’s family to gathering information. Every Vietnamese 15 and over had to register and carry identity cards, these records were
computerized and eventually it evolved into a highly computerized and statistical means of generating 1800 names a month for the target list, coordinating the information on suspects from 30,000 plus informants. When the strategic Hamlet program failed, CIA and military intelligence concentrated on the Phoenix Program, a terror campaign aimed at the civilian population. Instead of winning hearts and minds, using the threat of assassination and a state of terror to defeat the NV. Many non-political Vietnamese were arrested and tortured and in effect forced into the resistance army. Phoenix Program architect Robert Komer, after leaving the Pentagon said, “I would have done a lot of things differently and been more cautious about getting us involved”. He called the war “a strategic disaster which cost us 57,000 lives and a half trillion dollars”.

Phoenix USA: The Vietnam War was the formative experience for a generation of CIA
and military intelligence personnel involved in the Phoenix Program. They viewed the
military defeat in Vietnam as a betrayal on the home front, a loss of will by domestic
political enemies, not a military failure against a nationalist revolution fought as a
guerilla war. The Phoenix Program, assassinating suspected VC sympathizers in a
systematic manner, worked well and is the blueprint for the current black op targeting
thousands of loyal Americans using state of the art microwave (MW) and radio frequency
radiation (RFR) weapons. The motivation to suppress domestic dissidents and to
assassinate loyal American opposition stems from the perception of dissent against the
war as treason. This philosophy is stated very clearly in the MindWar paper written by
NSA General Aquino. The DOD has a huge stake in futuristic technology that kills by ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, leaving little or no trace. The indiscriminant killing of the Phoenix Program continues on American soil. The terms soft kill, slow kill and silent kill refer to the new way of killing the enemy in conflicts short of war and the small wars of the future.

The counterinsurgency doctrine has now been applied to the home front, so that the perceived betrayal of the military in Vietnam will not be repeated. The generation of CIA and military intelligence led by Shackley, Helms, Casey, Abrams, Singlaub, Secord, John B. Alexander, Michael Aquino, Paul Vallely, and others have built the perfect beast, using selective assassination that leaves no trace. The ability to cull the human herd with Silent Kill technology allows a few personalities to remake the entire society in their own image. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) technology kills with ionizing and non-ionizing radiation or slowly drives the target crazy with silent sound, similar to CIA MKULTRA psychiatrist Ewen Camerons psychic driving technique used to break down the targets personality. The new buzzwords at the Pentagon are silent kill, synthetic telepathy and psychotronics. Another means of attack on targets is the Smirnov patent that uses subliminal suggestion to manipulate human behavior. This patent was purchased by the remote viewing company Psi Tech Corporation. Military intelligence officers involved in developing these “non-lethal weapons” include Col. John B. Alexander, NSA General Michael Aquino, Harold Puthoff, and others, also control Psi Tech. Emotional manipulation is accomplished using Dr. Michael Persinger’s work to remotely project emotional states that the brain entrains or locks onto and emulates. One can broadcast rage or fear at an individual target to manipulate and control them. As if these methods were not enough to torture and murder people, add to this nightmarish toolbox, active gang stalking. CIA created cults and other cause-oriented groups are used to induce further trauma in the target by actively harassing them in public in a neutralization technique described in counterintelligence operations manuals that are aimed at enemy agents. In the race to develop a new weapon system it has always been necessary to test it on human beings. Perfecting the latest weapons designed to kill slowly and silently as well as perfecting the process of controlling the human mind are no
different. Once the weaponry has been perfected on these few thousand people the same techniques will be applied en mass to the general population, and then to humanity as a whole.

Col. John B. Alexander stated in an interview with the Washington Post in 2007, …The military and intelligence agencies were still scared by the excesses of MK-ULTRA, the infamous CIA program that involved, in part, slipping LSD to unsuspecting victims. “Until recently, anything that smacked of [mind control] was extremely dangerous” because Congress would simply take the money away, he said. Alexander acknowledged that “there were some abuses that took place,” but added that, on the whole, “I would argue we threw the baby out with the bath water”. But September 11, 2001, changed the mood in Washington, and some in the national security community are again expressing interest in mind control, particularly a younger generation of officials who weren’t around for MK-ULTRA. “It’s interesting, that it’s coming back,” Alexander observed. While Alexander scoffs at the notion that he is somehow part of an elaborate plot to control people’s minds, he acknowledges support for learning how to tap into a potential enemy’s brain. He gives as an example the possible use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, for lie detection. “Brain mapping” with fMRI theoretically could allow interrogators to know when someone is lying by watching for activity in particular parts of the brain. For interrogating terrorists, fMRI could come in handy.

Alexander also is intrigued by the possibility of using electronic means to modify
behavior. The dilemma of the war on terrorism, he notes, is that it never ends. So what do you do with enemies, such as those at Guantanamo: keep them there forever? That’s impractical. Behavior modification could be an alternative, he says. “Maybe I can fix
you, or electronically neuter you, so it’s safe to release you into society, so you won’t
come back and kill me,” Alexander says.
It’s only a matter of time before technology
allows that scenario to come true, he continues. “We’re now getting to where we can do that”. “Where does that fall in the ethics spectrum? That’s a really tough question”.

HISTORY OF US GOVT HUMAN
EXPERIMENTATION:

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation, it is
necessary to begin with previous programs that began in the early 1900’s, and
continued to the present day.

EUGENICS MOVEMENT

Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied hereditary
traits in families and began the nature versus nurture debate and its ultimate focus on
twins to answer the question of what was more powerful heredity or environment. He
proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families.
He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like
his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest
crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the
breeding of the―unfit‖, including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation
(institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics is not a true science and
though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with
the quack science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to
determine intelligence and character.
The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low paying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism
and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and
Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewed as
bad stock compared to the more―Nordic types‖ that made up earlier waves of
immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these problems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia. The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans.

The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of
the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr
Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of Johns Hopkins University. Professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime, and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920‘s been accepted by American Society as fact. Contests for Fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread.
This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman family, Ford foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American
Eugenics movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening address of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German. Only 3,000 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl who became
pregnant out of wedlock in 1920‘s Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and
her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing not normal. Carrie and her
mother‘s files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and
court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927. “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes.
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 25 S. Ct. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough”.

This decision validated Virginia‘s Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the
forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent.
She had been raped by her foster family‘s son. She had been on the honor roll. Her forcible
sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnosis, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law.
A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie‘s defense lawyer and the
Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of Virginia‘s new law.
The state was trying to save money by sterilizing the growing population at its mental health facilities. The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who became an architect and prime director of the murderous medical experimentation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verchuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics Journal that ―Germany‘s war would yield a total solution to the Jewish Problem.‖ Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society, “My assistant, Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler).” Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he performed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer’s institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched to Berlin’s eugenic institutes. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus…His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction.

In other words, he was a hack with an MD and a Ph.D. in Eugenics, a quack science.
―The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The
chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were
sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was
discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in Germany were either starved, given lethal injection,
or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were eventually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the
truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the room would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their
organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even after the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless, people who couldn‘t fight back. Carrie Buck‘s daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her short school career she had made the honor roll.

HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES:

In December 1939 as Europe was poised on the brink of war, two German radiochemists
split the uranium atom in their Berlin laboratory. They confided the results to Lise
Meitner and Otto Fritsch who calculated the released energy at 200 million electron volts
for one atom. The significance of the event was understood immediately in scientific
communities in all nations. Virtually unlimited energy could be produced in a controlled reaction and an uncontrolled reaction would yield an explosive of incredible power. The University of California at Berkeley was where plutonium 238 half life 86 years and plutonium 239 half life 24,000 years were first created. Seaborg, Segre and McMillan used cyclotrons to produce one microgram of plutonium. After months of work their product could be detected but was too small to be seen. Plutonium was described as a crazy metal, small amounts spontaneously combust in air so it must be handled in an environment free of oxygen. Depending on the chemical form it might be blue, green, purple, yellow, red, brown or pink. Seaborg said ―under some conditions it might be brittle like glass or soft like lead. It will disintegrate at room temperature, undergoing five phase changes between room temperature and the melting point. It is fiendishly toxic, even in small amounts.‖ Robley Evans who studied women exposed on the job to radium wrote that as little two micrograms, two millionths of a gram, was fatal. Ernest Lawrence told government officials that plutonium 239 ―could be used to make a super bomb.‖ It was 1941 and the United States would be in the war in a matter of months. Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Arthur Compton were instrumental in persuading FDR to study the feasibility of building a nuclear bomb. The Manhattan Project was the secret effort to build the atomic bomb. It was a gamble that represented several billion dollars and a significant percentage of the war time budget. The Oak Ridge plant in Tennessee
was 56,000 acres devoted to making uranium-235 and the Hanford Washington site made plutonium. These facilities had taken the bench scale process and increased it a billion fold. General Leslie Groves was tapped to head the massive project. He appointed Robert Oppenheimer to be in charge of the design, construction, and testing of the weapon. Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site of the facility to build and test such a weapon. Quantum Physics was a science that had been invented by twenty year olds and the staff Oppenheimer assembled for the Manhattan Project reflected that. The bomb might not work and if the high explosive failed to ignite the fission reaction $2.5 billion dollars
(1945) worth of plutonium would be scattered across the Jimenez Mountains. Jumbo was the largest fabricated object ever built, designed to contain the plutonium if ignition failed. At dawn on July 16, 1945 the Trinity site witnessed the detonation of the device code named Gadget. The remaining two devices, named Little Boy and Fat Man, were
used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9th killing approximately 200,000
people. WWII terror bombing of civilians began with the London Blitz killing 30,000
people and culminated in the firebombing of Dresden Germany and Tokyo. Napalm was
used in 1,000 plane raids that incinerated approximately 200,000 people. The atomic
bomb did not add to the scale of mass murder of civilian populations, but it certainly made it more efficient. Many of the scientists were appalled at the result, some had urged a demonstration shot. The scientists declared publicly that the U.S. possessed only a few
years head start before another nation followed suit. Many of the scientists and some generals advocated international control and the eventual banning of nuclear weapons.
Those that tried to head off a nuclear arms race in the end failed as events and
personalities took on a momentum of their own. Edward Teller advocated the super-
heavy, the Hydrogen bomb. Oppenheimer objected to the development of the Hydrogen
bomb and stated that these were genocidal weapons. He was promptly replaced. Teller
assumed the scientific leadership of the weapons program and remained influential for the entire Cold War. The largest Hydrogen bomb ever tested by the U.S. was around 40
megatons, 4,000 times more powerful than the 10 kiloton Hiroshima bomb. The nuclear
arms race that followed has resulted in the doctrine of MAD, mutually assured destruction. If either the US or USSR launch any or all of their half of the 20,000 nuclear
weapons they have aimed at each other, then they can rest assured that they too would be
completely destroyed in a retaliatory strike. The nuclear arms race consumed much of
the wealth of the US leaving the civilian population living in very real fear that the world could end in a matter of minutes.
Nuclear testing began in the Pacific and the continental US. Residents of the Marshall
Islands were forcibly relocated and dozens of devices were tested there, some so enormous they obliterated large parts of the islands. Captured and obsolete ships were placed in the blast zone with test animals on board. After the detonations thousands of observers and military moved near ground zero to decontaminate equipment. The military brass wanted to know how equipment and men would fare in a nuclear war. At what point are the ships too hot or the men too poisoned to continue to fight. The Air Force sent planes into radioactive clouds that registered 800 rad per hour or higher adopting lead helmets and special shielding in an effort to protect the pilots. The Army placed troops in trenches 1,000 yards from the blast and immediately after the explosion walked them on line through ground zero in an effort to prepare them psychologically for fighting with nuclear weapons. General James Cooney was the foremost advocate of testing and took authority away from the AEC Atomic Energy Commission for the responsibility of setting exposure limits on troops. Scientists were allowed exposure of no more than 3 rad for a 13 week period while limits for military personnel were officially set at 5 rad per test. The badges given to troops to wear measured only external beta radiation and were not used extensively. The scientists working for the AEC wore protective gear while the troops
did not. The health effects of radiation were fairly well known to the scientists involved
due to their animal studies, industrial accidents, and the very public deaths of Madame Curie and others. By the 1920‘s it was known that hundreds of the early pioneers in radiation studies were dead.
A single dose of 350 rad was the human LD-50, the dose that caused death to half those exposed. One millionth of a gram, once inside the human body could cause death.
A nuclear explosion immediately produces Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and X-ray radiation. Hundreds of different radioactive isotopic particles are formed as residual contamination that is absorbed into different body tissues with varying degrees of longevity and toxicity. One example is radioiodine that collects in the thyroid. This kaleidoscope of sources make it difficult to gage what dose has been delivered and to what effect. Inhalation of a small particle of plutonium would collect in the bone marrow and emit energies on the order of 200 million electron volts. The normal energy level of the human cell is 10 electron volts, and under such an assault the cell either dies, becomes inoperable, or grows uncontrollably, in other words, cancer. Arthur Compton and the other physicist knew what had happened to the earlier experimenters with radioactive materials. Compton chose Robert Stone in Berkeley and Joseph Hamilton at Chicago to research the biological aspects. The scientists who conducted these experiments were not from the inner sanctum trying to build the Bomb, years 1951 and 1974 studying about 500 patients. The TBI experiments were only a subset of the radiation experiments on human subjects that included plutonium injections,
radioactive isotope studies, and many others.
Vanderbilt University Hospital Prenatal Clinic hosted 850 pregnant women to a secret
study using radioactive isotopes iron-55 and iron-59. The pregnant women were given a
cocktail and told it was vitamins for their unborn child. Free health care was the lure
used on the economically disadvantaged women. Helen Hutchison was 6 months
pregnant and visited the clinic in July, 1946 seeking treatment for nausea. She was given
a cocktail by the doctor and told to drink it, that it would make her feel better. Several
months after the birth of her daughter her hair fell out and she developed blisters, anemia, and later had life threatening complications after several miscarriages.
Her daughter Barbara was always tired as a child, developed an immune system disorder and skin cancer. Many of the mothers and children exposed to radioactive iron developed strange afflictions, rashes, anemia, blood disorders, and cancer. Paul Hahn, the principle investigator in the study, was a protégé of Stafford Warren and had worked with Robly Evans. Hahn wrote that iron-55 with a half life of 5 years was too hazardous to be given to humans and had no therapeutic value, yet he used it in this study which was partially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Helen Hutchison‘s husband had landed in Europe on D-Day, and had personally helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. The Nazi doctors who worked in the camp may have been some of the very men who participated in the radiation experiment on his wife and unborn child. One study conducted at the Fernald State School in Waltham, Massachusetts used
radioactive iron and calcium secretly given to 74 orphans in their oatmeal using the ruse of a nutrition study. Robley Evans produced the radioactive isotopes in the MIT cyclotron and supervised the experiment. The lure used by the MIT scientists was membership in a
science club that went on school outings to baseball games and even Christmas parties at the MIT faculty club. The scientists may not have believed that the amount of radiation involved was harmful, but they would not have allowed this experiment to be conducted on their own families.

At Washington State Penitentiary and Oregon State Prison about 200 prisoners had their testicles irradiated with 8 to 600 rads with the lure of a little money and extra privileges.

Carl Heller, one of the world‘s leading endocrinologists, and his protégé C. Alvin Paulsen ran the two studies from 1963 until 1971. These and similar experiments on thousands of people continued for 30 years in the vain search for a biological dosimeter. The identities and ultimate fates of the test subjects will never be known, most going to their graves never knowing they had been used as human guinea pigs by their government. Elmer Allen was designated experimental test subject CAL-13. On July 18, 1947 in a San Francisco Hospital he was injected with plutonium in the left leg. Three days later the leg was amputated at mid thigh. Elmer was a porter for the Pullman Company who injured his leg while stepping off a train. He was diagnosed with a fracture that developed into a cyst. The first test for cancer was negative, a second test indicated
cancer. Unable to work after the amputation, he was forced to return to Italy, Texas with
his wife and three children. His wife recalled that he began having epileptic seizures, ―he
would chew the spoon to pieces, his tongue too‖. Elmer began drinking heavily and told
his best friend that he had been used as a guinea pig, but no one not even his family
doctor believed him. The doctor later diagnosed him as a paranoid schizophrenic.
During an effort to collect the bodies of the people injected with plutonium it was
discovered to their amazement that 4 of them were still alive. In 1973 Austin Bues, from
the Center for Human Radiobiology wrote to Elmer and asked him to be in a metabolism
study. He and his wife were brought to Chicago and Elmer‘s urine and feces were
collected for two weeks. The trip was paid for and Elmer received $140 plus $13 a day
expenses. X-rays revealed bone damage consisted with radiation. One year after Elmer‘s death the family was contacted by a reporter and learned that Elmer had been a human experimental subject and the family had been lied to for 44 years. Elmer Allen died in 1991, his head stone reads Elmer Allen 1911-1947 CAL-13 1947- 1991 One of America‘s nuclear guinea pigs. On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O‘Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since WWII. A major project was initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. The following is testimony from Elmer Allen‘s granddaughter before the President‘s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, March, 1995.

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

By Marshall Thomas

ONE:
Phoenix Program

TWO:
HISTORY of US Government Human Experimentation:
Eugenics
Human Radiation Studies
Elmer Allen Granddaughter Testimony
Agent Orange

THREE:
Cold War
Doolittle
McCarthyism
Operation Paperclip
Reinhardt Gehlen
Operation Mockingbird
Operation Northwoods

FOUR:
MKULTRA-1950’s
Brainwashing- USSR, China, US
Helms, Gottlieb
Allen Dulles
Estabrooks
Cameron

MKULTRA-1960’s, 1970’s –
Helms,
Aldrich
Pandora
Delgado
Jolly West

MKULTRA VICTIM TESTIMONY:
Valerie Wolfe, Claudia Mullen, Chris DeNicola

Programming levels

FIVE:
Nonlethal weapons
Greenham Common
DOD/DOJ
Iraq

SIX:
CULTS
Aquino
Moon
FMSF
Remote viewing

SEVEN:
Trojan Horse

EIGHT:
Cointelpro

NINE:
CIA Blowback:
Golden Triangle
Ed Wilson
Katherine Griggs
Guatemala organ donors

TEN:
Directed Energy Weapons USSR
Woodpecker

ELEVEN:
Directed Energy Weapons Scientists

TWELVE:
SDI/HAARP
THIRTEEN:
Military Doctrine
MindWar
The Aviary

FOURTEEN:
Patents/Spin-offs
Implants
ADS
Milliwave radar

FIFTEEN:
CIA/Corporate Proprietaries
SAIC
Hadron
DynCorp

Operation Cyclone

SIXTEEN:
Law
Girard
John Glenn
Akwei
Milgram
Street Theater
TI experience
Weed and Seed

SEVENTEEN:
End Game

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

Phoenix Program:

The Phoenix Program, created by the CIA in 1967, was aimed at “neutralizing”—through
assassination, kidnapping, and torture, the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet
Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying “final solution” that violated the
Geneva Conventions. The Phoenix Program’s civilian targets of assassination were VC
tax collectors, supply officers, political cadre, local military officials, and suspected
sympathizers. Faulty intelligence often led to the murder of innocent civilians, rival
Vietnamese would report their enemies as “VC” in order for US troops to kill them. In
1971, William Colby, head of CIA in Vietnam, testified the number killed was 20,857.
South Vietnamese government figures were 40,994 dead. CIA officer Ted Shackley
managed (600 military and (40-50) CIA liaison officers) who were working with South Vietnamese officers in 44 provinces. Ted Shackley and Robert Komer played key roles in recruiting Phoenix Program personnel. Many Covert Action officers were Cuban
refugees from the Bay of Pigs fiasco. They ran the CIA’s Counter-Terror (CT) Teams,
which were in fact assassination squads. Colby, Komer, and Shackley reported to DCI
Richard Helms and the White House. From the beginning the Phoenix Program was
conceived by the White House and supported by the CIA. Phoenix called for “neutralizing” 1800 targets a month. About one third of VC targeted for arrest were summarily executed. Green Berets and Navy SEALs would assassinate suspected VC sympathizers or cadres, as well as South Vietnamese collaborators and double agents. In 1982 an Ex-Phoenix operative revealed that sometimes orders were given to kill U.S.
military personnel who were considered security risks. He suspects the orders came not from “division”, but from a higher authority such as the CIA or the Office of Naval Intelligence.

The following is testimony of Vincent Okamoto, combat officer (Lieutenant) in Vietnam in 1968, and recipient of Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award conferred by the US Army. Wounded 3 times. “The problem was, how do you find the people on the blacklist? It’s not like you had their address and telephone number. The normal procedure would be to go into a village and just grab someone and say, ‘Where’s Nguyen so-and-so?’ Half the time the people were so afraid they would say anything. Then a Phoenix team would take the informant, put a sandbag over his head, poke out two holes so he could see, put commo wire around his neck like a long leash, and walk him through the village and say, ‘When we go by Nguyen’s house scratch your head.’
Then that night Phoenix would come back, knock on the door, and say, ‘April Fool,
motherfucker.’ Whoever answered the door would get wasted. As far as they were
concerned whoever answered was a Communist, including family members. Sometimes they’d come back to camp with ears to prove that they killed people.”
Penetrations into the Viet Cong Infrastructure was accomplished by blackmailing or
terrorizing a member of a targeted individual’s family to gathering information. Every Vietnamese 15 and over had to register and carry identity cards, these records were
computerized and eventually it evolved into a highly computerized and statistical means of generating 1800 names a month for the target list, coordinating the information on suspects from 30,000 plus informants. When the strategic Hamlet program failed, CIA and military intelligence concentrated on the Phoenix Program, a terror campaign aimed at the civilian population. Instead of winning hearts and minds, using the threat of assassination and a state of terror to defeat the NV. Many non-political Vietnamese were arrested and tortured and in effect forced into the resistance army. Phoenix Program architect Robert Komer, after leaving the Pentagon said, “I would have done a lot of things differently and been more cautious about getting us involved”. He called the war “a strategic disaster which cost us 57,000 lives and a half trillion dollars”.

Phoenix USA: The Vietnam War was the formative experience for a generation of CIA
and military intelligence personnel involved in the Phoenix Program. They viewed the
military defeat in Vietnam as a betrayal on the home front, a loss of will by domestic
political enemies, not a military failure against a nationalist revolution fought as a
guerilla war. The Phoenix Program, assassinating suspected VC sympathizers in a
systematic manner, worked well and is the blueprint for the current black op targeting
thousands of loyal Americans using state of the art microwave (MW) and radio frequency
radiation (RFR) weapons. The motivation to suppress domestic dissidents and to
assassinate loyal American opposition stems from the perception of dissent against the
war as treason. This philosophy is stated very clearly in the MindWar paper written by
NSA General Aquino. The DOD has a huge stake in futuristic technology that kills by ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, leaving little or no trace. The indiscriminant killing of the Phoenix Program continues on American soil. The terms soft kill, slow kill and silent kill refer to the new way of killing the enemy in conflicts short of war and the small wars of the future.

The counterinsurgency doctrine has now been applied to the home front, so that the perceived betrayal of the military in Vietnam will not be repeated. The generation of CIA and military intelligence led by Shackley, Helms, Casey, Abrams, Singlaub, Secord, John B. Alexander, Michael Aquino, Paul Vallely, and others have built the perfect beast, using selective assassination that leaves no trace. The ability to cull the human herd with Silent Kill technology allows a few personalities to remake the entire society in their own image. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) technology kills with ionizing and non-ionizing radiation or slowly drives the target crazy with silent sound, similar to CIA MKULTRA psychiatrist Ewen Camerons psychic driving technique used to break down the targets personality. The new buzzwords at the Pentagon are silent kill, synthetic telepathy and psychotronics. Another means of attack on targets is the Smirnov patent that uses subliminal suggestion to manipulate human behavior. This patent was purchased by the remote viewing company Psi Tech Corporation. Military intelligence officers involved in developing these “non-lethal weapons” include Col. John B. Alexander, NSA General Michael Aquino, Harold Puthoff, and others, also control Psi Tech. Emotional manipulation is accomplished using Dr. Michael Persinger’s work to remotely project emotional states that the brain entrains or locks onto and emulates. One can broadcast rage or fear at an individual target to manipulate and control them. As if these methods were not enough to torture and murder people, add to this nightmarish toolbox, active gang stalking. CIA created cults and other cause-oriented groups are used to induce further trauma in the target by actively harassing them in public in a neutralization technique described in counterintelligence operations manuals that are aimed at enemy agents. In the race to develop a new weapon system it has always been necessary to test it on human beings. Perfecting the latest weapons designed to kill slowly and silently as well as perfecting the process of controlling the human mind are no
different. Once the weaponry has been perfected on these few thousand people the same techniques will be applied en mass to the general population, and then to humanity as a whole.

Col. John B. Alexander stated in an interview with the Washington Post in 2007, …The military and intelligence agencies were still scared by the excesses of MK-ULTRA, the infamous CIA program that involved, in part, slipping LSD to unsuspecting victims. “Until recently, anything that smacked of [mind control] was extremely dangerous” because Congress would simply take the money away, he said. Alexander acknowledged that “there were some abuses that took place,” but added that, on the whole, “I would argue we threw the baby out with the bath water”. But September 11, 2001, changed the mood in Washington, and some in the national security community are again expressing interest in mind control, particularly a younger generation of officials who weren’t around for MK-ULTRA. “It’s interesting, that it’s coming back,” Alexander observed. While Alexander scoffs at the notion that he is somehow part of an elaborate plot to control people’s minds, he acknowledges support for learning how to tap into a potential enemy’s brain. He gives as an example the possible use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, for lie detection. “Brain mapping” with fMRI theoretically could allow interrogators to know when someone is lying by watching for activity in particular parts of the brain. For interrogating terrorists, fMRI could come in handy.

Alexander also is intrigued by the possibility of using electronic means to modify
behavior. The dilemma of the war on terrorism, he notes, is that it never ends. So what do you do with enemies, such as those at Guantanamo: keep them there forever? That’s impractical. Behavior modification could be an alternative, he says. “Maybe I can fix
you, or electronically neuter you, so it’s safe to release you into society, so you won’t
come back and kill me,” Alexander says.
It’s only a matter of time before technology
allows that scenario to come true, he continues. “We’re now getting to where we can do that”. “Where does that fall in the ethics spectrum? That’s a really tough question”.

HISTORY OF US GOVT HUMAN
EXPERIMENTATION:

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation, it is
necessary to begin with previous programs that began in the early 1900’s, and
continued to the present day.

EUGENICS MOVEMENT

Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied hereditary
traits in families and began the nature versus nurture debate and its ultimate focus on
twins to answer the question of what was more powerful heredity or environment. He
proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families.
He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like
his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest
crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the
breeding of the―unfit‖, including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation
(institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics is not a true science and
though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with
the quack science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to
determine intelligence and character.
The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low paying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism
and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and
Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewed as
bad stock compared to the more―Nordic types‖ that made up earlier waves of
immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these problems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia. The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans.

The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of
the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr
Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of Johns Hopkins University. Professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime, and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920‘s been accepted by American Society as fact. Contests for Fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread.
This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman family, Ford foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American
Eugenics movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening address of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German. Only 3,000 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl who became
pregnant out of wedlock in 1920‘s Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and
her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing not normal. Carrie and her
mother‘s files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and
court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927. “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes.
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 25 S. Ct. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough”.

This decision validated Virginia‘s Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the
forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent.
She had been raped by her foster family‘s son. She had been on the honor roll. Her forcible
sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnosis, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law.
A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie‘s defense lawyer and the
Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of Virginia‘s new law.
The state was trying to save money by sterilizing the growing population at its mental health facilities. The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who became an architect and prime director of the murderous medical experimentation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verchuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics Journal that ―Germany‘s war would yield a total solution to the Jewish Problem.‖ Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society, “My assistant, Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler).” Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he performed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer’s institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched to Berlin’s eugenic institutes. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus…His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction.

In other words, he was a hack with an MD and a Ph.D. in Eugenics, a quack science.
―The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The
chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were
sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was
discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in Germany were either starved, given lethal injection,
or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were eventually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the
truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the room would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their
organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even after the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless, people who couldn‘t fight back. Carrie Buck‘s daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her short school career she had made the honor roll.

HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES:

In December 1939 as Europe was poised on the brink of war, two German radiochemists
split the uranium atom in their Berlin laboratory. They confided the results to Lise
Meitner and Otto Fritsch who calculated the released energy at 200 million electron volts
for one atom. The significance of the event was understood immediately in scientific
communities in all nations. Virtually unlimited energy could be produced in a controlled reaction and an uncontrolled reaction would yield an explosive of incredible power. The University of California at Berkeley was where plutonium 238 half life 86 years and plutonium 239 half life 24,000 years were first created. Seaborg, Segre and McMillan used cyclotrons to produce one microgram of plutonium. After months of work their product could be detected but was too small to be seen. Plutonium was described as a crazy metal, small amounts spontaneously combust in air so it must be handled in an environment free of oxygen. Depending on the chemical form it might be blue, green, purple, yellow, red, brown or pink. Seaborg said ―under some conditions it might be brittle like glass or soft like lead. It will disintegrate at room temperature, undergoing five phase changes between room temperature and the melting point. It is fiendishly toxic, even in small amounts.‖ Robley Evans who studied women exposed on the job to radium wrote that as little two micrograms, two millionths of a gram, was fatal. Ernest Lawrence told government officials that plutonium 239 ―could be used to make a super bomb.‖ It was 1941 and the United States would be in the war in a matter of months. Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Arthur Compton were instrumental in persuading FDR to study the feasibility of building a nuclear bomb. The Manhattan Project was the secret effort to build the atomic bomb. It was a gamble that represented several billion dollars and a significant percentage of the war time budget. The Oak Ridge plant in Tennessee
was 56,000 acres devoted to making uranium-235 and the Hanford Washington site made plutonium. These facilities had taken the bench scale process and increased it a billion fold. General Leslie Groves was tapped to head the massive project. He appointed Robert Oppenheimer to be in charge of the design, construction, and testing of the weapon. Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site of the facility to build and test such a weapon. Quantum Physics was a science that had been invented by twenty year olds and the staff Oppenheimer assembled for the Manhattan Project reflected that. The bomb might not work and if the high explosive failed to ignite the fission reaction $2.5 billion dollars
(1945) worth of plutonium would be scattered across the Jimenez Mountains. Jumbo was the largest fabricated object ever built, designed to contain the plutonium if ignition failed. At dawn on July 16, 1945 the Trinity site witnessed the detonation of the device code named Gadget. The remaining two devices, named Little Boy and Fat Man, were
used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9th killing approximately 200,000
people. WWII terror bombing of civilians began with the London Blitz killing 30,000
people and culminated in the firebombing of Dresden Germany and Tokyo. Napalm was
used in 1,000 plane raids that incinerated approximately 200,000 people. The atomic
bomb did not add to the scale of mass murder of civilian populations, but it certainly made it more efficient. Many of the scientists were appalled at the result, some had urged a demonstration shot. The scientists declared publicly that the U.S. possessed only a few
years head start before another nation followed suit. Many of the scientists and some generals advocated international control and the eventual banning of nuclear weapons.
Those that tried to head off a nuclear arms race in the end failed as events and
personalities took on a momentum of their own. Edward Teller advocated the super-
heavy, the Hydrogen bomb. Oppenheimer objected to the development of the Hydrogen
bomb and stated that these were genocidal weapons. He was promptly replaced. Teller
assumed the scientific leadership of the weapons program and remained influential for the entire Cold War. The largest Hydrogen bomb ever tested by the U.S. was around 40
megatons, 4,000 times more powerful than the 10 kiloton Hiroshima bomb. The nuclear
arms race that followed has resulted in the doctrine of MAD, mutually assured destruction. If either the US or USSR launch any or all of their half of the 20,000 nuclear
weapons they have aimed at each other, then they can rest assured that they too would be
completely destroyed in a retaliatory strike. The nuclear arms race consumed much of
the wealth of the US leaving the civilian population living in very real fear that the world could end in a matter of minutes.
Nuclear testing began in the Pacific and the continental US. Residents of the Marshall
Islands were forcibly relocated and dozens of devices were tested there, some so enormous they obliterated large parts of the islands. Captured and obsolete ships were placed in the blast zone with test animals on board. After the detonations thousands of observers and military moved near ground zero to decontaminate equipment. The military brass wanted to know how equipment and men would fare in a nuclear war. At what point are the ships too hot or the men too poisoned to continue to fight. The Air Force sent planes into radioactive clouds that registered 800 rad per hour or higher adopting lead helmets and special shielding in an effort to protect the pilots. The Army placed troops in trenches 1,000 yards from the blast and immediately after the explosion walked them on line through ground zero in an effort to prepare them psychologically for fighting with nuclear weapons. General James Cooney was the foremost advocate of testing and took authority away from the AEC Atomic Energy Commission for the responsibility of setting exposure limits on troops. Scientists were allowed exposure of no more than 3 rad for a 13 week period while limits for military personnel were officially set at 5 rad per test. The badges given to troops to wear measured only external beta radiation and were not used extensively. The scientists working for the AEC wore protective gear while the troops
did not. The health effects of radiation were fairly well known to the scientists involved
due to their animal studies, industrial accidents, and the very public deaths of Madame Curie and others. By the 1920‘s it was known that hundreds of the early pioneers in radiation studies were dead.
A single dose of 350 rad was the human LD-50, the dose that caused death to half those exposed. One millionth of a gram, once inside the human body could cause death.
A nuclear explosion immediately produces Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and X-ray radiation. Hundreds of different radioactive isotopic particles are formed as residual contamination that is absorbed into different body tissues with varying degrees of longevity and toxicity. One example is radioiodine that collects in the thyroid. This kaleidoscope of sources make it difficult to gage what dose has been delivered and to what effect. Inhalation of a small particle of plutonium would collect in the bone marrow and emit energies on the order of 200 million electron volts. The normal energy level of the human cell is 10 electron volts, and under such an assault the cell either dies, becomes inoperable, or grows uncontrollably, in other words, cancer. Arthur Compton and the other physicist knew what had happened to the earlier experimenters with radioactive materials. Compton chose Robert Stone in Berkeley and Joseph Hamilton at Chicago to research the biological aspects. The scientists who conducted these experiments were not from the inner sanctum trying to build the Bomb, years 1951 and 1974 studying about 500 patients. The TBI experiments were only a subset of the radiation experiments on human subjects that included plutonium injections,
radioactive isotope studies, and many others.
Vanderbilt University Hospital Prenatal Clinic hosted 850 pregnant women to a secret
study using radioactive isotopes iron-55 and iron-59. The pregnant women were given a
cocktail and told it was vitamins for their unborn child. Free health care was the lure
used on the economically disadvantaged women. Helen Hutchison was 6 months
pregnant and visited the clinic in July, 1946 seeking treatment for nausea. She was given
a cocktail by the doctor and told to drink it, that it would make her feel better. Several
months after the birth of her daughter her hair fell out and she developed blisters, anemia, and later had life threatening complications after several miscarriages.
Her daughter Barbara was always tired as a child, developed an immune system disorder and skin cancer. Many of the mothers and children exposed to radioactive iron developed strange afflictions, rashes, anemia, blood disorders, and cancer. Paul Hahn, the principle investigator in the study, was a protégé of Stafford Warren and had worked with Robly Evans. Hahn wrote that iron-55 with a half life of 5 years was too hazardous to be given to humans and had no therapeutic value, yet he used it in this study which was partially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Helen Hutchison‘s husband had landed in Europe on D-Day, and had personally helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. The Nazi doctors who worked in the camp may have been some of the very men who participated in the radiation experiment on his wife and unborn child. One study conducted at the Fernald State School in Waltham, Massachusetts used
radioactive iron and calcium secretly given to 74 orphans in their oatmeal using the ruse
of a nutrition study. Robley Evans produced the radioactive isotopes in the MIT cyclotron
and supervised the experiment. The lure used by the MIT scientists was membership in a
science club that went on school outings to baseball games and even Christmas parties at
the MIT faculty club. The scientists may not have believed that the amount of radiation
involved was harmful, but they would not have allowed this experiment to be conducted on their own families.

At Washington State Penitentiary and Oregon State Prison about 200 prisoners had their
testicles irradiated with 8 to 600 rads with the lure of a little money and extra privileges.
Carl Heller, one of the world‘s leading endocrinologists, and his protégé C. Alvin Paulsen ran the two studies from 1963 until 1971. These and similar experiments on thousands of people continued for 30 years in the vain search for a biological dosimeter.
The identities and ultimate fates of the test subjects will never be known, most going to their graves never knowing they had been used as human guinea pigs by their government. Elmer Allen was designated experimental test subject CAL-13. On July 18, 1947 in a San Francisco Hospital he was injected with plutonium in the left leg. Three days later the leg was amputated at mid thigh. Elmer was a porter for the Pullman Company who injured his leg while stepping off a train. He was diagnosed with a fracture that developed into a cyst. The first test for cancer was negative, a second test indicated
cancer. Unable to work after the amputation, he was forced to return to Italy, Texas with
his wife and three children. His wife recalled that he began having epileptic seizures, ―he
would chew the spoon to pieces, his tongue too‖. Elmer began drinking heavily and told
his best friend that he had been used as a guinea pig, but no one not even his family
doctor believed him. The doctor later diagnosed him as a paranoid schizophrenic.
During an effort to collect the bodies of the people injected with plutonium it was
discovered to their amazement that 4 of them were still alive. In 1973 Austin Bues, from
the Center for Human Radiobiology wrote to Elmer and asked him to be in a metabolism
study. He and his wife were brought to Chicago and Elmer‘s urine and feces were
collected for two weeks. The trip was paid for and Elmer received $140 plus $13 a day
expenses. X-rays revealed bone damage consisted with radiation. One year after Elmer‘s death the family was contacted by a reporter and learned that Elmer had been a human experimental subject and the family had been lied to for 44 years. Elmer Allen died in 1991, his head stone reads Elmer Allen 1911-1947 CAL-13 1947- 1991 One of America‘s nuclear guinea pigs. On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O‘Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since WWII. A major project was initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. The following is testimony from Elmer Allen‘s granddaughter before the President‘s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, March, 1995.

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

By Marshall Thomas

ONE:
Phoenix Program

TWO:
HISTORY of US Government Human Experimentation:
Eugenics
Human Radiation Studies
Elmer Allen Granddaughter Testimony
Agent Orange

THREE:
Cold War
Doolittle
McCarthyism
Operation Paperclip
Reinhardt Gehlen
Operation Mockingbird
Operation Northwoods

FOUR:
MKULTRA-1950’s
Brainwashing- USSR, China, US
Helms, Gottlieb
Allen Dulles
Estabrooks
Cameron

MKULTRA-1960’s, 1970’s –
Helms,
Aldrich
Pandora
Delgado
Jolly West

MKULTRA VICTIM TESTIMONY:
Valerie Wolfe, Claudia Mullen, Chris DeNicola

Programming levels

FIVE:
Nonlethal weapons
Greenham Common
DOD/DOJ
Iraq

SIX:
CULTS
Aquino
Moon
FMSF
Remote viewing

SEVEN:
Trojan Horse

EIGHT:
Cointelpro

NINE:
CIA Blowback:
Golden Triangle
Ed Wilson
Katherine Griggs
Guatemala organ donors

TEN:
Directed Energy Weapons USSR
Woodpecker

ELEVEN:
Directed Energy Weapons Scientists

TWELVE:
SDI/HAARP
THIRTEEN:
Military Doctrine
MindWar
The Aviary

FOURTEEN:
Patents/Spin-offs
Implants
ADS
Milliwave radar

FIFTEEN:
CIA/Corporate Proprietaries
SAIC
Hadron
DynCorp

Operation Cyclone

SIXTEEN:
Law
Girard
John Glenn
Akwei
Milgram
Street Theater
TI experience
Weed and Seed

SEVENTEEN:
End Game

 

MONARCH: THE NEW PHOENIX PROGRAM

THE PHOENIX PROGRAM:

The Phoenix Program, created by the CIA in 1967, was aimed at “neutralizing”—through assassination, kidnapping, and torture, the civilian infrastructure that supported the Viet Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was a terrifying “final solution” that violated the Geneva Conventions. The Phoenix Program’s civilian targets of assassination were VC tax collectors, supply officers, political cadre, local military officials, and suspected sympathizers. Faulty intelligence often led to the murder of innocent civilians, rival Vietnamese would report their enemies as “VC” in order for US troops to kill them. In 1971, William Colby, head of CIA in Vietnam, testified the number killed was 20,857. South Vietnamese government figures were 40,994 dead. CIA officer Ted Shackley managed (600 military and (40-50) CIA liaison officers) who were working with South Vietnamese officers in 44 provinces. Ted Shackley and Robert Komer played key roles in recruiting Phoenix Program personnel. Many Covert Action officers were Cuban refugees from the Bay of Pigs fiasco. They ran the CIA’s Counter-Terror (CT) Teams, which were in fact assassination squads. Colby, Komer, and Shackley reported to DCI Richard Helms and the White House. From the beginning the Phoenix Program was conceived by the White House and supported by the CIA. Phoenix called for “neutralizing” 1800 targets a month. About one third of VC targeted for arrest were summarily executed. Green Berets and Navy SEALs would assassinate suspected VC sympathizers or cadres, as well as South Vietnamese collaborators and double agents. In 1982 an Ex-Phoenix operative revealed that sometimes orders were given to kill U.S. military personnel who were considered security risks. He suspects the orders came not from “division”, but from a higher authority such as the CIA or the Office of Naval Intelligence.

The following is testimony of Vincent Okamoto, combat officer (Lieutenant) in Vietnam in 1968, and recipient of Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award conferred by the US Army. Wounded 3 times. “The problem was, how do you find the people on the blacklist? It’s not like you had their address and telephone number. The normal procedure would be to go into a village and just grab someone and say, ‘Where’s Nguyen so-and-so?’ Half the time the people were so afraid they would say anything. Then a Phoenix team would take the informant, put a sandbag over his head, poke out two holes so he could see, put commo wire around his neck like a long leash, and walk him through the village and say, ‘When we go by Nguyen’s house scratch your head.’ Then that night Phoenix would come back, knock on the door, and say, ‘April Fool, motherfucker.’ Whoever answered the door would get wasted. As far as they were concerned whoever answered was a Communist, including family members. Sometimes they’d come back to camp with ears to prove that they killed people.” Penetrations into the Viet Cong Infrastructure was accomplished by blackmailing or terrorizing a member of a targeted individual’s family to gathering information. Every Vietnamese 15 and over had to register and carry identity cards, these records were computerized and eventually it evolved into a highly computerized and statistical means of generating 1800 names a month for the target list, coordinating the information on suspects from 30,000 plus informants. When the strategic Hamlet program failed, CIA and military intelligence concentrated on the Phoenix Program, a terror campaign aimed at the civilian population. Instead of winning hearts and minds, using the threat of assassination and a state of terror to defeat the NV. Many non-political Vietnamese were arrested and tortured and in effect forced into the resistance army. Phoenix Program architect Robert Komer, after leaving the Pentagon said, “I would have done a lot of things differently and been more cautious about getting us involved”. He called the war “a strategic disaster which cost us 57,000 lives and a half trillion dollars”.

Phoenix USA: The Vietnam War was the formative experience for a generation of CIA and military intelligence personnel involved in the Phoenix Program. They viewed the military defeat in Vietnam as a betrayal on the home front, a loss of will by domestic political enemies, not a military failure against a nationalist revolution fought as a guerilla war. The Phoenix Program, assassinating suspected VC sympathizers in a systematic manner, worked well and is the blueprint for the current black op targetingthousands of loyal Americans using state of the art microwave (MW) and radio frequency radiation (RFR) weapons. The motivation to suppress domestic dissidents and to assassinate loyal American opposition stems from the perception of dissent against the war as treason. This philosophy is stated very clearly in the MindWar paper written by NSA General Aquino. The DOD has a huge stake in futuristic technology that kills by ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, leaving little or no trace. The indiscriminant killing of the Phoenix Program continues on American soil. The terms soft kill, slow kill and silent kill refer to the new way of killing the enemy in conflicts short of war and the small wars of the future.

The counterinsurgency doctrine has now been applied to the home front, so that the perceived betrayal of the military in Vietnam will not be repeated. The generation of CIA and military intelligence led by Shackley, Helms, Casey, Abrams, Singlaub, Secord, John B. Alexander, Michael Aquino, Paul Vallely, and others have built the perfect beast, using selective assassination that leaves no trace. The ability to cull the human herd with Silent Kill technology allows a few personalities to remake the entire society in their own image. Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) technology kills with ionizing and non-ionizing radiation or slowly drives the target crazy with silent sound, similar to CIA MKULTRA psychiatrist Ewen Camerons psychic driving technique used to break down the targets personality. The new buzzwords at the Pentagon are silent kill, synthetic telepathy and psychotronics. Another means of attack on targets is the Smirnov patent that uses subliminal suggestion to manipulate human behavior. This patent was purchased by the remote viewing company Psi Tech Corporation. Military intelligence officers involved in developing these “non-lethal weapons” include Col. John B. Alexander, NSA General Michael Aquino, Harold Puthoff, and others, also control Psi Tech. Emotional manipulation is accomplished using Dr. Michael Persinger’s work to remotely project emotional states that the brain entrains or locks onto and emulates. One can broadcast rage or fear at an individual target to manipulate and control them. As if these methods were not enough to torture and murder people, add to this nightmarish toolbox, active gang stalking. CIA created cults and other cause-oriented groups are used to induce further trauma in the target by actively harassing them in public in a neutralization technique described in counter-intelligence operations manuals that are aimed at enemy agents. In the race to develop a new weapon system it has always been necessary to test it on human beings. Perfecting the latest weapons designed to kill slowly and silently as well as perfecting the process of controlling the human mind are no different. Once the weaponry has been perfected on these few thousand people the same techniques will be applied en mass to the general population, and then to humanity as a whole.

Col. John B. Alexander stated in an interview with the Washington Post in 2007, …The military and intelligence agencies were still scared by the excesses of MK-ULTRA, the infamous CIA program that involved, in part, slipping LSD to unsuspecting victims. “Until recently, anything that smacked of [mind control] was extremely dangerous” because Congress would simply take the money away, he said. Alexander acknowledged that “there were some abuses that took place,” but added that, on the whole, “I would argue we threw the baby out with the bath water”. But September 11, 2001, changed the mood in Washington, and some in the national security community are again expressing interest in mind control, particularly a younger generation of officials who weren’t around for MK-ULTRA. “It’s interesting, that it’s coming back,” Alexander observed. While Alexander scoffs at the notion that he is somehow part of an elaborate plot to control people’s minds, he acknowledges support for learning how to tap into a potential enemy’s brain. He gives as an example the possible use of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, for lie detection. “Brain mapping” with fMRI theoretically could allow interrogators to know when someone is lying by watching for activity in particular parts of the brain. For interrogating terrorists, fMRI could come in handy.

Alexander also is intrigued by the possibility of using electronic means to modify
behavior. The dilemma of the war on terrorism, he notes, is that it never ends. So what do you do with enemies, such as those at Guantanamo: keep them there forever? That’s impractical. Behavior modification could be an alternative, he says. “Maybe I can fix you, or electronically neuter you, so it’s safe to release you into society, so you won’t come back and kill me”,  Alexander says. It’s only a matter of time before technology allows that scenario to come true, he continues. “We’re now getting to where we can do that”. “Where does that fall in the ethics spectrum? That’s a really tough question”.

 

HISTORY OF US GOVT HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION:

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation, it is
necessary to begin with previous programs that began in the early 1900’s, and
continued to the present day.

 

EUGENICS MOVEMENT

Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied hereditary traits in families and began the nature versus nurture debate and its ultimate focus on twins to answer the question of what was more powerful heredity or environment. He proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families. He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the breeding of the―unfit‖, including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation (institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics is not a true science and though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with the quack science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to determine intelligence and character. The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low paying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewed as bad stock compared to the more―Nordic types‖ that made up earlier waves of immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these problems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia. The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans.

The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of Johns Hopkins University. Professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime, and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920‘s been accepted by American Society as fact. Contests for Fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread. This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman family, Ford foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American Eugenics movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening address of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German. Only 3,000 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl who became
pregnant out of wedlock in 1920‘s Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing not normal. Carrie and her mother‘s files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927. “It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes. Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11, 25 S. Ct. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough”.

This decision validated Virginia‘s Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the
forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent. She had been raped by her foster family‘s son. She had been on the honor roll. Her forcible sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnosis, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law. A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie‘s defense lawyer and the Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of Virginia‘s new law. The state was trying to save money by sterilizing the growing population at its mental health facilities. The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who became an architect and prime director of the murderous medical experimentation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verchuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics Journal that ―Germany‘s war would yield a total solution to the Jewish Problem.‖ Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society, “My assistant, Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler).” Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he performed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer’s institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched to Berlin’s eugenic institutes. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus…His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction.

In other words, he was a hack with an MD and a Ph.D. in Eugenics, a quack science.
―The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The
chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were
sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in Germany were either starved, given lethal injection, or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were eventually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the room would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even after the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless, people who couldn‘t fight back. Carrie Buck‘s daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her short school career she had made the honor roll.

 

HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES:

In December 1939 as Europe was poised on the brink of war, two German radiochemists split the uranium atom in their Berlin laboratory. They confided the results to Lise Meitner and Otto Fritsch who calculated the released energy at 200 million electron volts for one atom. The significance of the event was understood immediately in scientific communities in all nations. Virtually unlimited energy could be produced in a controlled reaction and an uncontrolled reaction would yield an explosive of incredible power. The University of California at Berkeley was where plutonium 238 half life 86 years and plutonium 239 half life 24,000 years were first created. Seaborg, Segre and McMillan used cyclotrons to produce one microgram of plutonium. After months of work their product could be detected but was too small to be seen. Plutonium was described as a crazy metal, small amounts spontaneously combust in air so it must be handled in an environment free of oxygen. Depending on the chemical form it might be blue, green, purple, yellow, red, brown or pink. Seaborg said ―under some conditions it might be brittle like glass or soft like lead. It will disintegrate at room temperature, undergoing five phase changes between room temperature and the melting point. It is fiendishly toxic, even in small amounts.‖ Robley Evans who studied women exposed on the job to radium wrote that as little two micrograms, two millionths of a gram, was fatal. Ernest Lawrence told government officials that plutonium 239 ―could be used to make a super bomb.‖ It was 1941 and the United States would be in the war in a matter of months. Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard, and Arthur Compton were instrumental in persuading FDR to study the feasibility of building a nuclear bomb. The Manhattan Project was the secret effort to build the atomic bomb. It was a gamble that represented several billion dollars and a significant percentage of the war time budget. The Oak Ridge plant in Tennessee was 56,000 acres devoted to making uranium-235 and the Hanford Washington site made plutonium. These facilities had taken the bench scale process and increased it a billion fold. General Leslie Groves was tapped to head the massive project. He appointed Robert Oppenheimer to be in charge of the design, construction, and testing of the weapon. Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site of the facility to build and test such a weapon. Quantum Physics was a science that had been invented by twenty year olds and the staff Oppenheimer assembled for the Manhattan Project reflected that. The bomb might not work and if the high explosive failed to ignite the fission reaction $2.5 billion dollars (1945) worth of plutonium would be scattered across the Jimenez Mountains. Jumbo was the largest fabricated object ever built, designed to contain the plutonium if ignition failed. At dawn on July 16, 1945 the Trinity site witnessed the detonation of the device code named Gadget. The remaining two devices, named Little Boy and Fat Man, were used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9th killing approximately 200,000 people. WWII terror bombing of civilians began with the London Blitz killing 30,000 people and culminated in the firebombing of Dresden Germany and Tokyo. Napalm was used in 1,000 plane raids that incinerated approximately 200,000 people. The atomic bomb did not add to the scale of mass murder of civilian populations, but it certainly made it more efficient. Many of the scientists were appalled at the result, some had urged a demonstration shot. The scientists declared publicly that the U.S. possessed only a few
years head start before another nation followed suit. Many of the scientists and some generals advocated international control and the eventual banning of nuclear weapons. Those that tried to head off a nuclear arms race in the end failed as events and personalities took on a momentum of their own. Edward Teller advocated the super-heavy, the Hydrogen bomb. Oppenheimer objected to the development of the Hydrogen bomb and stated that these were genocidal weapons. He was promptly replaced. Teller assumed the scientific leadership of the weapons program and remained influential for the entire Cold War. The largest Hydrogen bomb ever tested by the U.S. was around 40 megatons, 4,000 times more powerful than the 10 kiloton Hiroshima bomb. The nuclear arms race that followed has resulted in the doctrine of MAD, mutually assured destruction. If either the US or USSR launch any or all of their half of the 20,000 nuclear weapons they have aimed at each other, then they can rest assured that they too would be completely destroyed in a retaliatory strike. The nuclear arms race consumed much of
the wealth of the US leaving the civilian population living in very real fear that the world could end in a matter of minutes. Nuclear testing began in the Pacific and the continental US. Residents of the Marshall Islands were forcibly relocated and dozens of devices were tested there, some so enormous they obliterated large parts of the islands. Captured and obsolete ships were placed in the blast zone with test animals on board. After the detonations thousands of observers and military moved near ground zero to decontaminate equipment. The military brass wanted to know how equipment and men would fare in a nuclear war. At what point are the ships too hot or the men too poisoned to continue to fight. The Air Force sent planes into radioactive clouds that registered 800 rad per hour or higher adopting lead helmets and special shielding in an effort to protect the pilots. The Army placed troops in trenches 1,000 yards from the blast and immediately after the explosion walked them on line through ground zero in an effort to prepare them psychologically for fighting with nuclear weapons. General James Cooney was the foremost advocate of testing and took authority away from the AEC Atomic Energy Commission for the responsibility of setting exposure limits on troops. Scientists were allowed exposure of no more than 3 rad for a 13 week period while limits for military personnel were officially set at 5 rad per test. The badges given to troops to wear measured only external beta radiation and were not used extensively. The scientists working for the AEC wore protective gear while the troops
did not. The health effects of radiation were fairly well known to the scientists involved due to their animal studies, industrial accidents, and the very public deaths of Madame Curie and others. By the 1920‘s it was known that hundreds of the early pioneers in radiation studies were dead. A single dose of 350 rad was the human LD-50, the dose that caused death to half those exposed. One millionth of a gram, once inside the human body could cause death. A nuclear explosion immediately produces Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and X-ray radiation. Hundreds of different radioactive isotopic particles are formed as residual contamination that is absorbed into different body tissues with varying degrees of longevity and toxicity. One example is radioiodine that collects in the thyroid. This kaleidoscope of sources make it difficult to gage what dose has been delivered and to what effect. Inhalation of a small particle of plutonium would collect in the bone marrow and emit energies on the order of 200 million electron volts. The normal energy level of the human cell is 10 electron volts, and under such an assault the cell either dies, becomes inoperable, or grows uncontrollably, in other words, cancer. Arthur Compton and the other physicist knew what had happened to the earlier experimenters with radioactive materials. Compton chose Robert Stone in Berkeley and Joseph Hamilton at Chicago to research the biological aspects. The scientists who conducted these experiments were not from the inner sanctum trying to build the Bomb, years 1951 and 1974 studying about 500 patients. The TBI experiments were only a subset of the radiation experiments on human subjects that included plutonium injections, radioactive isotope studies, and many others. Vanderbilt University Hospital Prenatal Clinic hosted 850 pregnant women to a secret study using radioactive isotopes iron-55 and iron-59. The pregnant women were given a cocktail and told it was vitamins for their unborn child. Free health care was the lure used on the economically disadvantaged women. Helen Hutchison was 6 months pregnant and visited the clinic in July, 1946 seeking treatment for nausea. She was given a cocktail by the doctor and told to drink it, that it would make her feel better. Several months after the birth of her daughter her hair fell out and she developed blisters, anemia, and later had life threatening complications after several miscarriages. Her daughter Barbara was always tired as a child, developed an immune system disorder and skin cancer. Many of the mothers and children exposed to radioactive iron developed strange afflictions, rashes, anemia, blood disorders, and cancer. Paul Hahn, the principle investigator in the study, was a protégé of Stafford Warren and had worked with Robly Evans. Hahn wrote that iron-55 with a half life of 5 years was too hazardous to be given to humans and had no therapeutic value, yet he used it in this study which was partially funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. Helen Hutchison‘s husband had landed in Europe on D-Day, and had personally helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp. The Nazi doctors who worked in the camp may have been some of the very men who participated in the radiation experiment on his wife and unborn child. One study conducted at the Fernald State School in Waltham, Massachusetts used radioactive iron and calcium secretly given to 74 orphans in their oatmeal using the ruse of a nutrition study. Robley Evans produced the radioactive isotopes in the MIT cyclotron and supervised the experiment. The lure used by the MIT scientists was membership in a science club that went on school outings to baseball games and even Christmas parties at the MIT faculty club. The scientists may not have believed that the amount of radiation involved was harmful, but they would not have allowed this experiment to be conducted on their own families.

At Washington State Penitentiary and Oregon State Prison about 200 prisoners had their testicles irradiated with 8 to 600 rads with the lure of a little money and extra privileges. Carl Heller, one of the world‘s leading endocrinologists, and his protégé C. Alvin Paulsen ran the two studies from 1963 until 1971. These and similar experiments on thousands of people continued for 30 years in the vain search for a biological dosimeter. The identities and ultimate fates of the test subjects will never be known, most going to their graves never knowing they had been used as human guinea pigs by their government. Elmer Allen was designated experimental test subject CAL-13. On July 18, 1947 in a San Francisco Hospital he was injected with plutonium in the left leg. Three days later the leg was amputated at mid thigh. Elmer was a porter for the Pullman Company who injured his leg while stepping off a train. He was diagnosed with a fracture that developed into a cyst. The first test for cancer was negative, a second test indicated cancer. Unable to work after the amputation, he was forced to return to Italy, Texas with his wife and three children. His wife recalled that he began having epileptic seizures, ―he would chew the spoon to pieces, his tongue too‖. Elmer began drinking heavily and told his best friend that he had been used as a guinea pig, but no one not even his family doctor believed him. The doctor later diagnosed him as a paranoid schizophrenic. During an effort to collect the bodies of the people injected with plutonium it was discovered to their amazement that 4 of them were still alive. In 1973 Austin Bues, from the Center for Human Radiobiology wrote to Elmer and asked him to be in a metabolism study. He and his wife were brought to Chicago and Elmer‘s urine and feces were collected for two weeks. The trip was paid for and Elmer received $140 plus $13 a day expenses. X-rays revealed bone damage consisted with radiation. One year after Elmer‘s death the family was contacted by a reporter and learned that Elmer had been a human experimental subject and the family had been lied to for 44 years. Elmer Allen died in 1991, his head stone reads Elmer Allen 1911-1947 CAL-13 1947- 1991 One of America‘s nuclear guinea pigs. On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O‘Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since WWII. A major project was initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. The following is testimony from Elmer Allen‘s granddaughter before the President‘s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, March, 1995.

DRUGS USED FOR MIND CONTROL

DRUGS USED FOR MIND CONTROL

(From Fritz Springmeier’s book; ‘Total Mind Controlled Slave’)


The CIA/Illuminati programming centers have more than 600-700 different drugs at their disposal. The following is a partial list of the drugs available for their mind-control (aka MK-Ultra Programming). They can make a person feel like he is in heaven, or burning in hell. The drugs are at times used with elaborate light, sound and motion shows that produce whatever effect the programmer wants to produce. They can make a person believe he is shrinking, or that he is double (with mirrors), or that he is dying. Before describing how drugs are used for programming & control, let us list a few which we know have been used. This list comes from CIA documents obtained from the Freedom of Information Act and from what Multiples used as Programmers remember. Many of the new synthetic drugs are known only to the Illuminati/Intelligence community.:

  • 2-GB (aka CBR, this is a strong hallucinogenic which also helps telepathic communication)
  • 2-CT2 (Produces dark, earthy visual patterns)
  • Acetylcholine (for EEOM, EDOM, and for blocking memory)
  • Adrenalin
  • Aktetron
  • Alcohol
  • Ambien
  • Aminazin
  • Amobarbital (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Amobarbital Sodium (hypnotic sedative)
  • Amphetamine (Addictive)
  • Amphetamine Sulphate
  • Analasine
  • Anectine (Succinylcholine, a strong muscle relaxant that makes one feel suffocated and drowning. The person feels terror at thinking he is dying.)
  • Anhalamine
  • Anhalidine
  • Anhaline
  • Anhalonidine
  • Anhalonine
  • Anhalonium
  • Aphrodisiacs (Sexual manipulation by programmers)
  • Aphyllidine
  • Aphyllin
  • Aprobarbital (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Atropine (Speeds heart rate given with l.V.)
  • Atrosine
  • BZ (Designer drug ten times more powerful that LSD, produces amnesia)
  • Bambusa
  • Banisterine
  • Baradanga (Truth serum which makes people willing to follow any command)
  • Barbiturate
  • Belladonna (A traditional drug of witches since the middle ages)
  • Benzidrene (Benzedrene, stimulant used w/ other drugs)
  • Benzocaine
  • Bromoharmine
  • Bulbocapnine (Causes a catatonia and stupors)
  • Butabarbital Sodium (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Butyl-bromallyl-barbituric Acid
  • Caffeine
  • Caffeine Sodium
  • Calcium Chloride
  • Cannabidiol
  • Can nabinol
  • Cannabis (aka Marijuana, a sedative, change in perception, colors and sounds more distinct, time distorted. This drug is not used much in Monarch Programming because it IMPEDES mind control. It has been experimented with in combination with other drugs as an interrogation tool. The CIA listed it as being used in MK-Ultra, but it served as an experimental drug rather for programming.)
  • Cannabol
  • Caramine
  • Carboline
  • Carbrital
  • Caroegine
  • Chloral Hydrate (a hypnotic sedative, the active sedative ingredientis the metabolite trichloroethanol, goes to work in about 30-60minutes, aka Noctec)
  • Cocaine (Addictive, blackmail, the availability of cocaine may pullup certain alters who are addicted to it)
  • Coffee
  • Coramine
  • Curare (To paralyze the body)
  • Delvinyl Sodium
  • Demerol (A hypnotic, also given as a reward for good learning after an induced headache, is used in the Scramble programming where the victim must overcome its effect to concentrate on what is being said)
  • Desoxyn (Used with Sodium Pentothal for hypnotic trance)
  • Dexedrine (Amphetamine)
  • Di benzo Pyran Derivatives
  • Dicain
  • Doral
  • Dramamine (aka dimenhydrinate, stops motion sickness)
  • Drobinal (for quick access)
  • Ecstasy (aka XTC, Adam, MDMA, this is an illegal designer drug, butit’s used by the government & cult programmers. Empathogens, likeEcstasy, enhance trust between the recipient & the programmer. It’s
    effect lasts for several hours.)
  • Ephedrine (Stops hypotension)
  • Ephetamine
  • Epinephrine (Adrenaline)
  • Ergot
  • Ergotamine
  • Ethanol (To inebriate the victim to induce certain behavior)
  • Ethchlorvynol (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Ethyl Harmol
  • Epicane
  • Escrine
  • Estazolam (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Ethclorvynol (Hypnotic sedative, effect begins 30 min. afterdigestion, addictive, aka Placidyl)
  • Ether
  • Ethinamate (Hypnotic sedative, aka Valmid)
  • Eucaine
  • Eucodal
  • Eukotal
  • Eunacron
  • Evipal
  • Evipan
  • Evipan Sodium
  • Flurazepam Hydrochloride (Hypnotic sedative)Genoscopolomine
  • Glutethimide (Hypnotic sedative, has withdrawal symptoms, akaDoriden)
  • Halcyn (Blocks explicit memory by impairing hippocampalprocessing)
  • Haliopareael (Tranquilizer)
  • Harmaline
  • Harmalol
  • Harman
  • Harmine
  • Harmine Methiodide
  • Harmol
  • Heroin
  • Hexacol
  • Histadyl
  • Histamine (Causes changes in the skin)
  • Hydractine (or Hydrastine)
  • Hypoloid Soluble HexabarbitoneIcoral
  • Indole
  • Indole Methyllarmine
  • Insulin (Shock for amnesia)
  • Ipecac (To induce vomiting for eating disorder programming)
  • Largatil (A powerful tranquilizer)
  • Lophop-nine
  • Lorazepam (sleep induction, may destroy memory of previous day)
  • LSD-25 (Used to program alters to cut their veins; they want to endtheir nightmare by cutting what seem like white rivers w/ blackthreads or other scary delusions. Can cause psychosis & other effects.
    It’s used in small amounts for interrogations. Its active ingredient is

    psilocybin which can create anxiety & a fear of death.)

  • Lyscorbic Acid
  • MDA (This is a cross between mescaline and amphetamine speed)
  • MDMA (Also known as Adam, this is Ecstasy, see under Ecstasy formore information)
  • MDE (aka Eve, puts someone into a strictly intellectual head trip)
  • Manganese chloride
  • Mellaril (Mood changer)
  • Methaqualone (hypnotic sedative)
  • Methotrimeprazine Hydrochloride (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Methy-cocaine
  • Methy-prylon (aka Noludar, helpful for hypnosis, side effects are ahangover & skin rashes.)
  • Metra-ol
  • Midazolam hydrochloride (Hypnovel, versed, hypnotic sedativewhich can cause amnesia)
  • Morphine
  • Morphine Hydrochloride
  • Narco-imal
  • Nembutal
  • Niacin (helpful to stop an LSD trip)
  • Nicotine
  • Nicotinic Acid (stops LSD drug effect)
  • Nikthemine
  • Nitrous Oxide
  • Novacaine
  • Nupercaine
  • Pantocaine
  • Pantopone
  • Parahyx
  • Paraldehyde (Hypnotic sedative, produces sleep in 15 mm., has astrong odor & disagreeable taste)
  • Pellotine
  • Pentobarbital (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Pentobarbital Sodium (hHypnotic sedative, if mixed with dextroAmphetamine Sulfate it will half the stage 1 dream time when REMsleep occurs)
  • Pentothal Acid (Helpful for hypnosis)
  • Pentothal Sodium
  • Percaine
  • Pernoston
  • Peyotl (Interrogation, hallucinations)
  • Pheactin
  • Phenamine
  • Phenolic Acid (Injected into expendable children’s hearts to killthem)
  • Pehyl-thio-urethanes
  • Picrate
  • Picrotoxin
  • Procaine
  • Propranolol (calms the mind so it can function better)
  • Pulegone-orcinol
  • Pulegone-olivetol
  • Pyrahexyl
  • Pyramidon
  • Quazepam (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Quinine
  • Reserpine
  • Salsoline
  • Scapalomine S. (good amnesia drug)
  • Scopolomine (Truth serum that makes people willing to dowhatever they are told)
  • Scopolomine Aminoxide Hydrobromide
  • Scopolomine-phetamine-eukotal
  • Secobarbital Sodium (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Sodium Amytal (hypnotic sedative that reduces R E M sleep time)
  • Sodium Barbital
  • Sodium Dielvinal
  • Sodium Evipal
  • Sodium Pentobarbital (Nembutal)
  • Sodium Pentothal (Truth serum for interrogation, can be used withhypnosis, can be used with Desoxyn, given in an IV)
  • Sodium Phenobarbital
  • Sodium Rhodanate
  • Sodium Soneryl
  • Sodium Succinate
  • Sodium Thioethamyl
  • Somnifen
  • Stovaine
  • Strychnine
  • Styphnic Acid
  • Sulfazin
  • Sympatol
  • Synhexyl
  • Telepathine
  • Tetra-hydro-cannabinol acetate
  • Tetra-hydro-harman
  • Tetra-hydro-harmine
  • Tropacocaine
  • Tropenone
  • Temazepam (Hypnotic sedative)
  • Thallium (Confuses thinking)
  • Thorazine (Helps bring one out of an LSD trip)
  • Tranquility (A designer drug for programming that makes the victimcompliant, like Baradanga)
  • Triazolam (Hypnotic sedative, somewhat rapid)
  • Yageine
  • Yohimbine Sulphate
  • Zolpidem Tartrate (Hypnotic sedative)

HERBS

When the victim’s body is saturated with all the drugs they can
assimilate, they will receive herbs, which often have a drug effect.

  • Ayahuasca (a vine of Brazil whose alkaloids such as Telapatin aresaid to produce a telepathic state where the recipient can see throughpeople like glass and read their minds.)
  • Bayberry (hemorrhaging)
  • Calamas (part of a cerebral tonic)
  • Cayenne Pepper (stimulant)
  • Charcoal (absorbent cleanser)
  • Caladium sequinum (injected into body parts to cause excruciatingpain)
  • Clove Oil (placed in nose for relief from the pain of dental tortures)
  • Hemlock (a poison, used more to kill than for programming)
  • Hops (sleep aid aka Beerflower)
  • Lady’s Slipper (relaxant)
  • Kava Kava (sedative)
  • Mistletoe (for dizziness, and lower blood pressure)
  • Narcissus (anaphrodisiac for males)
  • Opium (enchanting trip)
  • Potions (made from roots, powders, dried blood and animal partsare given.)
  • Rosemary (mild heart tonic)
  • Saffron (sedative)
  • Sage (part of a cerebral tonic)
  • Sandlewood & henbane (when burned the fumes cause convulsions& temporary insanity)
  • Skullcap (relaxant)
  • Sunflower Seed Oil (this may be used to help with brain stemscarring)
  • Valarium Root (works just like Valarium, also helps cramps)
  • Witch Hazel (hemorrhaging)
  • Yerba Mate (part of a cerebral tonic)

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE USE

Religious groups, shamans, medicine men, witches and cults have been using mind altering drugs throughout history. The medieval witches used potions of hemlock and aconite for their flying ointments. These are herbs (natural drugs) which will create delirium. Contemporary witnesses reported that covens during the medieval ages would apply the potion of hemlock and aconite to cause their new witch to go delirious, and then would transport the person to the Sabbat, where they would be told they flew there. The Haitian satanic Vodoun cult, which has been manipulated by the CIA/Illuminati, has sorcerers called bokors. The Vodoun cult in Haiti is being used for trauma-based mind control. One of the items of the cult is to take the plant Datura stramonium and add this plant with other things. The plant is the active ingredient of a potent psychoactive drug, the “zombi cucumber” which produces amnesia and a pseudo-death of the victim. The brain doesn’t die, but the mind is shut off. The victim is brought back to life as a zombie – a slave of the bokor. The powder to create a zombi is called zombificant in French – creole. The ceremonies to kill and resurrect the zombie are full of magic and demonology also. Magic, drugs and demonology have always gone hand in hand. Drugs remove the part of the will that prevents demonic possession. Drugs are considered powerful demonizing substances by the those skilled in Demonology. If demonic possession is seen as part of mind-control, then cocaine, hashish, crack, and some of the other drugs are part of the effort to enslave people. (The power of magic to kill, just as the power of faith can heal, will be discussed in chapter 10.) In Basutoland in Drakersbergs, the Zulu witch-doctors use drugs and trauma to create tokoloshes (mind-controlled zombie slaves). It is said that in recent years, they are using less children and more baboons and monkeys to get tokoloshes. The point is that drugs have been and continue to be used by the occult world for controlling people.

The intelligence agencies working through the U.S. government financed drug research. An example is that Dr. Beecher of Harvard University was given via the U.S. Army Surgeon General’s Office $150,000 to investigate “the development and application of drugs which will aid in the establishment of psychological control”. Research into drugs for mind-control began in 1947 at Bethesada Naval Hospital in Maryland. A CIA report described this research as to “isolate and synthesize pure drugs for use in effecting psychological entry and control of the individual”. At the California Medical Facility at Vacaville, Dr. Arthur Nugent, conducted research into drugs for mind control under the auspices of the CIA. The Bureau of Narcotics worked with the CIA to establish “safe houses” where drugs which were seized were given to victims. Some other hospitals which began working with the intelligence agencies with dispensing drugs for mind control include Mount Sinai Hospital, Boston Psychopathic Hospital, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Valley Forge General Hospital, Detroit Psychopathic Clinic, Mayo Clinic, the National Institute of Health, and Letterman Hospital in the Presideo, CA.

The military did drug research/programming at the Army Chemical School in Ft. McClellan, AL and at the Edgewood Chemical Center. In 1958, Dr. Louis Gottschalk, working for the CIA suggested that addictive drugs be used to control people. Some GIs who became addicted to pain killing drugs were subsequently blackmailed by withholding the painkillers until they complied with the demands asked of them. Cocaine has been frequently given to Monarch slaves to get them addicted and give their handlers more control over them. There is spray cocaine, and powdered cocaine, etc. Because the Monarch slaves are used to haul drugs and to launder the drug money, they are right in the middle of large supplies of drugs. If you hear the expression “The snow is falling” it is the Network’s lingo for cocaine. Cocaine is reported to give people a feeling of power and to act as an aphrodisiac.

APPLICATIONS FOR DRUGS IN PROGRAMMING

Drugs are used during programming. Although drugs used to assist programming mean nothing to the common person, they each have a specific purpose within a certain type of programming.

SOME SPECIFIC
USES FOR DRUGS DURING PROGRAMMING INCLUDE:

a. PUTTING PEOPLE INTO TRANCE

b. TEACHING ALTERS TO GO DEEPER INTO TRANCE TO ESCAPE DRUG EFFECTS

c. ENHANCING THE TRAUMA

d. PRODUCING OUT OF BODY EXPERIENCES

e. CREATING PAIN

f. CREATING BLOOD VESSELS THAT HURT, a pulsating pain, that runs through the
body

g. CONTROLLING HISTAMINE PRODUCTION

h. HELPING CREATE ILLUSIONS SUCH AS NO HANDS, NO FEET, NO FACE, NO HEAD
etc.

i. TEACHING ALTERS TO STAY IN POSITION

j. TO ASSIST OTHER PROGRAMMING MODALITIES, such as high tech harmonic machines, which implant thoughts. (The machines are used in conjunction with designer drugs.)

k. HORMONES, FOR INSTANCE GnRH, WHICH REGULATES THE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE SEXUAL GROWTH. Is given to speed up sexual growth. Other body developments may also be manipulated.

l. TO ENHANCE OR REDUCE MEMORY

m. TO BUILD THE IMAGE OF THE PROGRAMMERS POWER.

At this point, it is appropriate to point out that the personalities of a multiple do not respond uniformly to the same dose of the same drug. Understanding how a drug will effect particular alters is a science in itself. If an alter is holding the body, it will receive more of the effect of a drug. Let’s say Paraldehyde is given to a multiple. A possible reaction would be that some alters will feel no effect, some will be sedated to a drunken stupor, and child alters may be unconscious or hyperactive. Chloral hydrate might put some alters to sleep while others remain wide awake. Sometimes the personality holding the body may fight the influence of a drug to keep the body. Prochlorperazine is sometimes given by therapists to help alters cope with nausea and vomiting. Most alters will be programmed not to accept drugs except from their master. Lithium suppresses alter switching in some systems. An alter to “protect” the system from the therapist’s helpful medications may develop “allergic” responses. Alcohol is a drug. The reaction of an alter System to it will again be varied. Child alters may become unconscious, while the adult alters don’t even become inebriated by large quantities of hard liquor. Within males, dangerous violent personalities may take the body. Within the medical world, often an approximate correct dosage will work. However, with the programming the doses must be extremely fine tuned. Some of the best skilled medical doctors and assistants help with the programming. The Illuminati will initially give the small child a small dose of a drug. They will chart its effect, give it a urinalysis to see how long it stays in the body etc. This is just the testing stage, they are not doing any programming. A number of drugs will be tested, but only one at a time. They clear a child’s body of a drug before they give it another one. They prefer not to mix meds. They will start small to insure they don’t overdose and then increase the dosage until they notice the correct behavior pattern. This will be charted in detail on the slave’s chart. Each child’s body chemistry is different, so the suggested dosages are only ball park figures which are not precise enough. If too much of a drug is given, the programmers can easily turn a child into a psychotic basket case. One of the secrets of the Illuminati/Intelligence agencies is that they have secret antidotes for most medications, which, if they have to give them to a child, then they will. They will use an antidote, for instance, to keep a child from going into heart failure. The Programmers will have some helpful drugs and herbs on stock too. It is reported that Glutamic Acid (1000 mg. 3 times/day) will take care of the intense headaches that alters get from lots of switching. Witch hazel leaves and comfrey root will help internal bleeding.

a. PUTTING PEOPLE INTO TRANCE

About 90% of the population can be placed into the somnambulistic (the deepest) hypnotic trance possible simply by giving them hypnotic drugs. The prior list on pages 47-50 gives over 2 dozen drugs that can be used to assist taking someone in hypnotic trance. Special drugs have been designed which will place someone into a deep trance very quickly. If an alter is not being cooperative when they are accessed, they can be locked in place mentally and given a quick shot of a fast-acting hypnotic-inducing drug. One drug which was popular for programming was demerol, which would be administered intravenously (an IV). It takes about 5-7 minutes to take full effect after administration via an I.V. The dosage can be administered so that the effect remains until the programming session is over. It may be administered about every half hour if appropriate. Children will receive 1 to 2.2 mg/kg dose. Another drug, a truth serum, also consistently works on people making them totally compliant to any directive. Under Baradanga people will give their bank account numbers and anything else a person might want. These type of drugs are almost sufficient in themselves to get compliance out of a person. If one realizes that these drugs are used in conjunction to torture, elaborate systems of lies and deception, trauma-bonds, and all the rest of the sciences of mind-control used in the programming, it is easy to see how they are producing totally compliant human robots.

b. TEACHING ALTERS TO GO DEEPER INTO TRANCE TO ESCAPE DRUG EFFECTS AND
PAIN.

Much of the training in this area is based upon the child’s horror and fear toward the all powerful master programmer. When the programmer wants the child’s alters to learn to trance deeper, he will give a drug that the alter doesn’t like. The child’s alter will then be told to go deeper into the mind if they want to escape the effect of the drug. This enforces the dissociative state being trained for the alter. The suggestion or story line that is given to the alter is frequently the picture of a train. The child is told that the conductor is at the front of the train, but he must move to the back of the train through the train cars. The child is taught to count cars when they go by as if they were steps in the mind. This is training the child to descend into deeper levels of the subconscious. The train illustration has been used by programmers when they want the child to remember the drug experience. The programmer wants this experience remembered – at least for a while because it helps increase the child’s fear. If the programmer wants the child to forget the drug experience while learning trance depths, then the imagery of a plane taking off and disappearing in the clouds works.

c. ENHANCING THE TRAUMA

Drugs will be used to enhance the spinning effect when the mind is being programmed to have vortexes and to set up traps within the slave’s mind. One particular drug enhances the trauma by 100 times. Drugs can be useful for instance, to enhance a child’s terror of the experience of this child being placed in a small box in the fetal position for 24 hours. This helps shorten the programming time, and it also make the programming more intense. The programmers know what antidotes to give to pull the child out of the enhancement. Marijuana enhances perception of color and noise, but it is not used to enhance trauma. The mind does not program well under marijuana. That is why there has been such a big campaign to keep it illegal, even though many studies show it to be safer than alcohol.

d. PRODUCING OUT OF BODY EXPERIENCES

Various hallucinogenic drugs, LSD included, will produce an out of body experience for the victim, if the drugs are administered correctly. The Programmer will prepare the victim with various information and story lines during the administration of the drug. Monarch slaves who are being deprogrammed, may have a memory where their skin feels inflamed and itchy, like a bad mosquito bite. The experience may also have the sensation of floating in an unreal world. This may well be an LSD trip given the slave during experimentation and programming. The CIA was using LSD beginning in the very early part of the 1950s. Several victims report that some type of potion causes a person to dream while they are awake. PCP which is “angel dust” is one way to disconnect the cortex from the limbic system and go into an altered state.

e. CREATING PAIN

This is done with a long list of drugs. Drops of salt water and pepper water are applied to the eyes of victims to make their eyes sting. Another pain in the eye takes place when lights are flashed signalling, “I love you, I love you not”. The child is pulled two ways by this message. Dr. Green Mengele) enjoyed pulling daisy petals while saying these words. If the last petal was “I love you not”. the child would be put to death. Surviving children were left traumatized.

f. CREATING BLOOD VESSELS THAT HURT

Blood pressure is raised by drugs and then certain drugs are added which make the veins burn. The alter is taught to cut the burning veins. This is programming which is laid in to control the slave from straying from the script he or she is given. If they stray, then a cutting program is activated which was laid in via a combination of drugs in the method just stated.

g. CONTROLLING HISTAMINE PRODUCTION

The control of histamine production is an important secret ingredient to the Monarch Mind Control. The breast implants placed into women help stimulate histamine production, which is used in conjunction with drug-
assisted programming (See Chapter 8.)

h. HELPING CREATE ILLUSIONS SUCH AS; NO HANDS, NO FEET, NO FACE, NO HEAD..
etc.

A programmer working with a hallucinogenic drug can make an alter believe that it has lost a particular body part. Because most of these
alters have little memory or no memory and little frame of reference, what they are told while under the influence of drugs seems very real to them.

i. TEACHING ALTERS TO STAY IN POSITION

Some alters don’t like to stay in position. But through the use of drugs, and the side effect of drugs, they soon learn the importance of staying in position. If they are disobedient, the memory of the bad side effects from not staying in position in the mind can be pulled up by a code and the alter can relive the pain from having disobediently moved from position. This is very effective in teaching alters to stay in their little position that is assigned them in the mind.

j. TO ASSIST OTHER PROGRAMMING MODALITIES, such as high tech harmonic machines, which implant thoughts. (The machines are used in
conjunction with designer drugs.)

An example of how drugs can be important is as follows. The neurons in the hippocampus which is part of the memory process use acetylcholine. Drugs that block acetylcholine interfere with memory. The neurons and the chemical neural transmitters are understood much better today. Where and how a thought is created in the brain is understood by the programmers in detail. No one is in a position to physically prevent the Illuminati and others from taking their children and others to labs where chemicals and harmonics can be used in sophisticated computer guided ways to implant thoughts into the children’s minds. As the child’s brain is shaped according to its environment, the level of everyday brain chemicals and the shape of the various areas of the brain can be determined by the programmers. This is why a recent article on Prozac (Newsweek, Feb. 7, 1994) uses a quote from Alice In Wonderland for its title, “One pill makes you larger, and one pill makes you small”. This article (on page 38) quotes brain researcher Restak, “For the first time, we will be in a position to design our own brain.” On the previous page in big letters it reads, “Scientific insights into the brain are raising the prospect of made-to-order, off-the-shelf personalities”.

Another programming modality assisted by drugs is behavior modification. Aversion therapy using a vomit-inducing drug is used on children. Another example of drugs helping assist programming is to give someone LSD and then interview the child while it is hallucinating. The hallucinations are then used as programming building blocks by using hypnotic techniques.

One way to build on an LSD trip is to tell the child if they ever do a particular thing (such as touch programming, remember programming, and integrate parts, etc.) the victim is to go crazy and hallucinate like they are presently doing. This means that they will be locked up in a crazy house for the rest of their life. Rather than be put in straight-jackets with other crazy people it would be better for the person to commit suicide. By constantly reinforcing this message, some alters will adopt the script “that they are doing the body good to kill it if any alter personality touches the programming”, because otherwise the body will
be locked up in a crazy house.

Drugs are used in programming to establish a pattern or a script. There must be a pattern of dissociation. Parts can’t just dissociate into nothing, otherwise there would be nothing to build on. Drugs will play a major role in the structuring of the alter system, which is covered in chapter 7.

The child doesn’t know where the effect of the drug is coming from. The programmer will take credit for the power of the drug. Whoever administers the drug has power in the child’s mind. The mind wants to be
safe.

I am familiar with a recent example here in Oregon of someone who escaped from being sacrificed at a Satanic Ritual. The legal system told the woman she was crazy when she reported to the police that she had escaped from a Satanic Ritual where they were going to sacrifice her. To control her, the judge ordered 3 types of antipsychotics, twice the normal dose of two kinds of lithium carbonate to put her into a lethargic stupor, Paxil as an antidepressant, and Benztropine mesylate as an anti-parkinsonian agent. The antipsychotics were Thiothixene, Thioridazine hydrochloride, and Perphenazine which are all addictive. This woman may or may not be a multiple. But this clearly shows the type of mental control via drugs that could be slapped onto someone who dares report Satanic activity to an establishment which has been sadly corrupted from top to bottom.

One victim of government mind control tried to get free. The first psychiatrist the person tried to go to was cooperating with U.S. Intelligence and gave her Stelazine, which aggravated the victim’s situation. When the victim spied a general’s uniform in the closet of this psychiatrist, she got another psychiatrist, who unfortunately turned out to be an ex-DoD employee. He placed her on Haldol Decanoate, Klonopin, and Benzatropine. The combined effect of these drugs is to erase memory, and create a dissociative disorder. All of the drugs were highly addicted. Another fleeing victim was given Trazodone by a physician who was cooperating with the Intelligence agencies. This almost gave the victim a heart attack because it aggravated her heart condition. And yet another escaping victim apparently also fell prey to dirty CIA doctors who were practicing in public without warning people of their intelligence connections. This victim was given a combination of Compazine and Xanax, in dosages that the Physicians Desk Reference warns against. The doctor, who prescribed this, worked out of an office named after an MK Ultra programmer. There are other important things to mention about when drugs are used in Monarch programming.

SOME OF THE CAUTIONS THAT
THE PROGRAMMERS ARE ALERT TO INCLUDE:

a. WATCHING THE HEART SO THAT IT DOESN’T STOP.

Many of the children who have been programmed have died from heart failure. The programmers are very careful to have heart monitors on the victim, and to have paddles ready to revive the body. Because so much of their drugging affects the heart, they accept that they will lose a few to heart failure.

b. MAKING SURE THAT DRUGS AREN’T GIVEN TO CHILDREN WHO ARE ALLERGIC TO
THEM.

The programmers take the time to insure that they have the family histories of allergies to drugs, and they will test the children too, before proceeding with drugs. They not oniy learn the family & individual responses to drugs, but they can test during programming to determine a drug’s blood level in a child. For instance, pentobarbital at a blood level of 5 mcg/ml aids hypnosis, at 15 makes the victim comatose with reflexes, and at 30 makes the person comatose w/ extreme difficulty in breathing. In everyday life, 30 mcg/ml would kill the child.

Pentobarbital blood levels can be tested by an enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique. For longer-acting Phenobarbital gas chromatography is used. TCA’s are tested by radioimmunoassay, high-perf. liquid chromatography and thin layer chromatography. Some hypnotics are tested by colorimetry, photometry and spectrophotometry.

c. SWITCHING TO HERBS WHEN THE BODY IS SATURATED WITH DRUGS.

When the child’s body has had all the manufactured drugs it can absorb, the programmers switch to a vast collection of natural herbs.

d. PROVIDING THE ANTIDOTE FOR AIDS. Monarch Slaves are routinely given the antidote for AIDS and have been since the 1960s-1970s.

e. KNOWING HOW MUCH OF A DRUG EACH PART CAN TAKE, SMALL YOUNG ALTER CAN’T TAKE AS MUCH.

Multiples within a single system have varying levels of tolerance toward drugs. A small child alter may be killed by an adult dosage, even though the age of the body is that of an adult. The programmers are acutely aware of how to deal with multiple personalities.

f. PROVIDING SALT TO BALANCE THE ELECTROLYTES IN THE MIND OF A PROGRAMMED MULTIPLE PERSONALITY.

An electrolyte imbalance can cause a multiple personality’s mind to go wacky and start spinning. The Multiple could possibly go into shock and die. The programmers are very experienced in understanding the unique requirements of a multiple personality.

g. AN IMPORTANT PLANT EXTRACT FOR WATCHING BRAIN WAVE ACTIVITY IS THE
LARGE PLANT ENZYME HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE (HRP).

Perhaps it would be worthwhile to briefly mention that all the major chemical and drug companies are run by the Illuminati. It would take a book to explain who controls what and how they connect in, and this author could write it. Instead, we will try to give a quick over view. Rather than cover 2 dozen large drug companies, three major drug companies have been randomly selected to show a quick view of how all the drug companies are deeply involved with Monarch mind-control programming. Since the purpose of this book is to show how the mind control is done–this sample of names is given only to convey to the reader that the drugs that the Illuminati/Intelligence agencies need are never in short supply. And the labs to develop designer drugs for mind-control are not in short supply either.

ELI LILLY CO.- Trustee of Eli Lilly Endowment Walter William Wilson – Illuminati, married to Helen Scudder (of the wealthy powerful Scudder family), prominent partner of Morgan, Stanley & Co. controlled by Henry Morgan also a member of the Illuminati. Executive Vice-pres. of Eli Lilly Landrum Bolling, represented Eli Lilly at the secret annual Dartmouth conferences, overseen by the Illuminati. Chairman of Eli Lilly Richard D. Wood, dir, of the Rockefeller’s Standard Oil, Chemical Bank of NY, and the Amer. Enterprise Inst. for Public Policy Research. Dir. Eli Lilly C. William Verity, Jr., dir. Chase Manhattan Bank and assoc. with U.S. intelligence, and works with Mrs. Rockefeller as a member of USTEC. Dan Quayle and George Bush (CIA director and Monarch handler) have been part of Eli Lilly management too.

MANSANTO CHEMICAL COMPANY – President Earle H. Harbison, Jr.-CIA. and director of Bethesada General Hospital where they program Monarch slaves. He is also the president of the Mental Health Association.

STERLING DRUG CO. (an I.G. Farben spinoff) -connected to the Krupp Illuminati family. Chairman W. Clark Wescoe, dir of the super secret Tinker Foundation which is a CIA foundation. Dir. Gordon T. Wallis, Illuminati, dir, of the Fed. Reserve Bank of NY, CFR, Director Martha T. Muse, CIA, pres. of the Tinker Foundation, dir. of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (Knights of Malta), and dir. of Georgetown Center for Strategic Studies


SUMMARY

As the reader can see, the use of drugs in the Monarch Trauma-based Mind Control is extensive and requires skilled technicians, nurses, and doctors. Because of the long-held control by the Illuminati families over narcotics and drug manufacture/sales, there is no difficulty for the programmers to get large quantities of secret designer drugs. The minor occult cults have to get by with a more limited supply of mind altering drugs, unless they directly connect in with the bigger picture. The power of drugs to control a person’s life is not absolute -although someone who lives with a cocaine addict or alcoholic might disagree – but when coupled with all the other methods in a sophisticated system of mind-control, drugs just further reinforce the absolute power of the Illuminati over an individual.

THE HISTORY OF THE N.W.O & U.N

Thus, the hold communists had over Eastern Europe (the Iron Curtain), becomes very weak. Communism collapses, not only in the Soviet Union but also in Europe.

In Russia, Boris Yeltsin (whose wife is the daughter of Joseph Stalin and Rosa Kaganovich) and the Republican government takes steps to end the power of the Communist party by suspending and banning the party and seizing all their property.

This symbolised the fall of the Communism in Russia, and resulted in the start of a mass exodus of 700,000 Jews from the former Soviet Union to Israel.

In the Israeli Journal, Hotam (24 November 1989), there is a report of a speech that then Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Ashkenazi Jewish, Binyamin Netanyahu, gave to students at Bar Ilan University in which he states;

“Israel should have exploited the repression of the demonstrations in China, when world attention focused on that country, to carry out mass expulsions among the Arabs of the territories”.
The London and Paris Rothschilds announce the launch of a new subsidiary, Rothchild GmbH, in “Frankfurt, Germany.

1991: Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, on January 16 of this year, the United States and Britain began Aerial bombing campaign of targets within Iraq. On 24 February the ground campaign commenced which was to last 100 hours until on February 28 when a horrendous war crimes occurred.

The crime was the slaughter of 150,000 Iraqi troops with fuel air bombs. These Iraqis were fleeing on a crowded highway from Kuwait to Basra. President George Herbert Walker Bush ordered United States militarily aircraft and ground units to kill these surrendering troops, they were then bulldozed into mass unmarked graves in the desert, some still alive.

SOCIALISM MEANING

SOCIALISM MEANING

noun

so·cial·ism | sō-shə-ˌli-zəm\

DEFINITION OF SOCIALISM =

1: any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods

2: a system of society or group living in which there is no private property

b: a system or condition of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state

3: a stage of society in Marxist theory transitional between capitalism and communism and distinguished by unequal distribution of goods and pay according to work done

Socialism vs. Social Democracy: Usage GuideCommunism, Socialism, Capitalism and Democracy Example Sentences Learn More about socialism

Socialism vs. Social Democracy: Usage Guide

In the many years since socialism entered English around 1830, it has acquired several different meanings. It refers to a system of social organization in which private property and the distribution of income are subject to social control, but the conception of that control has varied, and the term has been interpreted in widely diverging ways, ranging from statist to libertarian, from Marxist to liberal. In the modern era, “pure” socialism has been seen only rarely and usually briefly in a few Communist regimes. Far more common are systems of social democracy, now often referred to as democratic socialism, in which extensive state regulation, with limited state ownership, has been employed by democratically elected governments (as in Sweden and Denmark) in the belief that it produces a fair distribution of income without impairing economic growth.

 

Communism, Socialism, Capitalism and Democracy

Communism is one of our top all-time lookups, and user comments suggest that’s because it is often used in opaque ways. In some sources, communism is equated with socialism; in others, it is contrasted with democracy and capitalism. Part of this confusion stems from the fact that the word communism has been applied to varying political systems over time. When it was first used in English prose, communismreferred to an economic and political theory that advocated the abolition of private property and the common sharing of all resources among a group of people, and it was often used interchangeably with the word socialism by 19th-century writers. The differences between communism and socialism are still debated, but generally English speakers used communism to refer to the political and economic ideologies that find their origin in Karl Marx’s theory of revolutionary socialism, which advocates a proletariat overthrow of capitalist structures within a society, societal and communal ownership and governance of the means of production, and the eventual establishment of a classless society. The most well-known expression of Marx’s theories is the 20th-century Bolshevism of the U.S.S.R., in which the state, through a single authoritarian party, controls a society’s economy and social activities with the goal of realizing Marx’s theories.

Communism is often contrasted with capitalism and democracy, though these can be false equivalencies depending on the usage. Capitalism refers to an economic theory in which a society’s means of production are held by private individuals or organizations, not the government, and where prices, distribution of goods, and products are determined by a free market. It can be contrasted with the economic theories of communism, though the word communism is used of both political and economic theories. Democracyrefers to a system of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised through a system of direct or indirect representation which is decided through periodic free elections. Democracy is contrasted with communism primarily because the 20th-century communism of the U.S.S.R. was characterized by an authoritarian government, whereas the democracy of the 20th-century U.S. was characterized by a representative government.

 

EXAMPLES OF SOCIALISM IN A SENTENCE

She is quite right, for example, to stress that Thatcher’s crusade against socialism was not merely about economic efficiency and prosperity but that above all, “it was that socialism itself—in all its incarnations, wherever and however it was applied—was morally corrupting”.— Stephen Pollard, New York Times Book Review, 18 Jan. 2009Lenin’s great genius, of course, was for ideology, which was redefined all too often to support the tactical requirements of the moment. But owing to his fanatical conviction of his own righteousness, especially where socialism was concerned, and also to the Promethean force of his will, his pronouncements were enshrined by his followers as universal truths.— Michael Scammell, New Republic, 20 Dec. 1999

 

Recent Examples on the Web

Today, when higher education tends to be far more inclusive of different populations, college strikes many people as socialism.— Chuck Thompson, Popular Mechanics, “The State of American Trade Schools,” 13 Mar. 2019From the 1940s, city policymakers and real estate agents found common ground, both campaigning against funding for public housing in urban areas, the former dismissing it as socialism, while the latter stood to lose profits.— Mychal Denzel Smith, The New Republic, “How America became over-policed,” 5 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘socialism.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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https://www.hoover.org/research/why-socialism-fails

 

images (3)

images (5)Socialism

 

SEE MORE:

First Known Use of socialism

1833, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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1: A way of organizing a society in which major industries are owned and controlled by the government rather than by individual people and companies

See the full definition forsocialism in the English Language Learners Dictionary

SOCIALISM

noun

so·cial·ism\ˈsō-shə-ˌli-zəm\

Kids Definition ofsocialism

1: A social system or theory in which the government owns and controls the means of production (as factories) and distribution of goods

More from Merriam-Webster on socialism

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with socialism

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Spanish Central: Translation of socialism

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Britannica.com: Encyclopedia

SOCIALISM
socialism/ˈsəʊʃəlɪz(ə)m/

noun

A political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

SYNONYMS:
Leftism, Fabianism, syndicalism, consumer socialism, utopian socialism, welfarism; More

Policy or practice based on the political and economic theory of socialism.

SYNONYMS:
leftism, Fabianism, syndicalism, consumer socialism, utopian socialism, welfarism; More

(in Marxist theory) a transitional social state between the overthrow of capitalism and the realization of Communism.

MASCULINE NAME:

1.
Doctrine of social organization, which intends to make prevail the general interest on the particular interests, by means of a concerted organization (opposed to liberalism).
Reform Socialism and Revolutionary Socialism.

2.
POLICY (VOCABULARY MARXIST)
Transitional phase between the disappearance of capitalism and the establishment of communism.

ABOUT SOCIALISM

Socialism is a range of
economic and social systems, characterised by social ownership of the means of production and workers’ self-management, as well as the political theories and movements associated with them. Social ownership can be public, collective or cooperative ownership, or citizen ownership of equity. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them,
with social ownership being the common element shared by its various forms.

Socialist systems are divided into non-market and market forms. Non-market socialism involves the substitution of factor markets and money with engineering and technical criteria based on calculation performed in-kind, thereby producing an economic mechanism that functions according to different
economic laws from those of capitalism. Non-market socialism aims to circumvent the inefficiencies and crises
traditionally associated with
capital accumulation and the profit system. By contrast,
market socialism retains the use of monetary prices, factor markets and in some cases the profit motive, with respect to the operation of socially owned enterprises and the allocation of capital goods between them. Profits generated by these firms would be controlled directly by the workforce of each firm, or accrue to society at large in the form of a social dividend. The socialist calculation debate concerns the feasibility and methods of resource allocation for a socialist system.

Socialist politics has been both internationalist and nationalist in orientation; organised through political parties and opposed to party politics; at times overlapping with trade unions, and at other times independent and critical of unions; and present in both industrialised and developing nations.
Originating within the socialist movement, social democracyhas embraced a mixed economy with a market that includes substantial state intervention in the form of income redistribution, regulation, and a welfare state. Economic democracy proposes a sort of market socialism where there is more decentralized control of companies, currencies, investments, and natural resources.

The socialist political movementincludes a set of political philosophies that originated in the revolutionary movements of the mid-to-late 18th century and out of concern for the social problems that were associated with capitalism.
By the late 19th century, after the work of Karl Marx and his collaborator
Friedrich Engels, socialism had come to signify opposition to capitalism and advocacy for a post-capitalist system based on some form of social ownership of the means of production. By the 1920s,
social democracy
and communism had become the two dominant political tendencies within the international socialist movement. By this time, socialism emerged as “the most influential secular movement of the twentieth century, worldwide. It is a political ideology (or world view), a wide and divided political movement” and while the emergence of the Soviet Union as the world’s first nominally socialist state led to socialism’s widespread association with the Soviet economic model, some economists and intellectuals argued that in practice the model functioned as a form of state capitalism or a non-planned administrative or command economy. Socialist parties
and ideas remain a political force with varying degrees of power and influence on all continents, heading national governments in many countries around the world. Today, some socialists have also adopted the causes of other social movements, such as environmentalism,
feminism and progressivism.
In 21st century America,
the term socialism, without
clear definition, has become a pejorative used by
conservatives to taint liberal
and progressive policies,
proposals, and public figures.

ETYMOLOGY

of the twentieth century, worldwide. It is a political ideology (or world view), a wide and divided political movement”[33] and while the emergence of the Soviet Union as the world’s first nominally socialist state led to socialism’s widespread association with the Soviet economic model, some economists and intellectuals argued that in practice the model functioned as a form of state capitalism[34][35][36] or a non-planned administrative or command economy.[37][38] Socialist parties and ideas remain a political force with varying degrees of power and influence on all continents, heading national governments in many countries around the world. Today, some socialists have also adopted the causes of other social movements, such as environmentalism, feminism and progressivism.[39] In 21st century America, the term socialism, without clear definition, has become a pejorative used by conservatives to taint liberal and progressive policies, proposals, and public figures.[40]

Contents

Etymology

Utopian socialist pamphlet of Rudolf Sutermeister

For Andrew Vincent, “[t]he word ‘socialism’ finds its root in the Latin sociare, which means to combine or to share. The related, more technical term in Roman and then medieval law was societas. This latter word could mean companionship and fellowship as well as the more legalistic idea of a consensual contract between freemen”.[41]

The term “socialism” was created by Henri de Saint-Simon, one of the founders of what would later be labelled “utopian socialism”. Simon coined the term as a contrast to the liberal doctrine of “individualism”, which stressed that people act or should act as if they are in isolation from one another.[42] The original “utopian” socialists condemned liberal individualism for failing to address social concerns during the industrial revolution, including poverty, social oppression and gross inequalities in wealth, thus viewing liberal individualism as degenerating society into supporting selfish egoism that harmed community life through promoting a society based on competition.[42] They presented socialism as an alternative to liberal individualism based on the shared ownership of resources, although their proposals for socialism differed significantly. Saint-Simon proposed economic planning, scientific administration and the application of modern scientific advancements to the organisation of society. By contrast, Robert Owen proposed the organisation of production and ownership in cooperatives.[42][43]

The term “socialism” is also attributed to Pierre Leroux[44] and to Marie Roch Louis Reybaud in France; and in Britain to Robert Owen in 1827, father of the cooperative movement.[45][46]

The modern definition and usage of “socialism” settled by the 1860s, becoming the predominant term among the group of words “co-operative”, “mutualist” and “associationist”, which had previously been used as synonyms. The term “communism” also fell out of use during this period, despite earlier distinctions between socialism and communism from the 1840s.[47] An early distinction between socialism and communism was that the former aimed to only socialise production while the latter aimed to socialise both production and consumption (in the form of free access to final goods).[48] However, Marxists employed the term “socialism” in place of “communism” by 1888, which had come to be considered an old-fashion synonym for socialism. It was not until 1917 after the Bolshevik Revolution that “socialism” came to refer to a distinct stage between capitalism and communism, introduced by Vladimir Lenin as a means to defend the Bolshevik seizure of power against traditional Marxist criticisms that Russia’s productive forces were not sufficiently developed for socialist revolution.[49]

A distinction between “communist” and “socialist” as descriptors of political ideologies arose in 1918 after the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party renamed itself to the All-Russian Communist Party, where communist came to specifically mean socialists who supported the politics and theories of Leninism, Bolshevism and later Marxism–Leninism,[50] although communist parties continued to describe themselves as socialists dedicated to socialism.[51]

The words “socialism” and “communism” eventually accorded with the adherents’ and opponents’ cultural attitude towards religion. In Christian Europe, communism was believed to be the atheist way of life. In Protestant England, the word “communism” was too culturally and aurally close to the Roman Catholic communion rite, hence English atheists denoted themselves socialists.[52] Friedrich Engels argued that in 1848, at the time when The Communist Manifesto was published, that “socialism was respectable on the continent, while communism was not”. The Owenites in England and the Fourieristsin France were considered “respectable” socialists, while working-class movements that “proclaimed the necessity of total social change” denoted themselves communists. This latter branch of socialism produced the communist work of Étienne Cabet in France and Wilhelm Weitling in Germany.[53] The British moral philosopher John Stuart Mill also came to advocate a form of economic socialism within a liberal context. In later editions of his Principles of Political Economy (1848), Mill would argue that “as far as economic theory was concerned, there is nothing in principle in economic theory that precludes an economic order based on socialist policies”. While democrats looked to the Revolutions of 1848 as a democratic revolution, which in the long run ensured liberty, equality and fraternity, Marxists denounced 1848 as a betrayal of working-class ideals by a bourgeoisie indifferent to the legitimate demands of the proletariat.

HISTORY

.

Main article: History of socialism

cs and a romantic anti-industrialism”[67] which produced theorists such as Edward Bellamy, Frederick Denison Maurice and Charles Kingsley.[74]

The first advocates of socialism favoured social levelling in order to create a meritocratic or technocratic society based on individual talent. Count Henri de Saint-Simon is regarded as the first individual to coin the term “socialism”.[75] Saint-Simon was fascinated by the enormous potential of science and technology and advocated a socialist society that would eliminate the disorderly aspects of capitalism and would be based on equal opportunities.[76][unreliable source?] He advocated the creation of a society in which each person was ranked according to his or her capacities and rewarded according to his or her work.[75] The key focus of Saint-Simon’s socialism was on administrative efficiency and industrialism and a belief that science was the key to progress.[77] This was accompanied by a desire to implement a rationally organised economy based on planning and geared towards large-scale scientific and material progress,[75] thus embodied a desire for a more directed or planned economy. Other early socialist thinkers, such as Thomas Hodgkin and Charles Hall, based their ideas on David Ricardo’s economic theories. They reasoned that the equilibrium value of commodities approximated prices charged by the producer when those commodities were in elastic supply and that these producer prices corresponded to the embodied labour—the cost of the labour (essentially the wages paid) that was required to produce the commodities. The Ricardian socialists viewed profit, interest and rent as deductions from this exchange-value.[citation needed]

West European social critics, including Robert Owen, Charles Fourier, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Louis Blanc, Charles Hall, and Saint-Simon were the first modern socialists who criticised the excessive poverty and inequality of the Industrial Revolution. They advocated reform, with some such as Robert Owen advocating the transformation of society to small communities without private property. Robert Owen’s contribution to modern socialism was his understanding that actions and characteristics of individuals were largely determined by the social environment they were raised in and exposed to.[77]On the other hand, Charles Fourier advocated phalansteres which were communities that respected individual desires (including sexual preferences), affinities and creativity and saw that work has to be made enjoyable for people.[78] The ideas of Owen and Fourier were tried in practice in numerous intentional communities around Europe and the American continent in the mid-19th century.

Paris Commune

The celebration of the election of the Commune on 28 March 1871—the Paris Commune was a major early implementation of socialist ideas

The Paris Commune was a government that briefly ruled Paris from 18 March (more formally, from 28 March) to 28 May 1871. The Commune was the result of an uprising in Paris after France was defeated in the Franco-Prussian War. The Commune elections held on 26 March elected a Commune council of 92 members, one member for each 20,000 residents.[79] Despite internal differences, the council began to organise the public services essential for a city of two million residents. It also reached a consensus on certain policies that tended towards a progressive, secular and highly democratic social democracy.

Because the Commune was only able to meet on fewer than 60 days in all, only a few decrees were actually implemented. These included the separation of church and state; the remission of rents owed for the entire period of the siege (during which payment had been suspended); the abolition of night work in the hundreds of Paris bakeries; the granting of pensions to the unmarried companions and children of National Guards killed on active service; and the free return, by the city pawnshops, of all workmen’s tools and household items valued up to 20 francs, pledged during the siege.[80] The Commune was concerned that skilled workers had been forced to pawn their tools during the war; the postponement of commercial debt obligations and the abolition of interest on the debts; and the right of employees to take over and run an enterprise if it were deserted by its owner. The Commune nonetheless recognised the previous owner’s right to compensation.[80]

First International

Mikhail Bakunin speaking to members of the International Workingmen’s Association at the Basel Congress in 1869

The International Workingmen’s Association (IWA), often called the First International, was founded in London in 1864. The International Workingmen’s Association united diverse revolutionary currents including French followers of Proudhon,[81] Blanquists, Philadelphes, English trade unionists, socialists and social democrats. The IWA held a preliminary conference in 1865 and had its first congress at Geneva in 1866. Due to the wide variety of philosophies present in the First International, there was conflict from the start. The first objections to Marx came from the mutualists who opposed communism and statism. However, shortly after Mikhail Bakunin and his followers (called collectivists while in the International) joined in 1868, the First International became polarised into two camps headed by Marx and Bakunin respectively.[82] The clearest differences between the groups emerged over their proposed strategies for achieving their visions of socialism. The First International became the first major international forum for the promulgation of socialist ideas.

The followers of Bakunin were called collectivist anarchists and sought to collectivise ownership of the means of production while retaining payment proportional to the amount and kind of labour of each individual. Like Proudhonists, they asserted the right of each individual to the product of his labour and to be remunerated for their particular contribution to production. By contrast, anarcho-communists sought collective ownership of both the means and the products of labour. Errico Malatesta put it: “[I]nstead of running the risk of making a confusion in trying to distinguish what you and I each do, let us all work and put everything in common. In this way each will give to society all that his strength permits until enough is produced for every one; and each will take all that he needs, limiting his needs only in those things of which there is not yet plenty for every one”.[83] Anarcho-communism as a coherent, modern economic-political philosophy was first formulated in the Italian section of the First International by Carlo Cafiero, Emilio Covelli, Errico Malatesta, Andrea Costaand other ex Mazzinian republicans.[84] Out of respect for Mikhail Bakunin, they did not make their differences with collectivist anarchism explicit until after Bakunin’s death.[85]

Syndicalism emerged in France inspired in part by the ideas of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and later by Fernand Pelloutier and Georges Sorel.[86] It developed at the end of the 19th century out of the French trade-union movement (syndicat is the French word for trade union). It was a significant force in Italy and Spain in the early 20th century until it was crushed by the fascist regimes in those countries. In the United States, syndicalism appeared in the guise of the Industrial Workers of the World, or “Wobblies”, founded in 1905.[86] Syndicalism is an economic system where industries are organised into confederations (syndicates)[87] and the economy is managed by negotiation between specialists and worker representatives of each field, comprising multiple non-competitive categorised units.[88] Syndicalism is thus a form of communism and economic corporatism, but also refers to the political movement and tactics used to bring about this type of system. An influential anarchist movement based on syndicalist ideas is anarcho-syndicalism.[89] The International Workers Association is an international anarcho-syndicalist federation of various labour unions from different countries.

The Fabian Society is a British socialist organisation which was established with the purpose of advancing the principles of socialism via gradualist and reformist means.[90] The society laid many of the foundations of the Labour Party and subsequently affected the policies of states emerging from the decolonisation of the British Empire, most notably India and Singapore. Originally, the Fabian Society was committed to the establishment of a socialist economy, alongside a commitment to British imperialism as a progressive and modernising force.[91] Today, the society functions primarily as a think tank and is one of fifteen socialist societies affiliated with the Labour Party. Similar societies exist in Australia (the Australian Fabian Society), in Canada (the Douglas-Coldwell Foundation and the now disbanded League for Social Reconstruction) and in New Zealand.

Guild socialism is a political movement advocating workers’ control of industry through the medium of trade-related guilds”in an implied contractual relationship with the public”.[92] It originated in the United Kingdom and was at its most influential in the first quarter of the 20th century. Inspired by medieval guilds, theorists such as Samuel G. Hobson and G. D. H. Coleadvocated the public ownership of industries and their organisation into guilds, each of which would be under the democratic control of its trade union. Guild socialists were less inclined than Fabians to invest power in a state.[86] At some point, like the American Knights of Labor, guild socialism wanted to abolish the wage system.[citation needed]

Second International

As the ideas of Marx and Engels took on flesh, particularly in central Europe, socialists sought to unite in an international organisation. In 1889 (the centennial of the French Revolution of 1789), the Second International was founded, with 384 delegates from twenty countries representing about 300 labour and socialist organisations.[93] It was termed the Socialist International and Engels was elected honorary president at the third congress in 1893. Anarchists were ejected and not allowed in, mainly due to pressure from Marxists.[94] It has been argued that at some point the Second International turned “into a battleground over the issue of libertarian versus authoritarian socialism. Not only did they effectively present themselves as champions of minority rights; they also provoked the German Marxists into demonstrating a dictatorial intolerance which was a factor in preventing the British labor movement from following the Marxist direction indicated by such leaders as H. M. Hyndman”.[94]

Reformism arose as an alternative to revolution. Eduard Bernstein was a leading social democrat in Germany who proposed the concept of evolutionary socialism. Revolutionary socialists quickly targeted reformism: Rosa Luxemburgcondemned Bernstein’s Evolutionary Socialism in her 1900 essay Social Reform or Revolution?. Revolutionary socialism encompasses multiple social and political movements that may define “revolution” differently from one another. The Social Democratic Party (SPD) in Germany became the largest and most powerful socialist party in Europe, despite working illegally until the anti-socialist laws were dropped in 1890. In the 1893 elections, it gained 1,787,000 votes, a quarter of the total votes cast, according to Engels. In 1895, the year of his death, Engels emphasised the Communist Manifesto’s emphasis on winning, as a first step, the “battle of democracy”.[95]

Early 20th century

Main articles: History of anarchism § 20th century, Russian Revolution, German Revolution, Biennio Rosso, and Spanish Revolution of 1936

Antonio Gramsci, member of the Italian Socialist Party and later leader and theorist of the Communist Party of Italy

In Argentina the Socialist Party of Argentina was established in the 1890s led by, among others, Juan B. Justo and Nicolás Repetto, thus becoming the first mass party in the country and in Latin America. The party affiliated itself with the Second International.[96] Between 1924 and 1940 it was a member of the Labour and Socialist International.[97] In 1904, Australians elected Chris Watson as the first Australian Labor Party Prime Minister, becoming the first democratically elected social democrat. In 1909, the first Kibbutz was established in Palestine[98] by Russian Jewish Immigrants. The Kibbutz Movement would then expand through the 20th century following a doctrine of Zionist socialism.[99] The British Labour Party first won seats in the House of Commons in 1902. The International Socialist Commission (ISC, also known as Berne International) was formed in February 1919 at a meeting in Bern by parties that wanted to resurrect the Second International.[100]

By 1917, the patriotism of World War I changed into political radicalism in most of Europe, the United States and Australia. Other socialist parties from around the world who were beginning to gain importance in their national politics in the early 20th century included the Italian Socialist Party, the French Section of the Workers’ International, the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party, the Swedish Social Democratic Party, the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, the Socialist Party of America in the United States, the Argentinian Socialist Party and the Chilean Partido Obrero Socialista.

Russian Revolution

Main article: Russian Revolution

In February 1917, revolution exploded in Russia. Workers, soldiers and peasants established soviets (councils), the monarchy fell and a provisional government convoked pending the election of a constituent assembly. In April of that year, Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik faction of socialists in Russia and known for his profound and controversial expansions of Marxism, was allowed to cross Germany to return to his country from exile in Switzerland.

Lenin had published essays on his analysis of imperialism, the monopoly and globalisation phase of capitalism as predicted by Marx, as well as analyses on the social conditions of his contemporary time. He observed that as capitalism had further developed in Europe and America, the workers remained unable to gain class consciousness so long as they were too busy working and concerned with how to make ends meet. He therefore proposed that the social revolution would require the leadership of a vanguard party of class-conscious revolutionaries from the educated and politically active part of the population.[101]

Upon arriving in Petrograd, Lenin declared that the revolution in Russia was not over but had only begun, and that the next step was for the workers’ soviets to take full state authority. He issued a thesis outlining the Bolshevik’s party programme, including rejection of any legitimacy in the provisional government and advocacy for state power to be given to the peasant and working class through the soviets. The Bolsheviks became the most influential force in the soviets and on 7 November the capitol of the provisional government was stormed by Bolshevik Red Guards in what afterwards known as the “Great October Socialist Revolution”. The rule of the provisional government was ended and the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic—the world’s first constitutionally socialist state—was established. On 25 January 1918 at the Petrograd Soviet, Lenin declared “Long live the world socialist revolution!”[102] and proposed an immediate armistice on all fronts and transferred the land of the landed proprietors, the crown and the monasteries to the peasant committees without compensation.[103]

The day after assuming executive power on 25 January, Lenin wrote Draft Regulations on Workers’ Control, which granted workers control of businesses with more than five workers and office employees and access to all books, documents and stocks and whose decisions were to be “binding upon the owners of the enterprises”.[104] Governing through the elected soviets and in alliance with the peasant-based Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, the Bolshevik government began nationalising banks and industry; and disavowed the national debts of the deposed Romanov royal régime. It sued for peace, withdrawing from World War I and convoked a Constituent Assembly in which the peasant Socialist-Revolutionary Party(SR) won a majority.[105]

The Constituent Assembly elected Socialist-Revolutionary leader Victor Chernov President of a Russian republic, but rejected the Bolshevik proposal that it endorse the Soviet decrees on land, peace and workers’ control and acknowledge the power of the Soviets of Workers’, Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies. The next day, the Bolsheviks declared that the assembly was elected on outdated party lists[106] and the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the Soviets dissolved it.[107][108]In March 1919, world communist parties formed Comintern (also known as the Third International) at a meeting in Moscow.[109]

International Working Union of Socialist Parties

Main article: International Working Union of Socialist Parties

Parties which did not want to be a part of the resurrected Second International (ISC) or Comintern formed the International Working Union of Socialist Parties (IWUSP, also known as Vienna International/Vienna Union/Two-and-a-Half International) on 27 February 1921 at a conference in Vienna.[110] The ISC and the IWUSP joined to form the Labour and Socialist International (LSI) in May 1923 at a meeting in Hamburg[111] Left-wing groups which did not agree to the centralisation and abandonment of the soviets by the Bolshevik Party led left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks—such groups included Socialist Revolutionaries,[112] Left Socialist Revolutionaries, Mensheviks and anarchists.[113]

Within this left-wing discontent, the most large-scale events were the worker’s Kronstadt rebellion[114][115][116] and the anarchist led Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine uprising which controlled an area known as the Free Territory.[117][118][119]

Third International

Main article: Communist International

The Bolshevik Russian Revolution of January 1918 engendered communist parties worldwide and their concomitant revolutions of 1917–1923. Few communists doubted that the Russian success of socialism depended on successful, working-class socialist revolutions in developed capitalist countries.[120][121] In 1919, Lenin and Trotsky organised the world’s communist parties into a new international association of workers—the Communist International (Comintern), also called the Third International.

The Russian Revolution also influenced uprisings in other countries around this time. The German Revolution of 1918–1919 resulted in the replacing Germany’s imperial government with a republic. The revolutionary period lasted from November 1918 until the formal establishment of the Weimar Republic in August 1919 and included an episode known as the Bavarian Soviet Republic[122][123][124][125] and the Spartacist uprising. In Italy, the events known as the Biennio Rosso[126][127] were characterised by mass strikes, worker manifestations and self-management experiments through land and factory occupations. In Turin and Milan, workers’ councils were formed and many factory occupations took place led by anarcho-syndicalists organised around the Unione Sindacale Italiana.[128]

By 1920, the Red Army under its commander Trotsky had largely defeated the royalist White Armies. In 1921, War Communism was ended and under the New Economic Policy (NEP) private ownership was allowed for small and medium peasant enterprises. While industry remained largely state-controlled, Lenin acknowledged that the NEP was a necessary capitalist measure for a country unripe for socialism. Profiteering returned in the form of “NEP men” and rich peasants (kulaks) gained power in the countryside.[129] Nevertheless, the role of Trotsky in this episode has been questioned by other socialists, including ex Trotskyists. In the United States, Dwight Macdonald broke with Trotsky and left the Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party by raising the question of the Kronstadt rebellion, which Trotsky as leader of the Soviet Red Armyand the other Bolsheviks had brutally repressed. He then moved towards democratic socialism and anarchism.

A similar critique of Trotsky’s role on the events around the Kronstadt rebellion was raised by the American anarchist Emma Goldman. In her essay “Trotsky Protests Too Much”, she says: “I admit, the dictatorship under Stalin’s rule has become monstrous. That does not, however, lessen the guilt of Leon Trotsky as one of the actors in the revolutionary drama of which Kronstadt was one of the bloodiest scenes”.

Rosa Luxemburg, prominent Marxist revolutionary, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and martyr and leader of the German
Spartacist uprising in 1919.

FOURTH CONGRESS

Working Union of Socialist Parties (IWUSP, also known as Vienna International/Vienna Union/Two-and-a-Half International) on 27 February 1921 at a conference in Vienna. The ISC and the IWUSP joined to form the Labour and Socialist International (LSI) in May 1923 at a meeting in Hamburg Left-wing groups which did not agree to the centralisation and abandonment of the soviets by the Bolshevik Party led left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks—such groups included Socialist Revolutionaries, Left Socialist Revolutionaries, Mensheviks and anarchists.

Within this left-wing discontent, the most large-scale events were the worker’s Kronstadt rebellion and the anarchist led Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine uprising which controlled an area known as the Free Territory.

THIRD INTERNATIONAL

(Main article: Communist International)

The Bolshevik Russian Revolution of January 1918 engendered communist parties worldwide and their concomitant revolutions of 1917–1923. Few communists doubted that the Russian success of socialism depended on successful, working-class socialist revolutions in developed capitalist countries. In 1919, Lenin and Trotsky organised the world’s communist parties into a new international association of workers—the Communist International (Comintern), also called the Third International.

The Russian Revolution also influenced uprisings in other countries around this time. The German Revolution of 1918–1919 resulted in the replacing Germany’s imperial government with a republic. The revolutionary period lasted from November 1918 until the formal establishment of the Weimar Republic in August 1919 and included an episode known as the
Bavarian Soviet Republic
and the Spartacist uprising. In Italy, the events known as the Biennio Rosso were characterised by mass strikes, worker manifestations and self-management experiments through land and factory occupations. In Turin and Milan, workers’ councils were formed and many factory occupations took place led by anarcho-syndicalists
organised around the Unione Sindacale Italiana.

By 1920, the Red Army under its commander Trotsky had largely defeated the royalist White Armies. In 1921, War Communism was ended and under the New Economic Policy (NEP) private ownership was allowed for small and medium peasant enterprises. While industry remained largely state-controlled, Lenin acknowledged that the NEP was a necessary capitalist measure for a country unripe for socialism. Profiteering returned in the form of “NEP men” and rich peasants (kulaks) gained power in the countryside. Nevertheless, the role of Trotsky in this episode has been questioned by other socialists, including ex Trotskyists. In the United States, Dwight Macdonald
broke with Trotsky and left the Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party by raising the question of the Kronstadt rebellion, which Trotsky as leader of the Soviet Red Armyand the other Bolsheviks had brutally repressed. He then moved towards
democratic socialism and
anarchism.

A similar critique of Trotsky’s role on the events around the Kronstadt rebellion was raised by the American anarchist Emma Goldman. In her essay “Trotsky Protests Too Much”, she says: “I admit, the dictatorship under Stalin’s rule has become monstrous. That does not, however, lessen the guilt of Leon Trotsky as one of the actors in the revolutionary drama of which Kronstadt was one of the bloodiest scenes”.

Rosa Luxemburg, prominent Marxist revolutionary, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and martyr and leader of the German
Spartacist uprising in 1919.

FOURTH CONGRESS

In 1922, the fourth congress of the Communist International took up the policy of the United Front, urging communists to work with rank and file Social Democrats while remaining critical of their leaders, whom they criticised for betraying the working class by supporting the war efforts of their respective capitalist classes. For their part, the social democrats pointed to the dislocation caused by revolution and later the growing authoritarianism of the communist parties. When the Communist Party of Great Britain applied to affiliate to the Labour Party in 1920, it was turned down.

On seeing the Soviet State’s growing coercive power in 1923, a dying Lenin said Russia had reverted to “a bourgeois tsarist machine… barely varnished with socialism”. After Lenin’s death in January 1924, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union—then increasingly under the control of Joseph Stalin—rejected the theory that socialism could not be built solely in the Soviet Union in favour of the concept of “Socialism in One Country”. Despite the marginalised Left Opposition’s demand for the restoration of Soviet democracy, Stalin developed a bureaucratic, authoritarian
government that was condemned by democratic socialists, anarchists and Trotskyists for undermining the initial socialist ideals of the Bolshevik Russian Revolution.

In 1924, the Mongolian People’s Republic was established and was ruled by the Mongolian People’s Party. The Russian Revolution and the appearance of the Soviet State motivated a worldwide current of national communist parties which ended having varying levels of political and social influence. Among these there appeared the Communist Party of France, the
Communist Party USA, the Italian Communist Party, the Chinese Communist Party, the Mexican Communist Party, the
Brazilian Communist Party, the Chilean Communist Party and the Communist Party of Indonesia.

SPANISH CIVIL WAR

(Main article: Spanish Civil War)

Anarcha-feminist militia during the Spanish Revolution in 1936

In Spain in 1936, the national anarcho-syndicalist
trade union Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) initially refused to join a popular front electoral alliance and abstention by CNT supporters led to a right-wing election victory.
In 1936, the CNT changed its policy and anarchist votes helped bring the popular front back to power. Months later, the former ruling class responded with an attempted coup, sparking the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939).

In response to the army rebellion, an anarchist-inspired movement of peasants and workers, supported by armed militias, took control of Barcelona and of large areas of rural Spain where they collectivised the land. The events known as the Spanish Revolution was a workers’ social revolution
that began during the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 and resulted in the widespread implementation of anarchist
and more broadly libertarian socialist organisational principles throughout various portions of the country for two to three years, primarily Catalonia, Aragon, Andalusia and parts of Levante.

Much of Spain’s economy was put under worker control and in anarchist strongholds like Catalonia the figure was as high as 75%, but lower in areas with heavy Communist Party of Spain influence, as the Soviet-allied party actively resisted attempts at collectivisation enactment. Factories were run through worker committees,
agrarian areas became collectivised and run as libertarian communes. Anarchist historian Sam Dolgoff estimated that about eight million people participated directly or indirectly in the Spanish Revolution.

MID-20TH CENTURY

Further information: History of the People’s Republic of China (1949–76),
Decolonization § Decolonization after 1945, Eastern Bloc, and
History of anarchism § Post-war years

POST-WORLD WAR II

Leon Trotsky’s Fourth International was established in France in 1938 when
Trotskyists argued that the Comintern or Third International had become irretrievably “lost to
Stalinism” and thus incapable of leading the international working class to political power. The rise of Nazism and the start of World War II led to the dissolution of the LSI in 1940. After the War, the Socialist International was formed in Frankfurt in July 1951 as a successor to the LSI.

After World War II, social democratic governments introduced social reform and wealth redistribution via state welfare and taxation. Social democratic parties dominated post-war politics in countries such as France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Belgium and Norway. At one point, France claimed to be the world’s most state-controlled capitalist country. The nationalised public utilities included Charbonnages de France (CDF), Electricité de France (EDF), Gaz de France (GDF), Air France, Banque de France and Régie Nationale des Usines Renault.

In 1945, the British Labour Party led by Clement Attlee was elected to office based on a radical socialist programme. The Labour government nationalised major public utilities such as mines, gas, coal, electricity, rail, iron, steel and the Bank of England. British Petroleum was officially nationalised in 1951. Anthony Crosland said that in 1956 25% of British industry was nationalised and that public employees, including those in nationalised industries, constituted a similar proportion of the country’s total employed population.
The Labour Governments of 1964–1970 and 1974–1979 intervened further. It re-nationalised steel (1967, British Steel) after the Conservatives had denationalised it and nationalised car production (1976, British Leyland).
The National Health Service provided taxpayer-funded health care to everyone, free at the point of service. Working-class housing was provided in council housing estates and university education became available via a school grant system.

SOVIET UNION & EASTERN EUROPE

(Main article: History of the Soviet Union)

The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied
victory in World War II. After the war, the Soviet Union became a recognised superpower. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th
century, including the world’s first spacecraft and the first astronaut. The Soviet economy was the modern world’s first centrally planned economy. It was based on a system of state ownership of industry managed through
Gosplan (the State Planning Commission), Gosbank (the State Bank) and the Gossnab
(State Commission for Materials and Equipment Supply).

Economic planning was conducted through a series of Five-Year Plans. The emphasis was on fast development of heavy industry and the nation became one of the world’s top manufacturers of a large number of basic and heavy industrial products, but it lagged in light industrial production and consumer durables. Modernization brought about a general increase in the standard of living.

The Eastern Bloc was the group of former Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact which included the People’s Republic of Poland, the German Democratic Republic, the People’s Republic of Hungary, the People’s Republic of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Socialist Republic of Romania, the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the government of the People’s Republic of Hungary and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s denunciation of the excesses of Stalin’s regime during the Twentieth Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on 1956 as well as the revolt in Hungary, produced ideological fractures and disagreements within the communist and socialist parties of Western Europe.

THIRD WORLD

In the post-war years, socialism became increasingly influential throughout the so-called Third World. Embracing a new Third World socialism, countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America often nationalised industries held by foreign owners. The Chinese Kuomintang Party, the previous ruling party in Taiwan, was referred to as having a socialist ideology since Kuomintang’s revolutionary ideology in the 1920s incorporated unique Chinese socialism as part of its ideology. The Soviet Union trained Kuomintang revolutionaries in the Moscow Sun Yat-sen University. Movie theatres in the Soviet Union showed newsreels and clips of Chiang at Moscow Sun Yat-sen University portraits of Chiang were hung on the walls and in the Soviet May Day parades that year Chiang’s portrait was to be carried along with the portraits of Marx, Lenin, Stalin and other socialist leaders.

The Chinese Revolution was the second stage in the Chinese Civil War which ended in the establishment of the People’s Republic of China led by the Chinese Communist Party. The term “Third World” was coined by French demographer Alfred Sauvy in 1952 on the model of the Third Estate, which according to the Abbé Sieyès represented everything, but was nothing “because at the end this ignored, exploited, scorned Third World like the Third Estate, wants to become something too”.

The emergence of this new political entity in the frame of the Cold War was complex and painful. Several tentatives were made to organise newly independent states in order to oppose a common front towards both the United States’ and the Soviet Union’s influence on them, with the consequences of the Sino-Soviet split
already at works. The Non-Aligned Movement. constituted itself around the main figures of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India, President
Sukarno of Indonesia, leader Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia and Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt who successfully opposed the French and British imperial powers during the 1956 Suez crisis. After the 1954 Geneva Conference which ended the French war against Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam, the 1955
Bandung Conference
gathered Nasser, Nehru, Tito, Sukarno and Zhou
Enlai, Premier of the People’s Republic of China.

As many African countries gained independence during the 1960s, some of them rejected capitalism in favour of a more afrocentric
economic model. The main architects of African socialism were Julius
*Nyerere* of Tanzania,
Léopold Senghor of Senegal,
Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana
and Sékou Touré of Guinea.

The Cuban Revolution (1953–1959) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro’s 26th of July Movement and its allies against the government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista. The revolution began in July 1953 and finally ousted Batista on 1 January 1959, replacing his government with Castro’s revolutionary state. Castro’s government later reformed along communist lines, becoming the Communist Party of Cuba in October 1965.

In Indonesia, a right-wing military regime led by Suharto killed between 500,000 and one million people in 1965 and 1966, mainly to crush the growing influence of the Communist Party of Indonesia and other leftist sectors, with support from the United States government, which provided kill lists containing thousands of names of suspected high-ranking Communists.

NEW LEFT

(Main article: New Left)

The New Left was a term used mainly in the United Kingdom and United States in reference to activists, educators, agitators and others in the 1960s and 1970s who sought to implement a broad range of reforms on issues such as gay rights, abortion, gender roles and drugs in contrast to earlier leftist or Marxist movements that had taken a more vanguardist approach
to social justice and focused mostly on labour unionisation and questions of social class. The New Left rejected involvement with the labour movement and
Marxism’s historical theory of class struggle.

In the United States, the New Left was associated with the Hippie movement and anti-war college campus protest movements as well as the black liberation movements such as the Black Panther Party. While initially formed in opposition to the “Old Left” Democratic Party, groups composing the New Left gradually became central players in the Democratic coalition.

PROTESTS OF 1968

Main article: Protests of 1968

The protests of 1968 represented a worldwide escalation of social conflicts, predominantly characterised by popular rebellions against military, capitalist and bureaucratic elites who responded with an escalation of political repression. These protests marked a turning point for the civil rights movement in the United States, which produced revolutionary movements like the Black Panther Party; the prominent civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. organised the “Poor People’s Campaign” to address issues of economic justice, while personally showing sympathy with democratic socialism. In reaction to the Tet Offensive, protests also sparked a broad movement in opposition to the Vietnam Warall over the United States and even into London, Paris, Berlin and Rome. In 1968 in Carrara, Italy, the International of
Anarchist Federations was founded during an international anarchist conference held there by the three existing European federations of France, the Italian and the Iberian Anarchist Federation as well as the Bulgarian federation in French exile.

Mass socialist or communist movements grew not only in the United States, but also in most European countries. The most spectacular manifestation of this were the May 1968 protests in France in which students linked up with strikes of up to ten million workers and for a few days the movement seemed capable of overthrowing the government.

In many other capitalist countries, struggles against dictatorships, state repression and colonisation were also marked by protests in 1968, such as the beginning of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, the
Tlatelolco massacre in Mexico City and the escalation of guerrilla warfare against the military dictatorship in Brazil. Countries governed by communist parties had protests against bureaucratic and military elites. In Eastern Europe there were widespread protests that escalated particularly in the Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia. In response, Soviet Union occupied Czechoslovakia, but the occupation was denounced by the Italian and French
communist parties and the Communist Party of Finland. Few western European political leaders defended the occupation, among them the Portuguese communist secretary-general Álvaro Cunhal. Along with the Luxembourg party and conservative factions of the Communist Party of Greece.

In the Chinese Cultural Revolution, a social-political youth movement mobilised against “bourgeois” elements which were seen to be infiltrating the government and society at large, aiming to restore capitalism. This movement motivated
Maoism-inspired movements around the world in the context of the Sino-Soviet split.

LATE 20TH CENTURY

Main articles:
Eurocommunism, Nicaraguan Revolution, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, History of the People’s Republic of China (1976–89), Third Way, and History of anarchism § Late 20th century

Salvador Allende, President of Chile and member of the Socialist Party of Chile, whose presidency and life was ended by a CIA-backed military coup.

In Latin America in the 1960s, a socialist tendency within the catholic church appeared which was called liberation theology
which motivated even the Colombian priest Camilo Torres to enter the ELN
guerrilla. In Chile, Salvador
Allende, a physician and candidate for the Socialist Party of Chile, was elected president through democratic elections in 1970. In 1973, his government was ousted by the United States-backed military dictatorship of
Augusto Pinochet, which lasted until the late 1980s.
Pinochet’s regime was a leader of Operation Condor, a U.S.-backed campaign of repression and state terrorism carried out by the intelligence services of the Southern Cone countries of Latin America to eliminate suspected Communist subversion. In Jamaica, the democratic socialist
Michael Manleyserved as the fourth Prime Minister of Jamaica from 1972 to 1980 and from 1989 to 1992. According to opinion polls, he remains one of Jamaica’s most popular Prime Ministers since independence.
The Nicaraguan Revolution
encompassed the rising opposition to the Somoza
dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, the campaign led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) to violently oust the dictatorship in 1978–1979, the subsequent efforts of the FSLN to govern Nicaragua from 1979 until 1990 and the socialist measures which included widescale agrarian reform and educational programs. The People’s Revolutionary Government
was proclaimed on 13 March 1979 in Grenada which was
overthrown by armed forces of the United States in 1983. The Salvadoran Civil War
(1979–1992) was a conflict between the military-led government of El Salvador
and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
(FMLN), a coalition or umbrella organisation of five socialist guerrilla groups. A coup on 15 October 1979 led to the killings of anti-coup protesters by the government as well as anti-disorder protesters by the guerillas, and is widely seen as the tipping point towards the civil war.

In Italy, Autonomia Operaia
was a leftist movement particularly active from 1976 to 1978. It took an important role in the autonomist
movement in the 1970s, aside earlier organisations such as Potere Operaio
(created after May 1968) and Lotta Continua. This experience prompted the contemporary socialist radical movement
autonomism. In 1982, the newly elected French socialist government of François Mitterrand made nationalisations in a few key industries, including banks and insurance companies.[196] Eurocommunism was a trend in the 1970s and 1980s in various Western European communist parties to develop a theory and practice of social transformation that was more relevant for a Western European country and less aligned to the influence or control of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Outside Western Europe, it is sometimes called neocommunism.[197] Some communist parties with strong popular support, notably the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) adopted Eurocommunism most enthusiastically and the Communist Party of Finland was dominated by Eurocommunists. The French Communist Party (PCF) and many smaller parties strongly opposed Eurocommunism and stayed aligned with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union until the end of the Soviet Union.

In the late 1970s and in the 1980s, the Socialist International (SI) had extensive contacts and discussion with the two powers of the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union, about East-West relations and arms control. Since then, the SI has admitted as member parties the Nicaraguan FSLN, the left-wing Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as former communist parties such as the Democratic Party of the Left of Italy and the
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO). The SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the SI had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America.

Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
from 1985 until 1991

After Mao’s death in 1976 and the arrest of the faction known as the Gang of Four, who were blamed for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping
took power and led the People’s Republic of China to significant economic reforms. The Communist Party of China loosened governmental control over citizens’ personal lives and the communes were disbanded in favour of private land leases, thus China’s transition from a planned economy to a mixed economy named as “socialism with Chinese characteristics” which maintained state ownership rights over land, state or cooperative ownership of much of the heavy industrial and manufacturing sectors and state influence in the banking and financial sectors. China adopted its current constitution on 4 December 1982. President
Jiang Zemin and Premier Zhu Rongji led the nation in the 1990s. Under their administration, China’s economic performance pulled an estimated 150 million peasants out of poverty and sustained an average annual gross domestic product growth rate of 11.2%. At the Sixth National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam in December 1986, reformist politicians replaced the “old guard” government with new leadership. The reformers were led by 71-year-old Nguyen Van Linh, who became the party’s new general secretary. Linh and the reformers implemented a series of free market reforms—known as Đổi Mới
(“Renovation”)—which carefully managed the transition from a planned economy to a “socialist-oriented market economy”.
Mikhail Gorbachev wished
to move the Soviet Union towards of Nordic-style social democracy, calling it “a socialist beacon for all mankind”. Prior to its dissolution in 1991, the Soviet Union had the second largest economy in the world after the United States. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the economic integration of the Soviet republics was dissolved and overall industrial activity declined substantially. A lasting legacy remains in the physical infrastructure created during decades of combined industrial production practices, and widespread environmental destruction. The transition to capitalism in the former Soviet Union and Eastern bloc, which was accompanied by Washington Consensus-inspired “shock therapy”, resulted in a steep fall in the standard of living. The region experienced rising economic inequality and poverty a surge in excess mortality and a decline in life expectancy, which was
accompanied by the entrenchment of a newly established business oligarchy in the former. The average post-communist country had returned to 1989 levels of per-capita GDP by 2005, although some are still far behind that. These developments led to increased nationalist sentiment and nostalgia for the Communist era.

Many social democratic parties, particularly after the Cold War, adopted neoliberal
market policies including
privatisation, deregulation
and financialisation. They abandoned their pursuit of moderate socialism in favour of market liberalism. By the 1980s, with the rise of conservative neoliberal politicians such as Ronald Reagan in the United States, Margaret Thatcher in Britain, Brian Mulroney in Canada and Augusto Pinochet in Chile, the Western welfare state was attacked from within, but state support for the corporate sector was maintained. Monetarists and neoliberals attacked social welfare systems as impediments to private entrepreneurship. In the United Kingdom, Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock
made a public attack against the entryist group Militant
at the 1985 Labour Party conference. The Labour Party ruled that Militant was ineligible for affiliation with the Labour Party, and the party gradually expelled Militant supporters. The Kinnock leadership had refused to support the 1984–1985 miner’s strike over pit closures, a decision that the party’s left wing and the National Union of Mineworkers blamed for the strike’s eventual defeat. In 1989 at Stockholm, the 18th Congress of the Socialist International adopted a new Declaration of Principles, saying:

Democratic socialism is an international movement for freedom, social justice, and solidarity. Its goal is to achieve a peaceful world where these basic values can be enhanced and where each individual can live a meaningful life with the full development of his or her personality and talents, and with the guarantee of human and civil rights in a democratic framework of society.

In the 1990s, the British Labour Party under Tony Blair enacted policies based on the free market economy to deliver public services via the private finance initiative. Influential in these policies was the idea of a “Third Way” which called for a re-evalutation of welfare state policies. In 1995, the Labour Party re-defined its stance on socialism by re-wording Clause IV of its constitution, effectively rejecting socialism by removing all references to public, direct worker or municipal ownership of the means of production. The Labour Party stated: “The Labour Party is a democratic socialist party. It believes that, by the strength of our common endeavour we achieve more than we achieve alone, so as to create, for each of us, the means to realise our true potential, and, for all of us, a community in which power, wealth, and opportunity are in the hands of the many, not the few”.

Contemporary socialist politics

Kwame Nkrumah, the first
President of Ghana and theorist of African socialism, on a Soviet Union commemorative postage stamp

AFRICA

African socialism has been and continues to be a major ideology around the continent. Julius Nyerere was inspired by Fabian socialist ideals. He was a firm believer in rural Africans and their traditions and ujamaa, a system of collectivisation that according to Nyerere was present before European imperialism. Essentially he believed Africans were already socialists. Other African socialists include
Jomo Kenyatta, Kenneth
Kaunda, Nelson Mandela
and Kwame Nkrumah.
Fela Kuti was inspired by socialism and called for a democratic African republic. In South Africa the African National Congress (ANC) abandoned its partial socialist allegiances after taking power and followed a standard neoliberal route. From 2005 through to 2007, the country was wracked by many thousands of protests from poor communities. One of these gave rise to a mass movement of shack dwellers, Abahlali base Mjondolo that despite major police suppression continues to work for popular people’s planning and against the creation of a market economy in land and housing.

Asia

Africa

African socialism has been and continues to be a major ideology around the continent. Julius Nyerere was inspired by Fabian socialist ideals.[225] He was a firm believer in rural Africans and their traditions and ujamaa, a system of collectivisation that according to Nyerere was present before European imperialism. Essentially he believed Africans were already socialists. Other African socialists include Jomo Kenyatta, Kenneth Kaunda, Nelson Mandela and Kwame Nkrumah. Fela Kuti was inspired by socialism and called for a democratic African republic. In South Africa the African National Congress (ANC) abandoned its partial socialist allegiances after taking power and followed a standard neoliberal route. From 2005 through to 2007, the country was wracked by many thousands of protests from poor communities. One of these gave rise to a mass movement of shack dwellers, Abahlali baseMjondolo that despite major police suppression continues to work for popular people’s planning and against the creation of a market economy in land and housing.

Asia

In Asia, states with socialist economies—such as the People’s Republic of China, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam—have largely moved away from centralised economic planning in the 21st century, placing a greater emphasis on markets. Forms include the Chinese socialist market economy and the Vietnamese socialist-oriented market economy. They utilise state-owned corporate management models as opposed to modelling socialist enterprise on traditional management styles employed by government agencies. In China living standards continued to improve rapidly despite the late-2000s recession, but centralised political control remained tight.[226] Brian Reynolds Myers in his book The Cleanest Race, later supported by other academics,[227][228] dismisses the idea that Juche is North Korea’s leading ideology, regarding its public exaltation as designed to deceive foreigners and that it exists to be praised and not actually read,[229] pointing out that North Korea’s constitution of 2009 omits all mention of communism.[228]

Though the authority of the state remained unchallenged under Đổi Mới, the government of Vietnam encourages private ownership of farms and factories, economic deregulation and foreign investment, while maintaining control over strategic industries.[205] The Vietnamese economy subsequently achieved strong growth in agricultural and industrial production, construction, exports and foreign investment. However, these reforms have also caused a rise in income inequality and gender disparities.[230][231]

Elsewhere in Asia, some elected socialist parties and communist parties remain prominent, particularly in India and Nepal. The Communist Party of Nepal[which?] in particular calls for multi-party democracy, social equality and economic prosperity.[232] In Singapore, a majority of the GDP is still generated from the state sector comprising government-linked companies.[233] In Japan, there has been a resurgent interest in the Japanese Communist Party among workers and youth.[234][235] In Malaysia, the Socialist Party of Malaysia got its first Member of Parliament, Dr. Jeyakumar Devaraj, after the 2008 general election. In 2010, there were 270 kibbutzim in Israel. Their factories and farms account for 9% of Israel’s industrial output, worth US$8 billion and 40% of its agricultural output, worth over $1.7 billion.[236] Some Kibbutzim had also developed substantial high-tech and military industries. Also in 2010, Kibbutz Sasa, containing some 200 members, generated $850 million in annual revenue from its military-plastics industry.[237]

Europe

This section’s factual accuracy is disputed.

The United Nations World Happiness Report 2013 shows that the happiest nations are concentrated in Northern Europe, where the Nordic model of social democracy is employed, with Denmark topping the list. This is at times attributed to the success of the Nordic model in the region. The Nordic countries ranked highest on the metrics of real GDP per capita, healthy life expectancy, having someone to count on, perceived freedom to make life choices, generosity and freedom from corruption.[238] Indeed, the indicators of Freedom in the World have listed Scandinavian countries as ranking high on indicators such as press and economic freedom.

The objectives of the Party of European Socialists, the European Parliament’s socialist and social democratic bloc, are now “to pursue international aims in respect of the principles on which the European Union is based, namely principles of freedom, equality, solidarity, democracy, respect of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and respect for the Rule of Law”. As a result, today the rallying cry of the French Revolution—Liberté, égalité, fraternité—is promoted as essential socialist values.[239] To the left of the PES at the European level is the Party of the European Left (PEL), also commonly abbreviated “European Left”), which is a political party at the European level and an association of democratic socialist, socialist[240] and communist[240] political parties in the European Union and other European countries. It was formed in January 2004 for the purposes of running in the 2004 European Parliament elections. PEL was founded on 8–9 May 2004 in Rome.[241] Elected MEPs from member parties of the European Left sit in the European United Left–Nordic Green Left(GUE/NGL) group in the European parliament.

Alexis Tsipras, socialist Prime Minister of Greece who led the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) through a victory in the Greek legislative election, January 2015

The socialist Left Party in Germany grew in popularity[242] due to dissatisfaction with the increasingly neoliberal policies of the SPD, becoming the fourth biggest party in parliament in the general election on 27 September 2009.[243] Communist candidate Dimitris Christofias won a crucial presidential runoff in Cyprus, defeating his conservative rival with a majority of 53%.[244] In Ireland, in the 2009 European election Joe Higgins of the Socialist Party took one of three seats in the capital Dublin European constituency.

In Denmark, the Socialist People’s Party (SF) more than doubled its parliamentary representation to 23 seats from 11, making it the fourth largest party.[245] In 2011, the Social Democrats, Socialist People’s Party and the Danish Social Liberal Party formed government, after a slight victory over the main rival political coalition. They were led by Helle Thorning-Schmidt, and had the Red-Green Alliance as a supporting party.

In Norway, the Red-Green Coalition consists of the Labour Party (Ap), the Socialist Left Party(SV) and the Centre Party (Sp) and governed the country as a majority government from the 2005 general election until 2013.

In the Greek legislative election of January 2015, the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) led by Alexis Tsipras won a legislative election for the first time while the Communist Party of Greece won 15 seats in parliament. SYRIZA has been characterised as an anti-establishment party,[246] whose success has sent “shock-waves across the EU”.[247]

In the United Kingdom, the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers put forward a slate of candidates in the 2009 European Parliament elections under the banner of No to EU – Yes to Democracy, a broad left-wing alter-globalisationcoalition involving socialist groups such as the Socialist Party, aiming to offer an alternative to the “anti-foreigner” and pro-business policies of the UK Independence Party.[248][249][250] In the following May 2010 United Kingdom general election, the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition, launched in January 2010[251] and backed by Bob Crow, the leader of the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers union (RMT), other union leaders and the Socialist Party among other socialist groups, stood against Labour in 40 constituencies.[252][253] The Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalitioncontested the 2011 local elections, having gained the endorsement of the RMT June 2010 conference, but gained no seats.[254] Left Unity was also founded in 2013 after the film director Ken Loach appealed for a new party of the left to replace the Labour Party, which he claimed had failed to oppose austerity and had shifted towards neoliberalism.[255][256][257][258] In 2015, following a defeat at the 2015 United Kingdom general election, self-described socialist Jeremy Corbyn took over from Ed Miliband as leader of the Labour Party.[259]

In France, Olivier Besancenot, the Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) candidate in the 2007 presidential election, received 1,498,581 votes, 4.08%, double that of the communist candidate.[260] The LCR abolished itself in 2009 to initiate a broad anti-capitalist party, the New Anticapitalist Party, whose stated aim is to “build a new socialist, democratic perspective for the twenty-first century”.[261]

On 25 May 2014, the Spanish left-wing party Podemos entered candidates for the 2014 European parliamentary elections, some of which were unemployed. In a surprise result, it polled 7.98% of the vote and thus was awarded five seats out of 54[262][263] while the older United Left was the third largest overall force obtaining 10.03% and 5 seats, 4 more than the previous elections.[264]

The current government of Portugal was established on 26 November 2015 as a Socialist Party (PS) minority governmentled by prime minister António Costa. Costa succeeded in securing support for a Socialist minority government by the Left Bloc (B.E.), the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and the Ecologist Party “The Greens” (PEV).[265]

All around Europe and in some places of Latin America there exists a social center and squatting movement mainly inspired by autonomist and anarchist ideas.[266][267]

North America

See also: History of the socialist movement in the United States and Socialism in Canada

Bernie Sanders, junior Senator of Vermont and self-described democratic socialist, at his 2016 presidential campaign kickoff in May 2015

According to a 2013 article in The Guardian, “[c]ontrary to popular belief, Americans don’t have an innate allergy to socialism. Milwaukee has had several socialist mayors (Frank Zeidler, Emil Seidel and Daniel Hoan), and there is currently an independent socialist in the US Senate, Bernie Sanders of Vermont”.[268] Sanders, once mayor of Vermont’s largest city, Burlington, has described himself as a democratic socialist[269][270] and has praised Scandinavian-style social democracy.[271][272] In 2016, Sanders made a bid for the Democratic Party presidential candidate, thereby gaining considerable popular support, particularly among the younger generation, but lost the nomination to Hillary Clinton.

Anti-capitalism, anarchism and the anti-globalisation movement rose to prominence through events such as protests against the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1999 in Seattle. Socialist-inspired groups played an important role in these movements, which nevertheless embraced much broader layers of the population and were championed by figures such as Noam Chomsky. In Canada, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation(CCF), the precursor to the social democratic New Democratic Party (NDP), had significant success in provincial politics. In 1944, the Saskatchewan CCF formed the first socialist government in North America. At the federal level, the NDP was the Official Opposition, from 2011 through 2015.[273]

Latin America and Caribbean

For the Encyclopedia Britannica, “the attempt by Salvador Allende to unite Marxists and other reformers in a socialist reconstruction of Chile is most representative of the direction that Latin American socialists have taken since the late 20th century. […] Several socialist (or socialist-leaning) leaders have followed Allende’s example in winning election to office in Latin American countries”.[73] Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, Bolivian President Evo Morales and Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa refer to their political programmes as socialist and Chávez adopted the term “socialism of the 21st century”. After winning re-election in December 2006, Chávez said: “Now more than ever, I am obliged to move Venezuela’s path towards socialism”.[274] Chávez was also reelected in October 2012 for his third six-year term as President, but he died in March 2013 from cancer. After Chávez’s death on 5 March 2013, Vice President from Chavez’s party Nicolás Maduro assumed the powers and responsibilities of the President. A special election was held on 14 April of the same year to elect a new President, which Maduro won by a tight margin as the candidate of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela and he was formally inaugurated on 19 April.[275] “Pink tide” is a term being used in contemporary 21st-century political analysis in the media and elsewhere to describe the perception that leftist ideology in general and left-wing politics in particular are increasingly influential in Latin America.[276][277][278]

Presidents Fernando Lugo of Paraguay, Evo Morales of Bolivia, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, Rafael Correa of Ecuador and Hugo Chávez of Venezuela in World Social Forum for Latin America

Foro de São Paulo is a conference of leftist political parties and other organisations from Latin America and the Caribbean. It was launched by the Workers’ Party(Portuguese: Partido dos Trabalhadores – PT) of Brazil in 1990 in the city of São Paulo. The Forum of São Paulo was constituted in 1990 when the Brazilian Workers’ Partyapproached other parties and social movements of Latin America and the Caribbean with the objective of debating the new international scenario after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the consequences of the implementation of what were taken as neoliberal policies adopted at the time by contemporary right-leaning governments in the region, the stated main objective of the conference being to argue for alternatives to neoliberalism.[279] Among its member include current socialist and social-democratic parties currently in government in the region such as Bolivia’s Movement for Socialism, Brazil’s Workers Party, the Communist Party of Cuba, Ecuador’s PAIS Alliance, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, the Socialist Party of Chile, Uruguay’s Broad Front, Nicaragua’s Sandinista National Liberation Front and El Salvador’s Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front.

Oceania

See also: Socialism in Australia, Socialism in New Zealand, and Melanesian socialism

Australia saw an increase in interest of socialism in the early 21st century, especially amongst youth.[280] It is strongest in Victoria, where three socialist parties have merged into the Victorian Socialists, who aim to address problems in housing and public transportation.

New Zealand has a small socialist scene, mainly dominated by Trotskyist groups. The current prime minister Jacinda Ardern has publicly condemned capitalism but describes herself as a social democrat.[citation needed]

Melanesian Socialism developed in the 1980s, inspired by African Socialism. It aims to achieve full independence from Britain and France in Melanesian territories and creation of a Melanesian federal union. It is very popular with the New Caledonia independence movement.[citation needed]

International socialism

The Progressive Alliance is a political international founded on 22 May 2013 by political parties, the majority of whom are current or former members of the Socialist International. The organisation states the aim of becoming the global network of “the progressive”, democratic, social-democratic, socialist and labour movement”.[281][282]

Social and political theory

Early socialist thought took influences from a diverse range of philosophies such as civic republicanism, Enlightenmentrationalism, romanticism, forms of materialism, Christianity (both Catholic and Protestant), natural law and natural rights theory, utilitarianism and liberal political economy.[283] Another philosophical basis for a lot of early socialism was the emergence of positivism during the European Enlightenment. Positivism held that both the natural and social worlds could be understood through scientific knowledge and be analyzed using scientific methods. This core outlook influenced early social scientists and different types of socialists ranging from anarchists like Peter Kropotkin to technocrats like Saint Simon.[284]

Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon, early French socialist

The fundamental objective of socialism is to attain an advanced level of material production and therefore greater productivity, efficiency and rationality as compared to capitalism and all previous systems, under the view that an expansion of human productive capability is the basis for the extension of freedom and equality in society.[285] Many forms of socialist theory hold that human behaviour is largely shaped by the social environment. In particular, socialism holds that social mores, values, cultural traits and economic practices are social creations and not the result of an immutable natural law.[286][287] The object of their critique is thus not human avarice or human consciousness, but the material conditions and man-made social systems (i.e. the economic structure of society) that gives rise to observed social problems and inefficiencies. Bertrand Russell, often considered to be the father of analytic philosophy, identified as a socialist. Russell opposed the class struggle aspects of Marxism, viewing socialism solely as an adjustment of economic relations to accommodate modern machine production to benefit all of humanity through the progressive reduction of necessary work time.[288]

Socialists view creativity as an essential aspect of human nature and define freedom as a state of being where individuals are able to express their creativity unhindered by constraints of both material scarcity and coercive social institutions. The socialist concept of individuality is thus intertwined with the concept of individual creative expression. Karl Marx believed that expansion of the productive forces and technology was the basis for the expansion of human freedom and that socialism, being a system that is consistent with modern developments in technology, would enable the flourishing of “free individualities” through the progressive reduction of necessary labour time. The reduction of necessary labour time to a minimum would grant individuals the opportunity to pursue the development of their true individuality and creativity.

CRITICISM OF CAPITALISM

Criticism of capitalism

Socialists argue that the accumulation of capital generates waste through externalities that require costly corrective regulatory measures. They also point out that this process generates wasteful industries and practices that exist only to generate sufficient demand for products to be sold at a profit (such as high-pressure advertisement), thereby creating rather than satisfying economic demand.[291][292]

Socialists argue that capitalism consists of irrational activity, such as the purchasing of commodities only to sell at a later time when their price appreciates, rather than for consumption, even if the commodity cannot be sold at a profit to individuals in need and therefore a crucial criticism often made by socialists is that “making money”, or accumulation of capital, does not correspond to the satisfaction of demand (the production of use-values).[293] The fundamental criterion for economic activity in capitalism is the accumulation of capital for reinvestment in production, but this spurs the development of new, non-productive industries that do not produce use-value and only exist to keep the accumulation process afloat (otherwise the system goes into crisis), such as the spread of the financial industry, contributing to the formation of economic bubbles.[294]

Socialists view private property relations as limiting the potential of productive forces in the economy. According to socialists, private property becomes obsolete when it concentrates into centralised, socialised institutions based on private appropriation of revenue—but based on cooperative work and internal planning in allocation of inputs—until the role of the capitalist becomes redundant.[295] With no need for capital accumulation and a class of owners, private property in the means of production is perceived as being an outdated form of economic organisation that should be replaced by a free association of individuals based on public or common ownership of these socialised assets.[296][297] Private ownership imposes constraints on planning, leading to uncoordinated economic decisions that result in business fluctuations, unemployment and a tremendous waste of material resources during crisis of overproduction.[298]

Excessive disparities in income distribution lead to social instability and require costly corrective measures in the form of redistributive taxation, which incurs heavy administrative costs while weakening the incentive to work, inviting dishonesty and increasing the likelihood of tax evasion while (the corrective measures) reduce the overall efficiency of the market economy.[299] These corrective policies limit the incentive system of the market by providing things such as minimum wages, unemployment insurance, taxing profits and reducing the reserve army of labour, resulting in reduced incentives for capitalists to invest in more production. In essence, social welfare policies cripple capitalism and its incentive system and are thus unsustainable in the long-run.[300] Marxists argue that the establishment of a socialist mode of production is the only way to overcome these deficiencies. Socialists and specifically Marxian socialists argue that the inherent conflict of interests between the working class and capital prevent optimal use of available human resources and leads to contradictory interest groups (labour and business) striving to influence the state to intervene in the economy in their favor at the expense of overall economic efficiency.

Early socialists (utopian socialists and Ricardian socialists) criticised capitalism for concentrating power and wealth within a small segment of society.[301] In addition, they complained that capitalism does not utilise available technology and resources to their maximum potential in the interests of the public.[297]

Marxism

Main article: Marxism

At a certain stage of development, the material productive forces of society come into conflict with the existing relations of production or—this merely expresses the same thing in legal terms – with the property relations within the framework of which they have operated hitherto. Then begins an era of social revolution. The changes in the economic foundation lead sooner or later to the transformation of the whole immense superstructure.

— Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Program[302]

The writings of Karl Marxprovided the basis for the development of Marxistpolitical theory and Marxian economics

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels argued that socialism would emerge from historical necessity as capitalism rendered itself obsolete and unsustainable from increasing internal contradictions emerging from the development of the productive forces and technology. It was these advances in the productive forces combined with the old social relations of production of capitalism that would generate contradictions, leading to working-class consciousness.[303]

Marx and Engels held the view that the consciousness of those who earn a wage or salary (the working class in the broadest Marxist sense) would be moulded by their conditions of wage slavery, leading to a tendency to seek their freedom or emancipation by overthrowing ownership of the means of production by capitalists and consequently, overthrowing the state that upheld this economic order. For Marx and Engels, conditions determine consciousness and ending the role of the capitalist class leads eventually to a classless society in which the state would wither away. The Marxist conception of socialism is that of a specific historical phase that would displace capitalism and precede communism. The major characteristics of socialism (particularly as conceived by Marx and Engels after the Paris Commune of 1871) are that the proletariat would control the means of production through a workers’ state erected by the workers in their interests. Economic activity would still be organised through the use of incentive systems and social classes would still exist, but to a lesser and diminishing extent than under capitalism.

For orthodox Marxists, socialism is the lower stage of communism based on the principle of “from each according to his ability, to each according to his contribution” while upper stage communism is based on the principle of “from each according to his ability, to each according to his need”, the upper stage becoming possible only after the socialist stage further develops economic efficiency and the automation of production has led to a superabundance of goods and services.[304][305] Marx argued that the material productive forces (in industry and commerce) brought into existence by capitalism predicated a cooperative society since production had become a mass social, collective activity of the working class to create commodities but with private ownership (the relations of production or property relations). This conflict between collective effort in large factories and private ownership would bring about a conscious desire in the working class to establish collective ownership commensurate with the collective efforts their daily experience.[302]

Role of the state

Socialists have taken different perspectives on the state and the role it should play in revolutionary struggles, in constructing socialism and within an established socialist economy.

In the 19th century the philosophy of state socialism was first explicitly expounded by the German political philosopher Ferdinand Lassalle. In contrast to Karl Marx’s perspective of the state, Lassalle rejected the concept of the state as a class-based power structure whose main function was to preserve existing class structures. Thus Lassalle also rejected the Marxist view that the state was destined to “wither away”. Lassalle considered the state to be an entity independent of class allegiances and an instrument of justice that would therefore be essential for achieving socialism.[306]

Preceding the Bolshevik-led revolution in Russia, many socialists including reformists, orthodox Marxist currents such as council communism, anarchists and libertarian socialists criticised the idea of using the state to conduct central planning and own the means of production as a way to establish socialism. Following the victory of Leninism in Russia, the idea of “state socialism” spread rapidly throughout the socialist movement and eventually state socialism came to be identified with the Soviet economic model.[307]

Joseph Schumpeter rejected the association of socialism (and social ownership) with state ownership over the means of production because the state as it exists in its current form is a product of capitalist society and cannot be transplanted to a different institutional framework. Schumpeter argued that there would be different institutions within socialism than those that exist within modern capitalism, just as feudalism had its own distinct and unique institutional forms. The state, along with concepts like property and taxation, were concepts exclusive to commercial society (capitalism) and attempting to place them within the context of a future socialist society would amount to a distortion of these concepts by using them out of context.[308]

Utopian versus scientific

Main articles: Utopian socialism and Scientific socialism

Utopian socialism is a term used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier and Robert Owen, which inspired Karl Marx and other early socialists.[309] However, visions of imaginary ideal societies, which competed with revolutionary social democratic movements, were viewed as not being grounded in the material conditions of society and as reactionary.[310] Although it is technically possible for any set of ideas or any person living at any time in history to be a utopian socialist, the term is most often applied to those socialists who lived in the first quarter of the 19th century who were ascribed the label “utopian” by later socialists as a negative term in order to imply naivete and dismiss their ideas as fanciful or unrealistic.[77]

Religious sects whose members live communally such as the Hutterites, for example, are not usually called “utopian socialists”, although their way of living is a prime example. They have been categorised as religious socialists by some. Likewise, modern intentional communities based on socialist ideas could also be categorised as “utopian socialist”.

For Marxists, the development of capitalism in Western Europe provided a material basis for the possibility of bringing about socialism because according to The Communist Manifesto “[w]hat the bourgeoisie produces above all is its own grave diggers”,[311] namely the working class, which must become conscious of the historical objectives set it by society.

Reform versus revolution

Main articles: Revolutionary socialism and Reformism

Revolutionary socialists believe that a social revolution is necessary to effect structural changes to the socioeconomic structure of society. Among revolutionary socialists there are differences in strategy, theory and the definition of “revolution”. Orthodox Marxists and left communists take an impossibilist stance, believing that revolution should be spontaneous as a result of contradictions in society due to technological changes in the productive forces. Lenin theorised that under capitalism the workers cannot achieve class consciousness beyond organising into unions and making demands of the capitalists. Therefore, Leninists advocate that it is historically necessary for a vanguard of class conscious revolutionaries to take a central role in coordinating the social revolution to overthrow the capitalist state and eventually the institution of the state altogether.[312] “Revolution” is not necessarily defined by revolutionary socialists as violent insurrection,[313] but as a complete dismantling and rapid transformation of all areas of class society led by the majority of the masses: the working class.

Reformism is generally associated with social democracy and gradualist democratic socialism. Reformism is the belief that socialists should stand in parliamentary elections within capitalist society and if elected utilise the machinery of government to pass political and social reforms for the purposes of ameliorating the instabilities and inequities of capitalism.

ECONOMICS

ormism is generally associated with social democracy and gradualist democratic socialism. Reformism is the belief that socialists should stand in parliamentary elections within capitalist society and if elected utilise the machinery of government to pass political and social reforms for the purposes of ameliorating the instabilities and inequities of capitalism.

Economics

Main article: Socialist economics

See also: Production for use

Socialist economics starts from the premise that “individuals do not live or work in isolation but live in cooperation with one another. Furthermore, everything that people produce is in some sense a social product, and everyone who contributes to the production of a good is entitled to a share in it. Society as a whole, therefore, should own or at least control property for the benefit of all its members”.[86]

The original conception of socialism was an economic system whereby production was organised in a way to directly produce goods and services for their utility (or use-value in classical and Marxian economics): the direct allocation of resources in terms of physical units as opposed to financial calculation and the economic laws of capitalism (see law of value), often entailing the end of capitalistic economic categories such as rent, interest, profit and money.[314] In a fully developed socialist economy, production and balancing factor inputs with outputs becomes a technical process to be undertaken by engineers.[315]

Market socialism refers to an array of different economic theories and systems that utilise the market mechanism to organise production and to allocate factor inputs among socially owned enterprises, with the economic surplus (profits) accruing to society in a social dividend as opposed to private capital owners.[316] Variations of market socialism include libertarian proposals such as mutualism, based on classical economics, and neoclassical economic models such as the Lange Model. However, some economists such as Joseph Stiglitz, Mancur Olson and others not specifically advancing anti-socialists positions have shown that prevailing economic models upon which such democratic or market socialism models might be based have logical flaws or unworkable presuppositions.[317][318]

The ownership of the means of production can be based on direct ownership by the users of the productive property through worker cooperative; or commonly owned by all of society with management and control delegated to those who operate/use the means of production; or public ownership by a state apparatus. Public ownership may refer to the creation of state-owned enterprises, nationalisation, municipalisation or autonomous collective institutions. Some socialists feel that in a socialist economy, at least the “commanding heights” of the economy must be publicly owned.[319] However, economic liberals and right libertarians view private ownership of the means of production and the market exchange as natural entities or moral rights which are central to their conceptions of freedom and liberty and view the economic dynamics of capitalism as immutable and absolute, therefore they perceive public ownership of the means of production, cooperatives and economic planning as infringements upon liberty.[320][321]

Management and control over the activities of enterprises are based on self-management and self-governance, with equal power-relations in the workplace to maximise occupational autonomy. A socialist form of organisation would eliminate controlling hierarchies so that only a hierarchy based on technical knowledge in the workplace remains. Every member would have decision-making power in the firm and would be able to participate in establishing its overall policy objectives. The policies/goals would be carried out by the technical specialists that form the coordinating hierarchy of the firm, who would establish plans or directives for the work community to accomplish these goals.[322]

The role and use of money in a hypothetical socialist economy is a contested issue. According to the Austrian schooleconomist Ludwig von Mises, an economic system that does not use money, financial calculation and market pricingwould be unable to effectively value capital goods and coordinate production and therefore these types of socialism are impossible because they lack the necessary information to perform economic calculation in the first place.[323][324]Socialists including Karl Marx, Robert Owen, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and John Stuart Mill advocated various forms of labour vouchers or labour credits, which like money would be used to acquire articles of consumption, but unlike money they are unable to become capital and would not be used to allocate resources within the production process. Bolshevik revolutionary Leon Trotsky argued that money could not be arbitrarily abolished following a socialist revolution. Money had to exhaust its “historic mission”, meaning it would have to be used until its function became redundant, eventually being transformed into bookkeeping receipts for statisticians and only in the more distant future would money not be required for even that role.[325]

The economic anarchy of capitalist society as it exists today is, in my opinion, the real source of the evil… I am convinced there is only one way to eliminate these grave evils, namely through the establishment of a socialist economy, accompanied by an educational system which would be oriented toward social goals. In such an economy, the means of production are owned by society itself and are utilised in a planned fashion. A planned economy, which adjusts production to the needs of the community, would distribute the work to be done among all those able to work and would guarantee a livelihood to every man, woman, and child. The education of the individual, in addition to promoting his own innate abilities, would attempt to develop in him a sense of responsibility for his fellow men in place of the glorification of power and success in our present society.

— Albert Einstein, Why Socialism?, 1949[326]

Planned economy

Main article: Planned economy

A planned economy is a type of economy consisting of a mixture of public ownership of the means of production and the coordination of production and distribution through economic planning. There are two major types of planning: decentralised-planning and centralised-planning. Enrico Barone provided a comprehensive theoretical framework for a planned socialist economy. In his model, assuming perfect computation techniques, simultaneous equations relating inputs and outputs to ratios of equivalence would provide appropriate valuations in order to balance supply and demand.[327]

The most prominent example of a planned economy was the economic system of the Soviet Union and as such the centralised-planned economic model is usually associated with the communist states of the 20th century, where it was combined with a single-party political system. In a centrally planned economy, decisions regarding the quantity of goods and services to be produced are planned in advance by a planning agency (see also the analysis of Soviet-type economic planning). The economic systems of the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc are further classified as “command economies”, which are defined as systems where economic coordination is undertaken by commands, directives and production targets.[328] Studies by economists of various political persuasions on the actual functioning of the Soviet economy indicate that it was not actually a planned economy. Instead of conscious planning, the Soviet economy was based on a process whereby the plan was modified by localised agents and the original plans went largely unfulfilled. Planning agencies, ministries and enterprises all adapted and bargained with each other during the formulation of the plan as opposed to following a plan passed down from a higher authority, leading some economists to suggest that planning did not actually take place within the Soviet economy and that a better description would be an “administered” or “managed” economy.[329]

Although central planning was largely supported by Marxist–Leninists, some factions within the Soviet Union before the rise of Stalinism held positions contrary to central planning. Leon Trotsky rejected central planning in favour of decentralised planning. He argued that central planners, regardless of their intellectual capacity, would be unable to coordinate effectively all economic activity within an economy because they operated without the input and tacit knowledge embodied by the participation of the millions of people in the economy. As a result, central planners would be unable to respond to local economic conditions.[330] State socialism is unfeasible in this view because information cannot be aggregated by a central body and effectively used to formulate a plan for an entire economy, because doing so would result in distorted or absent price signals.[331]

Self-managed economy

See also: Decentralised planning, Economic democracy, and Workers’ self-management

A self-managed, decentralised economy is based on autonomous self-regulating economic units and a decentralised mechanism of resource allocation and decision-making. This model has found support in notable classical and neoclassical economists including Alfred Marshall, John Stuart Mill and Jaroslav Vanek. There are numerous variations of self-management, including labour-managed firms and worker-managed firms. The goals of self-management are to eliminate exploitation and reduce alienation.[332] Guild socialism is a political movement advocating workers’ control of industry through the medium of trade-related guilds “in an implied contractual relationship with the public”.[333] It originated in the United Kingdom and was at its most influential in the first quarter of the 20th century.[333] It was strongly associated with G. D. H. Cole and influenced by the ideas of William Morris.

One such system is the cooperative economy, a largely free market economy in which workers manage the firms and democratically determine remuneration levels and labour divisions. Productive resources would be legally owned by the cooperative and rented to the workers, who would enjoy usufruct rights.[334] Another form of decentralised planning is the use of cybernetics, or the use of computers to manage the allocation of economic inputs. The socialist-run government of Salvador Allende in Chile experimented with Project Cybersyn, a real-time information bridge between the government, state enterprises and consumers.[335] Another, more recent variant is participatory economics, wherein the economy is planned by decentralised councils of workers and consumers. Workers would be remunerated solely according to effort and sacrifice, so that those engaged in dangerous, uncomfortable and strenuous work would receive the highest incomes and could thereby work less.[336] A contemporary model for a self-managed, non-market socialism is Pat Devine’s model of negotiated coordination. Negotiated coordination is based upon social ownership by those affected by the use of the assets involved, with decisions made by those at the most localised level of production.[337]

Michel Bauwens identifies the emergence of the open software movement and peer-to-peer production as a new alternative mode of production to the capitalist economy and centrally planned economy that is based on collaborative self-management, common ownership of resources and the production of use-values through the free cooperation of producers who have access to distributed capital.[338]

Anarcho-communism is a theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, private property and capitalism in favour of common ownership of the means of production.[339][340] Anarcho-syndicalism was practiced in Catalonia and other places in the Spanish Revolution during the Spanish Civil War. Sam Dolgoff estimated that about eight million people participated directly or at least indirectly in the Spanish Revolution.[341]

The economy of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia established a system based on market-based allocation, social ownership of the means of production and self-management within firms. This system substituted Yugoslavia’s Soviet-type central planning with a decentralised, self-managed system after reforms in 1953.[342]

The Marxian economist Richard D. Wolff argues that “re-organising production so that workers become collectively self-directed at their work-sites” not only moves society beyond both capitalism and state socialism of the last century, but would also mark another milestone in human history, similar to earlier transitions out of slavery and feudalism.[343] As an example, Wolff claims that Mondragon is “a stunningly successful alternative to the capitalist organisation of production”.[344]

State-directed economy

See also: State socialism

State socialism can be used to classify any variety of socialist philosophies that advocates the ownership of the means of production by the state apparatus, either as a transitional stage between capitalism and socialism, or as an end-goal in itself. Typically it refers to a form of technocratic management, whereby technical specialists administer or manage economic enterprises on behalf of society (and the public interest) instead of workers’ councils or workplace democracy.

A state-directed economy may refer to a type of mixed economy consisting of public ownership over large industries, as promoted by various Social democratic political parties during the 20th century. This ideology influenced the policies of the British Labour Party during Clement Attlee’s administration. In the biography of the 1945 United Kingdom Labour Party Prime Minister Clement Attlee, Francis Beckett states: “[T]he government… wanted what would become known as a mixed economy”.[345]

Nationalisation in the United Kingdom was achieved through compulsory purchase of the industry (i.e. with compensation). British Aerospace was a combination of major aircraft companies British Aircraft Corporation, Hawker Siddeley and others. British Shipbuilders was a combination of the major shipbuilding companies including Cammell Laird, Govan Shipbuilders, Swan Hunter and Yarrow Shipbuilders, whereas the nationalisation of the coal mines in 1947 created a coal board charged with running the coal industry commercially so as to be able to meet the interest payable on the bonds which the former mine owners’ shares had been converted into.[346][347]

Market socialism

Main article: Market socialism

Market socialism consists of publicly owned or cooperatively owned enterprises operating in a market economy. It is a system that utilises the market and monetary prices for the allocation and accounting of the means of production, thereby retaining the process of capital accumulation. The profit generated would be used to directly remunerate employees, collectively sustain the enterprise or finance public institutions.[348] In state-oriented forms of market socialism, in which state enterprises attempt to maximise profit, the profits can be used to fund government programs and services through a social dividend, eliminating or greatly diminishing the need for various forms of taxation that exist in capitalist systems. Neoclassical economist Léon Walras believed that a socialist economy based on state ownership of land and natural resources would provide a means of public finance to make income taxes unnecessary.[349] Yugoslavia implemented a market socialist economy based on cooperatives and worker self-management.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, main theorist of mutualism and influential French socialist thinker

Mutualism is an economic theory and anarchist school of thought that advocates a society where each person might possess a means of production, either individually or collectively, with trade representing equivalent amounts of labour in the free market.[350]Integral to the scheme was the establishment of a mutual-credit bank that would lend to producers at a minimal interest rate, just high enough to cover administration.[351]Mutualism is based on a labour theory of value that holds that when labour or its product is sold, in exchange it ought to receive goods or services embodying “the amount of labour necessary to produce an article of exactly similar and equal utility”.

The current economic system in China is formally referred to as a socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics. It combines a large state sector that comprises the commanding heights of the economy, which are guaranteed their public ownership status by law, with a private sector mainly engaged in commodity production and light industry responsible from anywhere between 33% to over 70% of GDP generated in 2005. Although there has been a rapid expansion of private-sector activity since the 1980s, privatisation of state assets was virtually halted and were partially reversed in 2005. The current Chinese economy consists of 150 corporatised state-owned enterprises that report directly to China’s central government. By 2008, these state-owned corporations had become increasingly dynamic and generated large increases in revenue for the state, resulting in a state-sector led recovery during the 2009 financial crises while accounting for most of China’s economic growth. However, the Chinese economic model is widely cited as a contemporary form of state capitalism, the major difference between Western capitalism and the Chinese model being the degree of state-ownership of shares in publicly listed corporations.

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam has adopted a similar model after the Doi Moi economic renovation, but slightly differs from the Chinese model in that the Vietnamese government retains firm control over the state sector and strategic industries, but allows for private-sector activity in commodity production.

POLITICS

The major socialist political movements are described below. Independent socialist theorists, utopian socialist authors and academic supporters of socialism may not be represented in these movements. Some political groups have called themselves socialist while holding views that some consider antithetical to socialism. The term “socialist” has also been used by some politicians on the political right as an epithet against certain individuals who do not consider themselves to be socialists and against policies that are not considered socialist by their proponents.

There are many variations of socialism and as such there is no single definition encapsulating all of socialism. However, there have been common elements identified by scholars.[362] In his Dictionary of Socialism (1924), Angelo S. Rappoport analysed forty definitions of socialism to conclude that common elements of socialism include: general criticisms of the social effects of private ownership and control of capital—as being the cause of poverty, low wages, unemployment, economic and social inequality and a lack of economic security; a general view that the solution to these problems is a form of collective control over the means of production, distribution and exchange (the degree and means of control vary amongst socialist movements); an agreement that the outcome of this collective control should be a society based upon social justice, including social equality, economic protection of people and should provide a more satisfying life for most people.[363] In The Concepts of Socialism(1975), Bhikhu Parekh identifies four core principles of socialism and particularly socialist society: sociality, social responsibility, cooperation and planning.[364] In his study Ideologies and Political Theory (1996), Michael Freeden states that all socialists share five themes: the first is that socialism posits that society is more than a mere collection of individuals; second, that it considers human welfare a desirable objective; third, that it considers humans by nature to be active and productive; fourth, it holds the belief of human equality; and fifth, that history is progressive and will create positive change on the condition that humans work to achieve such change.[364]

Anarchism

Main article: Anarchism

Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates stateless societies often defined as self-governed voluntary institutions,[365][366][367][368] but that several authors have defined as more specific institutions based on non-hierarchicalfree associations.[369][370][371][372] Anarchism holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary or harmful.[373][374] While anti-statism is central, some argue[375] that anarchism entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of human relations including, but not limited to, the state system.[369][376][377][378][379][380][381] Mutualists advocate market socialism, collectivist anarchists workers cooperatives and salaries based on the amount of time contributed to production, anarcho-communists advocate a direct transition from capitalism to libertarian communism and a gift economy and anarcho-syndicalists worker’s direct action and the general strike.

Democratic socialism

Main article: Democratic socialism

Modern democratic socialism is a broad political movement that seeks to promote the ideals of socialism within the context of a democratic system. Some democratic socialists support social democracy as a temporary measure to reform the current system while others reject reformism in favour of more revolutionary methods. Modern social democracy emphasises a program of gradual legislative modification of capitalism in order to make it more equitable and humane, while the theoretical end goal of building a socialist society is either completely forgotten or redefined in a pro-capitalist way. The two movements are widely similar both in terminology and in ideology, although there are a few key differences.

The major difference between social democracy and democratic socialism is the object of their politics: contemporary social democrats support a welfare state and unemployment insurance as a means to “humanise” capitalism, whereas democratic socialists seek to replace capitalism with a socialist economic system, arguing that any attempt to “humanise” capitalism through regulations and welfare policies would distort the market and create economic contradictions.[382]

Democratic socialism generally refers to any political movement that seeks to establish an economy based on economic democracy by and for the working class. Democratic socialism is difficult to define and groups of scholars have radically different definitions for the term. Some definitions simply refer to all forms of socialism that follow an electoral, reformistor evolutionary path to socialism rather than a revolutionary one.[383]

You can’t talk about ending the slums without first saying profit must be taken out of slums. You’re really tampering and getting on dangerous ground because you are messing with folk then. You are messing with captains of industry. Now this means that we are treading in difficult water, because it really means that we are saying that something is wrong with capitalism. There must be a better distribution of wealth, and maybe America must move toward a democratic socialism.

— Martin Luther King, Jr., 1966[384][385][386]

Leninism and precedents

Main articles: Blanquism and Marxism–Leninism

Blanquism refers to a conception of revolution generally attributed to Louis Auguste Blanqui which holds that socialist revolution should be carried out by a relatively small group of highly organised and secretive conspirators.[387] Having seized power, the revolutionaries would then use the power of the state to introduce socialism. It is considered a particular sort of “putschism”—that is, the view that political revolution should take the form of a putsch or coup d’état.[388] Rosa Luxemburg and Eduard Bernstein[389] have criticised Vladimir Lenin that his conception of revolution was elitist and essentially Blanquist.[390] Marxism–Leninism is a political ideology combining Marxism (the scientific socialist concepts theorised by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels) and Leninism (Lenin’s theoretical expansions of Marxism which include anti-imperialism, democratic centralism and party-building principles).[391] Marxism–Leninism was the official ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and of the Communist International (1919–1943) and later it became the main guiding ideology for Trotskyists, Maoists and Stalinists.

Libertarian socialism

Main article: Libertarian socialism

The first anarchist journal to use the term “libertarian” was Le Libertaire, Journal du Mouvement Social and it was published in New York City between 1858 and 1861 by French anarcho-communistJoseph Déjacque,[392] the first recorded person to describe himself as “libertarian”[393]

Libertarian socialism (sometimes called social anarchism,[394][395] left-libertarianism[396][397]and socialist libertarianism)[398] is a group of anti-authoritarian[399] political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects socialism as centralised state ownership and control of the economy[400] including criticism of wage labour relationships within the workplace,[401] as well as the state itself.[402] It emphasises workers’ self-management of the workplace[402] and decentralised structures of political organisation,[403] asserting that a society based on freedom and equality can be achieved through abolishing authoritarian institutions that control certain means of production and subordinate the majority to an owning class or political and economic elite.[404] Libertarian socialists generally place their hopes in decentralised means of direct democracy and federal or confederal associations such as libertarian municipalism, citizens’ assemblies, trade unions, and workers’ councils.[405][406] Relatedly, anarcho-syndicalist Gaston Leval explained: “We therefore foresee a Society in which all activities will be coordinated, a structure that has, at the same time, sufficient flexibility to permit the greatest possible autonomy for social life, or for the life of each enterprise, and enough cohesiveness to prevent all disorder…In a well-organized society, all of these things must be systematically accomplished by means of parallel federations, vertically united at the highest levels, constituting one vast organism in which all economic functions will be performed in solidarity with all others and that will permanently preserve the necessary cohesion”. All of this is generally done within a general call for libertarian[407] and voluntary human relationships[408] through the identification, criticism and practical dismantling of illegitimate authority in all aspects of human life.[413] As such, libertarian socialism within the larger socialist movement seeks to distinguish itself both from Leninism/Bolshevism and from social democracy.[414]

Past and present political philosophies and movements commonly described as libertarian socialist include anarchism(especially anarchist communism, anarchist collectivism, anarcho-syndicalism[415] and mutualism)[416] as well as autonomism, Communalism, participism, revolutionary syndicalism and libertarian Marxist philosophies such as council communism and Luxemburgism;[417] as well as some versions of utopian socialism[418] and individualist anarchism.[419][420][421]

Religious socialism

Main article: Religious socialism

Christian socialism is a broad concept involving an intertwining of the Christian religion with the politics and economic theories of socialism.

Islamic socialism is a term coined by various Muslim leaders to describe a more spiritual form of socialism. Muslim socialists believe that the teachings of the Qur’an and Muhammad are compatible with principles of equality and public ownership drawing inspiration from the early Medina welfare state established by Muhammad. Muslim socialists are more conservative than their western contemporaries and find their roots in anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism and Arab nationalism. Islamic socialist leaders believe in democracy and deriving legitimacy from public mandate as opposed to religious texts.

Social democracy and liberal socialism

Main articles: Social democracy and Liberal socialism

Social democracy is a political ideology which “is derived from a socialist tradition of political thought. Many social democrats refer to themselves as socialists or democratic socialists, and some, for example Tony Blair, use or have used these terms interchangeably.[422][423][424] Others have opined that there are clear differences between the three terms, and preferred to describe their own political beliefs by using the term ‘social democracy’ only”.[425] There are two main directions, either to establish democratic socialism, or to build a welfare state within the framework of the capitalist system. The first variant has officially its goal by establishing democratic socialism through reformist and gradualistmethods.[426] In the second variant, social democracy becomes a policy regime involving a welfare state, collective bargaining schemes, support for publicly financed public services and a capitalist-based economy like a mixed economy. It is often used in this manner to refer to the social models and economic policies prominent in Western and Northern Europe during the later half of the 20th century.[427][428] It has been described by Jerry Mander as “hybrid” economics, an active collaboration of capitalist and socialist visions and while such systems are not perfect they tend to provide high standards of living.[429] Numerous studies and surveys indicate that people tend to live happier lives in social democratic societies rather than neoliberal ones.[430][431][432][433]

Eduard Bernstein

Social democrats supporting the first variant advocate for a peaceful, evolutionary transition of the economy to socialism through progressive social reform of capitalism.[434][435] It asserts that the only acceptable constitutional form of government is representative democracy under the rule of law.[436] It promotes extending democratic decision-making beyond political democracy to include economic democracy to guarantee employees and other economic stakeholders sufficient rights of co-determination.[436] It supports a mixed economy that opposes the excesses of capitalism such as inequality, poverty and oppression of various groups, while rejecting both a totally free market or a fully planned economy.[437] Common social democratic policies include advocacy of universal social rights to attain universally accessible public services such as education, health care, workers’ compensation and other services, including child care and care for the elderly.[438] Social democracy is connected with the trade union labour movement and supports collective bargaining rights for workers.[439] Most social democratic parties are affiliated with the Socialist International.[426]

Liberal socialism is a socialist political philosophy that includes liberal principles within it.[440] Liberal socialism does not have the goal of abolishing capitalism with a socialist economy,[441] instead it supports a mixed economy that includes both public and private property in capital goods.[442][443] Although liberal socialism unequivocally favors a mixed market economy, it identifies legalistic and artificial monopolies to be the fault of capitalism[444] and opposes an entirely unregulated economy.[445] It considers both liberty and equality to be compatible and mutually dependent on each other.[440] Principles that can be described as “liberal socialist” have been based upon or developed by the following philosophers: John Stuart Mill, Eduard Bernstein, John Dewey, Carlo Rosselli, Norberto Bobbio and Chantal Mouffe.[446]Other important liberal socialist figures include Guido Calogero, Piero Gobetti, Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse, John Maynard Keynes and R. H. Tawney.[445] Liberal socialism has been particularly prominent in British and Italian politics.[445]

Socialism and modern progressive social movements

Further information: Socialist feminism, Socialism and LGBT rights, Eco-socialism, Anarcha-feminism, Green anarchism, and Queer anarchism

Socialist feminist Clara Zetkinand Rosa Luxemburg in 1910

Socialist feminism is a branch of feminism that focuses upon both the public and private spheres of a woman’s life and argues that liberation can only be achieved by working to end both the economic and cultural sources of women’s oppression.[447] Marxist feminism’s foundation is laid by Friedrich Engels in his analysis of gender oppression in The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (1884). August Bebel’s Woman under Socialism (1879), the “single work dealing with sexuality most widely read by rank-and-file members of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)”.[448] In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both Clara Zetkin and Eleanor Marx were against the demonisation of men and supported a proletariatrevolution that would overcome as many male-female inequalities as possible.[449] As their movement already had the most radical demands in women’s equality, most Marxist leaders, including Clara Zetkin[450][451] and Alexandra Kollontai,[452][453] counterposed Marxism against liberal feminism rather than trying to combine them. Anarcha-feminism began with late 19th and early 20th century authors and theorists such as anarchist feminists Emma Goldman and Voltairine de Cleyre[454] In the Spanish Civil War, an anarcha-feminist group, Mujeres Libres (“Free Women”) linked to the Federación Anarquista Ibérica, organised to defend both anarchist and feminist ideas.[455] In 1972, the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union published “Socialist Feminism: A Strategy for the Women’s Movement”, which is believed to be the first to use the term “socialist feminism” in publication.[456]

Edward Carpenter, philosopher and activist who was instrumental in the foundation of the Fabian Society and the Labour Partyas well as in the early LGBTIwestern movements

Many socialists were early advocates for LGBT rights. For early socialist Charles Fourier, true freedom could only occur without suppressing passions, as the suppression of passions is not only destructive to the individual, but to society as a whole. Writing before the advent of the term “homosexuality”, Fourier recognised that both men and women have a wide range of sexual needs and preferences which may change throughout their lives, including same-sex sexuality and androgénité. He argued that all sexual expressions should be enjoyed as long as people are not abused and that “affirming one’s difference” can actually enhance social integration.[457] In Oscar Wilde’s The Soul of Man Under Socialism, he passionately advocates for an egalitarian society where wealth is shared by all, while warning of the dangers of social systems that crush individuality. Wilde’s libertarian socialist politics were shared by other figures who actively campaigned for homosexual emancipation in the late 19th century such as Edward Carpenter.[458] The Intermediate Sex: A Study of Some Transitional Types of Men and Women was a book from 1908 and an early work arguing for gay liberation written by Edward Carpenter[459] who was also an influential personality in the foundation of the Fabian Societyand the Labour Party. After the Russian Revolution under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky, the Soviet Union abolished previous laws against homosexuality.[460] Harry Haywas an early leader in the American LGBT rights movement as well as a member of the Communist Party USA. He is known for his roles in helping to found several gay organisations, including the Mattachine Society, the first sustained gay rights group in the United States which in its early days had a strong marxist influence. The Encyclopedia of Homosexualityreports that “[a]s Marxists the founders of the group believed that the injustice and oppression which they suffered stemmed from relationships deeply embedded in the structure of American society”.[461] Also emerging from a number of events, such as the May 1968 insurrection in France, the anti-Vietnam war movement in the United States and the Stonewall riots of 1969, militant gay liberation organisations began to spring up around the world. Many saw their roots in left radicalism more than in the established homophile groups of the time,[462] though the Gay Liberation Front took an anti-capitalist stance and attacked the nuclear family and traditional gender roles.[463]

Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is a political position merging aspects of Marxism, socialism and/or libertarian socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalisation. Eco-socialists generally believe that the expansion of the capitalist system is the cause of social exclusion, poverty, war and environmental degradation through globalisation and imperialism, under the supervision of repressive states and transnational structures.[464] Contrary to the depiction of Karl Marx by some environmentalists,[465] social ecologists[466] and fellow socialists[467] as a productivist who favoured the domination of nature, eco-socialists have revisited Marx’s writings and believe that he “was a main originator of the ecological world-view”.[468] Eco-socialist authors, like John Bellamy Foster[469] and Paul Burkett,[470] point to Marx’s discussion of a “metabolic rift” between man and nature, his statement that “private ownership of the globe by single individuals will appear quite absurd as private ownership of one man by another” and his observation that a society must “hand it [the planet] down to succeeding generations in an improved condition”.[471] The English socialist William Morris is largely credited with developing key principles of what was later called eco-socialism.[472] During the 1880s and 1890s, Morris promoted his eco-socialist ideas within the Social Democratic Federation and Socialist League.[473] Green anarchism, or ecoanarchism, is a school of thought within anarchism which puts a particular emphasis on environmental issues. An important early influence was the thought of the American anarchist Henry David Thoreau and his book Walden[474] and Élisée Reclus.[475][476]

In the late 19th century, there emerged anarcho-naturism as the fusion of anarchism and naturist philosophies within individualist anarchist circles in France, Spain, Cuba[477] and Portugal.[478] Social ecology is closely related to the work and ideas of Murray Bookchin and influenced by anarchist Peter Kropotkin. Bookchin’s first book, Our Synthetic Environment,was published under the pseudonym Lewis Herber in 1962, a few months before Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring.[479] His groundbreaking essay “Ecology and Revolutionary Thought” introduced ecology as a concept in radical politics.[480] In the 1970s, Barry Commoner, suggesting a left-wing response to the Limits to Growth model that predicted catastrophic resource depletion and spurred environmentalism, postulated that capitalist technologies were chiefly responsible for environmental degradation as opposed to population pressures.[481] The 1990s saw the socialist feminists Mary Mellor[482]and Ariel Salleh[483] address environmental issues within an eco-socialist paradigm. With the rising profile of the anti-globalisation movement in the Global South, an “environmentalism of the poor” combining ecological awareness and social justice has also become prominent.[484] In 1994, David Pepper also released his important work, Ecosocialism: From Deep Ecology to Social Justice, which critiques the current approach of many within green politics, particularly deep ecologists.[485] Currently, many green parties around the world, such as the Dutch Green Left Party (GroenLinks), contain strong eco-socialist elements. Radical red-green alliances have been formed in many countries by eco-socialists, radical greens and other radical left groups. In Denmark, the Red-Green Alliance was formed as a coalition of numerous radical parties. Within the European Parliament, a number of far-left parties from Northern Europe have organised themselves into the Nordic Green Left Alliance.

SYNDICALISM

trong eco-socialist elements. Radical red-green alliances have been formed in many countries by eco-socialists, radical greens and other radical left groups. In Denmark, the Red-Green Alliance was formed as a coalition of numerous radical parties. Within the European Parliament, a number of far-left parties from Northern Europe have organised themselves into the Nordic Green Left Alliance.

Syndicalism

Main article: Syndicalism

Syndicalism is a social movement that operates through industrial trade unions and rejects state socialism and the use of establishment politics to establish or promote socialism. They reject using state power to construct a socialist society, favouring strategies such as the general strike. Syndicalists advocate a socialist economy based on federated unions or syndicates of workers who own and manage the means of production. Some Marxist currents advocate syndicalism, such as DeLeonism. Anarcho-syndicalism is a theory of anarchism which views syndicalism as a method for workers in capitalist society to gain control of an economy and with that control influence broader society. The Spanish Revolutionlargely orchestrated by the anarcho-syndicalist trade union CNT during the Spanish Civil War offers an historical example.[486] The International Workers’ Association is an international federation of anarcho-syndicalist labour unions and initiatives.

Criticism

Main article: Criticism of socialism

See also

Book: Socialism

List of anti-capitalist and communist parties with national parliamentary representation

List of communist ideologies

List of socialist countries

List of socialist economists

List of socialist songs

Socialism by country

.

LIST OF KNOWN NAMES CONNECTED TO SATANIC CULTS/ PEDOPHILIA/CHILD-TRAFFICKING IN AMERICA:

LIST OF KNOWN NAMES CONNECTED TO SATANIC CULTS / PEDOPHILIA / CHILD-TRAFFICKING IN AMERICA:


 

● Hillary Clinton
● Bill Clinton
● George Nader (Businessman)
● Huma Aberdin
● Laura Silsby
● Rachel Chandler
● Jeffrey Epstein
● Ghislaine Maxwell
● John Podesta
● Michael Podesta
● James Alefantis
● Anthony Wiener
● Leslie Wexner (Limited Inc Chairman)
● Herbert Strauss
● Isidor Strauss
● Martin A. Nowak
● Steven Spielberg
● Edgar Bronfman Sr. (Seagram Chairman)
● Charles Bronfman (Seagram Co)
● Michael Steinhardt (former hedge-fund manager)
● Sara Bronfman
● Clare Bronfman
● Niles Lehman (Professor at Portland State University)
● Seth Roger
● Ruth Ginsberg
● Alison Mack
● Rachel Chandler
● Robert Maxwell
● Wendi Murdoch
● Jonathan Cheban
● Naomi Campbell
● Maximiliam Chow
● Val Kilmer
● Marina Abramovic


 

LIST OF HOLLYWOOD PEDO-NAMES:


 

● Steven Spielberg
● Michael Jackson
● Kevin Spacey

● Alison Mac
● Marc Collins-Rector (Founder of Den)
● Chad Shackley
● Brock Pierce
● David Geffen
● Tom Hanks
● Dustin Hoffman
● Andrew Kreisberg (American television writer, producer)
● Bryan Singer
● Harvey Weinstein
● Bob Weinstein
● Roman Polanski
● Ruma Hazard
● Charlie Sheen
● Madonna
● Kate Perry
● Miley Cyrus
● Errol Flynn
● Billy Graham
● Walt Disney
● Michael Laney (Former Walt Disney vice president)
● James Gunn (Disney)


 

LIST OF NAMES OF CELEBS CONNECTED TO THE DEEPSTATE, CIA & MOSSAD:


 

● Heidi Fleiss
● Jeffrey Epstein


 

LIST OF NAMES CONNECTED TO SATANIC CULTS:


 

● Alison Mack
● Stormy Daniels
● Rachel Chandler
● Ghislaine Maxwell


 

LIST OF NAMES OF VISITORS ON EPSTEIN ISLAND:


 

● Ghislaine Maxwell
● Chris Tucker
● Larry Summers
● Lisa Summers
● Bill Murray
● Bill Hammond
● Ehud Barak
● Andrés Pastrana (Former President of Colombia 1998-2002)
● Jean Luc Brunel
● Doug Band
● Ron Burkle
● Woody Allen
● Sarah Kellen
● Ray Barzanna
● Sandy Burger
● Andrea Mitrovitch
● Peter Marino
● Shelley Lewis
● Paul Hala(t) (d) a
● Richardo Legoretta
● Tom Pritzker
● Kelly Spamm
● Tiffany Gramza
● Claire Hazel
● Paula Epstein
● Mark Epstein
● Ralph Elison
● Sophie Biddle
● Audrey Raimbault
● Shelley Harrison
● Melinda Luntz
● Gwendolyn Beck
● Albert Pinto
● Linda Pinto
● Gary Roxburgh
● Mandy Elison
● Jean Michelle Gathy
● Virginia Roberts
● Kristy Rodgers (Kristina Real Rodgers)
● Greg Holbert
● Alyssa Rodgers
● Juliette Bryant
● Heather Mann
● Ed Tuttle
● Glen Dubin
● Ellen Spencer
● Chris Wagner
● Casey Wasserman
● Laura Wasserman
● Paul Mellon
● Oliver Sachs
● Henry Rosovsky
● Lynn Forester (de Rothschild)
● Joe Pagano
● Naomi Campbell
● Nicole Junkermann
● Rodney Slater
● Magali Blachon (Deperrier)
● Svetlana Griaznova
● Emmy Tayler
● Larry Visoski
● Teala Davies
● Juan (Pablo) Molyneux
● Freya Willemoes) Wissing
● Adam Perry Lang
● Fleur Perry Lang
● Caren Casey
● Hank Coller
● Cindy Lopez
● Mark Lloyd
● Alan Dershowitz
● Seth Green
● James Gunn
● Steven Spielberg
● Tom Hanks
● Steven Colbert
● Jimmy Kimmel
● Barack Obama
● Kevin Spacey
● Kathy Griffin
● Oprah Winfrey
● Shawn Carter
● Beyoncé Knowles
● Anthony Kiedis
● John Legend
● Chrissy Tiegen
● Jim Carrey
● Steven Tyler
● Ben Affleck
● Stephen Collins
● Will Ferrell
● Aliaune Damala Badara Thiam (Akon)
● Marshall Matters
● Jeffrey Jones
● Victor Salva
● Mark Collins Rector
● Charlie Sheen
● Tyler Grasham
● Madonna Ciccone
● Katheryn Hudson
● Gwen Stefani
● Stefani Germanotta
● James Franco
● Will Smith
● Justin Roland
● John Cusack
● Anderson Cooper
● Demi Moore
● Brian Affleck
● Meryl Streep
● Wanda Sykes
● Chelsea Handler
● Michelle Wolf
● David Yarovesky
● Pharrell Williams
● Quentin Tarantino
● Courtney Love
● Alec Baldwin
● Robert Downey Jr.
● Disney Corporation (Offering kids “scuba-diving” trips, to the Epstein Island)


 

Link: the Epstein flight log documents


LIST OF NAMES CONNECTED TO THE STANDARD HOTELS


● Andre Balazs (Owner of the Standard Hotels and connected to the Rockefellers)
● Jay Z
● Beyoncé Knowles
● John Belushi
● Britney Spears
● Errol Flynn
● Dennis Hopper
● Helmut Newton
● Jim Morrison
● James Dean
● Billy Idol
● Victoria Beckham
● Heath Ledger
● Sienna Miller
● Balthazar Getty
● Scarlet Johansen


MORE NAMES TO ADD TO THE LIST-
INDIVIDUALS THAT’S DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO JEFFREY EPSTEIN & THE EPSTEIN ISLAND:


Elon Musk

● Mark Zuckerberg

● Lawrence M. Krauss
● Steven Pinker
● Mick Jagger
● Courtney Love
● Joan Rivers (deceased)
● Kevin Spacey
● Chris Rock
● Eli Weisel (Nobel Prize winning Holocaust profiteer)
● Lauren Hutton (Top fashion model)
● Duke & Duchess of York
● Earl Spencer (Late Diana’s brother)
● Richard Bronson (English businessman)
● Tony Blair (Former UK prime minister)
David Koch (1/2 of a brother team)
● David Rockefeller
● Evelyn de Rothschild
● Eduouard de Rothschild

JOURNALISTS THAT’S DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO JAMES ALEFANTIS, COMET PING PONG & BUCKS FISHING, WASHINGTON DC:

● Jake Tapper (CNN)
● Jennifer Tapper (wife of Jake Tapper)

● Maple Inc

● Me Over Seas


JOURNALISTS THAT’S DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO JEFFREY EPSTEIN & THE EPSTEIN ISLAND:

● Barbara Walters
● Mort Zuckerman
● Eric Margolis
● Rupert Murdock
● Conrad & Barbara Black; Baron Black of Crossharbour


POLITICS THAT’S DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO JEFFREY EPSTEIN & THE EPSTEIN ISLAND:


● Bill Clinton (Former president of America)
● Jon & Mary Kaye Huntsman
● Governor Charles Turnbull (US Virgin Islands)
● Henry Kissinger
● Ethel Kennedy
● Bobby & Mary Kennedy
● Senator Edward Kennedy (deceased)
● Ted Kennedy Jr.
● Andrew & Kerry Kennedy Cuomo
● Maria Shriver (Kennedy relative/Schwarznegger’s ex)


THE DTLA STANDARD HOTEL CONNECTIONS:
(Vacant 1992-2002)


● Keck Family (Standard Oil / Founders of The Standard Hotel)
● Perry Mason
● Bank of California
● JP Morgan – Standard Oil
● Jeffrey Epstein
● Bear Stearns Group
● Standard Holdings
● Colombia Development


_note:_

(It appears to be an obvious connection between the; STANDARD HOTEL DTLA and the underground military base at the CHINA LAKE NAVAL MILITARY TEST-BASE.)

gettyimages-463024970-1510262576


 

7*#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

7*#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:
*A*
Abamelik, Abaza, Abercorn‎, Absberg‎, Acquafondata, Adlercreutz, Agilolfings‎, Agnelli, Agnelli-Elkann, Ahlefeldt, Ahalolfings, Alba, Albeni, Albret, Aldobrandeschi, Aldobrandini, Alexandrine-Montechanin, Aleramici, Alopaeus, Altavilla, Allucingoli, Alvensleben‎, Altoviti, Alaouite, Al-Abbasi, Alburquerque,          Al-Falasi, Al Ghardaqa, Al Khalifa, Al-Sabah, Al-Ubaid (tribe), Álvarez-Cuevas, Amatuni, Amilakhvari, Amsberg, Andrássy, Andechs‎, Angelerio, Angelos, Anhalt, Anicii, Anguillara, Angevin, Angoulème, Anjou‎, Anjou-Capetian, Anjou-Durazzo‎,
Anjou-Hungary‎, Anjou-Naples‎, Anjou-Taranto‎, Anker, Ansbach, Anscarids‎, Andzevatsi, Apor, Aragona, Aragon, Aragonese, Aranshahik‎, Archbold, Arco‎,  Ardennes‎, Arduinici,  Arenberg, Argavieso, Arneth, Arianiti, Aribonid, Armagnac, Armfelt, Arnim, Arrazola de Oñate, Arsacid, Arslan, Artsruni, Artaxiad, Artois, Árpád, Ascania, Aspenäs, Asti,
Astor/Astarte/Astorga/Ashdor, Ashurbeyov, Astalli, Astakai, Asturias-Cantabria, Attems, Aubert, Audley, Augustenburg‎, Aumont, Auersperg, Austria-Este‎,
la Tour d’Auvergne‎, Auxbrebis, Avesnes, Averill, Aviz,

*B*
Babenberg‎, Baden, Badeni‎, Bagge, Bagrat, Bagratuni, Bagrationi, Bagration, Bagratuni, Banér, Bánfi, Bardi, Baker, Banchieri, Bar‎, Baratashvili, Barbarossa, Barberini, Barbiano di Belgiojoso, Barbiellini, Barbo, Barclay de Tolly, Barcelona,
Bariatinsky, Barlow, Barnekow, Barner, Baruch, Basarab, Bassewitz, Báthory,
Batthyány-Strattmann,   Battenberg/Battenburg/Mountbatten, Baudissin‎, Bauffremont, Baux, Bayreuth‎, Bavaria, Beauchamp, Beauclerk, Beaufort, Beaufort Bielke, Beaufort-Spontin, Beaumont, Beauharnais, Bedford, Belgium, Below, Bentinck, Benjamin, Bentheim‎,
Bentheim und Steinfurt‎,   Berchtold, Berenberg-Gossler, Berg‎, Bernadotte, Bernstorff, Berthold-Bezelin, Berwind, Bese, Bettencourt, Bethune, Bette, Beyens,
Beyens de Grambais,
Białłozor (Wieniawa)‎, Bibra,
Bieliński (Junosza)‎, Bille, Billung‎, Biron‎, Bismarck, Bivinids, Bizzaccheri, Bjelbo, Bjelke, Björn, Blacas, Blanchefort, Blason, Blazon, Bleichröder, Blois, Blumenthal, Bobone-Orsini, Bohemian, Bohun, Boers-Lyon, Boleyn, Bonaparte, Boncompagni,
Boncompagni-Ludovisi,  Bogoria, Bogoriowie,
Borghese, Borgia, Borja, Borjigid, Bokassa, Bonde, Boso‎, Bosonids, Both,
Brahe, Brandenburg‎, Brion,  Brunswick-Luneburg,  Boccasini, Boeselager,
Bogdan-Mușat, Boniface,
Boncompagni-Ludovisi,
Borromeo, Borghese, Bouillon, Bourbon,
Bourbon-Anjou,
Bourbon-Braganza‎,
Bourbon-Busset‎,
Bourbon-Condé‎,
Bourbon-Conti‎,
Bourbon-La Marche‎,
Bourbon-Maine‎,
Bourbon-Montpensier‎,
Bourbon-Parma‎,
Bourbon-Penthièvre‎l,
Bourbon-Two Sicilies,
Bourbon-Vendôme‎,
Bouvier Schlossberg,
Both, Bracciano, Braganza,
Braganza-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha‎, Brahe, Brandenburg,
Brandenburg-Ansbach‎,
Brandenburg-Bayreuth‎,
Brandenburg-Schwedt‎,
Brandenburg-Stendal‎,
Branicki (Gryf)‎,
Branicki (Korczak),
Breakspear/Breakspeare,
Brimeu, Broglie, Brockdorff,
Brouchoven,
Bruce/Bruis/Brix/Broase,
Bruck an der Leitha‎,   Brunonids‎,
Brunswick-Bevern‎,
Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel‎,
Brzezinski, Bua, Buccleuch, Buffet, Bundy, Burgher,
Burgundi/Burgandy/ Burgundy,
Burgundy-Portugal‎, Bushati,
Bush/Scherff,
Bussche, Buxhoeveden,  Buyak, Bülow, Byron, Bååt,

*C*
Cadaval, Caetani, Calogerà, Casimir Pulaski‎, Castiglioni, Casiraghi, Coste/Tossoukpé, Caccianemici dal Orso, Caccianemico, Cafritz, Campbell, Camondo, Cancellieri del Bufalo, Canella, Canossa, Cantacuzino, Caltagirone, Capet, Capizucchis, Caracciolo, Caracciolo di Torella,  Caravaggio, Carnegie,
Cargill-MacMillian,  Carrington, Carrillo, Carpelan, Castell‎, Castile, Castro, Cattaneo, Catii, Cavendish, Cavalier, Cavalieri, Chalon, Chalon-Arlay‎, Charlemagne,
Chasteler, Châteaudun, Châtillon, Chavchavadze, Chigi, Chigi-Rovere, Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere, Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini, Chigi-Zondadari, Chimay,
von Chorinsky, Chołodecki, Chorinsky/Chorinský, Chotek‎, Churchill, Cecil, Celje‎, Cerruti (Zorreguieta), Cesi, Cesarini, Cirksena‎, Clark, Clary und Aldringen‎,  Clermont-Tonnerre, Cobenzl, Cochran, Cohen, Colaianni, Collins, Colloredo-Mansfeld, Colonna, Colruyt, Conradin‎, Conti, Conti di Segni, Coimbra, Correia,
Corte-Real, da Costa Doria, Coste, Cotoner, Coudenhove-Kalergi‎,
Courtenay, Cox, Coxie‎, Creutz, Crivelli, Cromwell/Cromwelle/Cromville/Cromewell/Cromwill/Cromwille/Cromevill/ Cromnvell,
Croÿ, Crussol d’Uzès, Csaky, Csaky-Pallavicini, Cseszneky‎, Czartoryski, Czarniecki‎, Czernin‎, Czetwertyński, Curtis-Boks, Cutler, Cybo,

*D*
Dąbrowski (Radwan)‎, Dadiani, Daniłowicz, Danmarks Adels Aarbog,
Danneskiold-Samsøe,  Dănești, Dampierre, D’Arpino, Dassanowsky, Dassel‎, D’Avignon, Davison, de Beaufort, De Berghes-Saint-Winoc, Decken, D’Este,
de Borbón y Vallabriga, De Borchgrave, de Burgh, De Clare, de Fieschi,
De Forest, de Goyon, de Goyon de Matignon, de Got, D’Harscamp,
De Medici, De Menil, de la Cerda‎, De la Roche, de Polignac, De Piro, De Rosette, Deering, Della Gherardesca, Del Balzo Orsini, Del Drago, Della Rovere, Denter, Derencsényi, De Vere, De Witte, De Warrenne, Dìaz, Di Bicci, Diepholz, di Morra, diNardo, Di Sciarra, diTella-Colaianni, Disney/Isigny, Dietrichstein, Dohna, Dohnányi, Dolgorukov, Domenichino,
O’Donovan/Ó Donnabháin/Donndubháin/Donovan/Donnabháin/Donevan/Donevane/Donovane/
Doria/de Auria/de filiis Auriae/de Oria/d’Oria, Doria d’Angri, Doria-Sachs,
Doria-Pamphili-Landi, Douaihy, Douglas, Douglas and Angus‎, Douglas-Hamilton,
Douglas-Pennant, Drăculești, Dragoș, Drašković, Dresselberg, Dreux‎, Drexel, Drummond, Ducal, Ducruet, D’Udekem, Dunaven, d’Udekem d’Acoz, Dudziński, Duke, Dukagjini, Dunkeld, Dunin, Duninowie‎, Durnovo, Du Pont, Dushmani,
Dutroux, Dyre, Działyński‎, Dzieduszycki (Sas)‎,

*E*
Edle von Eppenberg, Egerton, Egmond, Eggenberg, Ehrnrooth, Eisenstadt‎,
Eisenstadt-Umgebung, Eka, Ekkehardiner‎, Elmaleh, Eltz, Emichones/Emichonen,
Enríquez, Entença, Erbach, Erba-Odescalchi, Erbach‎, Erbach-Schönberg‎, Erdődy,
Erlanger, Ernuszt, Este/D’Este, Esterházy, Estridsen, Essen, Évreux‎, Ezzonids‎, Ezzonen‎,

*F*
Fabritius de Tengnagel, Faesch‎, Falkenhausen, Falkenskiold, Falsen, Farnese/Farnesi,   Ferragamo, Feretti, Festetics, Ficquelmont, FitzClarence,  FitzGeorge, Field, von Finck, Firlej, Fischer, FitzJames, Flagler, Flemming, Floridi,
Florestán Gero Crescencio, Franklin, Frankopan‎, Frazzini, Fredro (Bończa)‎, Freeman, Friedsam, Foix, Fontana, Forbes, Ford, Foscolo, Foster, Fieschi, Fornier, Fouché d’Otrante, Foucois, Fugger, Fugger-Babenhausen, Fürstenberg (Swabia),

*G*
Gadolin, von Gaffron und Oberstradam, Gagarin, Gambino, Garai, Gardēzī Sadaat‎,
Gattilusi, Gatti-Grami (Lombardy), Gaetani, Gaetano-Orsini, Gallarati-Scotti, Gelovani, Genoese, Genovese,  Genovese-Getty, Gessler, Gherardini, Ghermezian, Ghibellines, Ghisi, Giedraitis, Gilman, Gisors, Giovanni, Giustiniani, Glücksburg/Glücksborg,  Glymes, Gnuni, Graben von Stein, Grafen von Nellenburg, Grafen von Toggenburg, Gramont, Gravina, Green, Grenier, Griffins, Grimaldi, Grimaldi-Coste, Grimaldo, Grimaldo Canella, Grimoard,
Grocholski, Gropa, Grosvenors, Gruszecki (Lubicz)‎, Gryf, Gryfici (Świebodzice)‎, Goblet d’Alviella‎, Godoy, Gonçalves da Câmara, Gonzaga, Godwin, Golescu, Golitsyn, Gouyon/Goyon/Gouyon, de Goyon de Matignon, Gorchakov, Gordon, Gore, Gorizia, Gorm, Gosiewski (Ślepowron)‎, Gotti, Gottlieb, Gottorp-Romanov,
Goldsmidt/Goldsmith, Goodyear, Goubau, Gough-Calthorpe, Gould, Gualterio, Guggenheim, Guglielmo, Guelph, Guiness, Guise, Gundulić‎, Guramishvili,Gurgenidze, Güldencrone, Guttenberg‎, Gyldenkrantz, Gyldenpalm, Gyldenstierne, Gyllenhaal, Gwynedd, Göring,

*H*
Habsburg/Hapsburg/Habsburger, Habsburg-Lorraine, Hagen‎, Hainaut‎, Halifax, Hambro, Hamilton, Hanover/Hannover, Harcourt, Hardenberg, Harkness, Harrach, Harriman, Haro, Hapsburg, Hastings, Hatvany, Hattonid, Haugwitz, Hauteville, Hayden, Hearst, Henckel von Donnersmack‎, Henneberg, Hénin-Liétard‎, Herbert, Hesse, Hesse-Kassel, Hielmstierne, Higgins, Hildebrand, Hills, Hiort af Ornäs, Hippolyte Grimaldi, Hohenberg‎,  Hohengeroldseck,  Hohenlohe‎,
Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen‎, Hohenlohe-Kirchberg‎, Hohenlohe-Langenburg‎, Hohenstaufen‎, Hohenzollern, Hohenzollern-Haigerloch‎, Hohenzollern-Hechingen‎,
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen‎, Hofmann von Hofmannsthal‎, Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, Holstein-Rendsburg, Holland‎, Horn, Hornes, Horvat, Howard, Hoyos, Hrvatinić, Humboldt, Hunfridings‎, Huntington, Hunyadi, Hurwitz, Huwyler, Huxley, Hvide,
Hård af Segerstad,

*I*
Ibelin, Ilok‎, il Malvicino de Calveiso de’ Calvi, Imerys‎, Immedinger‎, Ingelger, Íñiguez, In der Maur/In der Mauer/Indermauer, Isenburg‎, Isenburg-Büdingen‎, Ivrea,

*J*
Jabłonowski, Jagiellon,  Jagellonka, Jagiellonian, Jastrzębiec, Javanshir clan, Jelilta, Jiménez, Johnson, Jonima, Jülich‎, Jülich-Hengebach‎,  Jägerhorn af Spurila,

*K*
Kaas, Kačić‎, Kadoorie, Kahn, Kahzarian, Kalākaua‎, Kalaimamahu‎, Kalckreuth,
Kalinowski, Kalokuokamaile‎, Kálnoky, Kamehameha‎, Kamieniecki (Pilawa)‎, Kamsarakan, Kantakouzenos, Karađorđević, Kątski‎, Kazanowski, Kavanagh, Kawānanakoa‎, Khalili, Khazen, Khilkov, Khevenhüller, Khuen, Khayami, Karadjordjevic, Karen‎, Keliimaikai‎, Kellogs, Keoua‎, Kennedy/Kannady/Kenardy/ Kennaday/Kenneday/ Kenneyday/Kennediem/ MacKennedy/MacUalraig,      Ketteler, Kinsky,  T’Kint de Roodenbeke, Kirkwood, Kissinger, Kiszka, Kleist, Klettgau, Kmita‎, Knagenhjelm, Krasicki‎, Krasiński, Kresge, Krupp, Koch, Koháry‎, Kosača, Kossakowski, Komnenos, Komorowski, Koniecpolski, Koła‎, Korecki, Kostka, Kourkouas, Kuncewicz, Kuhn, Kuhina Nui‎, Kur, Kurowie‎, Kyburger, Königswarter,

*L*
la Cerda, Lackfi, La Force, Lagergren, Lalaing, Lamberg‎, Lanckoroński,
La Rochefoucauld, Łaski, Laskaris, La Tour d’Auvergne, La Trémoille, Lakhmids, Lalaing, Lambert, Lambertazzi, Lancaster, Lannoy, Lara, Lasso de la Vega, of Laukko, Lazard, Lecubarri, Ledóchowski, von Ledske/Ledske/Ledské,
Lehman, Lee, Leijonhufvud, Leiningen, Le Normand de Bretteville, Lenzburg, León,
Lesser, Leszczyński, Leliwa, Leuchtenberg‎, Leyen‎, Li, Lichtenstein, Lichnowsky, Ligne‎, Ligęza‎, Lindenov, Lieven, Lilliehöök, Līloa‎, Limburg, Limburg-Stirum, Lippe, Lipski, Loeb, Lobkowicz, Lombard/Lombardy, Lord, Loon‎, Looz-Corswarem, Łopaciński, Lorraine/de Lorraine, of Louhisaari, Louvet, Lowry-Corry, Lubomirski, Ludovisi, Luisignan, Lusignan, Luitpoldings‎, Luxembourg, Luxembourg-Nassau‎,
Luxenburg‎/Luxenbourg,  Luzzatti Fequiz, Luzzatto, Luxdorph, Lyon, Lynden,
Lüneburg‎, Lyttelton, Herren von Lägern, Løvenørn, Löwenstein-Wertheim, Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg‎, Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg‎,

*M*
Maase, MacDermot, MacMorrough, Maderno, Madi, Magalotti, Maggenberger, Mahidol, Maia, Maidalchini, Maizière, Makeléer, Małachowski (Nałęcz)‎,
Malaspina, Maleinos, Mamikonian, Mancini, Mandel, Mannerheim, Mandakuni, Manocherian, Mansfeld‎, Marcoartu, la Marck‎, Mars, Marwitz, Masci, Massalski, Massimo, Matsch, Mattei, Marescotti, Matignon/ Davignon/Grignon/Wagnon/Ratigan/Catino/Gagnon,
Matsch, Mattarazzo, Mattei,  Mavrocordatos, Mavroleon, Maximii, Mazzini, McDonald, McGormick, McGillycuddy, McLean, Meaux, Mecklenburg‎,
Mecklenburg-Brunswick-Romanov‎, Mehmandarov, Meinhardiner,
Mensdorff-Pouilly‎, Mellon, Medici, Medinaceli, Medina Sidonia, Mehmandarovs,
Méndez de Sotomayor, Mendoza, Mensdorff-Pouilly‎, Menshikov, Merage, Merode, Merovingian, Metcalf, Métrode-Westerloo, Polignac, Metternich,
Meeûs d’Argenteuil, Meyer, Meyer zum Pfeil, Metternich‎, Mihranids‎, Mihran‎, Mielecki‎, Miełżyński, Mirimanidze‎, Mills, Milner, Mirimanidze‎, Mniszech, von Mitrowitz‎, Mocatta,  Moctezuma, Moltke, Montagu, Montcada, Montefiore, Montechanin, Montgomery, Montefeltro, Montfort, Montmorency, Montlhéry et Le Puiset, Monpezat, Montezpat‎, Montesquieu, Moor, Morgan, Morgenstierne, Moro, Morosinis, Morsztyn, Moshir, Morzin, Mountbatten/Battenburg, Mowbray, Munso, Munthe af Muti, Mycielski,

*N*
Nádasdy, Namur‎, Nápoles, Narro, Nash, Nassau‎, Nassau-Siegen‎, Nassau-Weilburg‎,
Natt och Dag, Navarre, Neergaard, Nelipić‎, Neri, von Neuman, Neuenburg, Neville, Niederglatt-Blazon, Noailles, van der Noot, Nordenskiöld, Normandy, Nostitz, Nugent, Nuremberg‎,

*O*
O’Brien, Obolensky, O’Connell, O’Conor, Odescalchi, O’Donnell, O’Donovan, Odrowąż, Oettingen‎, Oettingen-Oettingen‎, Oettingen-Wallerstein‎,
Oettingen-Spielberg‎, Oettingen-Oettingen, Oldenburg, Oleśnicki‎, Olivares, O’Moore, O’Morchoe, O’Neill, Onassis, Oomkens von Esens‎, Oppenheimer, Opaliński, Opel, Orbeliani, Orange, Orange-Nassau, Orbeli, Orbelian, Orléans, Orléans-Braganza, Ormsby, Orlov, O’Rourke, Orsini/Orsi/Ursi/Orso/Urso/D’Orsi/Dorsi/D’Orso/Dorso/D’Urso/Ursich/Ursic/Orselli/Orsello/Orsetti/Orsatti/Orsolini/Orsolino/Orsoni/Ursillo/Ursini,
Orsini Bonacassi, Orsini del Balzo, Orsini-di Bracciano, Orsini-Rosenberg, Ortolani,
Ossoliński, Osorio, Ostaszewski, Ostroróg, Ostrogski, Ostoja, Osuna, Ottobonis, Ottoman, Ottonians, Oxenstierna,

*P*
Pac, Pace von Friedensberg, Pacelli, Pahlavi, Pahlavuni, Pahlen‎, Palaiologos,
Pamphili/Pamphilio/Pamphili/Pamphilij, Pantaléon, Palaiologina, Palaiologos, Palatinate, Palatinate-Birkenfeld, Palatinate-Neumarkt‎, Palatinate-Simmern‎, Palatinate-Zweibrücken‎, Palazzo, Pallavicini/Pallavicino/Paravicini, Pardo, Parentucelli, Parthon de von, Pappenheim, Papal, Patrasso di Guarcino, Patten, Patterson, Payne, Payseurs, Pavlović, Pejačević‎, Penrhyn‎, Percy, Perkins, Petrović-Njegoš, Phelps, Philanthropenos, Phipps, Phokas, Plantagenet, Plantard, Platen, Plater, Piast, Piccolomini, Piedmont, Pignatelli, Pillsbury, Pippinids‎, Piso, Pitcairn, Pitigliano, Pius, Plettenberg‎, von Plötzke, Pociej, Podiebrad, Poher, Poitiers, Poitiers-Lusignan‎, Polignac, Polignac-Matignon-Grimaldi, Pomerania‎, Poniatowski, Porse, Posse, Potocki, Pułaski/Pulaski‎, Pratt, Pranckh, Prefetti di Vico, Prignano, Pritzker, Prussia‎, Putbus, Puttkamer,

*Q*
Quarles van Ufford, Quirinal,

*R*
Raabs‎, Raahe‎, Radinović, Raczyński (Nałęcz)‎, Radziejowski (Junosza)‎, Radziwiłł/Radziwill, Rantzau, Razumovsky, Rauch, Reginar‎, Renesse‎,
van Renesse, Reuss, Reutern, Reventlow, Reynolds, Rhodes, Ribbentrop, Ribbing,  Richthofen, Ripperda, Rizzuto, Roberti, Robertians, Rockefeller, Rothschild, Rocco, Roche, T’Kint de Roodenbeke, Rohan, Roussel, Rochefoucauld, Rochechouart, Rogers, Romanov, Rosenberg,  Rosenkrantz, Rosenstråle, Rosenvinge, Rosenwald,
Rosetti, Rosso, Rospigliosi, Rospigliosi-Papal, Rostworowski (Nałęcz)‎, Rubenid, Rubens, Ruffo, Rufini, Rurik, Russell, Ruspoli, Ruspoli-Sueca,
Ruspoli-Boadilla del Monte, Ruspoli-Poggio Suasa, Ruspoli-Candriano,
Ruspoli-Morignano, Ruspoli-Fiano, Ryan, Rzewuski,

*S*
Saafeld, Saboulin Bollena, Sacchetti, Sachs, Sackler, Saint Omer, Salians, Salis‎,
Salm, Salm-Salm‎, Salviati, Samuel, Sanguszko, Sanković, Sanseverino, Santcliment, Sanudo, Sapieha, Saudi, Savva, Savoy, Savoy-Genovese, Sassanid, Sassoon, Savage,
Savelli, Savonarola, von Sax, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Saxe-Altenburg‎, Saxe-Gessaphe‎, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg‎, Saxe-Hildburghausen‎, Saxe-Meiningen‎, Saxe-Merseburg‎,
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach‎, Saxe-Weissenfels‎, Saxe-Coburg und Gotha‎,
House of Saxe-Coburg und Gotha, Braganza-Saxe-Coburg und Gotha‎,
Saxe-Coburg und Gotha, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry‎, Braganza-Saxe-Coburg und Gotha‎, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry‎, Braganza-Saxe-Coburg und Gotha‎,
Saxe-Coburg und Gotha, Saxe-Altenburg‎, Saxe-Gessaphe‎, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg‎,
Saxe-Hildburghausen‎, Saxe-Meiningen‎, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach‎, Saxe-Weissenfels‎,
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry‎, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Windsor, Sayn-Wittgenstein, S.C.Johnson, Shalikashvili, Sheremetev, Shervashidze, Schauenburg‎,                          Schetz, Schirach, von Schmettow, Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck‎,  Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck‎, Schleswig-Holstein- Sonderburg-Augustenburg,
Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Von Schantz, Schauman, Schiaratura, Schiff, von Schmettow, Schulman, Schultz, Schutzbar genannt Milchling, Schwartz, Schwarzenberg, Schwarzburg‎, Schwerin‎, Schroeder/Schröder, Schönborn, Schönburg, Schönaich-Carolath‎, Schönburg, Schönburg-Glauchau‎,
Schönburg-Waldenburg‎, Schönburg-Glauchau‎, Schönburg-Waldenburg‎,
Scolari, Seaf, Seinsheim, Serlupi, T’Serclaes‎, Seymour,
Sforza/Szfora/Szfore/Szfori, Siemens, Sienese, Sinclair/Saint Clair/Saint-Clair/
Sielecki (Sas)‎, Sieniawski, Sievers, Silva, Simonetti, Skancke, Skleros, Sloane, Snoy, Snoy et d’Oppuers, Sobański‎, Sobieski, Solms‎, Solms-Baruth‎, Solms-Braunfels‎, Solms-Hohensolms-Lich‎, Solms-Laubach‎, Sołtyk, Solvay, Somaglia, Sorkočević, Sozzini, Spadafora, Spandiyadh‎, Spani, Sparre, Spata, Spencer, Spinola, Spinola-Doria, Spoelberch, Sponheim, Stanley, Starhemberg, Stauffenberg, Stein, Stenbock, Stern, Sternberg, Stewart, Stillman, Stimson, Stolberg, Storrow, Stratford, Strathmore, Strong, Strozzi, Stuart, Sturdza, Stockfleth, Šubić‎, Sułkowski, Suren‎, Suor Orsola, Sousa, Szczuka‎, Szeptycki, Szydłowiecki‎, Szydłowski, Svanenhielm, Sverre, Svinhufvud, Swabia, Sweetman, Swynford, Süpplinburger‎,

*T*
Taczanowski, Taft, Tagle, Thiersteiner, Talbot, Talleyrand-Périgord, Tanche, Tarentaise, Tarth, Tarło, Tarnowski (Rola)‎, Taronites, Tassis, Taye, Theodoli, Theotokis, Thiersteiner, Thun und Hohenstein‎, Thurn und Taxis, Thurzó, Tęczyński, Terlinden, Tetrode, Timken, Tocco, Tollemache, Tolstoy, Tomicki (Łodzia)‎, Topchubashi, Toptani, Torlonia, Tossoukpé, la Tour d’Auvergne‎, Traba, Trampe, Trapp, Trastámara‎, Trazegnies, Treschow, Trolle, Toulouse, T’Serclaes‎, Tudor,
Thun und Hohenstein, Turner, Tuyll, Tycho Brahe‎, Tyndall, Tyson,

*U*
Umhaill, Umiastowski, Ungern-Sternberg, Urach,  Ursel, Ustrzycki, Uyunid,

*V*
Văcărescu, Valentinois, Valeri, Valkendorf, Valois-Anjou‎, Valois-Alençon‎,
Valois-Burgundy‎, Valois-Burgundy-Brabant‎, Valois-Burgundy-Nevers‎,
Valois-Orléans‎, Valois-Saint-Remy‎, Vanderbilt, Van Duyn, Van der Noot,
Van Voorst tot Voorst, van de Werve, Varazhnuni, Varnhagen, Vasa, Vascello, Vatatzes, von Vaz, Ventimiglia, Verhaegen, Vermandois, Vianden‎, Vilain XIIII, Villani, Villehardouin, Visconti/Visconte/Bisconti/Viceconte/Viceconti/Viseconte/Viscont,
Viguera, Villagómez, Visigoths, Vittoria, Vittoria-Pallavicini, Vlastos, Vlora, Vrioni, Vukčić,

*W*
Wachtmeister af Johannishus, Wadsworth, Waldeck et Pyrmont, Waldgrave/Wildgrave, Waldburg‎, Waldeck‎, Waldeck and Pyrmont‎, Walderdorff, Waldorf, Waldstein‎, Walewski‎, Walton, Warburg, Warburg Del Banco, Wartenburg‎, Wassenberg‎, Watson, von Waxenstein, Weber, Werdenberg, Weems, Weimar‎, Welf‎, Welfs, Weill, Welser‎, Wells, Wenckheim, Werdenberg, Werenskiold, van de Werve‎, Wessex, von Westernhagen, Wettin, Weyerhaeuser, Wichfeld, Whitney, Widener, Wied‎, Wied-Neuwied, Wielhorski, Wielopolski, Wiesbaden, Wiesiołowski, Wimpffen‎, Windisch-Graetz‎, Winthrop, Windisch-Graetz, Wiśniowiecki, Wittelsbach, Windsor-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Wittelsbach, Wittgenstein, Worms,
Woodville, Wormwood, Woyna, von Wright, Wróblewski (Ślepowron)‎,
Wróblewski (Lubicz)‎, Wurttemberg/Württemberg, Württembergian, Wysłouch,

*X*

*Y*
Yorck von Wartenburg‎, York, Ypsilantis, van Ypersele de Strihou, Yuryevsky, Yusupov,

*Z*
Zakarids‎, Zamoyski, Zasławski, Zápolya, Zbaraski, Zborowski, Zebrzydowski‎, Zedlitz, Zenevisi, Zierotin, Zogu, Żółkiewski, Zorreguieta (Cerruti), Zrinski‎, Zubov, Zuccari, Zúñiga, Zuniga-Valero, Zähringen/Zähringer,

*Å*

*Ä/Æ*

*Ö*
Örnsparre,

*A*
#Acquafondata
#Agnelli
#AgnelliElkann
#Alba
#Aldobrandini
#AlexandrineMontechanin
#Altavilla
#Allucingoli
#Angelerio
#Anhalt
#Anicii
#Astalli
#Astakai
#Asti
#Astor / #Astarte / #Astorga / #Ashdor
#Aragona
#Archbold
#Arduinici
#Arianiti
#Aubert
#Audley
#Aumont
#AustriaEste

*B*
#Baden
#Baker
#Banchieri
#Barberini
#Bardi
#Bariatinsky
#Baruch
#Battenburg / #Mountbatten
#Bedford
#Benjamin
#Bernadotte
#Berwind
#Blanchefort
#Blazon
#Blumenthal
#Bizzaccheri
#Bracciano
#Braganza
#Breakspear / #Breakspeare
#Bruce
#Brzezinski
#Bobone
#Bonaparte
#Borghese
#Borgia
#Borromeo
#Bourbon
#BouvierSchlossberg
#Bundy
#Burgundi
#Bush / #Scherff
#Buyak

*C*
#Caetani
#Caltagirone
#Canossa
#CancellieriDelBufalo
#Capet
#Caravaggio
#Carnegie
#CargillMacMillian
#Castiglioni
#Catii
#Cattaneo
#Cavalier
#Cavendish
#Chigi
#ChigiAlbaniDellaRovere
#ChigiRovere
#ChigiSaraciniLucherini #ChigiZondadari
#Cesarini
#Clark
#Cochran
#Cohen
#Collins
#Colonna
#Conti
#ContiDiSegni
#Cox
#Cromwell / #Cromwelle /#Cromville / #Cromewell / #Cromwill / #Cromwille / #Cromevill / #Cromnvell
#Csaky
#CsakyPallavicini
#CurtisBoks
#Cutler
#Cybo

*D*
#D’Arpino
#Deering
#deBeaufort
#DeFieschi
#DeForest
#deGot
#deGoyon
#deGoyonDeMatignon
#DeMedici
#dePolignac
#DeRosette
#DellaRovere
#Dìaz
#DiBicci
#diMorra
#diNardo
#DiSciarra
#Disney / #Isigny
#diTellaColaianni
#Drexel
#Domenichino
#DoriaSachs
#DoriaPamphiliLandi
#Duke
#DuPont

*E*
#Elmaleh
#Este

*F*
#Farnese
#Field
#FitzJames
#Fischer
#Flagler
#Franklin
#Frazzini
#Freeman
#Friedsam
#Fontana
#Ford
#Foster

*G*
#Gambino
#GattiGrami / #Lombardy
#Gaetani
#Genoese
#Genovese
#GenoveseGambino
#Getty
#Ghermezian
#Ghibellines
#Glücksburg
#Gisors
#Giovanni
#Giustiniani
#Gotti
#GottorpRomanov
#Goldsmidt / #Goldsmith
#Gould
#Goodyear
#Green
#Grimaldi
#GrimaldiCoste
#Grosvenors
#Guggenheim
#Guglielmo
#Guelphs
#Guiness / #Guinness

*H*
#Hanover
#Harkness
#Harriman
#Hayden
#Habsburg / #Hapsburg
#HabsburgLorraine,
#Hearst
#Hesse
#HesseKassel
#Higgins
#Hills
#Hippolyte
#Hohenzollern
#Huntington
#Hurwitz

*I*
#Ivrea

*J*
#Jagiellon
#James
#Johnson
#Jimenez

*K*
#Kahn
#Khalili
#Kahzarian
#Khayami
#Kadoorie
#Kellogs
#Kennedy / #Kannady / #Kenardy / #Kennaday / #Kenneday / #Kenneyday / #Kennediem /
#MacKennedy / #MacUalraig
#Kirkwood
#Kresge
#Koch
#Krupp
#Kuhn

*L*
#Landi
#Lazard
#Lehman
#Lesser
#Lee
#Li
#Lichtenstein
#Lombard
#Lombardy
#Lorraine
#Ludovisi
#Luisignan

*M*
#Maderno
#Maidalchini
#Manocherian
#Marescotti
#Maximii
#Mars
#Massimo
#Mattei
#Mavroleon
#McDonald
#McGormick
#McLean
#Medici
#Mellon
#Merage
#Merovingian
#Metcalf
#Mills
#Mocatta
#Montechanin
#Montefiore
#Montgomery
#Montpezat
#Montesquieu
#Morgan
#Morosinis
#Moor
#Moshir

*N*
#Nash
#Nassau
#NiederglattBlazon

*O*
#Oldenburg
#Onassis
#Oppenheimer
#Orange
#OrangeNassau
#Orsini / #Orsi / #Ursi / #Orso / #Urso / #D’Orsi / #Dorsi / #D’Orso / #Dorso /
#D’Urso / #Ursich / #Ursic /
#Orselli / #Orsello / #Orsetti / #Orsatti / #Orsolini / #Orsolino / #Orsoni / #Ursillo / #Ursini
#OrsiniDiBracciano

*P*
#Pahlavi
#Palazzo
#Pamphili / #Pamphilio / #Pamphilij
#Pallavicini
#Paravicini
#Papal
#Patten
#Patterson
#Parentucelli
#Payseurs
#Perkins
#Phipps
#Plantagenet
#Plantard
#Piedmont
#Pitcairn
#Pratt
#PrefettiDiVico
#Pritzker
#Poher

*Q*
#Quirinal

*R*
#Radziwiłł
#Reynolds
#Rockefeller
#Rocco
#Roche
#Rochefoucauld #Rochechouart
#Rothschild
#Rogers
#Romanov
#Rosenwald
#Rospigliosi
#RospigliosiPapal
#Roussel
#Russel
#Ruspoli
#RuspoliSueca
#RuspoliBoadilladelMonte
#RuspoliPoggioSuasa #RuspoliCandriano
#RuspoliMorignano
#RuspoliFiano
#Rufini
#Ryan

*S*
#Saafeld
#Sacchetti
#Sachs
#Samuel
#Sassoon
#Saudi
#Savelli
#Savoy
#SavoyGenovese
#SaxeCoburgGothaWindsor
#SCJohnson
#Schiaratura
#Schiff
#Schroeder / #Schröder
#Schwartz
#Schwarzenberg
#Scolari
#Sforza / #Szfora / #Szfore /#Szfori
#Serlupi
#Sienese
#Sinclair / #SaintClair
#Sloane
#Somaglia
#Solvay
#Stern
#Stillman
#Storrow
#SuorOrsola

*T*
#Taft
#Tarth
#Tarentaise
#Theodoli
#ThurnUndTaxis
#Timken
#Torlonia
#Tossoukpé
#Trastamara
#Tyson
#Tudor

*U*

*V*
#Valentinois
#Valeri
#ValoisAnjou
#Vanderbilt
#VanDuyn
#Vascello
#Villani
#Visconti / #Visconte /#Bisconti / #Viceconte / #Viceconti / #Viseconte / #Viscont
#Vittoria
#VittoriaPallavicini

*W*
#Walton
#Warburg
#WarburgDelBanco
#Watson
#Weber
#Weems
#Wettin
#Widener
#WindsorSaxeCoburgGoete
#Winthrop
#Whitney
#Wittgenstein
#Wittelbach
#Worms
#Wurttemberg

*X*

*Y*
#York

*Z*
#Zogu
#Zuccari
#ZunigaValero

*Ö*
#Örnsparre


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*Tags:*

#EXPOSING
#SatanicEliteBloodlines #BlackNobility #BlackNobilities #NobilityFamilies #NobilityBloodlines #NobilityHouses #FamilyNames #Family #Names #list #EXPOSED

(n.o 6# edit updated list) SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

(6# edit updated list)-SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

*A*
Acquafondata, Agnelli, Agnelli-Elkann, Ahlefeldt,
Alba, Albret, Aldobrandeschi, Aldobrandini,
Alexandrine-Montechanin,
Aleramici, Altavilla, Allucingoli, Alaouite, Alburquerque, Altoviti,
Al-Abbasi, Al Khalifa,
Al-Sabah, Al-Falasi,
Al Ghardaqa, Álvarez-Cuevas
Amilakhvari, Amsberg, Andrássy, Angelerio, Angelos, Ansbach, Anhalt, Anicii, Anguillara, Angevin, Angoulème, Anjou,
Anjou-Capetian, Ascania,
Aspenäs, Asti,
Astor/Astarte/Astorga/Ashdor,
Astalli, Astakai, Asturias-Cantabria, Aragona, Aragon, Aragonese, Arenberg, Archbold, Arduinici, Arenberg, Argavieso, Arianiti, Armagnac, Arsacid, Arslan,
Artsruni, Artaxiad, Árpád, Austria-Este, Aubert, Audley, Aumont, Austria-Este, Auersperg, Averill, Aviz,

*B*
Baden, Bagrat, Bagratuni, Bagrationi, Bagration, Bagratuni, Banér, Bardi, Bracciano, Baker, Banchieri,
Baratashvili, Barbarossa, Barberini, Barbiano di Belgiojoso, Barclay de Tolly,
Barcelona, Bariatinsky, Barlow, Baruch, Basarab,
Báthory,
Batthyány-Strattmann,
Battenburg/Mountbatten,
Bauffremont, Baux, Beauchamp, Beauclerk, Beaufort, Beaufort Bielke, Beaufort-Spontin, Beaumont, Beauharnais,
Bedford, Bentinck, Benjamin,
Bentheim, Belgium, Berwind, Bernadotte, Bese, Bettencourt, Bethune, Bismarck, Bivinids, Bizzaccheri, Bjelbo, Bjelke,
Björn, Blacas, Blanchefort, Blason, Blazon, Blois, Blumenthal, Bobone-Orsini, Bohemian, Bohun, Boers-Lyon, Boleyn, Bonaparte, Boncompagni,
Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Bogoria, Borghese, Borgia, Borja, Borjigid, Bokassa, Bonde, Bosonids, Brion, Brunswick-Luneburg, Boccasini, Bogdan-Mușat,
Boniface, Borromeo, Borghese, Bouillon, Bourbon,
Bourbon-Anjou,
Bourbon-Parma,
Bourbon-Two Sicilies,
Bouvier Schlossberg, Braganza,
Breakspear/Breakspeare,
Broglie,
Bruce/Bruis/Brix/Broase,
Brzezinski, Buccleuch, Buffet, Bundy, Burgundi/Burgandy/ Burgundy,
Bush/Scherff,
Byron, Buyak, Bååt,

*C*
Cadaval, Caetani, Calogerà,
Castiglioni, Casiraghi,
Coste/Tossoukpé, Caccianemici dal Orso, Caccianemico, Cafritz, Campbell, Camondo,
Cancellieri del Bufalo, Canella, Canossa, Cantacuzino, Caltagirone, Capet, Capizucchis, Caracciolo,
Caracciolo di Torella, Caravaggio, Carnegie,
Cargill-MacMillian, Carrington, Carrillo,
Carpelan, Castile, Castro,
Cattaneo, Catii, Cavendish,
Cavalier, Cavalieri, Chalon,
Charlemagne, Châteaudun, Châtillon, Chavchavadze,
Chigi, Chigi-Rovere,
Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere, Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini, Chigi-Zondadari, Chimay,
Churchill, Cecil, Cesi, Cesarini, Clark,
*Clary and Aldringen, Clermont-Tonnerre, Cochran, Cohen, Colaianni, Collins, Colonna,
Colloredo-Mansfeld, Conti,
Conti di Segni, Coimbra, Correia, Corte-Real,
Coste, Cotoner, Courtenay, Cox, Crivelli,
Cromwell/Cromwelle/Cromville/Cromewell/Cromwill/Cromwille/Cromevill/ Cromnvell,
Croÿ, Crussol d’Uzès,
Csaky, Csaky-Pallavicini, Czartoryski, Czetwertyński,
Curtis-Boks, Cutler, Cybo,

*D*
Dadiani,
Danneskiold-Samsøe, Dănești, Dampierre,
D’Arpino, D’Avignon, Davison, d’Udekem d’Acoz,
de Beaufort,
de Borbón y Vallabriga,
De Borchgrave, de Burgh,
De Clare, de Fieschi,
De Forest, de Goyon,
de Goyon de Matignon,
de Got, De Medici, De Menil, De la Roche, de Polignac,
De Rosette, De Vere,
De Warrenne, Deering, Della Gherardesca, Della Rovere, Del Balzo Orsini, Del Drago,
Denter, Dìaz, Di Bicci,
di Morra, diNardo, Di Sciarra, diTella-Colaianni,
Disney/Isigny,
Dietrichstein, Dohna,
Domenichino, Dolgorukov,
Doria, Doria-Sachs,
Doria-Pamphili-Landi, Douglas, Drăculești, Dragoș, Drašković, Drexel, Drummond, Ducruet, D’Udekem, Dunkeld, Dunin, Durnovo, Du Pont, Duke,

*E*
Egerton, Egmond, Eka, Elmaleh, Eltz, Enríquez, Entença, Erba-Odescalchi, Este, Esterházy, Estridsen, Essen,

*F*
Fabritius de Tengnagel, Falkenskiold, Falsen,
Farnese/Farnesi, Ferragamo,
Feretti, Festetics, FitzJames,Franklin, Field,
(von) Finck, Fischer, Flagler,
Floridi, Frankopan, Frazzini, Freeman, Friedsam, Foix, Fontana, Forbes, Ford,
Foster, Fieschi, Fornier, Fouché d’Otrante, Foucois,
Fugger-Babenhausen,
Fürstenberg,

*G*
Gambino, Garai, Gagarin, Gattilusi, Gatti-Grami (Lombardy), Gaetani, Gaetano-Orsini, Gallarati-Scotti, Gelovani,
Genoese, Genovese, Genovese-Getty, Gherardini, Ghermezian, Ghibellines, Ghisi, Gilman, Gisors, Giovanni, Giustiniani,
Glücksburg/Glücksborg,
Gramont, Green, Grenier, Griffins, Grimaldi, Grimaldi-Coste, Grimaldo, Grimaldo Canella, Grimoard,
Grosvenors, Gryf,
Gonçalves da Câmara, Gonzaga, Godoy, Godwin,
Golescu, Golitsyn,
Gouyon/Goyon/Gouyon,
Gorchakov, Gordon, Gore, Gorm, Gotti, Gottlieb, Gottorp-Romanov, Goodyear, Goldsmidt/Goldsmith,
Gould, Gough-Calthorpe, Gualterio, Guggenheim, Guglielmo, Guelph, Guiness, Guise, Guramishvili, Gurgenidze, Gyldenstierne, Güldencrone, Gwynedd,

*H*
Habsburg/Hapsburg, Habsburg-Lorraine, Halifax, Hambro, Hamilton, Hanover, Harcourt, Harkness, Harrach, Harriman, Haro, Hapsburg, Hastings, Hauteville,
Hayden, Hearst, Herbert, Hesse, Hesse-Kassel, Higgins, Hills,
Hiort af Ornäs,
Hippolyte Grimaldi, Hohenberg, Hohenlohe, Hohenzollern,
Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, Hornes, Howard, Hoyos,
Huntington, Hunyadi, Hurwitz, Huxley,
Hård af Segerstad,

*I*
Ibelin,
il Malvicino de Calveiso de’ Calvi, Ingelger, Íñiguez,
Isenburg, Ivrea,

*J*
Jabłonowski, Jagiellon, Jagellonka, Jastrzębiec, Jelilta, Jiménez, Johnson, Jägerhorn af Spurila,

*K*
Kahn, Kalinowski, Kálnoky,
Kantakouzenos, Karađorđević, Kavanagh,
Khalili, Khilkov, Khevenhüller,
Kadoorie, Kahzarian, Khayami, Karadjordjevic, Kellogs, Kennedy/Kannady/Kenardy/ Kennaday/Kenneday/ Kenneyday/Kennediem/ MacKennedy/MacUalraig,
Ketteler, Kinsky, Kirkwood,
Kissinger, Klettgau,
Knagenhjelm, Krasiński, Kresge, Krupp, Koch, Komnenos, Koniecpolski, Kourkouas, Kuhn, Kur,

*L*
la Cerda, La Force, Lagergren,
La Rochefoucauld, Laskaris,
La Tour d’Auvergne,
La Trémoille, Lakhmids, Lambert, Lambertazzi, Lancaster, Lannoy, Lara, Lasso de la Vega,
Lazard, Lecubarri,
Lehman, Lee, Leijonhufvud, Leiningen, León, Lesser, Leszczyński, Leliwa, Li, Lichtenstein, Lichnowsky, Ligne, Lieven, Lilliehöök, Limburg-Stirum, Lippe, Loeb, Lobkowicz,
Lombard/Lombardy,
Lord, Looz-Corswarem,
Lorraine, Louvet, Lubomirski,
Ludovisi, Luisignan, Lusignan, Luxembourg, Luxenbourg, Luzzatti Fequiz, Luzzatto, Luzzatos, Lyon, Lyttelton, Løvenørn,
Löwenstein-Wertheim,

*M*
MacDermot, MacMorrough,
Maderno, Madi, Magalotti, Mahidol, Maia, Maidalchini, Malaspina, Maleinos, Mancini, Mandel, Manocherian, Marcoartu, Mars, Masci, Massimo,
Mattei, Marescotti, Matignon/
Davignon/Grignon/Wagnon/Ratigan/Catino/Gagnon/Latino/Nation,
Mattarazzo, Mattei, Mavrocordatos, Mavroleon, Maximii, Mazzini, McDonald,
McGormick, McGillycuddy, McLean, Meaux, Mecklenburg, Mellon, Medici,
Medinaceli, Medina Sidonia,
Méndez de Sotomayor, Mendoza, Menshikov,
Metcalf, Merage, Merode, Merovingian, Metternich,
Meyer, Miełżyński, Mills,
Milner, Mniszech, Mocatta, Moctezuma, Montagu, Montcada, Montefiore, Montechanin, Montgomery, Montefeltro, Montfort, Montmorency, Montlhéry et Le Puiset, Monpezat, Montpezat, Montesquieu, Moor, Morgan, Moshir, Morgenstierne, Morosinis, Moro,
Mountbatten/Battenburg,
Mowbray, Munso, Munthe af
Muti,

*N*
Nádasdy, Nápoles, Narro,
Nash, Nassau,
Nassau-Weilburg,
Natt och Dag,
Navarre, Neergaard, Neri, Neville, Niederglatt-Blazon, Noailles, Normandy,

*O*
O’Brien, Obolensky,
O’Conor, O’Connell,
Odescalchi, O’Donnell, Odrowąż,
Oettingen-Oettingen, Oldenburg, Olivares,
O’Morchoe, O’Neill,
Onassis, Oppenheimer,
Opaliński, Orbeliani,

Orange,
Orange-Nassau, Orléans, Orléans, Orléans-Braganza, Ormsby, Orlov, O’Rourke,
Orsini/Orsi/Ursi/Orso/Urso/D’Orsi/Dorsi/D’Orso/Dorso/D’Urso/Ursich/Ursic/Orselli/Orsello/Orsetti/Orsatti/Orsolini/Orsolino/Orsoni/Ursillo/Ursini,
Orsini Bonacassi,
Orsini del Balzo,
Orsini-di Bracciano,
Orsini-Rosenberg, Ortolani,
Ossoliński, Osorio, Ostrogski,
Ostoja, Osuna, Ottobonis, Ottonians, Oxenstierna,

*P*
Pacelli, Pahlavi, Pahlen, Palaiologos,
Pamphili/Pamphilio/Pamphili/Pamphilij, Pantaléon, Palaiologina, Palaiologos, Palatinate-Zweibrücken, Palazzo, Pallavicini/Pallavicino/Paravicini,
Pardo, Parentucelli, Pappenheim, Papal, Patrasso di Guarcino, Patten, Patterson, Payne, Payseurs,
Percy, Perkins,
Petrović-Njegoš, Phelps, Philanthropenos,
Phipps, Phokas, Plantagenet, Plantard, Piast,
Piccolomini, Piedmont, Pignatelli, Pillsbury, Pitcairn, Pitigliano, Pius, Poher, Poitiers, Polignac, Polignac-Matignon-Grimaldi, Poniatowski, Porse, Posse, Potocki, Pratt, Prefetti di Vico, Prignano, Pritzker, Putbus,

*Q*
Quirinal,

*R*
Radziwiłł/Radziwill,
Razumovsky,
Reynolds, Reuss, Reventlow,
Rhodes, Ribbing, Rizzuto, Roberti, Robertians, Rockefeller, Rothschild, Rocco, Roche, Rohan, Roussel, Rochefoucauld, Rochechouart, Rogers, Romanov, Rosenwald, Rosenberg, Rosenkrantz,
Rosenstråle, Rosetti,
Rosso, Rospigliosi, Rospigliosi-Papal, Rubenid,
Ruffo, Rufini, Rurik, Russell, Ruspoli, Ruspoli-Sueca,
Ruspoli-Boadilla del Monte,
Ruspoli-Poggio Suasa, Ruspoli-Candriano,
Ruspoli-Morignano,
Ruspoli-Fiano, Ryan,

*S*
Saafeld, Sacchetti, Saint Omer, Salians, Salm, Salviati, Samuel, Sanguszko, Sanseverino, Santcliment, Sanudo, Sapieha, Saudi, Savva, Savoy,
Savoy-Genovese, Sachs, Sassanid, Sassoon,
Savelli, Savonarola,
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Windsor, Sayn-Wittgenstein,
S.C.Johnson, Shalikashvili, Sheremetev, Shervashidze,
Schleswig-Holstein- Sonderburg-Augustenburg,
Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Schiaratura, Schiff, Schultz, Schwartz, Schwarzburg, Schwarzenberg,
Schroeder/Schröder,
Schönborn, Schönburg,
Scolari, Seaf, Serlupi, Seymour,
Sforza/Szfora/Szfore/Szfori,
Sienese, Sinclair/Saint Clair/Saint-Clair/
Silva, Simonetti, Skleros, Sloane, Snoy et d’Oppuers,
Sobieski, Solms-Braunfels, Solvay, Somaglia, Stanley, Stenbock, Stern, Stewart, Stillman, Stimson, Stolberg,
Storrow, Stratford, Strathmore, Strong, Strozzi,
Stuart, Sturdza, Stuart, Spadafora, Sparre, Spencer, Spinola, Spoelberch, Stockfleth, Sułkowski,
Suor Orsola, Sousa, Svanenhielm, Sverre, Swynford,

*T*
Taft, Tagle, Talbot,
Talleyrand-Périgord,
Tarentaise, Tarth, Theodoli, Theotokis, Thurn und Taxis, Thurzó, Timken, Tocco, Tollemache, Tolstoy, Torlonia, Tossoukpé, Trastamara, Trazegnies, Trolle, Toulouse, Tudor,
Thun und Hohenstein,
Turner, Tyson,

*U*
Urach, Ursel, Uyunid,

*V*
Văcărescu, Valentinois, Valois, Valois-Anjou,
Valois-Burgundy,
Van Duyn, Vanderbilt,
van der Noot,
Van Voorst tot Voorst,
van de Werve, Vasa, Vascello,
Vatatzes, Ventimiglia, Vermandois, Villani, Villehardouin,
Visconti/Visconte/Bisconti/Viceconte/Viceconti/Viseconte/Viscont,
Viguera, Visigoths, Vittoria, Vittoria-Pallavicini, von Finck, von Thurn und Taxis,

*W*
Wadsworth,
Waldeck et Pyrmont,
Waldorf, Walton, Warburg,
Warburg Del Banco, Watson, Weber, Weems, Weill, Welfs, Wells, Werenskiold, Wessex,
Wettin, Weyerhaeuser, Whitney, Widener, Wied-Neuwied, Wiesbaden, Winthrop, Windisch-Graetz, Wiśniowiecki, Wittelsbach,
Windsor-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Wittelsbach, Wittgenstein, Worms,
Wormwood, Woodville,
Wurttemberg/Württemberg,

*X*

*Y*
York, Ypsilantis, Yuryevsky, Yusupov,

*Z*
Zamoyski, Zasławski, Zápolya, Zogu, Zubov,
Zuccari, Zúñiga, Zuniga-Valero, Zähringen,

*Å*

*Ä/Æ*

*Ö*
Örnsparre,

*A*
#Acquafondata
#Agnelli
#AgnelliElkann
#Alba
#Aldobrandini
#AlexandrineMontechanin
#Altavilla
#Allucingoli
#Angelerio
#Anhalt
#Anicii
#Astalli
#Astakai
#Asti
#Astor / #Astarte / #Astorga / #Ashdor
#Aragona
#Archbold
#Arduinici
#Arianiti
#Aubert
#Audley
#Aumont
#AustriaEste

*B*
#Baden
#Baker
#Banchieri
#Barberini
#Bardi
#Bariatinsky
#Baruch
#Battenburg / #Mountbatten
#Bedford
#Benjamin
#Bernadotte
#Berwind
#Blanchefort
#Blazon
#Blumenthal
#Bizzaccheri
#Bracciano
#Braganza
#Breakspear / #Breakspeare
#Bruce
#Brzezinski
#Bobone
#Bonaparte
#Borghese
#Borgia
#Borromeo
#Bourbon
#BouvierSchlossberg
#Bundy
#Burgundi
#Bush / #Scherff
#Buyak

*C*
#Caetani
#Caltagirone
#Canossa
#CancellieriDelBufalo
#Capet
#Caravaggio
#Carnegie
#CargillMacMillian
#Castiglioni
#Catii
#Cattaneo
#Cavalier
#Cavendish
#Chigi
#Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere
#Chigi-Rovere
#Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini #Chigi-Zondadari
#Cesarini
#Clark
#Cochran
#Cohen
#Collins
#Colonna
#Conti
#ContiDiSegni
#Cox
#Cromwell / #Cromwelle /#Cromville / #Cromewell / #Cromwill / #Cromwille / #Cromevill / #Cromnvell
#Csaky
#CsakyPallavicini
#CurtisBoks
#Cutler
#Cybo

*D*
#D’Arpino
#Deering
#deBeaufort
#DeFieschi
#DeForest
#deGot
#deGoyon
#deGoyonDeMatignon
#DeMedici
#dePolignac
#DeRosette
#DellaRovere
#Dìaz
#DiBicci
#diMorra
#diNardo
#DiSciarra
#Disney / #Isigny
#diTellaColaianni
#Drexel
#Domenichino
#DoriaSachs
#DoriaPamphiliLandi
#Duke
#DuPont

*E*
#Elmaleh
#Este

*F*
#Farnese
#Field
#FitzJames
#Fischer
#Flagler
#Franklin
#Frazzini
#Freeman
#Friedsam
#Fontana
#Ford
#Foster

*G*
#Gambino
#GattiGrami / #Lombardy
#Gaetani
#Genoese
#Genovese
#GenoveseGambino
#Getty
#Ghermezian
#Ghibellines
#Glücksburg
#Gisors
#Giovanni
#Giustiniani
#Gotti
#GottorpRomanov
#Goldsmidt / #Goldsmith
#Gould
#Goodyear
#Green
#Grimaldi
#GrimaldiCoste
#Grosvenors
#Guggenheim
#Guglielmo
#Guelphs
#Guiness / #Guinness

*H*
#Hanover
#Harkness
#Harriman
#Hayden
#Habsburg / #Hapsburg
#HabsburgLorraine,
#Hearst
#Hesse
#HesseKassel
#Higgins
#Hills
#Hippolyte
#Hohenzollern
#Huntington
#Hurwitz

*I*
#Ivrea

*J*
#Jagiellon
#James
#Johnson
#Jimenez

*K*
#Kahn
#Khalili
#Kahzarian
#Khayami
#Kadoorie
#Kellogs
#Kennedy / #Kannady / #Kenardy / #Kennaday / #Kenneday / #Kenneyday / #Kennediem /
#MacKennedy / #MacUalraig
#Kirkwood
#Kresge
#Koch
#Krupp
#Kuhn

*L*
#Landi
#Lazard
#Lehman
#Lesser
#Lee
#Li
#Lichtenstein
#Lombard
#Lombardy
#Lorraine
#Ludovisi
#Luisignan

*M*
#Maderno
#Maidalchini
#Manocherian
#Marescotti
#Maximii
#Mars
#Massimo
#Mattei
#Mavroleon
#McDonald
#McGormick
#McLean
#Medici
#Mellon
#Merage
#Merovingian
#Metcalf
#Mills
#Mocatta
#Montechanin
#Montefiore
#Montgomery
#Montpezat
#Montesquieu
#Morgan
#Morosinis
#Moor
#Moshir

*N*
#Nash
#Nassau
#NiederglattBlazon

*O*
#Oldenburg
#Onassis
#Oppenheimer
#Orange
#OrangeNassau
#Orsini / #Orsi / #Ursi / #Orso / #Urso / #D’Orsi / #Dorsi / #D’Orso / #Dorso /
#D’Urso / #Ursich / #Ursic /
#Orselli / #Orsello / #Orsetti / #Orsatti / #Orsolini / #Orsolino / #Orsoni / #Ursillo / #Ursini
#OrsiniDiBracciano

*P*
#Pahlavi
#Palazzo
#Pamphili / #Pamphilio / #Pamphilij
#Pallavicini
#Paravicini
#Papal
#Patten
#Patterson
#Parentucelli
#Payseurs
#Perkins
#Phipps
#Plantagenet
#Plantard
#Piedmont
#Pitcairn
#Pratt
#PrefettiDiVico
#Pritzker
#Poher

*Q*
#Quirinal

*R*
#Radziwiłł
#Reynolds
#Rockefeller
#Rocco
#Roche
#Rochefoucauld #Rochechouart
#Rothschild
#Rogers
#Romanov
#Rosenwald
#Rospigliosi
#RospigliosiPapal
#Roussel
#Russel
#Ruspoli
#RuspoliSueca
#RuspoliBoadilla del Monte
#RuspoliPoggio Suasa #RuspoliCandriano
#RuspoliMorignano
#RuspoliFiano
#Rufini
#Ryan

*S*
#Saafeld
#Sacchetti
#Sachs
#Samuel
#Sassoon
#Saudi
#Savelli
#Savoy
#SavoyGenovese
#SaxeCoburgGothaWindsor
#SCJohnson
#Schiaratura
#Schiff
#Schroeder / #Schröder
#Schwartz
#Schwarzenberg
#Scolari
#Sforza / #Szfora / #Szfore /#Szfori
#Serlupi
#Sienese
#Sinclair / #SaintClair
#Sloane
#Somaglia
#Solvay
#Stern
#Stillman
#Storrow
#SuorOrsola

*T*
#Taft
#Tarth
#Tarentaise
#Theodoli
#ThurnUndTaxis
#Timken
#Torlonia
#Tossoukpé
#Trastamara
#Tyson
#Tudor

*U*

*V*
#Valentinois
#ValoisAnjou
#Vanderbilt
#VanDuyn
#Vascello
#Villani
#Visconti / #Visconte /#Bisconti / #Viceconte / #Viceconti / #Viseconte / #Viscont
#Vittoria
#VittoriaPallavicini

*W*
#Walton
#Warburg
#WarburgDelBanco
#Watson
#Weber
#Weems
#Wettin
#Widener
#WindsorSaxeCoburgGoete
#Winthrop
#Whitney
#Wittgenstein
#Wittelbach
#Worms
#Wurttemberg

*X*

*Y*
#York

*Z*
#Zogu
#Zuccari
#ZunigaValero

#Örnsparre
___________________________

_Tags:_
#EXPOSING
#SatanicEliteBloodlines #BlackNobility #BlackNobilities #NobilityFamilies #NobilityBloodlines #NobilityHouses #FamilyNames #Family #Names #list #EXPOSED

5*#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

5*#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

*A*
Acquafondata, Agnelli, Agnelli-Elkann, Alba, Aldobrandini, Alexandrine-Montechanin, Aleramici, Altavilla, Allucingoli, Alaouite, Al-Abbasi, Al Khalifa,
Al-Sabah, Al-Falasi,
Al Ghardaqa, Angelerio, Ansbach, Altoviti, Anhalt, Anicii, Anguillara, Angevin, Angoulème, Anjou,
Anjou-Capetian, Aspenäs,
Asti, Astor/Astarte/Astorga/Ashdor, Astalli, Astakai, Asturias-Cantabria, Aragona, Aragon, Aragonese, Arenberg, Archbold, Arduinici, Arianiti,
Arsacid, Artsruni, Artaxiad,
Árpád, Arslan, Austria-Este, Aubert, Audley, Aumont, Austria-Este, Averill, Aviz,
*B*
Baden, Bagrat, Bagratuni, Bagrationi, Banér, Bardi, Bracciano, Baker, Banchieri, Barbarossa, Barberini, Barcelona, Bariatinsky, Barlow, Baruch,
Battenburg/Mountbatten, Bedford, Benjamin, Berwind,
Bernadotte, Bese, Beaufort Bielke, Bivinids, Bizzaccheri,
Bjelbo, Björn, Blanchefort, Blason, Blazon,
Blois, Blumenthal,
Bobone-Orsini, Bohemian, Boers-Lyon, Boleyn,
Bonaparte, Boncompagni,
Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Bogoria, Borghese, Borgia, Borja, Borjigid, Bokassa, Bonde, Bosonids, Brion, Brunswick-Luneburg, Boccasini, Boniface, Borromeo, Borghese, Bouillon, Bourbon, Bourbon-Parma, Bouvier Schlossberg, Braganza, Bruce/Bruis/Brix/Broase,
Breakspear/Breakspeare,
Brzezinski, Buffet, Bundy, Burgundi/Burgandy/ Burgundy,
Bush/Scherff, Buyak, Bååt,
*C*
Caetani, Castiglioni, Casiraghi, Coste/Tossoukpé, Caccianemici dal Orso, Caccianemico, Cafritz,
Cancellieri del Bufalo, Canella, Canossa,
Caltagirone, Capet, Capizucchis, Caracciolo di Torella, Caravaggio, Carnegie, Cargill-MacMillian, Carrington, Carpelan, Castile, Cattaneo, Catii, Cavendish,
Cavalier, Cavalieri,
Charlemagne, Chigi,
Chigi-Rovere,
Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere, Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini, Chigi-Zondadari, Churchill,
Cesi, Cesarini, Clark, Cochran, Cohen, Colaianni, Collins, Colonna, Conti, Conti di Segni, Coimbra, Coste, Cox, Crivelli, Cromwell/Cromwelle/Cromville/Cromewell/Cromwill/Cromwille/Cromevill/ Cromnvell, Csaky, Csaky-Pallavicini,
Curtis-Boks, Cutler, Cybo,
*D*
D’Arpino, D’Avignon, Davison, d’Udekem d’Acoz,
de Beaufort, de Borbón y Vallabriga, de Burgh,
de Fieschi, De Forest,
de Goyon, de Goyon de Matignon, de Got, De Medici, De Menil, de Polignac,
De Rosette, Deering,
Della Rovere, Del Balzo Orsini, Del Drago, Denter, Dìaz, Di Bicci, di Morra, diNardo, Di Sciarra, diTella-Colaianni, Disney/Isigny,
Domenichino, Doria,
Doria-Sachs, Doria-Pamphili-Landi, Ducruet, Dunkeld, Dunin, Du Pont, Drexel, Duke,
*E*
Eka, Elmaleh, Erba-Odescalchi, Este, Estridsen,
*F*
Farnese/Farnesi,
Ferragamo, Feretti,
FitzJames, Franklin, Field,
Finck, Fischer, Flagler,
Floridi, Frazzini, Freeman, Friedsam, Fontana, Forbes, Ford, Foster, Fieschi,
Fornier, Foucois,
Fürstenberg,
*G*
Gambino, Gatti-Grami (Lombardy), Gaetani, Gaetano-Orsini, Gallarati-Scotti, Genoese, Genovese, Genovese-Getty, Ghermezian, Ghibellines,
Gilman, Gisors, Giovanni,
Giustiniani, Glücksburg/Glücksborg, Green, Grimaldi, Grimaldi-Coste, Grimaldo, Grimaldo Canella, Grimoard,
Grosvenors, Gryf,
Gouyon/Goyon/Gouyon, Gore, Gorm,
Gotti, Gottlieb, Gottorp-Romanov, Goodyear, Goldsmidt/Goldsmith, Gould, Gualterio, Guggenheim, Guelph,
Guiness, Guglielmo, Gwynedd,
*H*
Halifax, Hambro, Hanover, Habsburg/Hapsburg, Habsburg-Lorraine, Harkness, Harriman, Hapsburg, Hayden, Hearst, Hesse, Hesse-Kassel, Higgins, Hills, Hiort af Ornäs,
Hippolyte Grimaldi, Hohenzollern, Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, Huntington,
Hurwitz, Huxley,
Hård af Segerstad,
*I*
il Malvicino de Calveiso de’ Calvi, Ingelger, Ivrea,
*J*
Jagiellon, Jagellonka,
Jastrzębiec, Jelilta, Jimenez, Johnson, Jägerhorn af Spurila,
*K*
Kahn, Khalili, Kadoorie,
Kahzarian, Khayami,
Karadjordjevic, Kellogs, Kennedy/Kannady/Kenardy/ Kennaday/Kenneday/ Kenneyday/Kennediem/ MacKennedy/MacUalraig,
Klettgau, Kirkwood,
Kissinger, Kresge, Koch, Krupp, Kuhn, Kur,
*L*
Lakhmids, Lambert, Lambertazzi, Lancaster,
Lazard, Lehman, Lee, Leijonhufvud, León, Lesser, Leliwa, Li, Lichtenstein, Lichnowsky, Ligne, Lilliehöök, Loeb,
Lombard/Lombardy,
Lord, Lorraine, Louvet, Ludovisi, Luisignan, Luxenbourg, Luzzatti Fequiz, Luzzatto, Luzzatos, Lyon,
*M*
Maderno, Magalotti, Mahidol, Maidalchini, Mandel, Manocherian, Massimo, Mars, Masci, Mattei, Marescotti, Matignon/
Davignon/Grignon/Wagnon/Ratigan/Catino/Gagnon/Latino/Nation,
Mattarazzo, Mavroleon, Maximii, Mazzini, McDonald, McGormick,
McLean, Meaux, Mecklenburg, Mellon,
Medici, Metcalf, Merage, Merode, Merovingian, Meyer, Mills, Milner, Mocatta, Montefiore, Montechanin, Montgomery, Montefeltro, Montpezat, Montesquieu, Moor, Morgan, Moshir, Morosinis, Moro, Mountbatten/Battenburg, Muti,
*N*
Nash, Nassau, Natt och Dag,
Navarre, Neri, Niederglatt-Blazon, Normandy,
*O*
Odescalchi, Odrowąż,
Oldenburg, Onassis, Orange,
Orange-Nassau, Orléans,
Orsini/Orsi/Ursi/Orso/Urso/D’Orsi/Dorsi/D’Orso/Dorso/D’Urso/Ursich/Ursic/Orselli/Orsello/Orsetti/Orsatti/Orsolini/Orsolino/Orsoni/Ursillo/Ursini,
Orsini Bonacassi,
Orsini del Balzo,
Orsini-di Bracciano, Oppenheimer, Orange, Ormsby, Ortolani, Orléans, Orléans-Braganza, Ostoja,
Ottobonis, Ottonians, Oxenstierna,
*P*
Pacelli, Pahlavi,
Pamphili/Pamphilio/Pamphili/Pamphilij, Pantaléon, Palaiologina, Palaiologos, Palatinate-Zweibrücken, Palazzo, Pallavicini/Pallavicino/Paravicini, Parentucelli, Papal, Patrasso di Guarcino, Patten, Patterson, Payne, Payseurs, Perkins, Phelps, Phipps, Plantagenet, Plantard, Piccolomini, Piedmont, Pignatelli, Pillsbury, Pitcairn, Pitigliano, Pius, Poher, Polignac, Polignac-Matignon-Grimaldi,
Porse, Posse, Pratt, Prefetti di Vico, Prignano, Pritzker,
*Q*
Quirinal,
*R*
Radziwiłł/Radziwill,
Reynolds, Rhodes,
Ribbing, Rizzuto, Roberti, Robertians, Rockefeller, Rothschild, Rocco, Roche, Roussel, Rochefoucauld, Rochechouart, Rogers, Romanov, Rosenwald, Rosenberg, Rosenstråle,
Rosso, Rospigliosi, Rospigliosi-Papal, Rurik, Russell, Ruspoli,
Ruspoli-Sueca,
Ruspoli-Boadilla del Monte,
Ruspoli-Poggio Suasa, Ruspoli-Candriano,
Ruspoli-Morignano,
Ruspoli-Fiano, Rufini, Ryan,
*S*
Saafeld, Sacchetti, Salians,
Samuel, Saudi, Savoy, Savoy-Genovese, Sachs, Sassanid,
Sassoon, Savelli, Savonarola,
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Windsor, S.C.Johnson, Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Schiff, Schroeder/Schröder,
Scolari, Schiaratura, Schultz,
Schwartz, Schwarzenberg,
Seaf, Serlupi, Sforza/Szfora/Szfore/Szfori,
Sienese, Sinclair/Saint Clair/Saint-Clair/
Sloane, Solvay, Somaglia, Stenbock, Stern, Stewart,
Stillman, Stimson,
Storrow, Strong, Sturdza, Stuart, Spadafora, Sparre, Spinola, Suor Orsola, Sverre, Swynford,
*T*
Taft, Tarentaise, Tarth, Theodoli, Thurn und Taxis, Timken, Torlonia, Tossoukpé, Trastamara, Trolle, Tudor, Turner, Tyson,
*U*
Uyunid,
*V*
Valentinois, Valois,
Valois-Anjou,
Van Duyn, Vanderbilt, Vascello, Vermandois,
Villani, Visconti/Visconte/Bisconti/Viceconte/Viceconti/Viseconte/Viscont,
Viguera, Visigoths, Vittoria, Vittoria-Pallavicini, von Finck, von Thurn und Taxis,
*W*
Wadsworth, Waldorf, Walton, Warburg Del Banco, Warburg,
Watson, Weber, Weems,
Welfs, Weill, Wettin, Widener, Wiesbaden, Winthrop,
Whitney, Wells, Wessex,
Windsor-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Wittelsbach, Wittgenstein, Worms,
Wormwood, Wurttemberg,
Weyerhaeuser,
*X*
*Y*
York,
*Z*
Zogu, Zuccari, Zuniga-Valero,
*Å*
*Ä/Æ*
*Ö*
Örnsparre,

*A*
#Acquafondata
#Agnelli
#AgnelliElkann
#Alba
#Aldobrandini
#AlexandrineMontechanin
#Altavilla
#Allucingoli
#Angelerio
#Anhalt
#Anicii
#Astalli
#Astakai
#Asti
#Astor / #Astarte / #Astorga / #Ashdor
#Aragona
#Archbold
#Arduinici
#Arianiti
#Aubert
#Audley
#Aumont
#AustriaEste

*B*
#Baden
#Baker
#Banchieri
#Barberini
#Bardi
#Bariatinsky
#Baruch
#Battenburg / #Mountbatten
#Bedford
#Benjamin
#Bernadotte
#Berwind
#Blanchefort
#Blazon
#Blumenthal
#Bizzaccheri
#Bracciano
#Braganza
#Breakspear / #Breakspeare
#Bruce
#Brzezinski
#Bobone
#Bonaparte
#Borghese
#Borgia
#Borromeo
#Bourbon
#BouvierSchlossberg
#Bundy
#Burgundi
#Bush / #Scherff
#Buyak

*C*
#Caetani
#Caltagirone
#Canossa
#CancellieriDelBufalo
#Capet
#Caravaggio
#Carnegie
#CargillMacMillian
#Castiglioni
#Catii
#Cattaneo
#Cavalier
#Cavendish
#Chigi
#Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere
#Chigi-Rovere
#Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini #Chigi-Zondadari
#Cesarini
#Clark
#Cochran
#Cohen
#Collins
#Colonna
#Conti
#ContiDiSegni
#Cox
#Cromwell / #Cromwelle /#Cromville / #Cromewell / #Cromwill / #Cromwille / #Cromevill / #Cromnvell
#Csaky
#CsakyPallavicini
#CurtisBoks
#Cutler
#Cybo

*D*
#D’Arpino
#Deering
#deBeaufort
#DeFieschi
#DeForest
#deGot
#deGoyon
#deGoyonDeMatignon
#DeMedici
#dePolignac
#DeRosette
#DellaRovere
#Dìaz
#DiBicci
#diMorra
#diNardo
#DiSciarra
#Disney / #Isigny
#diTellaColaianni
#Drexel
#Domenichino
#DoriaSachs
#DoriaPamphiliLandi
#Duke
#DuPont

*E*
#Elmaleh
#Este

*F*
#Farnese
#Field
#FitzJames
#Fischer
#Flagler
#Franklin
#Frazzini
#Freeman
#Friedsam
#Fontana
#Ford
#Foster

*G*
#Gambino
#GattiGrami / #Lombardy
#Gaetani
#Genoese
#Genovese
#GenoveseGambino
#Getty
#Ghermezian
#Ghibellines
#Glücksburg
#Gisors
#Giovanni
#Giustiniani
#Gotti
#GottorpRomanov
#Goldsmidt / #Goldsmith
#Gould
#Goodyear
#Green
#Grimaldi
#GrimaldiCoste
#Grosvenors
#Guggenheim
#Guglielmo
#Guelphs
#Guiness / #Guinness

*H*
#Hanover
#Harkness
#Harriman
#Hayden
#Habsburg / #Hapsburg
#HabsburgLorraine,
#Hearst
#Hesse
#HesseKassel
#Higgins
#Hills
#Hippolyte
#Hohenzollern
#Huntington
#Hurwitz

*I*
#Ivrea

*J*
#Jagiellon
#James
#Johnson
#Jimenez

*K*
#Kahn
#Khalili
#Kahzarian
#Khayami
#Kadoorie
#Kellogs
#Kennedy / #Kannady / #Kenardy / #Kennaday / #Kenneday / #Kenneyday / #Kennediem /
#MacKennedy / #MacUalraig
#Kirkwood
#Kresge
#Koch
#Krupp
#Kuhn

*L*
#Landi
#Lazard
#Lehman
#Lesser
#Lee
#Li
#Lichtenstein
#Lombard
#Lombardy
#Lorraine
#Ludovisi
#Luisignan

*M*
#Maderno
#Maidalchini
#Manocherian
#Marescotti
#Maximii
#Mars
#Massimo
#Mattei
#Mavroleon
#McDonald
#McGormick
#McLean
#Medici
#Mellon
#Merage
#Merovingian
#Metcalf
#Mills
#Mocatta
#Montechanin
#Montefiore
#Montgomery
#Montpezat
#Montesquieu
#Morgan
#Morosinis
#Moor
#Moshir

*N*
#Nash
#Nassau
#NiederglattBlazon

*O*
#Oldenburg
#Onassis
#Oppenheimer
#Orange
#OrangeNassau
#Orsini / #Orsi / #Ursi / #Orso / #Urso / #D’Orsi / #Dorsi / #D’Orso / #Dorso /
#D’Urso / #Ursich / #Ursic /
#Orselli / #Orsello / #Orsetti / #Orsatti / #Orsolini / #Orsolino / #Orsoni / #Ursillo / #Ursini
#OrsiniDiBracciano

*P*
#Pahlavi
#Palazzo
#Pamphili / #Pamphilio / #Pamphilij
#Pallavicini
#Paravicini
#Papal
#Patten
#Patterson
#Parentucelli
#Payseurs
#Perkins
#Phipps
#Plantagenet
#Plantard
#Piedmont
#Pitcairn
#Pratt
#PrefettiDiVico
#Pritzker
#Poher

*Q*
#Quirinal

*R*
#Radziwiłł
#Reynolds
#Rockefeller
#Rocco
#Roche
#Rochefoucauld #Rochechouart
#Rothschild
#Rogers
#Romanov
#Rosenwald
#Rospigliosi
#RospigliosiPapal
#Roussel
#Russel
#Ruspoli
#RuspoliSueca
#RuspoliBoadilla del Monte
#RuspoliPoggio Suasa #RuspoliCandriano
#RuspoliMorignano
#RuspoliFiano
#Rufini
#Ryan

*S*
#Saafeld
#Sacchetti
#Sachs
#Samuel
#Sassoon
#Saudi
#Savelli
#Savoy
#SavoyGenovese
#SaxeCoburgGothaWindsor
#SCJohnson
#Schiaratura
#Schiff
#Schroeder / #Schröder
#Schwartz
#Schwarzenberg
#Scolari
#Sforza / #Szfora / #Szfore /#Szfori
#Serlupi
#Sienese
#Sinclair / #SaintClair
#Sloane
#Somaglia
#Solvay
#Stern
#Stillman
#Storrow
#SuorOrsola

*T*
#Taft
#Tarth
#Tarentaise
#Theodoli
#ThurnUndTaxis
#Timken
#Torlonia
#Tossoukpé
#Trastamara
#Tyson
#Tudor

*U*

*V*
#Valentinois
#ValoisAnjou
#Vanderbilt
#VanDuyn
#Vascello
#Villani
#Visconti / #Visconte /#Bisconti / #Viceconte / #Viceconti / #Viseconte / #Viscont
#Vittoria
#VittoriaPallavicini

*W*
#Walton
#Warburg
#WarburgDelBanco
#Watson
#Weber
#Weems
#Wettin
#Widener
#WindsorSaxeCoburgGoete
#Winthrop
#Whitney
#Wittgenstein
#Wittelbach
#Worms
#Wurttemberg

*X*

*Y*
#York

*Z*
#Zogu
#Zuccari
ZunigaValero
___________________________

_Tags:_
#EXPOSING
#SatanicEliteBloodlines #BlackNobility #BlackNobilities #NobilityFamilies #NobilityBloodlines #NobilityHouses #FamilyNames #Family #Names #list #EXPOSED5*#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

*A*
Acquafondata, Agnelli, Agnelli-Elkann, Alba, Aldobrandini, Alexandrine-Montechanin, Aleramici, Altavilla, Allucingoli, Alaouite, Al-Abbasi, Al Khalifa,
Al-Sabah, Al-Falasi,
Al Ghardaqa, Angelerio, Ansbach, Altoviti, Anhalt, Anicii, Anguillara, Angevin, Angoulème, Anjou,
Anjou-Capetian, Aspenäs,
Asti, Astor/Astarte/Astorga/Ashdor, Astalli, Astakai, Asturias-Cantabria, Aragona, Aragon, Aragonese, Arenberg, Archbold, Arduinici, Arianiti,
Arsacid, Artsruni, Artaxiad,
Árpád, Arslan, Austria-Este, Aubert, Audley, Aumont, Austria-Este, Averill, Aviz,
*B*
Baden, Bagrat, Bagratuni, Bagrationi, Banér, Bardi, Bracciano, Baker, Banchieri, Barbarossa, Barberini, Barcelona, Bariatinsky, Barlow, Baruch,
Battenburg/Mountbatten, Bedford, Benjamin, Berwind,
Bernadotte, Bese, Beaufort Bielke, Bivinids, Bizzaccheri,
Bjelbo, Björn, Blanchefort, Blason, Blazon,
Blois, Blumenthal,
Bobone-Orsini, Bohemian, Boers-Lyon, Boleyn,
Bonaparte, Boncompagni,
Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Bogoria, Borghese, Borgia, Borja, Borjigid, Bokassa, Bonde, Bosonids, Brion, Brunswick-Luneburg, Boccasini, Boniface, Borromeo, Borghese, Bouillon, Bourbon, Bourbon-Parma, Bouvier Schlossberg, Braganza, Bruce/Bruis/Brix/Broase,
Breakspear/Breakspeare,
Brzezinski, Buffet, Bundy, Burgundi/Burgandy/ Burgundy,
Bush/Scherff, Buyak, Bååt,
*C*
Caetani, Castiglioni, Casiraghi, Coste/Tossoukpé, Caccianemici dal Orso, Caccianemico, Cafritz,
Cancellieri del Bufalo, Canella, Canossa,
Caltagirone, Capet, Capizucchis, Caracciolo di Torella, Caravaggio, Carnegie, Cargill-MacMillian, Carrington, Carpelan, Castile, Cattaneo, Catii, Cavendish,
Cavalier, Cavalieri,
Charlemagne, Chigi,
Chigi-Rovere,
Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere, Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini, Chigi-Zondadari, Churchill,
Cesi, Cesarini, Clark, Cochran, Cohen, Colaianni, Collins, Colonna, Conti, Conti di Segni, Coimbra, Coste, Cox, Crivelli, Cromwell/Cromwelle/Cromville/Cromewell/Cromwill/Cromwille/Cromevill/ Cromnvell, Csaky, Csaky-Pallavicini,
Curtis-Boks, Cutler, Cybo,
*D*
D’Arpino, D’Avignon, Davison, d’Udekem d’Acoz,
de Beaufort, de Borbón y Vallabriga, de Burgh,
de Fieschi, De Forest,
de Goyon, de Goyon de Matignon, de Got, De Medici, De Menil, de Polignac,
De Rosette, Deering,
Della Rovere, Del Balzo Orsini, Del Drago, Denter, Dìaz, Di Bicci, di Morra, diNardo, Di Sciarra, diTella-Colaianni, Disney/Isigny,
Domenichino, Doria,
Doria-Sachs, Doria-Pamphili-Landi, Ducruet, Dunkeld, Dunin, Du Pont, Drexel, Duke,
*E*
Eka, Elmaleh, Erba-Odescalchi, Este, Estridsen,
*F*
Farnese/Farnesi,
Ferragamo, Feretti,
FitzJames, Franklin, Field,
Finck, Fischer, Flagler,
Floridi, Frazzini, Freeman, Friedsam, Fontana, Forbes, Ford, Foster, Fieschi,
Fornier, Foucois,
Fürstenberg,
*G*
Gambino, Gatti-Grami (Lombardy), Gaetani, Gaetano-Orsini, Gallarati-Scotti, Genoese, Genovese, Genovese-Getty, Ghermezian, Ghibellines,
Gilman, Gisors, Giovanni,
Giustiniani, Glücksburg/Glücksborg, Green, Grimaldi, Grimaldi-Coste, Grimaldo, Grimaldo Canella, Grimoard,
Grosvenors, Gryf,
Gouyon/Goyon/Gouyon, Gore, Gorm,
Gotti, Gottlieb, Gottorp-Romanov, Goodyear, Goldsmidt/Goldsmith, Gould, Gualterio, Guggenheim, Guelph,
Guiness, Guglielmo, Gwynedd,
*H*
Halifax, Hambro, Hanover, Habsburg/Hapsburg, Habsburg-Lorraine, Harkness, Harriman, Hapsburg, Hayden, Hearst, Hesse, Hesse-Kassel, Higgins, Hills, Hiort af Ornäs,
Hippolyte Grimaldi, Hohenzollern, Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, Huntington,
Hurwitz, Huxley,
Hård af Segerstad,
*I*
il Malvicino de Calveiso de’ Calvi, Ingelger, Ivrea,
*J*
Jagiellon, Jagellonka,
Jastrzębiec, Jelilta, Jimenez, Johnson, Jägerhorn af Spurila,
*K*
Kahn, Khalili, Kadoorie,
Kahzarian, Khayami,
Karadjordjevic, Kellogs, Kennedy/Kannady/Kenardy/ Kennaday/Kenneday/ Kenneyday/Kennediem/ MacKennedy/MacUalraig,
Klettgau, Kirkwood,
Kissinger, Kresge, Koch, Krupp, Kuhn, Kur,
*L*
Lakhmids, Lambert, Lambertazzi, Lancaster,
Lazard, Lehman, Lee, Leijonhufvud, León, Lesser, Leliwa, Li, Lichtenstein, Lichnowsky, Ligne, Lilliehöök, Loeb,
Lombard/Lombardy,
Lord, Lorraine, Louvet, Ludovisi, Luisignan, Luxenbourg, Luzzatti Fequiz, Luzzatto, Luzzatos, Lyon,
*M*
Maderno, Magalotti, Mahidol, Maidalchini, Mandel, Manocherian, Massimo, Mars, Masci, Mattei, Marescotti, Matignon/
Davignon/Grignon/Wagnon/Ratigan/Catino/Gagnon/Latino/Nation,
Mattarazzo, Mavroleon, Maximii, Mazzini, McDonald, McGormick,
McLean, Meaux, Mecklenburg, Mellon,
Medici, Metcalf, Merage, Merode, Merovingian, Meyer, Mills, Milner, Mocatta, Montefiore, Montechanin, Montgomery, Montefeltro, Montpezat, Montesquieu, Moor, Morgan, Moshir, Morosinis, Moro, Mountbatten/Battenburg, Muti,
*N*
Nash, Nassau, Natt och Dag,
Navarre, Neri, Niederglatt-Blazon, Normandy,
*O*
Odescalchi, Odrowąż,
Oldenburg, Onassis, Orange,
Orange-Nassau, Orléans,
Orsini/Orsi/Ursi/Orso/Urso/D’Orsi/Dorsi/D’Orso/Dorso/D’Urso/Ursich/Ursic/Orselli/Orsello/Orsetti/Orsatti/Orsolini/Orsolino/Orsoni/Ursillo/Ursini,
Orsini Bonacassi,
Orsini del Balzo,
Orsini-di Bracciano, Oppenheimer, Orange, Ormsby, Ortolani, Orléans, Orléans-Braganza, Ostoja,
Ottobonis, Ottonians, Oxenstierna,
*P*
Pacelli, Pahlavi,
Pamphili/Pamphilio/Pamphili/Pamphilij, Pantaléon, Palaiologina, Palaiologos, Palatinate-Zweibrücken, Palazzo, Pallavicini/Pallavicino/Paravicini, Parentucelli, Papal, Patrasso di Guarcino, Patten, Patterson, Payne, Payseurs, Perkins, Phelps, Phipps, Plantagenet, Plantard, Piccolomini, Piedmont, Pignatelli, Pillsbury, Pitcairn, Pitigliano, Pius, Poher, Polignac, Polignac-Matignon-Grimaldi,
Porse, Posse, Pratt, Prefetti di Vico, Prignano, Pritzker,
*Q*
Quirinal,
*R*
Radziwiłł/Radziwill,
Reynolds, Rhodes,
Ribbing, Rizzuto, Roberti, Robertians, Rockefeller, Rothschild, Rocco, Roche, Roussel, Rochefoucauld, Rochechouart, Rogers, Romanov, Rosenwald, Rosenberg, Rosenstråle,
Rosso, Rospigliosi, Rospigliosi-Papal, Rurik, Russell, Ruspoli,
Ruspoli-Sueca,
Ruspoli-Boadilla del Monte,
Ruspoli-Poggio Suasa, Ruspoli-Candriano,
Ruspoli-Morignano,
Ruspoli-Fiano, Rufini, Ryan,
*S*
Saafeld, Sacchetti, Salians,
Samuel, Saudi, Savoy, Savoy-Genovese, Sachs, Sassanid,
Sassoon, Savelli, Savonarola,
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Windsor, S.C.Johnson, Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Schiff, Schroeder/Schröder,
Scolari, Schiaratura, Schultz,
Schwartz, Schwarzenberg,
Seaf, Serlupi, Sforza/Szfora/Szfore/Szfori,
Sienese, Sinclair/Saint Clair/Saint-Clair/
Sloane, Solvay, Somaglia, Stenbock, Stern, Stewart,
Stillman, Stimson,
Storrow, Strong, Sturdza, Stuart, Spadafora, Sparre, Spinola, Suor Orsola, Sverre, Swynford,
*T*
Taft, Tarentaise, Tarth, Theodoli, Thurn und Taxis, Timken, Torlonia, Tossoukpé, Trastamara, Trolle, Tudor, Turner, Tyson,
*U*
Uyunid,
*V*
Valentinois, Valois,
Valois-Anjou,
Van Duyn, Vanderbilt, Vascello, Vermandois,
Villani, Visconti/Visconte/Bisconti/Viceconte/Viceconti/Viseconte/Viscont,
Viguera, Visigoths, Vittoria, Vittoria-Pallavicini, von Finck, von Thurn und Taxis,
*W*
Wadsworth, Waldorf, Walton, Warburg Del Banco, Warburg,
Watson, Weber, Weems,
Welfs, Weill, Wettin, Widener, Wiesbaden, Winthrop,
Whitney, Wells, Wessex,
Windsor-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Wittelsbach, Wittgenstein, Worms,
Wormwood, Wurttemberg,
Weyerhaeuser,
*X*
*Y*
York,
*Z*
Zogu, Zuccari, Zuniga-Valero,
*Å*
*Ä/Æ*
*Ö*
Örnsparre,

*A*
#Acquafondata
#Agnelli
#AgnelliElkann
#Alba
#Aldobrandini
#AlexandrineMontechanin
#Altavilla
#Allucingoli
#Angelerio
#Anhalt
#Anicii
#Astalli
#Astakai
#Asti
#Astor / #Astarte / #Astorga / #Ashdor
#Aragona
#Archbold
#Arduinici
#Arianiti
#Aubert
#Audley
#Aumont
#AustriaEste

*B*
#Baden
#Baker
#Banchieri
#Barberini
#Bardi
#Bariatinsky
#Baruch
#Battenburg / #Mountbatten
#Bedford
#Benjamin
#Bernadotte
#Berwind
#Blanchefort
#Blazon
#Blumenthal
#Bizzaccheri
#Bracciano
#Braganza
#Breakspear / #Breakspeare
#Bruce
#Brzezinski
#Bobone
#Bonaparte
#Borghese
#Borgia
#Borromeo
#Bourbon
#BouvierSchlossberg
#Bundy
#Burgundi
#Bush / #Scherff
#Buyak

*C*
#Caetani
#Caltagirone
#Canossa
#CancellieriDelBufalo
#Capet
#Caravaggio
#Carnegie
#CargillMacMillian
#Castiglioni
#Catii
#Cattaneo
#Cavalier
#Cavendish
#Chigi
#Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere
#Chigi-Rovere
#Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini #Chigi-Zondadari
#Cesarini
#Clark
#Cochran
#Cohen
#Collins
#Colonna
#Conti
#ContiDiSegni
#Cox
#Cromwell / #Cromwelle /#Cromville / #Cromewell / #Cromwill / #Cromwille / #Cromevill / #Cromnvell
#Csaky
#CsakyPallavicini
#CurtisBoks
#Cutler
#Cybo

*D*
#D’Arpino
#Deering
#deBeaufort
#DeFieschi
#DeForest
#deGot
#deGoyon
#deGoyonDeMatignon
#DeMedici
#dePolignac
#DeRosette
#DellaRovere
#Dìaz
#DiBicci
#diMorra
#diNardo
#DiSciarra
#Disney / #Isigny
#diTellaColaianni
#Drexel
#Domenichino
#DoriaSachs
#DoriaPamphiliLandi
#Duke
#DuPont

*E*
#Elmaleh
#Este

*F*
#Farnese
#Field
#FitzJames
#Fischer
#Flagler
#Franklin
#Frazzini
#Freeman
#Friedsam
#Fontana
#Ford
#Foster

*G*
#Gambino
#GattiGrami / #Lombardy
#Gaetani
#Genoese
#Genovese
#GenoveseGambino
#Getty
#Ghermezian
#Ghibellines
#Glücksburg
#Gisors
#Giovanni
#Giustiniani
#Gotti
#GottorpRomanov
#Goldsmidt / #Goldsmith
#Gould
#Goodyear
#Green
#Grimaldi
#GrimaldiCoste
#Grosvenors
#Guggenheim
#Guglielmo
#Guelphs
#Guiness / #Guinness

*H*
#Hanover
#Harkness
#Harriman
#Hayden
#Habsburg / #Hapsburg
#HabsburgLorraine,
#Hearst
#Hesse
#HesseKassel
#Higgins
#Hills
#Hippolyte
#Hohenzollern
#Huntington
#Hurwitz

*I*
#Ivrea

*J*
#Jagiellon
#James
#Johnson
#Jimenez

*K*
#Kahn
#Khalili
#Kahzarian
#Khayami
#Kadoorie
#Kellogs
#Kennedy / #Kannady / #Kenardy / #Kennaday / #Kenneday / #Kenneyday / #Kennediem /
#MacKennedy / #MacUalraig
#Kirkwood
#Kresge
#Koch
#Krupp
#Kuhn

*L*
#Landi
#Lazard
#Lehman
#Lesser
#Lee
#Li
#Lichtenstein
#Lombard
#Lombardy
#Lorraine
#Ludovisi
#Luisignan

*M*
#Maderno
#Maidalchini
#Manocherian
#Marescotti
#Maximii
#Mars
#Massimo
#Mattei
#Mavroleon
#McDonald
#McGormick
#McLean
#Medici
#Mellon
#Merage
#Merovingian
#Metcalf
#Mills
#Mocatta
#Montechanin
#Montefiore
#Montgomery
#Montpezat
#Montesquieu
#Morgan
#Morosinis
#Moor
#Moshir

*N*
#Nash
#Nassau
#NiederglattBlazon

*O*
#Oldenburg
#Onassis
#Oppenheimer
#Orange
#OrangeNassau
#Orsini / #Orsi / #Ursi / #Orso / #Urso / #D’Orsi / #Dorsi / #D’Orso / #Dorso /
#D’Urso / #Ursich / #Ursic /
#Orselli / #Orsello / #Orsetti / #Orsatti / #Orsolini / #Orsolino / #Orsoni / #Ursillo / #Ursini
#OrsiniDiBracciano

*P*
#Pahlavi
#Palazzo
#Pamphili / #Pamphilio / #Pamphilij
#Pallavicini
#Paravicini
#Papal
#Patten
#Patterson
#Parentucelli
#Payseurs
#Perkins
#Phipps
#Plantagenet
#Plantard
#Piedmont
#Pitcairn
#Pratt
#PrefettiDiVico
#Pritzker
#Poher

*Q*
#Quirinal

*R*
#Radziwiłł
#Reynolds
#Rockefeller
#Rocco
#Roche
#Rochefoucauld #Rochechouart
#Rothschild
#Rogers
#Romanov
#Rosenwald
#Rospigliosi
#RospigliosiPapal
#Roussel
#Russel
#Ruspoli
#RuspoliSueca
#RuspoliBoadilla del Monte
#RuspoliPoggio Suasa #RuspoliCandriano
#RuspoliMorignano
#RuspoliFiano
#Rufini
#Ryan

*S*
#Saafeld
#Sacchetti
#Sachs
#Samuel
#Sassoon
#Saudi
#Savelli
#Savoy
#SavoyGenovese
#SaxeCoburgGothaWindsor
#SCJohnson
#Schiaratura
#Schiff
#Schroeder / #Schröder
#Schwartz
#Schwarzenberg
#Scolari
#Sforza / #Szfora / #Szfore /#Szfori
#Serlupi
#Sienese
#Sinclair / #SaintClair
#Sloane
#Somaglia
#Solvay
#Stern
#Stillman
#Storrow
#SuorOrsola

*T*
#Taft
#Tarth
#Tarentaise
#Theodoli
#ThurnUndTaxis
#Timken
#Torlonia
#Tossoukpé
#Trastamara
#Tyson
#Tudor

*U*

*V*
#Valentinois
#ValoisAnjou
#Vanderbilt
#VanDuyn
#Vascello
#Villani
#Visconti / #Visconte /#Bisconti / #Viceconte / #Viceconti / #Viseconte / #Viscont
#Vittoria
#VittoriaPallavicini

*W*
#Walton
#Warburg
#WarburgDelBanco
#Watson
#Weber
#Weems
#Wettin
#Widener
#WindsorSaxeCoburgGoete
#Winthrop
#Whitney
#Wittgenstein
#Wittelbach
#Worms
#Wurttemberg

*X*

*Y*
#York

*Z*
#Zogu
#Zuccari
ZunigaValero
___________________________

_Tags:_
#EXPOSING
#SatanicEliteBloodlines #BlackNobility #BlackNobilities #NobilityFamilies #NobilityBloodlines #NobilityHouses #FamilyNames #Family #Names #list #EXPOSED

“AV8 Field McConnell : PIZZAGATE & PAEDOPHILIA”

AV8 Field McConnell: PIZZAGATE & PAEDOPHILIA

Alternative View
Published on 30 Sep 2018

NOTE:
AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from : http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/

Category:People & Blogs

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from: http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/
CategoryPeople & Blogs

SHOW LESS

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from : http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/

Category:People & Blogs

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from: http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/
CategoryPeople & Blogs

SHOW LESS

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from: http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/
CategoryPeople & Blogs

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AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from : http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/

Category:People & Blogs

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from: http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/
CategoryPeople & Blogs

SHOW LESS

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from: http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/
CategoryPeople & Blogs

SHOW LESS

AV10 Tickets (10-13th May 2019) available from: http://www.AlternativeView.co.uk

The GLOBAL CONTROL MECHANISM :
Historically, Greek Life Societies held 2 hidden notions:

1). The Noble Lie of Socrates and Plato wherein civilisation must be governed by the deliberate deception of the philosophical elites. Society was told that the gods or God Zeus of the holy mountain pyramid hierarchy of gods, ranking of the angels or priests, wanted civilisation to be ruled by superior bloodlines with a divine monopoly of rule.

2). That civilisation depends on mass mind control of the commoners by constant culture cultivation especially amongst the historic slaves or more modern working class, as well as the children of those groups who must be conditioned to see their own slavery or working class enslavement, as the will of God or the gods. This is why the elites of western civilisation are so cosy with paedophilia and homosexuality and deviance of the apex hierarchy elite; because they see paedophilia and the Noble Lie as sexual slavery, as part of the basis for civilisation empire and cultural hegemony. They likely see that the most sophisticated and evolved humans are cunning sociopaths who see the ‘Dumbed-down Masses’ as mere chattel and cattle to be exploited by the gods and nature chosen special bloodlines.

Dominance over ‘little people’, as in the Wizard Of Oz, over Munchkins and J.K. Rowlin’s Muggles, by Secret Government and Secret Banking, as in Harry Potter, can easily be seen in its ultimate expression as the ‘Right to Abuse Children’, who can be turned to become paedophiles themselves. In UK/US it appears that the NSA, CIA, FBI, MI6, and MI5 did not have enough intelligence or integrity to warn the Royal Family about Edward Heath, Lord Boothby, Clement Freud and Jimmy Savile or in North America, Colonel Russell Williams, Jeffrey Epstein, Ghislaine Maxwell, Henry Kissinger and George H W Bush!

In the USA, paedophilia for cultural control peaked during the period March 1981 to January 2017. Most notably the exposure of the GHWB White House ‘Call Boy’ scandal in June 1989 and currently President Trump’s aggressive pursuit of paedophiles, in both government and in the corporate world.

Abel Danger has been providing evidence of the PizzaGate and PaedoGate organizations to government officials since 6 December, 2006, and while it is premature to declare victory, we see our efforts effective in accelerating the end of the high concentration of pedophiles in the US Congressional Halls.

Bio

Field McConnell is a career military and airline pilot who is closely linked to the flying events of 9/11. His Air National Guard Unit had F16s over Washington DC on morning of 9/11; CaptainCharles ‘Chic’ Burlingame of American Arlnes Flght 77 ( Pentagon) was his college classmate, and the’Boeing Uninterruptable Auto-Pilot’ (BUAP} equipped drones were his intellectual property.

Website : http://www.abeldanger.net/
CategoryPeople & Blogs

SHOW LESS

THE EUROPEAN BLACK NOBILITY

THE EUROPEAN BLACK NOBILITY

THE BEGINNING OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINES

pre-flood

3500-3000 Bf.C

• ASSYRIANS

• EGYPTIANS

• BABYLONIANS

• PERSIANS

• GREEKS

• ROMANS

=
THE ILLUMINATI BLOODLINES

HOUSE OF THE GUELPH

The house of Guelphs are one of the original Black Nobility families from Venice which the house of Windsor and thus the present queen Elizabeth J. of England descends. The Guelphs are intertwined with the german aristocracy. The Guelphs and the house of Hanover. Almost all european royal houses orginates from the house of Hanover and thus from the house of Guelph – the European Black Nobility.

The “black nobility” of Europe is made up of the following Royal “Bloodlines”:

House of Guelph (Great Britain)
House of Wettin (Belgium)
House of Bernadotte (Sweden)
House of Liechtenstein (Liechtenstein)
House of Oldenburg (Denmark)
House of Holenzollern (Germany)
House of Hanover (Germany)
House of Bourbon (France)
House of Orange (Netherlands)
House of Grimoldi (Monaco)
House of Wittelsbach (Germany)
House of Braganza (Portugal)
House of Nassau (Luxembourg)
House of Hapsburg (Austria)
House of Savoy (Italy)
House of Karadjordjevic (Yugoslavia)
House of Wurttemberg (Germany)
House of Zogo (Albania)

This is the big picture of true world power system as of the present. The listing of the Royal Houses of Europe and the Bloodline families trace their genealogies to the “Merovingians”, who in turn trace their genealogies to the bogus Gnostic teaching that Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene were married and had two children, a boy and a girl named Jesus II, and Tamar. From all of this we get the so-called “Divine Right of Kings”, a fabrication for the “blue-bloods” of royalty. All of this a gross fabrication to justify power, wealth, privilege, and status to remain within the hands of the royals.

These people earned the title of “Black” Nobility from their ruthless lack of scruple. They employed murder, rape, kidnapping, assassination, robbery, and all manner of deceit on a grand scale, brooking no opposition to attaining their objectives. These all have immense wealth. And money is power.

The most powerful of the Black Nobility families are located in Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Britain, Holland and Greece in that order. Their roots may be traced back to the Venetian oligarchs, who are of Khazar extraction, and married into these royal houses in the early part of the twelfth century. (Following a great Khazar victory over the Arabs, the future Emperor, Constantine V, married a Khazar princess and their son became Emperor Leo IV, also known as “Leo the Khazar”. The Medecci popes, Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli), and John Paul II were Khazars.. Not all Black Nobility are royal houses, and many of the royal families no longer have kingdoms. According to researcher and author Dr. John Coleman, a “Committee of 300” was established early in the eighteenth century, “although it did not take on its present form until around 1897”, (when the China opium trade was legalised)

Documentary proof as to the existence of the Committee of 300 is not forthcoming, and it may be no more than a convenient phrase to describe certain key players. Socialist politician and financial adviser to the Rothschilds, Walter Rathenau, writing in the Wiener Press (24 December, 1921) said, “Only 300 men, each of whom knows all others govern the fate of Europe. They select their successors from their own entourage. These men have the means in their hands of putting an end to the form of State which they find unreasonable.” Exactly six months after publication, Rathenau was assassinated.

Dr. Coleman’s work opens the door to further studies on named members of the ruling elite, particularly in America. Whereas the English have a long history and are very aware of their ancestry, certain families of “blue-bloods” in the United States that have historic ties with the British through blood and money.

These “noble” families are behind most if not all of the so-called pro-environmental movements that are actually intended to curb the population growth of ALL nations. Prince Philip and Prince Charles are the most visible symbols of this movement, and are a true part of this conspiracy to destroy industry and take the world back to a New Dark Age.

Most if not all the crowned and uncrowned heads of these dynasties enjoy huge incomes from ground rents. All favor Global 2000 Report to the President that’s calculated to end all industrial progress, and by famine, disease and wars, eliminate the excess population industry supports. All oppose nuclear power that can produce clean cheap electricity, the key to economic development and prosperity in the Third World. They ardently desire a return to the feudal system where they will once again be absolute rulers.

While professing Christianity, the oligarchical families, for the greater part, actually despise it in secret. Masonry provides their religious fulfillment. And without faith, they have no belief in reward or punishment and a world to come. They live for the here and now.

Many of these oligarchies are in the drug and arms trade through well-distanced intermediaries (like so many of the large banks).

In 1815 the Jesuits and their Freemason allies among the crowned heads of Europe held the Congress of Vienna, whereby Swiss neutrality (already sanctioned by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648) was forever guaranteed; and no matter how many wars are provoked in which the common man has to do the fighting, the money of the Nobility in Switzerland should always be free from plunder. It’s part of Rothschild’s meticulous long-range planning, and why Switzerland exists to this day. But that doesn’t mean to say your money would be safe. Some US$280 billion p.a. in flight capital and drug money flows into the Swiss accounts of the Black Nobility.

The place of FreeMasonry in the power structure of the Elites is quite evident as they carried through Adam Weishaupt’s conspiracy to avenge the Jesuits after their abolition in 1773 by short-lived Pope Clement XIV as “immoral and a menace to the Church and the Faith”.

By launching the French Revolution and directing Napoleon’s conquest of Catholic Europe, and by revolts against the church in Mexico and Latin America, they cut-off Vatican income.

Nathan Rothschild’s financing of Britain resulted in the defeat of Rome’s enemy Napoleon, (as well as being the source of his wealth and influence). Since Gregory XVI conferred a Papal decoration on Kalman Rothschild for loaning the Vatican five million pounds in a period of difficulty, the Rothschilds have been the fiscal agents of the Vatican. With Vatican interests at heart, the Rothschilds extended their financial and political dominion in the United States. The Vatican’s interest in the US was clearly revealed in the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona between Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia whereby the Jesuit Order pledged itself as the price of reinstatement to destroy “the works of Satan” it had established in setting-up, by revolution, representative governments such as the republics and “democracies” of France and the USA, replacing them with the only form of government approved by the church, rule by “divine right”, as declared by the Vatican (Daniel 2:42-43; Revelation 17:12-13).

As Senator Robert Owen pointed out to the US Senate in 1916, the prime target to which the Vatican and the “Holy Alliance” directed the subversive and destructive activities of the Society of Jesus, is the United States, and other republics in the Western hemisphere. This plot, he claimed, was the target at which the Monroe Doctrine was directed. What the Senator did not realize is that the Monroe Doctrine protects the interests of “The City of London”.

The Rothschild-Vatican cabal unsuccessfully attempted to gain control over the power of the purse in the US through the First and Second Bank of the United States. They were established under emergency powers granted to the President by the Constitution, as temporary institutions to tide the country through the periods of financial stress occasioned by the Revolutionary and 1812 Wars. But the aims of the conspirators to establish a banking monopoly were thwarted by the Constitution. Until the FED.

It is said the Black Nobility promised a neutral Germany if Soviet Russia allowed East and West Germany to reunite. And that Russia promised to see that all royal houses are restored to the rightful heirs if they decouple Europe from the American Alliance.

Imperial nobility enjoy a more elevated status than the nobilities of the German successor states and, indeed, of the Italian states. The descendants of Italian Holy Roman Empire titles have formed an Association to which all male line descendants of someone ennobled by Imperial Patent is entitled to belong. And the Principality of Liechtenstein has also claimed the ability to confirm a succession to Imperial titles, and has confirmed the right of a Spanish noble man to heir such a title for purposes of the Spanish law requiring the successor state to confirm that the claimant to a particular title is in fact the heir. Thus there is a remaining jurisdiction, even though no Imperial titles have been conferred since 1806.

In 1963, the Holy Roman Empire Association (Associzioni dei Nobili del Sacro Romano Impero) was established to unite male descendants in its membership who are invested with nobility of the Holy Roman Empire.

It also includes a number of honorary members.

The Black Nobility belong to the “Committee of 300” that controls the UN. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands has the power to veto the Vatican’s choice of any pope it selects. This may explain the untimely end to Pope John Paul I’s 33-day pontificate. The Prince has veto power because his family, the Habsburgs, are descended directly from the last Roman emperor. (The Habsburg Frederick III was the last emperor to be crowned in Rome; his great-grandson Charles V was the last to be crowned by a pope). This is the civil equivalent of the Pope’s claimed “apostolic succession” from Saint Peter.

Prince Bernhard is leader of the Black Families and he also claims descent from the House of David through the Merovingian dynasty, a claim that was acknowledged to be valid by the Carolingian dynasty that supplanted them, by other monarchs and by the Roman Church of that time. Thus he can truly say that he is “related to Jesus”.

Prince Bernhard’s House of Orange had its origins in France. The Habsburgs are related through marriage with the Merovingians, who are said to have descended from the Tribe of Benjamin who went into exile following war with the other eleven Tribes — see Judges chapter 21. Exile took them to Arcadia in the central Peloponnese, Greece. Here they aligned with the Arcadian royal line and towards the advent of the Christian era, migrated up the Danube and Rhine, through marriage engendering the Sicambrian Franks — the immediate forebears of the Merovingians, who were ultimately of Semitic origin, and descendants of King Saul.

They are identified with the Spartans, and both books of Maccabees link the Spartans with the Jews. I Maccabees 12 tells of Jonathan sending a letter to the Lacedemonians (Spartan Greeks) asking for their help, since they were brethren. The Spartans replied, “It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren and that they are of the stock of Abraham” (verse 21). It is assumed by some writers that this means the Spartans were Israelites, but the Spartans were not Israelites they were Edomites descended from Bela son of Beor and brother of Baalim, and king of Edom (Genesis 36:32; I Chronicles 1:43). Edom was the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham who sold his birthright, and bred his posterity off the Book of Life.

Early in the fifth century the Merovingians established themselves in what is now Belgium and northern France. There they adopted the Cabalistic pseudo-Christianity of the Cathars, a dualistic religion that holds there are two eternal gods, the god of Good and the god of Evil. It is revealing that this Luciferian belief is held by Masons of high degree and those who would be Masters of this world today, and who claim that Lucifer will ultimately be victorious.

Under Clovis I, who reigned from 481-511, the Franks converted to Roman Catholicism. Through him, Rome began to establish undisputed supremacy in Western Europe. In return for being the sword of Rome whereby the church would manifest her power and impose a spiritual dominion, Clovis was granted the title of “New Constantine” and to preside over a unified “Holy Roman Empire” based on the church and administered on the secular level in perpetuity by the Merovingian bloodline. Like “the sure mercies of David”, this was a pact that could be modified, but not revoked, broken or betrayed.

When in 496 the church pledged itself in perpetuity to the Merovingian bloodline it was presumably in full knowledge of their claimed identity. This would explain why Clovis was offered the status of Holy Roman Emperor, and why he was not created but only “crowned” king. In 754 the church clandestinely betrayed its pact.

The Prieure de Sion is the name of the secret order which created the Knight Templars as its military and administrative arm. (It should be remembered that the Knight Templars were the forerunners of Freemasonry). The Prieure de Sion continues to function through the centuries, acting in the shadows, and has orchestrated certain critical events in Western history.

It exists today and is still operative. Its declared objective is the restoration of the Merovingian dynasty and bloodline to the throne not only of France, but of other European nations as well, a restoration that is sanctioned and justifiable, both legally and morally.

There is strong evidence to suggest that this order was the author of FreeMasonry, and “The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Sion”, as well as the Rosicrucians. There is abundant evidence to suggest that Nostradamus was one of their secret agents, and there is no question that numerous quatrains which refer to the advent of “le Grand Monarch” indicate that this sovereign will ultimately derive from the Merovingian dynasty. Implying a double hegemony of the Papacy and the Empire, of the Vatican and of the Habsburgs. He frequently referred quite explicitly to the Knights Templars and to the house of Lorraine which is now synonymous with the Habsburgs.

Although deposed in the eighth century, the Merovingian bloodline did not become extinct. On the contrary it perpetuated itself in a direct line from Dagobert II and his son Sigisbert IV. By dint of dynastic alliances and intermarriages, this line came to include Godfroi de Bouillon, who captured Jerusalem in 1099, and various other noble and royal families, past and present — Blanchefort, Gisors, Saint-Clair (Sinclair in England), Montesquieu, Montpezat, Poher, Luisignan, Plantard and Habsburg-Lorraine. At present, the Merovingian bloodline enjoys a legitimate claim to its heritage.

The Crown of Charlemagne — A replica of which is now part of the imperial Habsburg Regalia — is said to have borne the inscription “Rex Salomon” (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th Ed., 1972, Crown and Regalia, Fig. 2). And the “Spear of Destiny”, which is said to have pierced Christ, reside today in the Treasure House, Vienna, awaiting another Holy Roman Emperor (The Rigby Joy of Knowledge Library. History and Culture I, 1977:160; The Holy Roman Empire, Friedrich Heer, p. 284). It is clear why the “Protocols of the Elders of Sion” speak of a new king “of the Holy seed of David”, (Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln). Otto von Habsburg is today the titular Duke of Lorraine and King of Jerusalem.

The Prieure de Sion claim to hold the lost treasure of the Temple of Jerusalem plundered by Titus in AD70 which would be returned to Israel “when the time was right”. This might explain why Rome must defer to the “kings of the earth” and how she will seal a covenant with the Jews who have long hidden behind the shield of baptism.

Prince Bernhard is in fact related to the Khazars, and therefore a Gentile. Revelation 2:9, “I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan”.

Assisted by the CIA, Prince Bernhard has brought the hidden ruling body of the Illuminati into public knowledge as De Bilderberg Group. (Established in 1954, its headquarters is 1 Smidswater, Den Haag, Nederlands). At the heart of the Bilderberg Group are 39 members of the Illuminati chosen from three committees drawn from the members of all the secret groups that comprise the Illuminati: the Freemasons, the Vatican and the Black Nobility. This committee works year round in offices in Switzerland.

The Committee of 300 now call themselves World Government Founders for the NWO. A reference no doubt to their hereditary claim to the “Divine Right of Kings”.
It is imperative that we realize that privately, the Black Nobility refuse to ever recognize any government other than their own inherited and divine right to rule. They believe the United States still belongs to England. And work diligently behind the scenes to cause conditions whereby they might regain their crowns. Every royal and so-called noble dynasty past and present of Europe have seats on the Committee of 300, most often by nominees. There are just too many of these “royal” families for them each to have representatives on the Committee of 300. Precedence is determined by rank: first royal family members, then dukes, earls, marquises and lords, then finally “commoners”, who usually get the title of “Sir”.

The hierarchy of the global pyramid of power and how Rome fits into this pyramid pinnacle. The Jesuit General-Superior or the (“Black Pope”) is the single-most powerful man on Earth; he rules over the Admiralty-Maritime Laws of commerce. He controls the banking system, FreeMasonry and all the Secret Services (CIA, FBI, NSA, SIS, MI6, MI5, Scotland Yard, Mossad, CSIS, DGSE, FSB). The Vatican owns 60% of all Israeli lands and the land of the Temple Mount for their future Third Temple, where they will enthrone their Messiah. He is a part of the Arcana Arcanorum controlled by the Papal Bloodlines. These bloodlines are are referred to as the ‘Omega’ points of control. These bloodlines are behind the ‘Black Pope’, or the Jesuit Superior-General Adolfo Nicolas Pachon, installed in January of 2008. The position will change personalities in the next General Session of the Jesuits, as Fr. Adolfo Nicolas Pachon, has submitted his resignation for the upcoming session, over his indictment at the International Common Law Court of Justice, for child trafficking and murder.

THE HISTORY OF THE BLACK NOBILITY

In Carthage, the Canaanites called themselves Punics.

Rome attacked Carthage in full force, beginning in 264BC and completed their task after killing or enslaving every Carthaginian, by sowing the land to salt so that nothing could ever grow there again.

The Edomites descended from Esau later intermarried with the Turks to produce a Turco-Edomite mixture which later became known as
Chazars (Khazars) – who are the present occupants of Israel. These Canaanites eventually adopted the name “Sepharvaim” for deceptive purposes. They later became known as Venetians, and by marrying into European royalty and aristocracy, the “black nobility”.

The Venetians today control the Federal Reserve system in the US.

Around AD1400, European power centers coalesced into two camps:

The Ghibellines, who supported the Emperors Hohenstaufen family

The Guelphs, from Welf, the German prince who competed with Frederick for control of the Holy Roman Empire

The Pope allied himself with the Guelphs. All modern history stems directly from the struggle between these two powers.

The Guelphs are also called the Neri, Black Guelphs, or Black Nobility, and supported William of Orange in his seizure of the throne of England, which eventually resulted in the formation of the Bank of England and the East India Company, which would rule the world from the 17th century. All coup d’etats, revolutions and wars in the 19th and 20thcenturies are centered in the battle of the Guelphs to hold and enhance their power, which is now the New World Order.

The power of the Guelphs would extend through the Italian financial centers to the north of France in Lombardy (all Italian bankers were referred to as “Lombards”). Lombard in German means “deposit bank”, and the Lombards were bankers to the entire Medieval world. They would later transfer operations north to Hamburg, then to Amsterdam and finally to London.

The Guelphs would start the slave trade to the colonies. The Guelphs, in order to aid their control of finance and politics, would perpetuate
gnostic cults which eventually developed into the Rosicrucians, Unitarians, Fabian Society and the World Council of Churches. The East India company, together with John Stuart Mill, would finance the University of London.

A friend of Mill, historian George Grote, a founder of London University donated £6000 for the study of “mental health”, which began the worldwide “mental health” movement.

Banks large and small in the thousands are inthe Committee of 300 network, including:

Banca Commerciale d’Italia

Banca Privata

Banco Ambrosiano

The Netherlands Bank

Barclays Bank

Banco de Colombia

Banco de Ibero-America

Of special interest is Banca del la Svizzeria Italiana (BSI) – since it handles flight capital investments to and from the United States – primarily in dollars and US bonds – located and isolated in “neutral” Lugano, the flight capital center for the Venetian Black Nobility.

Lugano is not in Italy or in Switzerland, and is a kind of twilight zone for shady flight capital operations. George Ball, who owns a large block of stock in BSI, is a prominent “insider” and the bank’s US representative.

In the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona (between Austria, France, Prussia and Russia) the Jesuits agreed to smash the US Constitution and suppress the freedom of the US. Their methods included destroying free speech, destroying and suppressing the press, universal censorship, sustaining the cooperation of the Pope and clergy to use religion to help keep nations in passive obedience and financing wars against countries with representative governments.

The monarchs who signed this treaty were ultimately deposed. Most of these families are very wealthy and may be more powerful today than when they sat upon thrones. They are known collectively as the Black Nobility. Privately these families refuse to recognize any right to rule except their own.

The fact that this treaty was made long ago does not mean it is void. The treaty was placed in the Congressional Record on April 25, 1916 by Senator Owen.

In 1948 George H.W. Bush graduated from Yale University and the Skull and Bones. He is a distant cousin of the Queen of England, part of the Black Nobility which traces its power back 5,000 years.

Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands created a group that became known as the Bilderbergers. Many “conservative” researchers have come to recognize the Bilderbergers as an important force for the “New World Order”.

(Note: Since the Bildebergers, according to former British Intelligence agent John Coleman, serve as a BINDING force between the three major ’one world government’ forces – the Wicca-Masons (i.e. Communism); the Black Nobility descendants of the early Roman emperors; and the Maltese Jesuits… each of which have 13 respective representatives on the 39-member Bildeberger board – and since a Nazi SS stormtrooper was responsible for developing this “New World Order” coordination council, and since Adolph Hitler’s second book was titled [believe it or not] “The New World Order.” No wonder Adolph Hitler’s dream – and that of his predecessors the “Kaisers”, a German translation of “Caesars” – was the revival of the Roman empire).

According to former British Intelligence agent Dr. John Coleman, the three world power groups: the Wicca-Masons (i.e. Communism), the Maltese-Jesuits and the Black-Nobility (’Black’ in this context refers to their character, not their skin color) all work for and under the central Command of the Bavarian Illuminati which binds them together.

The Bavarians created the Bilderberg society for this purpose, the core of which is a council of 13 members from each of the three ’groups’ or 39 in all.

The old-line ruling families who believe that they have the right to rule the world because they are descended from the emperors of the ancient Roman and so-called ’holy’ Roman Empires consist of 13-15 ’blue blood’ families.

WHICH INCLUDE:

Bush
Goldman
Harriman
Kuhn
Lambert
Lazard
Lehman
Loeb
Morgan
Rockefeller
Rothschild
Sach
Schiff
Schroeder
Seaf
Warburg

Others that have not been mentioned are more ’powerful’ than others.

But these names will get you started if you wish to track down the present-day inner core of the conspiracy. The history of the Bilderberg group itself, a cover for the Bavarian Illuminati, and its Nazi connections, would probably be the best place to start.

PROMINENT MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE OF 300:

· The Giustiniani family, Black Nobility of Rome and Venice who trace their lineage to the Emperor Justianian

· Sir Jocelyn Hambro of Hambros (Merchant) Bank

· Pierpaolo Luzzatti Fequiz, whose lineage dates back six centuries to the most ancient Luzzatos, the Black Nobility of Venice

· Umberto Ortolani of the ancient Black Nobility family of the same name

OTHER OLD VENETIAN BLACK NOBILITY BOARD MEMBERS OF THE
COMMITTEE OF 300 + BOARD MEMBERS OF ASG & RAS ARE:

· The Doria family, the financiers of the Spanish Hapsburgs

· Elie de Rothschild of the French Rothschild family

· Baron August von Finck (Finck, the second richest man in Germany now deceased)

· Franco Orsini Bonacassi of The ancient Orsini Black Nobility that traces its lineage to an ancient Roman senator of the same name

· The Alba family whose lineage dates back to the great Duke of Alba

· Baron Pierre Lambert, a cousin of the Belgian Rothschild family

Italy was chosen as a test-target by the Committee of 300.

Italy is important to the conspirators’ plans because it is the closest European country to the Middle East, and linked to Middle East economics and politics. It is also the home ofthe Catholic Church, which Weishaupt ordered destroyed, and home for some of Europe’s most powerful oligarchical families of the ancient Black Nobility.

Should Italy have been weakened by Aldo Moro’s death, it would have had repercussions in the Middle East which would have weakened US influence in the region. Italy is important for another reason; it is a gateway for drugs entering Europe from Iran and Lebanon.

Various groups combined under the name of socialism to bring about the downfall of several Italian governments since the Club of Rome was established in 1968. Among these are the Black Nobility of Venice and Genoa, P2 Masonry and the Red Brigades, all working for the same goals. Police investigators in Rome working on the Red Brigades-Aldo Moro case came across the names of several very prominent Italian families working closely with this terrorist group.

The police also discovered evidence that in at least a dozen cases, these powerful and prominent families had allowed their homes and/or property to be used as safe houses for Red Brigades
cells.

Peccei headed the Atlantic Institute’s Economic Council for three decades while he was the Chief Executive Officer for Giovanni Agnellis’ Fiat Motor Company. Agnelli, a member of an ancient Italian Black Nobility family of the same name, was one of the most important members of the Committee of 300. He played a leading role in development projects in the Soviet Union.

The Club of Rome is a conspiratorial umbrella organization, a marriage between Anglo-American financiers and the old Black Nobility families of Europe, particularly the so-called “nobility” of London, Venice and Genoa.

The key to the successful control of the world is their ability to create and manage savage economic recessions and eventual depressions.

The Committee of 300 looks to social convulsions on a global scale, followed by depressions, as a softening-up technique for bigger things to come, as its principal method of creating masses of people all over the world who will become its “welfare” recipients of the future.

To introduce new cults and continue to boost those already functioning which includes rock “music” gangsters such as the filthy, degenerate Mick Jagger’s “Rolling Stones” (a gangster group much favored by European Black Nobility) and all of the Tavistock-created “rock” groups which began with “The Beatles”.

To continue to build up the cult of Christian fundamentalism begun by the British East India Company’s servant, Darby, which will be misused to strengthen the Zionist state of Israel through identifying with the Jews through the myth of “God’s Chosen People” and by donating very substantial amounts of money to what they mistakenly believe is a religious cause in the furtherance of Christianity.

Brzezinski was not writing as a private citizen but as Carter’s National Security Advisor and a leading member of the Club of Rome and a member of the Committee of 300, a member of the CFR and as a member of the old Polish Black Nobility. His book explains how America must leave its industrial base behind and enter into what he called “a distinct new historical era”.

In this regard a French Black Nobility member, Etienne D’Avignon, as a member of the Committee of 300, was assigned the task of collapsing the steel industry in the US It is doubtful that any of the hundreds of thousands of steel workers and shipyard workers who have been without jobs for the past decade have ever heard of D’Avignon.

A second assassination bureau is located in Switzerland and was until recently run by a shadowy figure of whom no photographs existed after 1941. The operations were and probably still are financed by the Oltramaire family – Swiss Black Nobility, owners of the Lombard Odier Bank of Geneva, a Committee of 300 operation.

The primary contact man was Jacques Soustelle – this according to US Army-G2 intelligence files. This group was also closely allied with Allen Dulles and Jean de Menil, an important member of the Committee of 300 and a very prominent name in the oil industry in Texas.

Army-G2 records show that the group was heavily involved in the arms trade in the Middle East, but more than that, the assassination bureau made no less than 30 attempts to kill General de Gaulle, in which Jacques Soustelle was directly involved.

The same Soustelle was the contact man for the Sendero Luminoso-Shining Pathwayguerilla group protecting the Committee’s Peruvian cocaine producers.

Richard Gardner was sent to Rome on a special assignment. Gardner married into one of the oldest Black Nobility families of Venice, thus providing the Venetian aristocracy a direct line to the White House. The late Averill Harriman was another of the committee’s direct links with the Kremlin and the White House, a position inherited by Kissinger after Harriman’s death.

In 1986 in “The Order of St. John of Jerusalem” Dr. Coleman wrote:

“It is therefore not a secret society, except where its purposes have been perverted in the inner councils like theOrder of the Garter, which is a prostituted oligarchical creation of the British royal family, which makes a mockery of what the Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem stands for.

As an example, we find the atheist Lord Peter Carrington, who pretends to be an Anglican Christian but who is a member of the Order of Osiris and other demonic sects, including Freemasonry, installed as a Knight of the Garter at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II of England, of the Black Nobility Guelphs, also head of the Anglican Church, which she thoroughly despises.”

$15.8 billion is one realistic estimate of the Queen’s worth – tax exempt – BOE.

“Only the little people pay taxes”.

Leona Helmsly

THE EUROPEAN BLACK NOBILITY

THE EUROPEAN BLACK NOBILITY

HOUSE OF THE GUELPH

The house of Guelphs are one of the original Black Nobility families from Venice which the house of Windsor and thus the present queen Elizabeth J. of England descends. The Guelphs are intertwined with the german aristocracy. The Guelphs and the house of Hanover. Almost all european royal houses orginates from the house of Hanover and thus from the house of Guelph – the European Black Nobility.

The “black nobility” of Europe is made up of the following Royal “Bloodlines”:

House of Guelph (Great Britain)
House of Wettin (Belgium)
House of Bernadotte (Sweden)
House of Liechtenstein (Liechtenstein)
House of Oldenburg (Denmark)
House of Holenzollern (Germany)
House of Hanover (Germany)
House of Bourbon (France)
House of Orange (Netherlands)
House of Grimoldi (Monaco)
House of Wittelsbach (Germany)
House of Braganza (Portugal)
House of Nassau (Luxembourg)
House of Hapsburg (Austria)
House of Savoy (Italy)
House of Karadjordjevic (Yugoslavia)
House of Wurttemberg (Germany)
House of Zogo (Albania)

This is the big picture of true world power system as of the present. The listing of the Royal Houses of Europe and the Bloodline families trace their genealogies to the “Merovingians”, who in turn trace their genealogies to the bogus Gnostic teaching that Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene were married and had two children, a boy and a girl named Jesus II, and Tamar. From all of this we get the so-called “Divine Right of Kings”, a fabrication for the “blue-bloods” of royalty. All of this a gross fabrication to justify power, wealth, privilege, and status to remain within the hands of the royals.

These people earned the title of “Black” Nobility from their ruthless lack of scruple. They employed murder, rape, kidnapping, assassination, robbery, and all manner of deceit on a grand scale, brooking no opposition to attaining their objectives. These all have immense wealth. And money is power.

The most powerful of the Black Nobility families are located in Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Britain, Holland and Greece in that order. Their roots may be traced back to the Venetian oligarchs, who are of Khazar extraction, and married into these royal houses in the early part of the twelfth century. (Following a great Khazar victory over the Arabs, the future Emperor, Constantine V, married a Khazar princess and their son became Emperor Leo IV, also known as “Leo the Khazar”. The Medecci popes, Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli), and John Paul II were Khazars.. Not all Black Nobility are royal houses, and many of the royal families no longer have kingdoms. According to researcher and author Dr. John Coleman, a “Committee of 300” was established early in the eighteenth century, “although it did not take on its present form until around 1897”, (when the China opium trade was legalised)

Documentary proof as to the existence of the Committee of 300 is not forthcoming, and it may be no more than a convenient phrase to describe certain key players. Socialist politician and financial adviser to the Rothschilds, Walter Rathenau, writing in the Wiener Press (24 December, 1921) said, “Only 300 men, each of whom knows all others govern the fate of Europe. They select their successors from their own entourage. These men have the means in their hands of putting an end to the form of State which they find unreasonable.” Exactly six months after publication, Rathenau was assassinated.

Dr. Coleman’s work opens the door to further studies on named members of the ruling elite, particularly in America. Whereas the English have a long history and are very aware of their ancestry, certain families of “blue-bloods” in the United States that have historic ties with the British through blood and money.

These “noble” families are behind most if not all of the so-called pro-environmental movements that are actually intended to curb the population growth of ALL nations. Prince Philip and Prince Charles are the most visible symbols of this movement, and are a true part of this conspiracy to destroy industry and take the world back to a New Dark Age.

Most if not all the crowned and uncrowned heads of these dynasties enjoy huge incomes from ground rents. All favor Global 2000 Report to the President that’s calculated to end all industrial progress, and by famine, disease and wars, eliminate the excess population industry supports. All oppose nuclear power that can produce clean cheap electricity, the key to economic development and prosperity in the Third World. They ardently desire a return to the feudal system where they will once again be absolute rulers.

While professing Christianity, the oligarchical families, for the greater part, actually despise it in secret. Masonry provides their religious fulfillment. And without faith, they have no belief in reward or punishment and a world to come. They live for the here and now.

Many of these oligarchies are in the drug and arms trade through well-distanced intermediaries (like so many of the large banks).

In 1815 the Jesuits and their Freemason allies among the crowned heads of Europe held the Congress of Vienna, whereby Swiss neutrality (already sanctioned by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648) was forever guaranteed; and no matter how many wars are provoked in which the common man has to do the fighting, the money of the Nobility in Switzerland should always be free from plunder. It’s part of Rothschild’s meticulous long-range planning, and why Switzerland exists to this day. But that doesn’t mean to say your money would be safe. Some US$280 billion p.a. in flight capital and drug money flows into the Swiss accounts of the Black Nobility.

The place of FreeMasonry in the power structure of the Elites is quite evident as they carried through Adam Weishaupt’s conspiracy to avenge the Jesuits after their abolition in 1773 by short-lived Pope Clement XIV as “immoral and a menace to the Church and the Faith”.

By launching the French Revolution and directing Napoleon’s conquest of Catholic Europe, and by revolts against the church in Mexico and Latin America, they cut-off Vatican income.

Nathan Rothschild’s financing of Britain resulted in the defeat of Rome’s enemy Napoleon, (as well as being the source of his wealth and influence). Since Gregory XVI conferred a Papal decoration on Kalman Rothschild for loaning the Vatican five million pounds in a period of difficulty, the Rothschilds have been the fiscal agents of the Vatican. With Vatican interests at heart, the Rothschilds extended their financial and political dominion in the United States. The Vatican’s interest in the US was clearly revealed in the secret 1822 Treaty of Verona between Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia whereby the Jesuit Order pledged itself as the price of reinstatement to destroy “the works of Satan” it had established in setting-up, by revolution, representative governments such as the republics and “democracies” of France and the USA, replacing them with the only form of government approved by the church, rule by “divine right”, as declared by the Vatican (Daniel 2:42-43; Revelation 17:12-13).

As Senator Robert Owen pointed out to the US Senate in 1916, the prime target to which the Vatican and the “Holy Alliance” directed the subversive and destructive activities of the Society of Jesus, is the United States, and other republics in the Western hemisphere. This plot, he claimed, was the target at which the Monroe Doctrine was directed. What the Senator did not realize is that the Monroe Doctrine protects the interests of “The City of London”.

The Rothschild-Vatican cabal unsuccessfully attempted to gain control over the power of the purse in the US through the First and Second Bank of the United States. They were established under emergency powers granted to the President by the Constitution, as temporary institutions to tide the country through the periods of financial stress occasioned by the Revolutionary and 1812 Wars. But the aims of the conspirators to establish a banking monopoly were thwarted by the Constitution. Until the FED.

It is said the Black Nobility promised a neutral Germany if Soviet Russia allowed East and West Germany to reunite. And that Russia promised to see that all royal houses are restored to the rightful heirs if they decouple Europe from the American Alliance.

Imperial nobility enjoy a more elevated status than the nobilities of the German successor states and, indeed, of the Italian states. The descendants of Italian Holy Roman Empire titles have formed an Association to which all male line descendants of someone ennobled by Imperial Patent is entitled to belong. And the Principality of Liechtenstein has also claimed the ability to confirm a succession to Imperial titles, and has confirmed the right of a Spanish noble man to heir such a title for purposes of the Spanish law requiring the successor state to confirm that the claimant to a particular title is in fact the heir. Thus there is a remaining jurisdiction, even though no Imperial titles have been conferred since 1806.

In 1963, the Holy Roman Empire Association (Associzioni dei Nobili del Sacro Romano Impero) was established to unite male descendants in its membership who are invested with nobility of the Holy Roman Empire.

It also includes a number of honorary members.

The Black Nobility belong to the “Committee of 300” that controls the UN. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands has the power to veto the Vatican’s choice of any pope it selects. This may explain the untimely end to Pope John Paul I’s 33-day pontificate. The Prince has veto power because his family, the Habsburgs, are descended directly from the last Roman emperor. (The Habsburg Frederick III was the last emperor to be crowned in Rome; his great-grandson Charles V was the last to be crowned by a pope). This is the civil equivalent of the Pope’s claimed “apostolic succession” from Saint Peter.

Prince Bernhard is leader of the Black Families and he also claims descent from the House of David through the Merovingian dynasty, a claim that was acknowledged to be valid by the Carolingian dynasty that supplanted them, by other monarchs and by the Roman Church of that time. Thus he can truly say that he is “related to Jesus”.

Prince Bernhard’s House of Orange had its origins in France. The Habsburgs are related through marriage with the Merovingians, who are said to have descended from the Tribe of Benjamin who went into exile following war with the other eleven Tribes — see Judges chapter 21. Exile took them to Arcadia in the central Peloponnese, Greece. Here they aligned with the Arcadian royal line and towards the advent of the Christian era, migrated up the Danube and Rhine, through marriage engendering the Sicambrian Franks — the immediate forebears of the Merovingians, who were ultimately of Semitic origin, and descendants of King Saul.

They are identified with the Spartans, and both books of Maccabees link the Spartans with the Jews. I Maccabees 12 tells of Jonathan sending a letter to the Lacedemonians (Spartan Greeks) asking for their help, since they were brethren. The Spartans replied, “It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren and that they are of the stock of Abraham” (verse 21). It is assumed by some writers that this means the Spartans were Israelites, but the Spartans were not Israelites they were Edomites descended from Bela son of Beor and brother of Baalim, and king of Edom (Genesis 36:32; I Chronicles 1:43). Edom was the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham who sold his birthright, and bred his posterity off the Book of Life.

Early in the fifth century the Merovingians established themselves in what is now Belgium and northern France. There they adopted the Cabalistic pseudo-Christianity of the Cathars, a dualistic religion that holds there are two eternal gods, the god of Good and the god of Evil. It is revealing that this Luciferian belief is held by Masons of high degree and those who would be Masters of this world today, and who claim that Lucifer will ultimately be victorious.

Under Clovis I, who reigned from 481-511, the Franks converted to Roman Catholicism. Through him, Rome began to establish undisputed supremacy in Western Europe. In return for being the sword of Rome whereby the church would manifest her power and impose a spiritual dominion, Clovis was granted the title of “New Constantine” and to preside over a unified “Holy Roman Empire” based on the church and administered on the secular level in perpetuity by the Merovingian bloodline. Like “the sure mercies of David”, this was a pact that could be modified, but not revoked, broken or betrayed.

When in 496 the church pledged itself in perpetuity to the Merovingian bloodline it was presumably in full knowledge of their claimed identity. This would explain why Clovis was offered the status of Holy Roman Emperor, and why he was not created but only “crowned” king. In 754 the church clandestinely betrayed its pact.

The Prieure de Sion is the name of the secret order which created the Knight Templars as its military and administrative arm. (It should be remembered that the Knight Templars were the forerunners of Freemasonry). The Prieure de Sion continues to function through the centuries, acting in the shadows, and has orchestrated certain critical events in Western history.

It exists today and is still operative. Its declared objective is the restoration of the Merovingian dynasty and bloodline to the throne not only of France, but of other European nations as well, a restoration that is sanctioned and justifiable, both legally and morally.

There is strong evidence to suggest that this order was the author of FreeMasonry, and “The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Sion”, as well as the Rosicrucians. There is abundant evidence to suggest that Nostradamus was one of their secret agents, and there is no question that numerous quatrains which refer to the advent of “le Grand Monarch” indicate that this sovereign will ultimately derive from the Merovingian dynasty. Implying a double hegemony of the Papacy and the Empire, of the Vatican and of the Habsburgs. He frequently referred quite explicitly to the Knights Templars and to the house of Lorraine which is now synonymous with the Habsburgs.

Although deposed in the eighth century, the Merovingian bloodline did not become extinct. On the contrary it perpetuated itself in a direct line from Dagobert II and his son Sigisbert IV. By dint of dynastic alliances and intermarriages, this line came to include Godfroi de Bouillon, who captured Jerusalem in 1099, and various other noble and royal families, past and present — Blanchefort, Gisors, Saint-Clair (Sinclair in England), Montesquieu, Montpezat, Poher, Luisignan, Plantard and Habsburg-Lorraine. At present, the Merovingian bloodline enjoys a legitimate claim to its heritage.

The Crown of Charlemagne — A replica of which is now part of the imperial Habsburg Regalia — is said to have borne the inscription “Rex Salomon” (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th Ed., 1972, Crown and Regalia, Fig. 2). And the “Spear of Destiny”, which is said to have pierced Christ, reside today in the Treasure House, Vienna, awaiting another Holy Roman Emperor (The Rigby Joy of Knowledge Library. History and Culture I, 1977:160; The Holy Roman Empire, Friedrich Heer, p. 284). It is clear why the “Protocols of the Elders of Sion” speak of a new king “of the Holy seed of David”, (Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln). Otto von Habsburg is today the titular Duke of Lorraine and King of Jerusalem.

The Prieure de Sion claim to hold the lost treasure of the Temple of Jerusalem plundered by Titus in AD70 which would be returned to Israel “when the time was right”. This might explain why Rome must defer to the “kings of the earth” and how she will seal a covenant with the Jews who have long hidden behind the shield of baptism.

Prince Bernhard is in fact related to the Khazars, and therefore a Gentile. Revelation 2:9, “I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan”.

Assisted by the CIA, Prince Bernhard has brought the hidden ruling body of the Illuminati into public knowledge as De Bilderberg Group. (Established in 1954, its headquarters is 1 Smidswater, Den Haag, Nederlands). At the heart of the Bilderberg Group are 39 members of the Illuminati chosen from three committees drawn from the members of all the secret groups that comprise the Illuminati: the Freemasons, the Vatican and the Black Nobility. This committee works year round in offices in Switzerland.

The Committee of 300 now call themselves World Government Founders for the NWO. A reference no doubt to their hereditary claim to the “Divine Right of Kings”.
It is imperative that we realize that privately, the Black Nobility refuse to ever recognize any government other than their own inherited and divine right to rule. They believe the United States still belongs to England. And work diligently behind the scenes to cause conditions whereby they might regain their crowns. Every royal and so-called noble dynasty past and present of Europe have seats on the Committee of 300, most often by nominees. There are just too many of these “royal” families for them each to have representatives on the Committee of 300. Precedence is determined by rank: first royal family members, then dukes, earls, marquises and lords, then finally “commoners”, who usually get the title of “Sir”.

The hierarchy of the global pyramid of power and how Rome fits into this pyramid pinnacle. The Jesuit General-Superior or the (“Black Pope”) is the single-most powerful man on Earth; he rules over the Admiralty-Maritime Laws of commerce. He controls the banking system, FreeMasonry and all the Secret Services (CIA, FBI, NSA, SIS, MI6, MI5, Scotland Yard, Mossad, CSIS, DGSE, FSB). The Vatican owns 60% of all Israeli lands and the land of the Temple Mount for their future Third Temple, where they will enthrone their Messiah. He is a part of the Arcana Arcanorum controlled by the Papal Bloodlines. These bloodlines are are referred to as the ‘Omega’ points of control. These bloodlines are behind the ‘Black Pope’, or the Jesuit Superior-General Adolfo Nicolas Pachon, installed in January of 2008. The position will change personalities in the next General Session of the Jesuits, as Fr. Adolfo Nicolas Pachon, has submitted his resignation for the upcoming session, over his indictment at the International Common Law Court of Justice, for child trafficking and murder.

#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

4*#SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES — UPDATED LIST OF NAMES OF THE SATANIC ELITE BLOODLINE FAMILIES—LIST OF NAMES—THE RULING SATANIC ELITE FAMILIES ARE:

*A*
Acquafondata, Agnelli, Agnelli-Elkann, Alba, Aldobrandini, Alexandrine-Montechanin, Aleramici, Altavilla, Allucingoli, Alaouite, Al-Abbasi, Al Khalifa,
Al-Sabah, Al-Falasi,
Al Ghardaqa, Angelerio, Altoviti, Anhalt, Anicii, Anguillara, Angevin, Anjou,
Anjou-Capetian, Aspenäs,
Asti, Astor/Astarte/Astorga/Ashdor, Astalli, Astakai, Asturias-Cantabria, Aragona, Arenberg, Aragonese, Archbold, Arduinici, Arianiti,
Arsacid, Artsruni, Artaxiad,
Árpád, Arslan, Austria-Este, Aubert, Audley, Aumont, Austria-Este, Averill, Aviz,
*B*
Baden, Bagrat, Bagratuni, Bagrationi, Banér, Bardi, Bracciano, Baker, Banchieri, Barberini, Bariatinsky, Barlow, Baruch,
Battenburg/Mountbatten, Bedford, Benjamin, Berwind,
Bernadotte, Bese, Bielke,
Bivinids, Bizzaccheri, Björn, Blanchefort, Blason, Blazon, Blumenthal, Bobone-Orsini,
Bohemian, Boers-Lyon, Bonaparte, Boncompagni,
Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Borghese, Borgia, Borja, Borjigid, Bokassa, Bonde, Bosonids, Brion, Brunswick-Luneburg, Boccasini, Boniface, Borromeo, Borghese, Bouillon, Bourbon, Bourbon-Parma, Bouvier Schlossberg, Braganza, Bruce/Bruis/Brix/Broase,
Breakspear/Breakspeare,
Brzezinski, Buffet, Bundy, Burgundi, Bush/Scherff, Buyak, Bååt,
*C*
Caetani, Castiglioni, Casiraghi, Coste/Tossoukpé, Caccianemici dal Orso, Caccianemico, Cafritz,
Cancellieri del Bufalo, Canella, Canossa,
Caltagirone, Capet, Capizucchis, Caracciolo di Torella, Caravaggio, Carnegie, Cargill-MacMillian, Carrington, Carpelan, Castile, Cattaneo, Catii, Cavendish,
Cavalier, Cavalieri,
Charlemagne, Chigi,
Chigi-Rovere,
Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere, Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini, Chigi-Zondadari, Churchill,
Cesi, Cesarini, Clark, Cochran, Cohen, Colaianni, Collins, Colonna, Conti, Conti di Segni, Coimbra, Coste, Cox, Crivelli, Cromwell/Cromwelle/Cromville/Cromewell/Cromwill/Cromwille/Cromevill/ Cromnvell, Csaky, Csaky-Pallavicini,
Curtis-Boks, Cutler, Cybo,
*D*
D’Arpino, D’Avignon, Davison, d’Udekem d’Acoz,
de Beaufort, de Borbón y Vallabriga, de Fieschi,
De Forest, de Goyon,
de Goyon de Matignon,
de Got, De Medici, De Menil,
de Polignac, De Rosette,
Deering, Della Rovere,
Del Balzo Orsini, Del Drago,
Denter, Dìaz, Di Bicci, di Morra, diNardo, Di Sciarra, diTella-Colaianni, Disney (Isigny), Domenichino, Doria,
Doria-Sachs, Doria-Pamphili-Landi, Ducruet, Du Pont,
Drexel, Duke,
*E*
Eka, Elmaleh, Erba-Odescalchi, Este,
*F*
Farnese/Farnesi,
Ferragamo, Feretti,
FitzJames, Franklin, Field,
Finck, Fischer, Flagler,
Floridi, Frazzini, Freeman, Friedsam, Fontana, Forbes, Ford, Foster, Fieschi,
Fornier, Foucois,
Fürstenberg,
*G*
Gambino, Gatti-Grami (Lombardy), Gaetani, Gaetano-Orsini, Gallarati-Scotti, Genoese, Genovese, Genovese-Getty, Ghermezian, Ghibellines,
Gilman, Gisors, Giovanni,
Giustiniani, Glücksburg/Glücksborg, Green, Grimaldi, Grimaldi-Coste, Grimaldo, Grimaldo Canella, Grimoard,
Grosvenors, Gouyon/Goyon/Gouyon, Gore, Gotti, Gottlieb, Gottorp-Romanov, Goodyear, Goldsmidt/Goldsmith, Gould, Gualterio, Guggenheim, Guelph, Guelphs, Guiness, Guglielmo,
Gwynedd,
*H*
Halifax, Hambro, Hanover, Habsburg/Hapsburg, Habsburg-Lorraine, Harkness, Harriman, Hapsburg, Hayden, Hearst, Hesse, Hesse-Kassel, Higgins, Hills, Hiort af Ornäs,
Hippolyte Grimaldi, Hohenzollern, Huntington,
Hurwitz, Huxley,
Hård af Segerstad,
*I*
il Malvicino de Calveiso de’ Calvi, Ingelger, Ivrea,
*J*
Jagiellon, Jagellonka, James, Jimenez, Johnson, Jägerhorn af Spurila,
*K*
Kahn, Khalili, Kadoorie,
Kahzarian, Khayami,
Karadjordjevic, Kellogs, Kennedy/Kannady/Kenardy/ Kennaday/Kenneday/ Kenneyday/Kennediem/ MacKennedy/MacUalraig,
Kirkwood, Kissinger, Kresge, Koch, Krupp, Kuhn,
*L*
Lakhmids, Lambert, Lambertazzi, Lazard, Lehman, Lee, Leijonhufvud,
Lesser, Li, Lichtenstein, Lichnowsky, Ligne, Lilliehöök, Loeb,
Lombard/Lombardy,
Lord, Lorraine, Louvet, Ludovisi, Luisignan,
Luzzatti Fequiz, Luzzatto,
Luzzatos, Lyon,
*M*
Maderno, Magalotti, Mahidol, Maidalchini, Mandel, Manocherian, Massimo, Mars, Masci, Mattei, Marescotti, Matignon/
Davignon/Grignon/Wagnon/Ratigan/Catino/Gagnon/Latino/Nation,
Mattarazzo, Mavroleon, Maximii, Mazzini, McDonald, McGormick,
McLean, Meaux, Mellon,
Medici, Metcalf, Merage, Merode, Merovingian, Meyer, Mills, Milner, Mocatta, Montefiore, Montechanin, Montgomery, Montefeltro, Montpezat, Montesquieu, Moor, Morgan, Moshir, Morosinis, Moro, Mountbatten/Battenburg, Muti,
*N*
Nash, Nassau, Natt och Dag,
Neri, Niederglatt-Blazon,
*O*
Odescalchi, Oldenburg, Onassis, Orange,
Orange-Nassau,
Orsini/Orsi/Ursi/Orso/Urso/D’Orsi/Dorsi/D’Orso/Dorso/D’Urso/Ursich/Ursic/Orselli/Orsello/Orsetti/Orsatti/Orsolini/Orsolino/Orsoni/Ursillo/Ursini,
Orsini Bonacassi,
Orsini del Balzo,
Orsini-di Bracciano, Oppenheimer, Orange, Ormsby, Ortolani, Orléans, Orléans-Braganza, Ottobonis, Oxenstierna,
*P*
Pacelli, Pahlavi,
Pamphili/Pamphilio/Pamphili/Pamphilij, Pantaléon, Palatinate-Zweibrücken, Palazzo, Pallavicini/Pallavicino/Paravicini,
Parentucelli, Papal, Patrasso di Guarcino, Patten, Patterson, Payne, Payseurs, Perkins, Phelps, Phipps, Plantagenet, Plantard, Piccolomini, Piedmont, Pignatelli, Pillsbury, Pitcairn, Pitigliano, Pius, Poher, Polignac, Polignac-Matignon-Grimaldi,
Porse, Posse, Pratt, Prefetti di Vico, Prignano, Pritzker,
*Q*
Quirinal,
*R*
Radziwiłł/Radziwill,
Reynolds, Rhodes,
Ribbing, Rizzuto,
Rockefeller, Rothschild, Rocco, Roche, Roussel, Rochefoucauld, Rochechouart, Rogers, Romanov, Rosenwald, Rosenberg, Rosenstråle,
Rosso, Rospigliosi, Rospigliosi-Papal, Russell, Ruspoli, Ruspoli-Sueca,
Ruspoli-Boadilla del Monte,
Ruspoli-Poggio Suasa, Ruspoli-Candriano,
Ruspoli-Morignano,
Ruspoli-Fiano, Rufini, Ryan,
*S*
Saafeld, Sacchetti, Samuel,
Saudi, Savoy, Savoy-Genovese, Sachs, Sassanid,
Sassoon, Savelli, Savonarola,
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Windsor, S.C.Johnson, Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Schiff, Schroeder/Schröder,
Scolari, Schiaratura, Schultz,
Schwartz, Schwarzenberg,
Seaf, Serlupi, Sforza/Szfora/Szfore/Szfori,
Sienese, Sinclair/Saint Clair/Saint-Clair/
Sloane, Solvay, Somaglia, Stenbock, Stern, Stillman, Stimson, Storrow, Strong, Sturdza, Spadafora, Sparre, Spinola, Suor Orsola,
*T*
Taft, Tarentaise, Tarth, Theodoli, Thurn und Taxis, Timken, Torlonia, Tossoukpé, Trastamara, Trolle, Tudor, Turner, Tyson,
*U*
Uyunid,
*V*
Valentinois, Valois-Anjou,
Van Duyn, Vanderbilt, Vascello, Villani, Visconti/Visconte/Bisconti/Viceconte/Viceconti/Viseconte/Viscont,
Vittoria, Vittoria-Pallavicini, von Finck, von Thurn und Taxis,
*W*
Wadsworth, Waldorf, Walton, Warburg Del Banco, Warburg,
Watson, Weber, Weems,
Welfs, Weill, Wettin, Widener, Wiesbaden, Winthrop,
Whitney, Wells,
Windsor-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Wittelsbach, Wittgenstein, Worms, Wormwood,
Wurttemberg, Weyerhaeuser,
*X*
*Y*
York,
*Z*
Zogu, Zuccari, Zuniga-Valero,
*Å*
*Ä/Æ*
*Ö*
Örnsparre,

*A*
#Acquafondata
#Agnelli
#AgnelliElkann
#Alba
#Aldobrandini
#AlexandrineMontechanin
#Altavilla
#Allucingoli
#Angelerio
#Anhalt
#Anicii
#Astalli
#Astakai
#Asti
#Astor / #Astarte / #Astorga / #Ashdor
#Aragona
#Archbold
#Arduinici
#Arianiti
#Aubert
#Audley
#Aumont
#AustriaEste

*B*
#Baden
#Baker
#Banchieri
#Barberini
#Bardi
#Bariatinsky
#Baruch
#Battenburg / #Mountbatten
#Bedford
#Benjamin
#Bernadotte
#Berwind
#Blanchefort
#Blazon
#Blumenthal
#Bizzaccheri
#Bracciano
#Braganza
#Breakspear / #Breakspeare
#Bruce
#Brzezinski
#Bobone
#Bonaparte
#Borghese
#Borgia
#Borromeo
#Bourbon
#BouvierSchlossberg
#Bundy
#Burgundi
#Bush / #Scherff
#Buyak

*C*
#Caetani
#Caltagirone
#Canossa
#CancellieriDelBufalo
#Capet
#Caravaggio
#Carnegie
#CargillMacMillian
#Castiglioni
#Catii
#Cattaneo
#Cavalier
#Cavendish
#Chigi
#Chigi-Albani-Della-Rovere
#Chigi-Rovere
#Chigi-Saracini-Lucherini #Chigi-Zondadari
#Cesarini
#Clark
#Cochran
#Cohen
#Collins
#Colonna
#Conti
#ContiDiSegni
#Cox
#Cromwell / #Cromwelle /#Cromville / #Cromewell / #Cromwill / #Cromwille / #Cromevill / #Cromnvell
#Csaky
#CsakyPallavicini
#CurtisBoks
#Cutler
#Cybo

*D*
#D’Arpino
#Deering
#deBeaufort
#DeFieschi
#DeForest
#deGot
#deGoyon
#deGoyonDeMatignon
#DeMedici
#dePolignac
#DeRosette
#DellaRovere
#Dìaz
#DiBicci
#diMorra
#diNardo
#DiSciarra
#Disney / #Isigny
#diTellaColaianni
#Drexel
#Domenichino
#DoriaSachs
#DoriaPamphiliLandi
#Duke
#DuPont

*E*
#Elmaleh
#Este

*F*
#Farnese
#Field
#FitzJames
#Fischer
#Flagler
#Franklin
#Frazzini
#Freeman
#Friedsam
#Fontana
#Ford
#Foster

*G*
#Gambino
#GattiGrami / #Lombardy
#Gaetani
#Genoese
#Genovese
#GenoveseGambino
#Getty
#Ghermezian
#Ghibellines
#Glücksburg
#Gisors
#Giovanni
#Giustiniani
#Gotti
#GottorpRomanov
#Goldsmidt / #Goldsmith
#Gould
#Goodyear
#Green
#Grimaldi
#GrimaldiCoste
#Grosvenors
#Guggenheim
#Guglielmo
#Guelphs
#Guiness / #Guinness

*H*
#Hanover
#Harkness
#Harriman
#Hayden
#Habsburg / #Hapsburg
#HabsburgLorraine,
#Hearst
#Hesse
#HesseKassel
#Higgins
#Hills
#Hippolyte
#Hohenzollern
#Huntington
#Hurwitz

*I*
#Ivrea

*J*
#Jagiellon
#James
#Johnson
#Jimenez

*K*
#Kahn
#Khalili
#Kahzarian
#Khayami
#Kadoorie
#Kellogs
#Kennedy / #Kannady / #Kenardy / #Kennaday / #Kenneday / #Kenneyday / #Kennediem /
#MacKennedy / #MacUalraig
#Kirkwood
#Kresge
#Koch
#Krupp
#Kuhn

*L*
#Landi
#Lazard
#Lehman
#Lesser
#Lee
#Li
#Lichtenstein
#Lombard
#Lombardy
#Lorraine
#Ludovisi
#Luisignan

*M*
#Maderno
#Maidalchini
#Manocherian
#Marescotti
#Maximii
#Mars
#Massimo
#Mattei
#Mavroleon
#McDonald
#McGormick
#McLean
#Medici
#Mellon
#Merage
#Merovingian
#Metcalf
#Mills
#Mocatta
#Montechanin
#Montefiore
#Montgomery
#Montpezat
#Montesquieu
#Morgan
#Morosinis
#Moor
#Moshir

*N*
#Nash
#Nassau
#NiederglattBlazon

*O*
#Oldenburg
#Onassis
#Oppenheimer
#Orange
#OrangeNassau
#Orsini / #Orsi / #Ursi / #Orso / #Urso / #D’Orsi / #Dorsi / #D’Orso / #Dorso /
#D’Urso / #Ursich / #Ursic /
#Orselli / #Orsello / #Orsetti / #Orsatti / #Orsolini / #Orsolino / #Orsoni / #Ursillo / #Ursini
#OrsiniDiBracciano

*P*
#Pahlavi
#Palazzo
#Pamphili / #Pamphilio / #Pamphilij
#Pallavicini
#Paravicini
#Papal
#Patten
#Patterson
#Parentucelli
#Payseurs
#Perkins
#Phipps
#Plantagenet
#Plantard
#Piedmont
#Pitcairn
#Pratt
#PrefettiDiVico
#Pritzker
#Poher

*Q*
#Quirinal

*R*
#Radziwiłł
#Reynolds
#Rockefeller
#Rocco
#Roche
#Rochefoucauld #Rochechouart
#Rothschild
#Rogers
#Romanov
#Rosenwald
#Rospigliosi
#RospigliosiPapal
#Roussel
#Russel
#Ruspoli
#RuspoliSueca
#RuspoliBoadilla del Monte
#RuspoliPoggio Suasa #RuspoliCandriano
#RuspoliMorignano
#RuspoliFiano
#Rufini
#Ryan

*S*
#Saafeld
#Sacchetti
#Sachs
#Samuel
#Sassoon
#Saudi
#Savelli
#Savoy
#SavoyGenovese
#SaxeCoburgGothaWindsor
#SCJohnson
#Schiaratura
#Schiff
#Schroeder / #Schröder
#Schwartz
#Schwarzenberg
#Scolari
#Sforza / #Szfora / #Szfore /#Szfori
#Serlupi
#Sienese
#Sinclair / #SaintClair
#Sloane
#Somaglia
#Solvay
#Stern
#Stillman
#Storrow
#SuorOrsola

*T*
#Taft
#Tarth
#Tarentaise
#Theodoli
#ThurnUndTaxis
#Timken
#Torlonia
#Tossoukpé
#Trastamara
#Tyson
#Tudor

*U*

*V*
#Valentinois
#ValoisAnjou
#Vanderbilt
#VanDuyn
#Vascello
#Villani
#Visconti / #Visconte /#Bisconti / #Viceconte / #Viceconti / #Viseconte / #Viscont
#Vittoria
#VittoriaPallavicini

*W*
#Walton
#Warburg
#WarburgDelBanco
#Watson
#Weber
#Weems
#Wettin
#Widener
#WindsorSaxeCoburgGoete
#Winthrop
#Whitney
#Wittgenstein
#Wittelbach
#Worms
#Wurttemberg

*X*

*Y*
#York

*Z*
#Zogu
#Zuccari
ZunigaValero
___________________________

_Tags:_
#EXPOSING
#SatanicEliteBloodlines #BlackNobility #BlackNobilities #NobilityFamilies #NobilityBloodlines #NobilityHouses #FamilyNames #Family #Names #list #EXPOSED

ORGANISED PEDOPHILIA

CIA WHISTLEBLOWER EXOSING THE ORGANIZED ROLES OF THE CIA, BUSH’S & ROCKEFELLERS

The following is a powerful sexual abuse victim testimony by; Dr Sue Arrigo.

Yet again it points to the CIA and George Bush, as well as the whole criminal cabal running the US Government and associated Corporations and Rockefellers. This may be difficult for some to accept but all the evidence, time after time points to it. The earth and its peoples are a playground for the “elite” criminal cabal of psychopaths ruling our countries.

by Dr. Sue Arrigo, CIA whistleblower and a victim of child sex trafficking herself

PART I:

This is the story of how the CIA uses “war zones” to garner kids for the sex slave business. You may have heard how the two companies, DynCorp and Halliburton, were caught trafficking in women and children during the war in Yugoslavia.

Some background on this topic can be found at Dyncorp and Halliburton Sex Slave Scandal Won’t Go Away.

http://boards.cannabis.com/threads/dyncorp-and-halliburton-sex-slave-scandal-wont-go-away.46204/

Please see the Rep. Cynthia McKinney Grills Rumsfeld On Dyncorp Sex Rings video:

In these cases, they were importing and trafficking in Russian and East bloc women as sex slaves.

I want to talk about the children that are native to any w